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THE

LONDON MAGAZINE,

ENLARGED AND IMPROVED,

FOR

JANUARY, 1785.

THE HISTORY OF THE SECOND SESSION OF THE SIXTEENTH PARLIAMENT OF GREAT-BRITAIN.

Begun and bolden at Weftminster, on the 25th of January, 1785.

the courfe of the recefs nothing

I

quillity of the cabinet. Some fmall changes had been made by the confent of all parties; and Lords Shelburne and Temple were engaged by additional honours to fupport the miniftry. The new taxes were found to be more productive than had been expected, and, though heavy, were borne by the people without murmuring. In Ireland, the people, with their ufual inconftancy, feemed weary of purfuing a parliamentary reform, or to defpair of fuccefs. The fpirit which at firft engaged them in that purfuit was evidently on the decline; and the Irish parliament, which was juft affembled, promised a ready concurrence with every measure of government. On the continent, the claim of the Emperour to the free navigation of the Scheldt engaged the attention of Europe. Negotiations for a compromife were still carried on, while both parties made vigorous preparations for

war.

If the difpute fhould be ultimately decided by arms, it would evidently involve the leading powers of Europe. Great-Britain alone appeared but little interested in the event, and to have it in her power to preferve an advantageous neutrality.

Jan. 25. His Majesty opened the feffion with the following moft gracious fpeech from the throne:

My Lords and Gentlemen,

AFTER the laborious attendance of the last feffion of parliament, LOND. MAG. Jan. 1785.

it has given me peculiar pleafure, that

mitted of fo long a recefs.

Among the objects which now require confideration, I must particularly recommend to your earneft attention the adjustment of fuch points in the commercial intercourfe between GreatBritain and Ireland as are not yet finally arranged. The fyftem which will unite both kingdoms the most clofely on principles of reciprocal advantage will, vantage will, I am perfuaded, best enfure the general profperity of my dominions.

I have the fatisfaction to acquaint you, that, notwithstanding any appearance of differences on the continent, I continue uniformly to receive, from all foreign powers, the strongest affurances of their good difpofition towards this country.

Gentlemen of the Houfe of Commons,

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important objects. You will, I truft, alfo take into early confideration the matters fuggefted in the reports of the commiffioners of public accounts, and fuch further regulations as may appear to be neceffary in the different offices of the kingdom.

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I have the fulleft reliance on the continuance of your faithful and diligent exertions in every part of your public duty. You may at all times depend on my hearty concurrence in every measure which can tend to alleviate our national burthens, to fecure the true principles of the conftitution, and to promote the general welfare of my people.

vinced there needed no argument to induce their lordships to agree with him in the propriety of an addrefs of thanks. He, therefore, should content himfelf with moving, that an addrefs be prefented to his Majesty, in the ufual terms of acknowledgement and affurance of their readinefs to fulfil his Majefty's wishes, as declared in the fpeech.

When his Majefty and the Commons had retired, the Marquis of Buckingham and Marquis of Lanfdown were introduced; and the Lord Chancellor having read the fpeech, the Duke of Hamilton and Brandon rofe to move an addrefs of thanks. He was forry that a duty fo honourable was not to be discharged by an abler perfon; but he trufted in the goodness of their lordfhips that they would indulge him for a minute, while he declared how much he approved of the fpeech which they had heard. The fettlement of the commercial connection between this country and Ireland was an object of fuch ferious concern, that he knew their lordships would agree with him in thinking that it could not be more zealously recommended from the crown than it would be chearfully taken up by the Houfe. It must be highly pleafing to their lordships, as well as creditable to his Majefty's minifters, that, at a time when alarms were given of contefts on the continent, we had fo borne ourselves, as to receive pacific affurances from all the neighbouring powers. The fuppreffion of fmuggling was an object the moft defirable, and the reforms fuggefted by the commiffioners of public accounts, whofe la bours did them fo much honour, were productive of fuch obvious benefit, that he was fenfible their lordships would be happy to give his Majefty affurances of their readiness to second his gracious ideas in that refpect. On the whole of the fpeech he was con

Lord Waffingham faid, that, in feconding the motion of the noble duke, he fhould prefume only to trouble their lordships with a few sentences, in addition to what his grace had fo forcibly and fully recommended to their notice. The topics held out to the attention of parliament in his Majefty's moft gracious fpeech were fo worthy of their moft ferious regard, and were in themfelves fo important, that he was confcious there needed not the weighty influence of his Majesty's recommendation, to induce their lordfhips to take them into their view. The full and final accomplishment of a liberal fyftem of commercial connection between the two kingdoms of England and Ireland was a thing which every good man of both countries must be anxious to behold. Their lordfhips would, no doubt, be moft ready to give his Majefty affurances, that they would co-operate with his Majefty in his patriotic views on this fubject, and that, from their earnest efforts on this head, they might hope to fee a fyftem formed, fo broad and liberal, fo becoming the enlarged fentiments of an intelligent people, and framed on fuch principles of juftice and wifdom, as might at once be beneficial to the two countries refpectively, and conducive to the general interefts of the united empire.

The conduct of his Majefty's minifters, in fo wifely and advantageously preferving us from all fhare in the dif ferences which appeared on the continent, was highly deferving the thanks of that Houfe. Relieved fo lately, from a war which had coft us fo much, and panting for repofe, their determined neutrality had been dictated by the beft policy; for by thefe means we fhould have leifure and opportunity to

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