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A MEDIUM OF INTER-COMMUNICATION

FOR

LITERARY MEN, ARTISTS, ANTIQUARIES, GENEALOGISTS, ETC.

· Wbon found, mako a note of." CAPTAIN CUTTLE.

No. 1.]

SATURDAY, NOVEMBER 3. 1849.

Price Threepence.

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neglects it. There is some trouble in it, to be NOTES AND QUERIES.

sure; but in what good thing is there not ? The nature and design of the present work and what trouble does it save! Nay, what have been so fully stated in the Prospectus, mischief ! Half the lies that are current and are indeed so far explained by its very in the world owe their origin to a misplaced Title, that it is unnecessary to occupy any confidence in memory, rather than to intengreat portion of its first number with details tional falsehood. We have never known more on the subject. We are under no temptation than one man who could deliberately and conto fill its columns with an account of what we scientiously say that his memory had never hope future numbers will be. Indeed, we deceived him; and he (when he saw that he would rather give a specimen than a de- had excited the surprise of his hearers, espescription; and only regret that, from the wide cially those who knew how many years he had range of subjects which it is intended to spent in the management of important comembrace, and the correspondence and contri- mercial affairs) used to add, - because he had butions of various kinds which we are led to never trusted it; but had uniformly written expect, even this can only be done gradually. down what he was anxious to remember. A few words of introduction and explanation But, on the other hand, it cannot be denied may, however, be allowed; and, indeed, ought that reading and writing men, of moderate to be prefixed, that we may be understood by industry, who act on this rule for any conthose readers who have not seen our Pro- siderable length of time, will aceumulate a spectus.

good deal of matter in various forms, shapes, “ WHEN FOUND, MAKE A NOTE OF, is and sizes —some more, some less legible and a most admirable rule ; and if the excellent intelligible — some unposted in old pocket Captain had never uttered another word, he books some on whole or half sheets, or mere might have passed for a profound philosopher. scraps of paper, and backs of letters -some, It is a rule which should shine in gilt letters lost sight of and forgotten, stuffing out old on the gingerbread of youth, and the specta- portfolios, or getting smoky edges in bundles cle-case of age. Every man who reads with tied up with faded tape. There are, we are any view beyond mere pastime, knows the quite sure, countless boxes and drawers, and value of it. Every one, more or less, acts pigeon-holes of such things, which want lookupon it. Every one regrets and suffers who ing over, and would well repay the trouble.

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Nay, we are sure that the proprietors would they must help to do it. Some cheap and find themselves much benefited even if we frequent means for the interchange of thought were to do nothing more than to induce them is certainly wanted by those who are engaged to look over their own collections. How in literature, art, and science, and we only much good might we have done (as well as hope to persuade the best men in all, that we got, for we do not pretend to speak quite dis- offer them the best medium of communication interestedly), if we had had the looking over with each other. and methodizing of the chaos in which Mr.

By this time, we hope, our readers are preOldbuck found himself just at the moment, so pared to admit that our title (always one of agonizing to an author, when he knows that the most difficult points of a book to settle), the patience of his victim is oozing away, and has not been imprudently or unwisely adopted. fears it will be quite gone before he can lay We wish to bring together the ideas and the his hand on the charm which is to fix him a wants, not merely of men engaged in the hopeless listener : “ So saying, the Anti- same lines of action or inquiry, but also (and quary opened a drawer, and began rummaging very particularly) of those who are going difamong a quantity of miscellaneous papers, ferent ways, and only meet at the crossings, ancient and modern. But it was the misfor- where a helping hand is oftenest needed, and tune of this learned gentleman, as it may be they would be happy to give one if they knew that of many learned and unlearned, that he it was wanted. In this way we desire that frequently experienced on such occasions, our little book should take “ Notes," and what Harlequin calls l'embarras des richesses be a medley of all that men are doing — that

in other words, the abundance of his col- the Notes of the writer and the reader, what- 1 lection often prevented him from finding the ever be the subject matter of his studies, of article he sought for.” We need not add that the antiquary, and the artist, the man of this unsuccessful search for Professor Mac science, the historian, the herald, and the geCribb's epistle, and the scroll of the Anti- nealogist, in short, Notes relating to all sub- ; quary's answer, was the unfortunate turning- jects but such as are, in popular discourse, point on which the very existence of the termed either political or polemical, should documents depended, and that from that day meet in our columns in such juxta-position, to this nobody has seen them, or known as to give fair play to any natural attraction where to look for them.

or repulsion between them, and so that if But we hope for more extensive and im- there are any hooks and eyes among them, portant benefits than these, from furnishing a they may catch each other. medium by which much valuable information Now, with all modesty, we submit, that for may become a

sort of common property the title of such a work as we have in view, 1. among those who can appreciate and use it. and have endeavoured to describe, no word We do not anticipate any holding back could be so proper as “ Notes.” Can any man, by those whose “ Notes” are most worth in his wildest dream of imagination, conceive having, or any want of “ Queries” from of any thing that may not be — nay, that has those best able to answer them. Whatever not been treated of in a note ? Thousands may be the case in other things, it is certain of things there are, no doubt, which cannot that those who are best informed are gene- be sublimed into poetry, or elevated into hisrally the most ready to communicate know. tory, or treated of with dignity, in a stilted ledge and to confess ignorance, to feel the text of any kind, and which are, as it is value of such a work as we are attempting, called, “ thrown” into notes; but, after all, and to understand that if it is to be well done they are much like children sent out of the

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stiff drawing-room into the nursery, snubbed of that bright and living reality, which, in to be sure by the act, but joyful in the free- the account of Sedgemoor, and in many other dom of banishment. We were going to say parts of the book, are imparted by minute (but it might sound vainglorious), where do particularity and precise local knowledge.

It runs as follows: things read so well as in notes ? but we will put the question in another form :—Where do failed. They were therefore turned loose. The

“On Cranbourne Chase the strength of the horses you so well test an author's learning and bridles and saddles were concealed. Monmouth knowledge of his subject ?—where do you find and his friends disguised themselves as country. the pith of his most elaborate researches ? - men, and proceeded on foot towards the New where do his most original suggestions escape? but before morning they were surrounded on every

Forest. They passed the night in the open air : —where do you meet with the details that tix side. ... At five in the morning of the seventli, your attention at the time and cling to your Grey was seized by two of Lumley's scouts ... It memory for ever?-where do both writer and could hardly be doubted that the chief rebel was

not far off. The pursuers redoubled their vigireader luxuriate so much at their ease, and lance and activity. The cottages scattered over feel that they are wisely discursive?- But the heathy country on the boundaries of Dorsetif we pursue this idea, it will be scarcely shire and Hampshire were

strictly examined by possible to avoid something which might look had changed clothes was discovered. Portman like self-praise ; and we content ourselves for came with a strong body of horse and foot to assist

in the search. Attention was soon drawn to a the present with expressing our humble con- place well suited to shelter fugitives. It was an viction that we are doing a service to writers | extensive tract of land separated by an inclo. and readers, by calling forth materials which sure from the open country, and divided by nuthey have themselves thought worth notice, merous hedges into small fields. In some of these but which, for want of elaboration, and the enough to conceal a man. Others were overgrown

fields the rye, the pease, and the oats were high “ little leisure” that has not yet come, are by fern and brambles. A poor woman reported lying, and may lie for ever, unnoticed by that she had seen two strangers lurking in this others, and presenting them in

covert. The near prospect of reward animated un

the zeal of the troops..... The outer fence was adorned multum-in-parvo form. To our strictly guarded: the space within was examined readers therefore who are seeking for Truth, with indefatigable diligence: and several dogs of we repeat “When found make a Note | The day closed before the search could be com

quick scent were turned out among the bushes. of !” and we must add, “ till then make a pleted: but careful watch was kept all night. QUERY.”

Thirty times the fugitives ventured to look through the outer hedge: but everywhere they found a sentinel on the alert : once they were seen and

fired at: they then separated and concealed themPLACE OF CAPTURE OF THE DUKE OF

selves in different hiding places.

" At sunrise the next morning the search reMONMOUTH.

commenced, and Buyse was found. He owned

20th October, 1849. that he had parted from the Duke only a few hours Mr. Editor,—Mr. Macaulay's account of the with more care than ever.

before. The corn and copsewood were now beaten

At length a gaunt Battle of Sedgemoor is rendered singularly figure was discovered hidden in a ditch. The picturesque and understandable by the per- pursuers sprang on their prey. Some of them sonal observation and local tradition which were about to fire; but Portman forbade all viohe has brought to bear upon it. Might not lence. The prisoner's dress was that of a shephis account of the capture of Monmouth de herd; his beard, prematurely grey, was of several rive some few additional life-giving touches, able to speak. Even those who had often seen

days' growth. He trembled greatly, and was unfrom the same invaluable sources of inform- him were at first in doubt whether this were the ation. It is extremely interesting, as every brilliant and graceful Monmouth. His pockets thing adorned by Mr. Macaulay's luminous

were searched by Portman, and in them were style must necessarily be, but it lacks a little found, among some raw pease gathered in the rage

an

of hunger, a watch, a purse of gold, a small treatise she had seen two strangers lurking in the on fortification, an album filled with songs, le- Island her name was Amy Farrant-never ceipts, prayers, and charms, and the George with which, many years before, King Charles the Second prospered afterwards; and that Henry Parkin, had decorated his favourite son.” Hist. Eng., i. the soldier, who, spying the skirt of the smockpp. 616-618. 2nd edition.

frock which the Duke had assumed as a dis

guise, recalled the searching party just as Now, this is all extremely admirable. It they were leaving the Island, burst into tears is a brilliant description of an important his- and reproached himselt' bitterly for his fatal torical incident. But on what precise spot did discovery. it take place? One would like to endeavour

It is a defect in the Ordnance Survey, that to realise such an event at the very place neither the Island nor Monmouth Close is where it occurred, and the historian should en

indicated

upon it by name. able us to do so. I believe the spot is very well

I know not, Mr. Editor, whether these parknown, and that the traditions of the neigh- ticulars are of the kind which you design to bourhood upon the subject are still vivid. It print as “ Notes.” If they are so, and you was near Woodyate's Inn, a well-known road give them place in your miscellany, be good side inn, a few miles from Salisbury, on the road enough to add a “ QUERY” addressed to your to Blandford, that the Duke and his compa

Dorsetshire correspondents, as to whether the nions turned adrift their horses. From thence ash-tree is now standing, and what is the they crossed the country in almost a due actual condition of the spot at the present time. southerly direction. The tract of land in The facts I have stated are partly derived which the Duke took refuge is rightly de- from the book known as Addison's Anecdotes, scribed by Mfr. Macaulay, as "separated by an

vol. iv., p. 12. 1794, 8vo. They have been inclosure from the open country." Its nature used, more or less, by the late Rev. P. Hall, is no less clearly indicated by its local name

in his Account of Ringwood, and by Mr. of “ The Island." The open down which sur- Roberts, in his Life of Monmouth. rounds it is called Shag's Heath. The Island

With the best of good wishes for the sucis described as being about a mile and a half cess of your most useful periodical, from Woodlands, and in the parish of Horton,

Believe me, Mr. Editor, in Dorsetshire. The field in which the Duke

Yours very truly, concealed himself is still called “Monmouth

JOHN BRUCE. Close.” It is at the north-eastern extremity of the Island. An ash-tree at the foot of which the would-be-king was found crouching in a ditch and half hid under the fern, was standing

In “The Life of Shakespeare," prefixed to a few years ago, and was deeply indented with the edition of bis Works I saw through the the carved initials of crowds of persons who press three or four years ago, I necessarily had been to visit it. Mr. Macaulay has men- entered into the deer-stealing question, adtioned that the fields were covered it was mitting that I could not, as some had done, the eighth of July - with standing crops of “entirely discredit the story," and following rye, pease, and oats. In one of them, a field of it up by proof (in opposition to the assertion pease, tradition tells us that the Duke dropped of Malone), that Sir Thomas Lucy had deer, a gold snuff-box. It was picked up some time which Shakespeare might have been conafterwards by a labourer, who carried it to cerned in stealing. I also, in the same place Mrs. Uvedale of Horton, probably the pro- (vol. i. p. xcv.), showed, from several authoprietress of the field, and received in reward rities, low common and how venial offence fifteen pounds, which was said to be half its it was considered in the middle of the reign value. On his capture, the Duke was first of Elizabeth. Looking over some MSS. of taken to the house of Anthony Etterick, Esq., that time, a few weeks since, I met with a a magistrate who resided at Holt, which adjoins very singular and confirmatory piece of eviHorton. Tradition, which records the popular dence, establishing that in the year 1585, the feeling rather than the fact, reports, that the precise period when our great dramatist is poor woman who informed the pursuers that supposed to have made free with the deer of

SHAKESPEARE AND DEER-STEALING.

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