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(6.) To carry out the duties imposed upon it by the present article and by Articles 9, 13, 14, 15, 16, 27, 28, 36 and 37 of the present Convention;
(c.) To amend the provisions of the Annexes (A) to (G);
(d.) To collect and communicate to the contracting States information of every kind concerning international air navigation;
(e.) To collect and communicate to the contracting States all information relating to wireless telegraphy, meteorology and medical science which may be of interest to air navigation;
(f.) To ensure the publication of maps for air navigation in accordance with the provisions of Annex (F);
(9.) To give its opinion on questions which the States may submit for examination.
Any modification of the provisions of any one of the annexes may be made by the International Commission for Air Navigation when such modification shall have been approved by three-fourths of the total possible votes which could be cast if all the States were represented, and shall beccme effective from the time when it shall have been notified by the International Commission for Air Navigation to all the contracting States.
Any proposed modification of the articles of the present Convention shall be examined by the International Commission for Air Navigation,
whether it originates with one of the contracting States or with the Commission itself. No such modification shall be proposed for adoption by the contracting States unless it shall have been approved by at least two-thirds of the total possible votes.
All such modifications of the articles of the Convention (but not of the provisions of the annexes) must be formally adopted by the contracting States before they become effective.
The expenses of organization and operation of the International Commission for Air Navigation shall be borne by the contracting States in proportion to the number of votes at their disposal.
The expenses occasioned by the sending of technical delegations will be borne by their respective States.
The High Contracting Parties undertake as far as they are respectively concerned to co-operate as far as possible in international measures concerning:
(a.) The collection and dissemination of statistical, current, and special meteorological information, in accordance with the provisions of Annex (G);
(6.) The publication of standard aeronautical maps, and the establishment of a uniform system of ground marks for flying, in accordance with the provisions of Annex (F);
(c.) The use of wireless telegraphy in air navigation, the establishment of the necessary wireless stations, and the observance of international wireless regulations.
General provisions relative to customs in connection with international air navigation are the subject of a special agreement contained in Annex (H) to the present Convention.
Nothing in the present Convention shall be construed as preventing the contracting States from concluding, in conformity with its principles, special protocols as between State and State in respect of customs, police, posts and other matters of common interest in connection with air navigation. Any such protocols shall be at once notified to the International Commission for Air Navigation, which shall communicate this information to the other contracting States.
In the case of a disagreement between two or more States relating to the interpretation of the present_Convention, the question in dispute shall be determined by the Permanent Court of International Justice to be established by the League of Nations and, until its establishment, by arbitration.
If the parties do not agree on the choice of the arbitrators, they shall proceed as follows:
Each of the parties shall name an arbitrator, and the arbitrators shall meet to name an umpire. If the arbitrators cannot agree, the parties shall each name a third State, and the third States so named shall proceed to designate the umpire, by agreement or by each proposing a name and then determining the choice by lot.
Disagreement relating to the technical regulations annexed to the present Convention shall be settled by the decision of the International Commission for Air Navigation by a majority of votes.
In case the difference involves the question whether the interpretation of the Convention or that of a regulation is concerned, final decision shall be made by arbitration as provided in the first paragraph of this article.
In case of war, the provisions of the present Convention shall not affect the freedom of action of the contracting States either as belligerents or as neutrals.
The provisions of the present Convention are completed by the Annexes (A) to (H), which, subject to Article 34 (c), shall have the same effect and shall come into force at the same time as the Convention itself.
The British Dominions and India shall be deemed to be States for the purposes of the present Convention.
The territories and nationals of protectorates or of territories administered in the name of the League of Nations shall for the
purposes of the present Convention be assimilated to the territory and nationals of the protecting or mandatory States.
States which have not taken part in the war of 1914-1919 shall be permitted to adhere to the present Convention.
This adhesion shall be notified through the diplomatic channel to the Government of the French Republic, and by it to all the signatory or adhering States.
A State which took part in the war of 1914–1919 but which is not a signatory of the present Convention may adhere only if it is a member of the League of Nations or until the 1st January, 1923, if its adhesion is approved by the Allied and Associated Powers signatories of the Treaty of Peace concluded with the said State. After the 1st January, 1923, this adhesion may be admitted if it is agreed to by at least three-fourths of the signatory and adhering States voting under the conditions provided by Article 34 of the present Convention.
Applications for adhesions shall be addressed to the Government of the French Republic, which will communicate them to the other contracting Powers. Unless the State applying is admitted ipso facto as a member of the League of Nations, the French Government will receive the votes of the said Powers and will announce to them the result of the voting.
ARTICLE 43. The present Convention may not be denounced before the 1st January, 1922. In case of denunciation, notification thereof shall be made to the Government of the French Republic, which shall communicate it to the other contracting parties. Such denunciation shall not take effect until at least one year after the giving of notice, and shall take effect only with respect to the Power which has given notice.
The present Convention shall be ratified.
Each Power will address its ratification to the French Government, which will inform the other signatory Powers.
The ratifications will remain deposited in the archives of the French Government.
The present Convention will come into force for each signatory Power, in respect of other Powers, which have already ratified, forty days from the date of the deposit of its ratification.
On the coming into force of the present Convention, the French Government will transmit a certified copy to the Powers which under the Treaties of Peace have undertaken to enforce rules of aerial navigation in conformity with those contained in it.
Done at Paris, the 13th day of October, 1919, in a single copy which shall remain deposited in the archives of the French Government and of which duly authorised copies shall be sent to the contracting States.
29479_Si Dod. 348, 67-4
The said copy, dated as above, may be signed until the 12th day of April, 1920, inclusively.
In faith whereof the hereinafter-named plenipotentiaries, whose powers have been found in good and due form, have signed the present Convention in the French, English, and Italian languages, which are equally authentic.
(L. s.) Hugh C. WALLACE. .
RAFAEL MARTINEZ ORTIZ.
E. DORN Y DE ALSUA.
THE MARKING OF AIRCRAFT.
(a.) The nationality mark shall be represented by capital letters in Roman characters, e. g., France---
---F. The registration mark shall be represented by a group of four capital letters; each group shall contain at least one vowel, and for this purpose the letter Y shall be considered as a vowel. The complete group of five letters shall be used as a call sign of the particular aircraft in making or receiving signals by wireless telegraphy or other methods of communication, except when opening up communication by means of visual signals, when the usual methods will be employed. The nationality and registration marks are assigned in accordance with the table contained in Section VIII of this annex.
(6.) On aircraft other than State and commercial, the registration mark shall be underlined with a black line.
(c.) The entry in the register and the certificate of registration shall contain a description of the aircraft and shall indicate the number or other identification mark given to it by the maker; the nationality and registration marks mentioned above; the usual station of the aircraft; the full name, nationality, and residence of the owner and the date of registration.
(d.) All aircraft shall carry affixed to the car or to the fuselage in a prominent position a metal plate, inscribed with the names and residence of the owner and the marks of nationality and registration.
CERTIFICATE OF REGISTRATION.
SECTION II.-Location of Marks. The nationality and registration marks shall be painted in black on a white ground in the following manner :
(a.) Flying Machines.—The marks shall be painted once on the lower surface of the lower main planes and once on the upper surface of the top main planes, the top of the letters to be towards the leading edge. They shall also be painted along each side of the fuselage between the main planes and the tail planes. In cases where the machine is not provided with a fuselage the marks shall be painted on the nacelle.
(b.) Airships and Balloons. In the case of airships, the marks shall be painted near the maximum cross section on both sides and on the upper surface equidistant from the letters on the sides.
In the case of balloons, the marks shall be painted twice near the maximum horizontal circumference, as far as possible from one another.
In the case both of airships and balloons, the side marks shall be visible both from the sides and ground.
SECTION III.-Additional Location of Nationality Marks. (a.) Flying Machines and Airships.—The nationality mark shall also be painted on the left and right sides of the lower surface of