Psychosomatic: Feminism and the Neurological Body
Duke University Press, 16. 6. 2004 - Počet stran: 136
How can scientific theories contribute to contemporary accounts of embodiment in the humanities and social sciences? In particular, how does neuroscientific research facilitate new approaches to theories of mind and body? Feminists have frequently criticized the neurosciences for biological reductionism, yet, Elizabeth A. Wilson argues, neurological theories—especially certain accounts of depression, sexuality, and emotion—are useful to feminist theories of the body. Rather than pointing toward the conventionalizing tendencies of the neurosciences, Wilson emphasizes their capacity for reinvention and transformation. Focusing on the details of neuronal connections, subcortical pathways, and reflex actions, she suggests that the central and peripheral nervous systems are powerfully allied with sexuality, the affects, emotional states, cognitive appetites, and other organs and bodies in ways not fully appreciated in the feminist literature. Whether reflecting on Simon LeVay’s hypothesis about the brains of gay men, Peter Kramer’s model of depression, or Charles Darwin’s account of trembling and blushing, Wilson is able to show how the neurosciences can be used to reinvigorate feminist theories of the body.
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a√ect analysis anatomical animals argues behavior biological blushing bodily body bowel brain Breuer and Freud cells chapter cognitive complex conceptual constituted contemporary conversion hysteria cortex critical cultural Darwin depression di√erent di√erentiated di≈culty digestion dimorphic pattern disorder E. A. Wilson e√ects emotion enteric nervous system evolution evolutionary theories feminist ﬁeld ﬁgure ﬁnd ﬁrst ﬁsh Frau Emmy Fraulein Elisabeth Freud frog function gastric pains gastrointestinal Gershon heterosexual homosexual human hypothalamus hysterical inah inﬂuence inheritance innervation interest intestine Kramer Lamarckian Lamarckism LeDoux LeVay LeVay’s data LeVay’s study limbic system Listening to Prozac MacLean mammalian mechanisms modiﬁcations muscles nature nerve nervous action neurasthenia neurological neurons neuroscientiﬁc neurosis nuclei o√ers organs patient peripheral nervous system phylogenetic physiological psyche psychic psychoanalysis psychological events psychosomatic reﬂex actions relation reptiles reptilian reticulating Sacks Sacks’s scientiﬁc serotonergic serotonin sex di√erence sexual orientation signiﬁcant somatic species speciﬁc spinal structure symptoms Talley tion trauma triune worms