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And nature's blufh to fickly art gave place,
And affectation feiz'd the feat of grace:
No more fimplicity, by fenfe refin'd,
Or generous fentiment, poffefs'd the mind;
No more they felt each other's joy and woe,
And CUPID fighing fied, and hid his useless bow.
But with deep grief propitious VENUS pin'd,
To fee the ills which threaten'd womankind;
Ills that the knew her empire would difarm,
And rob her fubjects of their sweetest charm;
Too furely feeling that the blafts of care
Would blight each blooming face, and plough
deep wrinkles there.

Sore figh'd the goddess at the mournful view,
Then try'd at length what heavenly art could do
To bring back pleasure to her penfive train,
And vindicate the glories of her reign.
From MARS's head his cafque, by CUPID borne,
(That which in fofter wars the God had worn)
She fmiling took, and on its filver round
Her magic ceftus three times thrice the bound;
Then fhaking from her hair ambrofial dew,
Infus'd fair hope, and expectation new,
And itifled withes, and perfuafive fighs,
And fond belief, and, eloquence of eyes,'
And fault'ring accents, which explain fo well
What ftudied fpeeches vainly try to tell,
And more pathetic filence, which imparts
Infectious tenderness to feeling hearts,
Sort tones of pity, fafcinating fmiles;
And MAIA's fon aflifted her with wiles,
And brought gay dreams, fantastic vifions brought,
And wav'd his wand o'er the feducing draught.
Then ZEPHYR came: To him the goddefs cried,
Go fetch from FLORA all her flow'ry pride
To fill my charm, each scented bud that blows,
And bind my myrtles with her thornlefs rofe;
Then fpeed thy flight to Gallia's fmiling plain,
Where rolls the Loire, the Garonne, and ŷ Seine;
Dip in their waters thy cleftial wing,

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And the folt dew to fill my chalice bring; Butchiefly tell thy FLORA, that to me She fead a bouquet of her fleurs de lys; That poignant fpirit will compleat my spell.' 'Tis done: the lovely forcerefs fays 'tis well. And now APOLLO lends a ray of fire, The cauldron bubbles, and the flames afpire; The watchful Graces round the circle dance,

With arms entwin'd, to mark the work's advance; Ad with full quiver fportive CUPID came, Temp'ring his favourite arrows in the flame.

Then VENUS fpeaks, the wav'ring flames retire And ZEPHYR's stronger breath extinguishes the fire.

At length the goddefs in the helmet's round
A sweet and fubtle fpirit duly found,
More foft than oil, than ether more refin'd,
Of power to cure the woes of womankind,
And call'd it flattery:-balm of female life,
It charms alike the widow, maid, and wife
Clears the fad brow of virgins in despair,
And smooths the cruel traces left by care;
Bids palfy'd age with youthful spirit glow,
And hangs May's garlands on December's fnow
Delicious effence! howfo'er apply'd,
By what rude nature is thy charm deny'd?
Some form feducing ftill thy whifper wears,
Stern Wisdom turns to thee her willing ears,
And Prudery liftens and forgets her fears.
The ruftic nymph, whom rigid aunts reftrain,
Condemn'd to drefs, and practice airs in vain
At thy first fummons finds her bofom swell,
And bids her crabbed gouvernantes farewell;
While, fir'd by thee with spirit not her own,
She governs fashion, and becomes the ton.
By thee dim-fighted dowagers behold
The record where their conquests are enroll'd;
They fee the fhades of ancient beaux arise,
Who fwear their eyes exceeded modern eyes,
And fcenes long paft, by memory fondly nurs❜d,
When GEORGE Ŷ Second reign'd, or GEORGE
the First;

Compar'd to which, degenerate and abfurd
Seems the gay world that moves round GEORG

the Third.

Nor thy foft influence will the train refuse,
Who court in diftant fhades the modest Mufe,
Tho' in a form more pure and more refin'd,
Thy dulcet fpirit meets the letter'd mind.
Not death itself thy empire can destroy;
Towards thee, e'en then, we turn the languid eye
Still truft in thee to bid our memory-bloom,
And scatter rofes round the filent tomb."

Very flight correction would make this a finished performance. Curtail the Alexandrines, and break the fentence commencing at the forty-first line and ending at the fifty-fifth into

two or three.

ART. CIII. The Antiquities of England and Wales; being a Collection of Views of the most remarkable Ruins and ancient Buildings, accurately drawn on the Spot. To each View is added, an Hiftorical Account of its Situation; when, and by whom built; with every interesting Circumftance relating thereto; and, in order to render this Work a complete Introduction to the Study of every Species of our national Antiquities, a concije Defcription is given of the feveral Kinds of Druidical Monuments. By Francis Grofe, Efq. F. A. S. Vols. 1. and II. In large 8vo, on fine Imperial Paper. With a beautiful Type, caft by Caflon, on purpofe for this Work. Published in Numbers, at 1s. 6d. each*. Hooper. 1784.

IT is with pleasure that we now prefent to the curious, and particularly to the lovers of British antiquities, an account of a new edition of Captain

Grofe's elegant and accurate views of remarkable British Ruins, and ancient Buildings, &c.

Mr. Grofe, we find, has, with un-
remitte
, 64.

*Price of Vol. I. 11. 7s. of Vol, II. il. gs.

remitted labour and affiduity, continued his refearches into the antiquities of this country, fince his completion of the four volumes in quarto; in order to render his undertaking as full and perfect as the nature of the collection will admit; and, accordingly, a new edition is now offered to the public, on a plan which, the ingenious author conceives, is better adapted to a work. of this kind than that of the former impreffion; and many valuable additions are alfo made, as improvements on the original defign.

In the quarto edition, the engravings being placed at the head of the page, gave the work an appearance not altogether to its advantage, in point of elegance in the prefent edition, we are glad to fee the plates worked off on a feparate leaf, and placed oppofite to their refpective defcriptions. The deferiptions, themfelves, are alfo now more uniformly printed, with respect to the fize of the letter: a circumftance which the former edition could not boaft, because the subject-matter*, whether longer or fhorter, being confined to one leaf, obliged the printer to ufe a larger or a fmaller type, to fuit the quantity of his manufcript

copy.

With regard to arrangement, the antiquities are now continued in alphabetical county-order, and regularly paged; a convenience wanted in the larger edition: and which was, certainly, a great defect.

The additions to the author's learned, ample, and entertaining Preface are many and various. Confiderable explanatory matter is interwoven; and Mr. Grofe hath introduced a moft curious ancient code of military laws, compiled in the year 1452, for the government of the English army then in France, and enacted by Henry V. "with the advice of his Peers, Lords, and Nobles." This code is decorated by a good plate of ancient armour, exhibiting fifteen well-executed figures,

in full fuits, and in the feparate parts: with an explanation.

The preface concludes with the addition of the various druidical monuments found in this country. There are five additional plates belonging to the preface. The firft, by way of frontispiece, exhibits a beautiful view of Lindisfarne, or Holy Ifland-Monaftery, in Northumberland; preferving the former ideat of Hiftory and Time in converfation, which is happily adapted to the fubject. The fecond additional engraving is the print of armory, 'juft mentioned. The third and fourth plates give us reprefentations of Gothic columns and frizes ; and the fifth is explanatory of the druidical monuments.

A complete index to the Prefatory Difcourfe is added; which, from the great variety of matter arifing from the fubjects here difcuffed, was much wanted. In the former cdition, it was difficult, without fuch a guide, to turn occafionally to any particular part of this very elaborate difquifition.

We cannot conclude this brief sketch of a very great work, without reflecting on the prodigious number of monaftic and other ecclefiaftical, as well as military antiquities, reprefented in Mr. Grofe's amazing collection. But their multiplicity will be easily accounted for by the hiftorian. The Border-wars, the Feudal tenures, the Civil wars, and religious fuperftition, have been, at different periods, the caufes of Great-Britain's boafting, perhaps, a greater number and variety of inagnificent ancient buildings than any other kingdom in Europe. For, the jealoufy, pride, and power of the barons, and other great men, all warriors, under the feudal fyftem, obliged them to erect the ftrongest and most complicated fortreffes, being well affured that their opponents would, on the first occafion, enforce the lex talionis, with the utmoft feverity. As to the church, the exceffive, miftaken charities and donations

*We may now venture to ufe this phrafe, having no longer the fear of our departed friend (the late Dr. Armstrong) before our eyes: for he never could endure that nafty subject-matter!''

Vid. Frontifpiece to the first volume, quarto edition. We with, by way of hint to Mr. Grofe,, that he would give us drawings of fome of the larger picturefque ruins, as frontifpieces to Bach of the fuceceding volumes; which would greatly add to the elegance of the work.

donations of the times, from Edgar to in almoft every pleasant and fruitful Richard I. have founded a monastery vale, throughout the kingdom.

As the following Queries came too late to be inferted in the Mifcellany, which would have been the proper place for their appearance, we hope our readers will excufe us, for giving them admiffion at the close of the Review. ́S Medicus Mentis alive, who wrote a fhort effay in your Magazine, November, 1776, page 594? If fo, how can a letter be conveyed to him? Jan. 20, 1785.

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THI

THE ENGLISH THEATRE.
COVENT-GARDEN.

December 27.

HIS evening Mr. Farren made his firft appearance in the character of George Barnwell by a very affiduous attention to the part, he gave it a colouring far beyond what we have been used to, and received what he highly merited, repeated plaudits for his performance. After the tragedy, a new pantomime, called THE MAGIC CAVERN, was performed for the first time; the fable or business of which was nearly as follows:

The piece opens with a fine reprefentation of a valley in the deferts of Arabia, a caravan is feen paffing at a great diftance, the rear of which is brought up by Harlequin, in the character of a merchant, who, from fatigue, being fomewhat feparated from the main body of the caravan, and his centinels having fallen afleep, he is fet upon by a party of wild Arabs, his followers all difperfed or flain, and himself stripped of his property, left alone on a fandy, inhofpitable defert, he looks around in vain for thelter and afliitance, till at length he hears fott mufic iffue from a cavity in the earth, which fo allures him, that after fome helitation he determines to enter, concluding, in his prefent fituation, that every change of fortune must be for the better. The fcene then changes to a difmal cavern, which appears as if formed of huge fragments of rock piled confufedly together. Through the fpaces between them Harlequin is feen defcendáng gradually till he reaches the bottom: he now difcovers a dark entrance into the rock, but is deterred from approaching it by the hollow roaring of the wind through thofe gloomy manfions. He hears mufic again from the hole, which fo delights him, that he draws near to liften, but is immediately checked by an old man, who tells him that he muft not think of entering that paffage, unless he will undertake, at the rifque of his life, to win unbounded wealth and deathlefs fame. Harlequin immediately accedes to the propofal, and follows the old man into the cavern. The fcene then changes to a fubterraneous palace, in which are eight ftatues of folid gold and filver, blazing with diamonds and rubies. The old man informs Harlequin that thefe ftatues have been placed there by eight fucceeding kings: that the laft was a great magician, and leaving no heir to inherit his crown, declared that no man fhould be his fucceffor, or

remove thefe eight ftatues, till he brought a ninth fuperior in value to all the reft. A month is the given time for the trial, and whoever fails in the attempt is put to death.

Harlequin, fired with ambition, undertakes to procure the ninth ftatue; a magic fword is delivered to him, to waft him, at pleafure, to any quarter of the earth, and the guardian fpirit, Abdiel, is alfo fent with him, to aflift and watch over him in all his wanderings: the old man tells him, he will find the long fought ftatue in England, provided truth and honour guide his

mind.

To England Harlequin pofts, Abdiel accompanying him, in the character of an old woman. At his first arrival on the British fhore, he meets Colombine, both, of course, becorne immediately attached: but proving contrary to the intention of her father, a number of pantomimical adventures are occafioned, by Harlequin's perfeverance in his amour, in which the given time expires; the fpirit Abdiel affumes his original form, and brings Harlequin back to the fubterraneous palace, where his faithful Columbine ftill accompanies him, determined to be an equal partner of his ruin as of his felicity. The old man pronounces fentence on him for failure of engagement; but juft as an hideous figure arifes from the earth, armed with a tremendous fabre, to feparate the criminal's head from his body, Harlequin takes Columbine in his arms, and places her on the vacant pedestal; the old man admits he has fulfilled the charm, having in the faithful and virtuous Columbine brought a ftatue worth all the reft, and is deferving of a throne. A number of fpirits, whole liberty depended on the breaking of the charm, are heard in the air, finging "Tis virtue sets us free;" and the piece concludes with a general chorus.

The principal fcenes introduced in this pantomime are--A view in the deferts of Arabia, with a diftant view of a caravan-A fubterraneous palace-A farmer's kitchen, which changes into a tan-yard-A calf in a pound, which changes to a butcher's fhop-A town inn, which changes to a fouth view of Blackfriars-bridge-r Guildhall, which changes to the Cuftom-house quays-Another view of the fubterraneous palace, which changes to a moft fplendid palace, gardens, &c.

Such are the outlines of the pantomime, upon the

the bringing forward of which, the manager has difplayed his ufual liberality, and must have been at a confiderable expence; most of the fcenes are new, and are in general executed with taste and judgement, particularly the firit, the fubterraneous paffage, the butcher's fhop, the front of Guildhall, and the view of Blackfriarsbridge. The foundation of the piece is taken from a well-known Oriental tale, and as the principle of this fpecies of dramatic entertainment feems to turn chiefly on the difplay of the mufic and fcenery, it is fufficient if the incidents which lead to that effect, are of that kind to provoke the fullen critic to a fmile, the boxes to titter, and the gallery to a hearty laugh, without fcarcely paying any attention to its folly or abfurdity; feveral of the feenes in the performance in question are fully competent to this talk, while others are as dull and infipid, fome of which, however, it is but juftice to obferve, will undoubtedly go off much better on a repetition, as their failure feemed principally owing to the performers not being fufficiently acquainted with the bafinefs, nor the conductors of the machinery having made a proper arrangement, to be ready in due time. The first act is by

much the best, which, whenever it happens, we always think an unlucky circumstance. We would recommend a deduction from many of the scenes, which grew languid by their length, and tired the fpectators. Harlequin's transformation into a dog had better be totally omitted, as, while in that fituation laft night, he neither appeared man nor beast; nor would the performance be injured by fhortening the part of the calf.

The mufic, excepting three or four of Haydn's airs, was compofed by Mr. Shield: this gentleman has fuch a method of perfonifying (if we may be allowed the expreffion) his compofitions, that every auditor muft admire his fancy, and applaud his execution. The airs laft night were as fully expreffive of the bufinefs of the fcene, as if a chorus had been ftationed on the ftage for that purpofe. If any part deserved a pre-eminence over the reft, it was the overture, and the air beginning

"The noble mind for fame will dare," which prove he has not dared in vain.- -Mr. Parke, jun. gave additional proof of his excellence on the hautboy, and executed his obliga tos with taste and elegance.

DRURY-L A N E.

Jan. 20. CUSTOM has almoft taught the town to expect the introduction of a new pantomime fome time about Christmas; the managers of this theatre, aware of this, to fhew they were not inattentive to the public, this night brought the mothy hero forward, for the purpofe of leading him into feveral hairbreadth 'fcapes," which though most of them had not the claim to originality, it must be confeffed had been well felected for the purpose of difplaying the powerful effects of brandifhing his wooden fword. The most favourite pieces of machinery in feveral old pantomimes were introduced, and in fuch a manner as not to be detected but by thofe who remembered them on a former occafion; the bufinefs of the piece not fuffering the leaft obftruction, but going on as fmoothly and connected, as though they had been planned originally to proceed in regular fucceffion; the compiler of the CALDRON, indeed, appears to have paid much more attention to this part than to the introduction of

frolic and fun; and here we think he has fal len into an error; as thofe children, even of a larger growth, who are fond of pantomimes, would fooner forgive the want of connection, and abfurdity of the fcene, than laughter-moving incidents; but as fuch kind of productions generally receive many amendments after the first performance, we doubt not this will fhare the fame fate; and are clear that it will improve in the opinion of the public, as it is rendered more lively. Several of the changes merit commenda tion, particularly the one to the fishmongers, that to the water-mill, the ale-houfe to the waggon, and the laft fcene. The principal performers being mofily thofe we have been ufed to in the fame characters, it is needlefs to fav any more than that Wright, Grimaldi, and Mifs Stageldoir, were the Harlequin, Clown, and Columbine, and acquitted themselves in their ufual style, much to the fatisfaction of the audience.

THE

THE MONTHLY CHRONOLOGY.

SATURDAY, Dec. 11.

HE following extraordinary inftance of the length of time for which the human frame is capable of enduring the want of food, and the thoughts of the moit dreadful and hopelcfs fituation, occurred at a coalpit near Manchefter. The colliers were going to work in it, but just as the first man got to the bottom, a large part of the mouth of the pit fell in, and fhut him up in total darkness. Every effort was immediately ufed to clear him; but this was not accomplished till next Saturday afternoon, when, to the aftonilment of every one prefent, he was found alive,

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and capable of fpeaking, after having remained in the bowels of the earth eight days! He was almoft reduced to a fkeleton, by diftrefs and hunger. The natural impulfe of prefervation induced him to attempt to work a paflage, and he had actually forced himself feveral yards into the earth, in hopes of getting to the top, by means of the vacancy which is always left for air; but this failed. Every poffible affiftance was given to recover him, but nature was too far exhautted; he languished a few hours, and then expired. WEDNESDAY, Jan. 5. Early this morning, the houfe of Mr. Henry Springall

MONDAY, 17.

The Committee of Privy-Council, appointed to manage our trade and plantation bufinefs, fat at their room in the Treatury, when all the letters lately received from the governors of the Weft-India islands, and our fettlements in America, were laid before them. It is expected that a new and general arrangement will thortly take place in all our foreign dependencies, with a view to leffen the expenfe of their eftablishment, as at prefent formed.

Springall, timber-merchant, in Eaft-lane, Ber- the woman dead in her bed, both of fuffocation. mondfey, was broke open, and robbed of about The girl continued fenfelefs for fome hours, buc 700 ounces of plate, and a pocket-book, con- recovered. taining bills and notes of hand to the amount of 12111. befides bonds, policies of infurance, bills of fale, &c. of material confequence to the owner. The papers were recovered in an extraordinary manner. During the execution the fame day, in the Old-Bailey, Mr. Leech, who lives in that neigbourhood, going into the kitchen, found his two maid-servants bufily employed in examining the contents of a pocket-book, which, they faid, had been thrown down the area. Mr. Leech discovered, upon looking into it, to whom it belonged, and went with it immediately to Mr. Springall's, who happened not to be at home; he, therefore, left word what business he called about, and when he returned depofited the pocket-book with Mr. Sheriff Bates. It was next morning restored to the owner, with all its contents, which appeared not to have been at all diminished. THURSDAY, 6.

John Afhmore, of King's Standal, near Buxton, aged 105, undertook, for a wager of a pound of tobacco, to walk four miles on the turnpikeroad in one hour, which he performed with ease in 54 minutes.

FRIDAY, 7.

The Lords of the Treasury have fent orders to the commiffioners of the Cuftoms, dated this day, to enquire into the particulars of the illicit conveyance of live fheep and wool to the coaft of France; in confequence of which the commiffioners have iffued orders on the above fubject to the officers in the wool department at the Custom-Houfe, London, as well as at the feveral out-ports. This is preparatory to bringing a bill into parliament early in the approaching feffion for the more effectual prevention of fmuggling sheep and wool out of the kingdom.

The unrepealed act of the 8th of Elizabeth expreffes, that after fuffering a year's imprisonment every offender convicted of conveying theep or wool out of the kingdom fhall, in fome open market-town, in the fulness of the market, on the market day, have his left hand cut off, and that to be nailed up in the openeft place of fuch market." And the fame act fays the fecond offence thall be punished with death.

It is faid that the wool which fells for 71. in England produces from 151. to 181. per pack at Dunkirk, and other places on the French coast. SATURDAY, 8.

Jofeph Mafon, a labouring man, and his wife, near Peterborough, removed with their daughter about 15 or 16 years old, and their fon about 12 years old, to a new built houfe in Borough Fen. The walls of the chambers being wet, and there being no chimney in the room, the man, at bedtime, placed a large iron pot, filled with the burning embers of turf, in the middle of the room, then shutting the window and door clofe, they unthinkingly went to bed; about four o'clock in the morning the girl, finding herself very ill, waked her brother, who immediately got out of bed, but was unable to ftand; he, by fome means, however, reached the door and opened it; and presently recovering, ran to call a neighbour to their affittance, who came immediately, but on entering the room, found the man dead on the floor, grafping the iron pot, and LOND, MAG. Jan. 1785.

This day the feflion ended at the Old-Bailey, when twelve convicts received judgement of death; thirty were fentenced to be transported; feven to be imprifoned, and kept to hard labour in the house of correction; twelve to be publicly whipped; and eighteen were discharged by pro

clamation.

TUESDAY, 18.

This being the Queen's birth-day, their Ma jefties and the royal family received the compliments of the nobility, &c. on the occafion, at St. James's. At noon the Park and Tower guns were fired. The drawing-room at St. James's was very numerously and fplendidly attended. Their Majefties, with the Princefs Royal, Princefs Augufta, Princefs Elizabeth, Princefs Sophia, Prince Edward, and the rest of the royal offspring entered, the drawing-room about two o'clock. His Royal Highnefs the Prince of Wales foon afterwards appeared, together with the Lord and Lady Mayorefs, the foreign ministers and their ladies, &c. The drawing-room did not break up till near fix o'clock; after which their Majesties, accompanied by the Prince of Wales, dined at the Queen's palace.

In the evening the ball began. About nine o'clock their Majesties entered the ball-room, accompanyed by the Prince of Wales, Prince Edward, the Princefs Royal, and Princess Augufta. Having paid their refpects to the company, the minuets then commenced in the following order: Prince of Wales with the Princess Augufta. Princess Royal,

Prince Edward'

Duchefs of Rutland, {Countess of Salisbury.

{

Earl of Rochford,
Lady Parker,
Lady St. Afaph, &c.
The minuets being ended, the country dances
commenced, in which the

Prince of Wales danced with the Princess Royal
Prince Edward-Princefs Augusta.
Lord Strafford-Duchefs of Rutland.
Lord Strathaven-Countefs of Salisbury, &c. &c.

The drefes of the ladies and gentlemen were richer and more elegant than on moft former occafions. His Majefty was dreffed in fcarlet, fuperbly embroidered with gold.-The Queen rather plain, according to the ufual etiquette on her own birth-day,being in rofe pink,ornamented with point lace: and her head-drefs without diamonds.

The Princess Royal and Princefs Augusta were uniformly dreffed in pale blufh fattin; the petticoat of gaufe, covered with gold fpangles, and ornamented with gold flowers, hung in feftoons; their heads decorated with a profufion of brilliants, K

The

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