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l'un et l'autre, une ressemblance qui m'a etonné.' (p. 106)--And well it might! Now, after noticing the sanguine expectations, not to say

the confident tone of M. Planche, we will not assert that he has entirely failed in his undertaking, or that he is not master of his orator's language. But we must observe, that if the French approve of Demosthenes in the dress of M. Planche, they are satisfied with something very different from Demosthenes himself;--and that there are, either from inadvertence, or because his own language did not support him, (a supposition, we have seen, most zealously rejected by M. Planche), appearances which would justify a suspicion that he is not quite at home in his author.-He tells us himself, that he gives a preference to his later exertions: And, accordingly, we took up the 9th Philippic, with a view to a more minute examination; and we have noted down no less than 20 passages, in which there is either a suppression of some part of the sentence, an interpolation of something foreign, or (what is worst of all) an absolute mistake and perversion of the meaning.–An instance of the latter, which occurs early in the oration, and in which he seems strikingly to have altered the sense, we cannot pass over. Demosthenes is observing that if their affairs had been in their then situation, and the Athenians had done their duty throughout the case would have been hopeless. The chance of amendment consisted in their having done literally nothing. Then comes the sentence, which is quite in his manner. Νύν δε της μέν ραθυμίας της υμετέφας και Πής αμελέκας κεκράτηκε φίλλιππος, 7ης πόλεως δε κεκράτηκεν –εδ ηττηθε υμείς, αλλ' εδε xxxivnate. (p. 148). Which is thus translated.

Jusqu'à present, Philippe n'a triomphé que de votre paresse et de votre negligence; il n' a triomphe de la republique. Vous n'avez pas été vaincus, puisque vous n'avez pas même reculé d'un seul pas.

The first part is right enough; but the conclusion utterly perverts the meaning. Their never having given way one step, obviously implies, that they had been at least keeping up a good fight with Philip; whereas advantages are admitted, from their inattention, throughout and in the beginning of the sentence itself. The sense is manifestly this.-- As it is,

Philip has conquered your Indolence and Negligence, but • the Country, he has not conquered :-- You have not been

beaten ;--far enough from it;--you have never been in mo• tion. That is, so far from having been beaten,--they had never got to action,--they had never stirred a finger! În the same Oration, and the very first sentence, the word cargoespréve, a strong expression of the Athenian negligence, and throwing away their fortune, is omitted altogether, as is Bréopnuor in the

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same sentence, though it has some meaning, p. 144. In p. 147, Aidè torãuiao wondlãcs is sunk into l'abus, and ourýbers not touched. In the same page, aguçãy xài xonexíverber is mistranslated. heureux dans vos Assemblées.' In p. 167, drogaçúspeebee, separated, cut off-trenched off from each other, is feebly and imperfectly given by a long periphrasis. In 171, avízorrett, hold back,' is not translated at all, and άνων και καιν πεποιήκε τα των Ελλήνων πράγματα, (same page) turned the affairs of the Greeks upside down, -topsyturvy is too coarse for the modern Attic, we presume, and passed by accordingly. But we must have done; and can only take another instance, which M. Planche himself has selected as a specimen (and we surely must suppose it to be a favourable one) of his being able to give the form and spirit of the original.

He gives the passage, and a remarkable one it is, in his Preface; and remarks, very properly, upon the failure of Laharpe, who renders it in such a manner that he might as well have said, generally, Here the orator said something • about going as Ambassador to Thebes. It runs thus

* Ούκ είσον μίν αύτα, ουκ έραψα δεν έδε έγραψα μεν, έκ επρέσβενσαδέν έδε έπρέσβευσα μεν, έκ έπεισα δε Θηβαίες» -αλλ' από της αρχής, δια πάντων, άχρι 1ης Τελευής διεξήλθον, και έδωκ' εμαυλόν υμίν απλώς, έoς 1ες περιεστηκόλας τη πόλει κινδύνες. ' *

M. Planche translates thus. • Je ne me contentai pas de proposer mon avis sans rediger le decret, ni de rediger le decret sans me charger de l'ambassade, ni de me charger de l'ambassade sans persuader les Thebans ; mais depuis le commencement jusqu'à la conclusion de cette affaire, je fis tout ce qui pouvait en assurer le succès, et je me livrai sans reserve à tous les perils dont la republique était environnée.' And we have no difficulty in admitting, that this is well;-si sic omnia ! The beginning is given with great fidelity and spirit, though mon avis' is hardly a translation of Taõts; but, as if weary of well-doing, he flags at the end. doce závlar is wholly omitted, and the essential and descriptive word diesñador is let down to je fis tout ce qui pouvait en assurer le succès ;' and lastly, (though this is of less importance), Demosthenes does not say he gave himself up to the perils, &c., but to his country-vpiv. We attempt the passage as follows,-but, it must be remembered, in homely English, --- which, of course, cannot vie with the modern Attic in force, clearness, nobleness, harmony,' and so forth.

• Nor did I propose these measures, and not reduce them into the form of a Decree ;- nor did I reduce them into the form of a Decree, and not go as Ambassador ; nor did I go as Ambassador, and not

* Pref. p. 2.

convert * the Thebans ,-but from the beginning throughout the whole,—to the very end, I went throngh, and gave myself up to You, without reserve, against the perils which surrounded the country.'

We have given through' twice, because in the original it is so, and sis we render against,' which it must be, or as to,' or for the purposes of ;' for it cannot be in,' as usually translated.

There is one consideration, it seems, which has induced M. Planche to bring forward his present work, which it is impossible to pass over without expressing some interest. The introduction of the Representative System, and, in consequence, of a larger share of popular Influence in the Government, are assigned by him as a reason for attempting to make his countrymen acquainted with these precious remains of Antiquity. Most heartily do we wish M. Planche success in this part of his undertaking; and that our volatile neighbours, by catching some portion of that spirit which blazes out in every page of these immortal works, may acquire and preserve a zealous and steady attachment to genuine and practicable Freedom, which they have hitherto seen dimly and obscurely in long perspective, and of the benefit of which they have begun, of late only, to feel some effects.

* We might have quoted this passage, when we were noticing the advantage of Demosthenes, in having convertible Audiences. He considered this conversion of the Thebans as a great triumph.


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