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imported into Ireland but through Great-Britain, except dye-ftuffs, drugs, cotton or other wool, and fpiceries, which may be imported into Ireland from foreign European countries, fo long as the fame are importable from foreign European countries into Great Britain; and that it shall be lawful to export fuch goods of the growth, produce, or manufacture of any of the Countries beyond the Cape of Good Hope to the Straits of Magellan, from Great-Britain to Ireland, with the fame duties retained thereon as are now retained on their being exported to that kingdom; but that an account fhall be kept of the duties retained, and the net drawback on the faid goods imported to Ireland, and that the amount thereof fhall be remitted by the receivergeneral of his Majefty's customs in Great-Britain to the proper officer of the revenue in Ireland, to be placed to the account of his Majefty's revenue there, fubject to the difpofal of the parliament of that kingdom; and that whenever the commerce to the faid countries fhall cease to be fo carried on folely by fuch an exclufive company, the goods, the growth, produce, or manufacture of the faid countries beyond the Cape of Good Hope to the Straits of Magellan, fhould be importable into Ireland from the fame coun tries from which they may be importable to Great-Britain, and no other; and that the fhips going from Great-Britain to any of the faid countries beyond the Cape of Good Hope to the Straits of Magellan, fhould not be restrained from touching at any of the ports in Ireland and taking on board there any of the goods of the growth, produce, or manufacture of that kingdom; and that no fhips be allowed to clear out from Ireland to any of the faid countries, but fuch fhips as fhall be freighted by the faid company, and fhall have failed from the port of
articles of the growth, product, or manufacture of either country, are different on the importation into the other, it is expedient that they fhould be reduced, in the kingdom where they are the highest, to an amount not exceeding the amount payable in the other, fo that the fame fhall not be less than ten one-half per cent. where any article was charged with a duty on importation into Ireland of ten one-half per cent. or upwards, on the 17th of May, 1782; and that all fuch articles fhould be exportable, from the kingdom into which they fhall be imported, as free from duty as the fimilar commodities or home manufactures of the fame kingdom.
XII. That it is alfo proper, that in all cafes where the articles of the confumption of either kingdom fhall be charged with an internal duty on the manufacture, the fame manufacture, when imported from the other, may be charged with a farther duty on importation, adequate to countervail the internal duty on the manufac ture, except in the cafe of beer imported into Ireland, as far as relates to the duties now charged thereon; fuch farther duty to continue fo long only as the internal confumption shall be charged with the duty or duties to balance which it shall be impofed; and that where there is a duty on the raw material of any manufac ture in either kingdom, lefs than the duty on the like raw material in the other, or equal to fuch duty, fuch manufacture may, on its importation into the other kingdom, be charged with fuch a countervailing duty as may be fufficient to fubject the fame, fo imported, to burthens adequate to thofe which the manufacture compofed of the like raw material is subject to in confequence of duties on fuch material in the kingdom into which fuch manufacture is fo imported; and the faid manufactures, fo imported, fhall be entitled to fuch drawbacks or bounties on exportation, as may leave the fame fubject to no heavier burthen than the home-made manufacture.
XIII. That, in order to give permanency to the fettlement now intended to be eftablished, it is neceffary that no new or additional duties should be hereafter impofed, in either kingdom, on the importation of any article of the growth, product, or manufacture of the other; except fuch additional duties as may be requifite to balance duties on internal confumption, purfuant to the foregoing refolution, or in confequence of bounties remaining on fuch articles when exported from the other kingdom.
XIV. That, for the fame purpofe, it is neceffary, farther, that no prohibition, or new or additional duties, fhould be hereafter impofed, in either kingdom, on the exportation of any article of native growth, produce, or manufac ture, from the one kingdom to the other, except fuch as either kingdom may deem expedient, from time to time, upon corn, meal, malt, flour, and bifcuits.
X. That no prohibition should exift, in either country, against the importation, use, or fale of any article, the growth, product, or manufacture of the other, except fuch as either kingdom may judge expedient, from time to time, upon corn, meal, malt, flour, and bifcuits; and except fuch qualified prohibitions at prefent contained in any act of the British or Irish parliaments as do not abfolutely prevent the importation of goods or manufactures, or materials of manufactures, but only regulate and restrain the weight, the fize, the packages, or other particular commodities; or prefcribe the built, or country, or dimenfions of the fhips importing the fame; and alfo except ammunition, arms, gunpowder, and other utenfils of war importable only by virtue of his Majefty's licence; and that the duty on the importation of every fuch article (if fubject to duty in either country) fhould be precifely the fame in the one country as in the other, except where an addition may be neceffary in either country, in confequence of an internal duty on any fuch article of its own confumption; or in confequen of internal bounties in the country where fuch article is grown, produced, or manufactured; and except fuch duties as either kingdom may judge expedient from time to time upon corn, meal, malt, flour, and bifcuits.
XI. That in all cafes where the duties on
XV. That, for the fame purpose, it is neceffary, that no bounties whatsoever fhould be paid or payable, in either kingdom, on the exportation of any article to the other, except fuch as relate to corn, meal, malt, flour, and bifcuits, and except alfo the bounties at prefent giyen by Great-Britain on beer, and fpirits diftilled
diftilled from corn; and fuch as are in the nature of drawbacks or compenfations for duties paid; and that no bounty fhould be payable in Ireland on the exportation of any article to any British colonies or plantations, or to the British fettlements on the coast of Africa, or on the exportation of any article imported from the British plantations, or from the British fettlements on the coaft of Africa, or British fettlements in the Eaft-Indies, or any manufacture made of fuch article, unless in cafes where a fimilar bounty is payable in Great-Britain on exportation from thence, or where fuch bounty is merely in the nature of a drawback or compenfation of or for duties paid, over and above any duties paid thereon in Britain; and that where any internal bounty fhall be given in either king dom, on any goods manufactured therein, and fhall remain on fuch goods when exported, a countervailing duty adequate thereto may be laid upon the importation of the faid goods into the other kingdom.
XVI. That it is expedient, for the general - benefit of the British empire, that the importation of articles from foreign countries fhould be regulated, from time to time, in each kingdom, on fuch terms as may effectually favour the importation of fimilar articles of the growth, product, or manufacture of the other, except in the cafe of materials of manufactures which are or may be allowed to be imported from foreign countries duty free; and that in all cafes where any articles are or may be fubject to higher duties on importation into this kingdom, from the countries belonging to any of the States of North-America, than the like goods are or may be fubject to when imported as the growth, produce, or manufacture of the British colonies and plantations, or as the produce of the fifheries carried on by British fubjects, fuch articles fhall be fubject to the fame duties on importation into Ireland from the countries belonging
to the States of North-America, as the fame are or may be fubject to on importation from the faid countries into this kingdom.
XVII. That it is expedient that fuch privileges of printing and vending books as are or may be legally poffeffed within Great-Britain under the grant of the crown or otherwife, and the copy rights of the authors and bookfellers of Great Britain fhould continue to be protected in the manner they are at prefent, by the laws of Great-Britain; and that it is juft that measures fhould be taken by the parliament of Ireland for giving the like protection to the fimilar privileges and rights in that kingdom.
WEDNESDAY, June 1.
This day John Adams, Efq. minifter plenipotentiary from the United States of America, LOND. MAG. June 1785.
XVIII. That it is expedient that regulations fhould be adopted with refpect to patents to be hereafter granted for the encouragement of new inventions, fo that the rights, privileges, and restrictions therein granted and contained, fhall be of equal duration and force throughout Great-Britain and Ireland.
THE MONTHLY CHRONOLOGY.
SATURDAY, May 21.
HIS morning were executed facing the the ten
XIX. That it is expedient that measures fhould be taken to prevent difputes touching the exercife of the right of the inhabitants of each kingdom to fish on the coafts of any part of the British dominions.
XX. That the appropriation of whatever fum the grofs hereditary revenue of the kingdom of Ireland (the due collection thereof being fecured by permanent provifions) fhall produce, after deducting all drawbacks, re-payments, or bounties granted in the nature of drawbacks, over and above the fum of fix hundred and fiftyfix thousand pounds in each year, towards the fupport of the naval force of the empire, to be applied in fuch manner as the parliament of Ireland fhall direct, by an act to be paffed for that purpose, will be a fatisfactory provifion, proportioned to the growing profperity of that kingdom, towards defraying, in time of peace, the neceffary expences of protecting the trade and general interests of the empire.
had a private audience of his Majesty to deliver his credentials.
A fhocking murther was committed at Newark-upon-Trent, by a man named William Lantern (a weaver by trade) on the body of Hannah Stirley, his mother-in-law. It feems he had quarrelled with his wife for not rifing earlier in the morning, and high words enfuing, he feifed a board on the fide of the bed, and aiming a blow at her, the children in the bed cried out to fpare their mother, upon which the mother-in-law ftepped between them, and unfortunately received the blow, which fractured her fkull, and notwithstanding every affiitance from the faculty, the languifhed till fix o'clock on Saturday morning, when the expired. SATURDAY, 4.
This being his Majefty's birth-day, the morning was ushered in with the ringing of bells, and at noon the guns of the Park and Tower were fired. About two o'clock there was 2 3 N grand
grand court and drawing-room at St. James's, at which the nobility, gentry, &c. attended, to pay their compliments to the King and royal family. Their Majesties were accompanied to St. James's by the Princefs Royal, Princess Augufta, and Princefs Elifabeth, and were attended at the drawing-room by his Royal Highness the Prince of Wales, the Right Hon. W. Pitt, the Archbishops of Canterbury and York, Lord Chancellor, Dukes of Richmond, Chandos, Marlborough, Montague, Northumberland, &c. and most of the foreign minifters.
The ball was opened by the Prince of Wales and Princess Royal. At half paft ten the minuets being ended, the country dances commenced, and were continued till near twelve o'clock, when their Majefties, with the Princeffes, left the ball-room.
This day at noon a dreadful fire broke out at Biggleswade, in Bedfordshire, which was not got under till evening. The want of water and rapidity of the flames, with the falling of the houfes, being fo dreadful, that little good could be done till the evening, when the fire was happily ftopped. Upwards of fixty houfes in the middle of the town are burnt down, with all the shops, warehoufes, barns, ftables, &c. adjoining. It is generally fuppofed to have been wilfully occafioned.
Came on to be heard in the Court of King's Bench, Westminster-Hall, the arguments on the return to the writ of mandamus, brought by Mr. Wooldridge, against the city of London.
Mr. Bearcroft, in behalf of Mr. Wooldridge; and Mr. Serjeant Adair, as council for the city of London, argued upon the three following points:
ft. "That of his obtaining from Sir John Langham's charity a fum of money.
2d." Obtaining another fum from a perfon brought before him as an impreft man, under a pretence of his providing two fubftitutes.
3. "His being rendered incapable of attending his duty, as an alderman and a magiftrate.
The court unanimously determined, each judge giving his opinion feparately, that the two first points were infufficient for his removal as an alderman, they being offences against the public, and fuch as ought to have had a previous conviction by the common law.
The bill for impofing a tax on retail shops having yesterday received the royal affent, many of the shops in the city and almost all the shops in the west end of the town were this day kept fhut, in teftimony of the very general difapprobation with which this new impoft is received; and ftill further to deepen the gloom, the bells in feveral parishes were muffled, and rang dumb peals the whole of the afternoon, and Mr. Pitt was burnt in effigy at the Seven-Dials, CharingCrofs, and other places. The equestrian itatue, in Leicester-Fields, was clothed in mourning. Orders were given for a detachment of the guards to be in readinefs to fupprefs any riots that might happen; a double guard was pofted at the Bank, and a letter was fent from the fecretary of state's office to the Lord-Mayor, requiring him to fupprefs the firft appearance of any thing like a riot, in confequence of which the Lord Mayor ordered all the conftables to be out, and the marshals to patrole the city, to prevent the Notwithstanding thefe peace being broken. precautions, there was fome outrage in Weftfurrounded the Houfe of Commons, and as A mob, chiefly compofed of women, Mr. Pitt came out, attended by about forty of his friends, they purfued him with hiffes to Downing-street. Several of his friends were in
But, with refpect to the third point, his confinement in prison for debt, for one year and a quarter; alfo on two efcape warrants these were fufficient grounds for his removal, as there must have been a fpecial act of parliament, there being a general one paffed foon after the late riots, which particularly expreffed, that no perfon confined under an escape warrant, hould receive the benefit of any infolvent act; therefore the grounds were fufficient for the court of aldermen to fuppofe he would not be able to do that duty to the public after fo long a confinement, which they had a right to expect from him as an alderman and a magiftrate, and perform thofe fervices, which he was compelled to do, agreeable to the oath he had taken. The court thought thefe fufficient grounds for amotion.
The Lord Chief Baron gave judgement in the Court of Exchequer, in the caufe of Sutton and Johnstone. It was an application to the court on the part of Commodore Johnítone, for a rule to fhow caufe why a new trial fhould not be granted; and the court being unanimous in opinion against a new trial, the rule was discharged accordingly. By this judgement Commodore Johnstone is bound to pay taxed cofts to Captain Sutton.
This night between ten and eleven o'clock, a very alarming and deftructive fire broke out at the houfe of Mr. Clopfom, wax-chandler, in Compton-street, Soho; engines arriving but flowly, and water not being at hand for fome time,, the flames communicated to the house on the oppofite fide of the way, being the corner of Greek street, and entirely deftroyed fifteen houses, besides damaging feveral others, before it was extinguished. Three gentlemen, who were affifting to move a phyfician's valuables at the above fire, had a narrow escape for their lives, the house falling in fuddenly upon them, they were given up by the mob who had seen them enter; but in about ten minutes, two were feen crawling out of the ruins, and the other was heard beneath the iron railing of the area, crying in the moft dreadful manner, and praying the fpectators to force the iron work, which was at laft accomplished by means of a rope being tied to it, and dragged by a number of people. Notwithstanding the rapidity of the flames nolives were loft, although in the houfe where the fire first broke out, every person was in bed at the time except the apprentice boy, whofe careleffness was the caufe of the dreadful conflagration. This lad was going to bed, when chancing to stoop over his candle, the flame caught
caught his hair, and fet it in a blaze: with great prefence of mind he fnatched a towel that was hanging near him, and quickly folded it round his head, by which means he preferved his life; when he had extinguished the blaze, he threw the towel on the bed, and went down stairs to get fome water to wash his face: on his return he found the bed on fire, and the room full of fmoke: and then he perceived what had efcaped him before, that the fire on his head had caught the towel before it was extinguifhed., WEDNESDAY, 22.
SUMMER ASSIZES. 1785.
Lord Mansfield and Mr. Baron Eyre.
Monmouthshire. -Sat. 16, at Monmouth.
Rutland hire.-Friday 8, at Okeham.
Derbyshire.Saturday 16, at Derby.
City of Coventry.- -Sat. 23, at Coventry.
Wilts. -The fame day, at New Sarum.
hall of the faid town.
-The fame day, Castle of
Cumberland.- Fri. July 29, City of Carlisle.
The Hon. Richard Pepper Arden and the Hon.
Monday 15, Castle of Chefter.
Lord Loughborough and Mr. Baron Hotham.
City of Gloucefter. Same day, city of Glou- THE intercourle between Great-Britain and
propofitions for the commer
Ireland have already given no fmall alarm to the latter. In a debate upon a motion of adjourn ment in the Irish parliament, on Monday the 13th of June, Mr. Forbes and Mr. Gratran both declared for the adjournment, in order to give time for the final difcuffion of the fubject. Mr. Grattan, on this occafion, faid, "the twenty refolutions that have paffed the British House of 3 N 2 Commons
Commons are fubverfive of the rights of the parliament of Ireland."--Mr. Forbes added, that they involved the most important quel tions relative to the commerce and conftitution of Ireland, which had ever been debated in an Irish parliament; they involved a question of no lefs importance, than the very existence of the Irish parliament, as an independent legislature, and challenged Mr. Orde and the Treafury bench to defend them.". -Mr. Brown, of Trinitycollege, termed them "illufive and pernicious."
--Mr. Corry faid they were "moft deteftable, and most deftructive to the commerce and conftitution of Ireland."-Mr. Grattan repeated his idea of them.- -Mr. Griffith faid, "the twenty propofitions are deftructive to the nation's rights."On a divifion the motion for the adjournment was carried, and the Houfe accordingly adjourned to Thurfday the 29th.
At prefent all accounts agree that a ftrong oppofition will be made in the Houfe of Commons to the refolutions in their amended state, feveral members having declared their intention of fighting every inch of ground, among them Mr. Grattan, though fuppofed to be friendly to the prefent adminiftration, has nevertheless expreffed his diffatisfaction. This untoward circumftance will probably caufe fuch delay that it is poffible the propofitions will not pafs into a law during the prefent feffion, the fummer being already fo far advanced, and the members of parliament in both kingdoms become very impatient to retire.
they have too much wet for cotton; but thofe who have begun on a moderate plan with coffee and provifions, have in general found their expectation fully answered.
The latt pacquet has brought advice that the French have ceded to the Swedes the Leewardland of St. Bartholomew, and that the latter has declared the fame to be a free port; in confequence of which they expected it would very foon rival both St. Euitatius and St. Thomas's, being much more conveniently fituated, and having a better harbour than either of the others.
EAST-IN DIE S.
HE most material news from this country
Bengal on the 9th of February, and arrived at Plymouth on the 14th curt. No man's public conduct has ever been the fubject of higher eulogium or more pointed animadverfion. The accufers and the accufed may now be confronted; and although we do not expect ever to fee a governour-general of India brought to justice, however atrocious his mifconduct may have been, we think it incumbent on his enemies to maintain the ground they have fo long occupied, and on him not to fhrink from enquiry, or kulk behind the broad fhield of minifterial influence.
The cargoes arrived on account of the EaftIndia Company this year, and thofe now on the feas, and daily expected to arrive, are valued at upwards of eight millions of pounds fterling.
On a calculation, lately made, it appears, that the feveral powers of Europe employ in the trade to the Oriental continent, about 160 fail of fhips, carrying from 14,000 to 15,000 feaOf thefe fixty-five fhips, or thereabouts, return to Europe from India annually. The British Company employ fifty-four ships, and. about fixteen return each year. The Dutch Company about forty fhips, of which thirteen return annually. The Danes eleven, of which five return. The Swedes eleven, of which four return. The Portuguefe eight, of which four return. The Imperial Company feven, of which three or four return.. Pruffia five, of which two have returned. The Italian powers twelve, of which five return. Spain return two every year, and France fince the peace fourteen, of which feven have returned. The Americans have had one fhip arrived at New-York fince their independence.--This is a pretty accurate state of the European commerce to India.
accounts have as yet been received of actual hoftilities on the Mufquito fhore; nor has any thing tranfpired with regard to what steps our miniftry mean to take on this occafion. If they confider themselves as tied down to the letter of the laft treaty of peace, we apprehend that it will be difficult for them to give it a conftruction favourable to the interests of the Jamaica planters. The contraband trade between Jamaica and the Spanish poffeffions in America, is fo very lucrative, that notwithftanding feveral Englifh fhips have lately been feifed, many veffels are ftill conftantly employed in it, to the great profit of thofe concerned, and in fpite of the increased number of Spanish guarda coftas which are employed to prevent it.
It appears by a late Bahama paper, that an armed tranfport having arrived at Dominica with diftreffed loyalifts from Eaft-Florida, Governour Ord had granted a fupply of provifions for their prefent fubfiftence, and allotted lands for them to fettle on, part of which had been cleared, but abandoned for the want of funds to
Charles-Town, March 24.
profecute their cultivation; and that his Excel Senate and Houfe of Reprefentatives did
lency having recommended thefe refugees to the attention of the Council and Affembly, an exemption from taxes for fifteen years had been agreed to, likewife to furnish tools and materials for tdeir building houfes on the lands granted to them to the amount of 1650l. currency. Governour Ord, in his letter to Governour Tonin, on this occafion, mentions, that he cannot recommend to these new fettlers the cultivation of the fugar cane, as requiring too large a capital; that indigo does not thrive there, and
not draw well together this feffion. The latter was remarked for its moderation; and it would be injuftice not to add, that they scouted every idea of fufpending the operation of law in cafes of debt, of making indents a legal tender, or of emitting more paper money.
New-York, April 5. The week previous to the laft, the fenate of this place, by a majority of two votes only, rejected the bill for granting the impost agreeable to the recommendation o