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subject. Many of the cases are unreported, or are extant only in Legal Periodicals or scarce Volumes of Reports, not accessible to the general student; others are selected from the Reports of distant States, not usually found in a lawyer's private library; and it is hoped the work will, therefore, prove acceptable to all who desire information on this most interesting of all political questions.

It is, of course, impossible to write a work on a subject exclusively political in its character without an expression of the Author's views upon the subject treated of; a mere collection of decided cases can be made by any one, for his own use, by a reference to the Digests of the several States; but this work has an aim and a purpose, and that is, to call public attention to what the Author sincerely believes to be the greatest vice in our political system, the delegation of discretionary powers, in political cases, to an elective Judiciary, holding by a limited tenure. He believes this to present the feature of greatest danger to the permanency of our institutions, and therefore, he has not hesitated to present his views on this subject in the plainest language that the English tongue is capable of using. He has used the reported cases to illustrate this evil characteristic of modern politics; the difference in the character of the older decisions made by independent judges, and the recent ones decided since this innovation has been made upon the free principles of our ancestors, cannot fail to strike the mind of any reflecting man. If the book shall have a

tendency only to call attention to this great evil, the labor of the Author will not have been thrown away.

In preparing the cases for the press, the Author has corrected numerous errors in the printed reports, and has adopted a uniformity of citation. If he has sometimes been severe in his criticisms, his excuse must be, that no work on a political subject would be worth the purchase, if the Author were not perfectly free and independent in the expression of his opinions; he has done so in no hostile spirit, but with the kindest feelings towards those judges whom he has thus reviewed.


1st September 1871.

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Commonwealth v. Cluley, 56 Penn. St. R. 270.


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Jenkins v. Waldron, 11 Johns. 114.


Commonwealth v. McCloskey, 2 Rawle 369.

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Commonwealth v. Smith, 45 Penn. St. R. 59.

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Brown v. Commonwealth, 4 Pitts. L. J. 668.

State v. Adams, 2 Stew. 231.

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