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PAGE 106. Longinus. On the Sublime, ix.

No. 279. PAGE 107. Affect it. Addison continues thus in ‘A’:-"I remember

but one Line in him which has been objected against, by the
Criticks, as a point of Wit. It is in the ninth Book, where Juno,
speaking of the Trojans, how they survived the Ruins of their
City, expresses her self in the following Words ;

Num capti potuere capi, num incensa cremarunt Pergama?
Were the Trojans taken even after they were Captives, or did Troy

burn even when it was in Flames ?
PAGE 108. Zoilus, 'Homeromastix,' frequently referred to by Dryden,

Swift, and Pope. Parnell's Life of Zoilus (1715) was to have
been included in the first volume of Pope's Iliad.

Perrault. Charles Perrault's criticisms on Homer began in
his Poem Le Siècle de Louis le Grand (27th Jan. 1687), and were

elaborated in the Parallèles des anciens et des modernes (1688-97). PAGE 109. Motto. Horace, Epist. I. xvii. 35.

No. 280. PAGE 112. Motto. Virgil, Æn. iv. 64.

No. 281 PAGE 113. Plume of Feathers. Cf. p. 271.

Fringed gloves. Ante, vol. i. p. 321. PAGE 116. Motto. Virgil, Æn. viii. 580.

No. 282. PAGE 119. Motto. Persius, Sat., Prologue, 10.

No. 283. Lucian. “In his Auction of Philosophers ” (H. Morley). PAGE 122. The familiar, but imaginary, tale concerning Rabelais is

discussed in Louis Moland's Rabelais, p. xxvi. PAGE 124. Motto. Virgil, Eclog. vii. 17. In 'A' the motto is that of No. 284

No. 54 of this edition.
PAGE 128. Motto. Horace, Ars Poet. 227-230.

No. 285. - Both perspicuous and sublime. Aristotle, Poetics, xxii. i.

With Horace. Ars Poet. 351-3.
PAGE 130. By the following Methods. Aristotle, Poetics, xxii.
PAGE 132. Discourse in Plutarch. “On the Life and Poetry of

Homer, wrongly ascribed to Plutarch, Book I. § 16” (H. Morley).
PAGE 133. Euclid. Aristotle, Poetics, xxii. 5.
Motto. Adapted from Tacitus, Annals, xiv. 21,

No. 286. PAGE 136. J. Cleveland in his Senses' Festival, included in his Poems

published in 1653,. upholds the brunette. John Bond wrote com-
mentaries on Horace and Persius.

· Motto. Menander, Nauclerus ii. (Meineke, Fragmenta, No. 287. iv. 175). It is quoted by Athenæus, iv. 166.

Acted. cf. vol. iii. p. 84 (and note). PAGE 141. Motto. Horace, Epist. I. vi. 1o.

No. 288. PAGE Motteux (, vol. i. 322), the translator Motto. Horace, Odes, I. iv. 15.

No. 289. PAGE 146. Dr. Sherlock's Discourse. Ante, vol. i. p. 329. PAGE 147. Passage of Antiphanes. No. vi. in Winterton's Poeta Minores Græci (p. 482).

Sir John Chardin. The first (and only) volume of the translation, The Travels of Sir John Chardin into Persia and

the East Indies, appeared in 1686. PAGE 148. Motto. Horace, Ars Poet. 97.

No. 290.

of Rabelais," Dono Dizote, and Bayle's Dictionary.

No. 290.

No. 291.

No. 292.

PAGE 148. The Distressed Mother, a version of Racine's Andromaque

by Ambrose Philips, first acted on March 17, 1712, and printed
in 1713. Sir Roger de Coverley's interest in the piece is the
theme of No. 335. It could hardly escape the kind attentions of
the Spectator, for Steele wrote the Prologue, and Addison and

Budgell the Epilogue.
PAGE 151. George Powell, the actor. See vol. i. p. 320 and

B. 1.

- Motto. Horace, Ars Poet. 351-3; referred to in No.

285. PAGE 153. French Authors. Dryden has the credit of an early ap.

preciation of French criticism. The “illiterate writers” followed and compiled their critical essays from Rapin, Le Bossu, Bouhours, Boileau, Perrault, Fontenelle, and the Daciers. Much of this borrowed critical wisdom was unacknowledged by Grub Streetand by the more respectable Spectator.

-Érrors like Straws. Dryden's All for Love, Prologue, 25-6, PAGE 154. Verbum ardens. Cicero, Ad Marcum Brutum Orator, 8, 27.

“Facile est enim verbum aliquod ardens (ut ita dicam) notare.'

-Longinus. On the Sublime, xxxvi.

--Boccalini. His Ragguagli di Parnasso was Englished in 1656 under the title of Advertisements from Parnassus. It was reprinted in 1669, 1674, and 1704. An edition, called Advices

from Parnassus, by T. B., was revised by Hughes in 1706.
PAGE 155. Motto. Tibullus, IV. ii. 7-8.
PAGE 156. Letter of Pliny's. Book VI., Letter xxxii.
PAGE 158. So spake the Cherub. Paradise Lost, iv. 844-9.

-Ne non procumbat. Ovid, Fasti, ii. 833-4.
PAGE 159. Motto. See Winterton's Poetae Minores Graeci, p. 527.

-The little Book’ is The Courtier's Oracle ; or the Art of
Prudence, 1694 (also 1702 and 1705), a translation of Balthazar
Gracian's El Oraculo Manual. See Nos. 379 and 409.

-The Persian Fable is derived from Chardin's Travels (ante, p. 147). The original version will be found in the Bustan of

PAGE 162. Motto. Cicero, Ad Herennium
PAGE 164. This Illustrious Day. Queen Anne's Birthday.

-St. Bride's Church, etc. Cf. the Sexton's Letter in No. 380.
PAGE 165. Dr. Snape's Sermons were published, posthumously, in

1745. He opposed Hoadly, in the Bangorian Controversy.
PAGE 166. Motto. Juvenal, Sat. vi. 362-5.
PAGE 170. Motto. Horace, Epist. I. xix. 42.
PAGE 173. Motto. Horace, Sat. I. vi. 66-7.

--Simple. or Implex. Aristotle's Poetics, x. Addison borrows the term 'implex' from the French critics, and especially from André Dacier's translation of Aristotle. Cf. F. Brunetière, Etudes critiques, IV. 181. Johnson uses the term, implex, in his Life of

Cowley (ed. 1790, I.
PAGE 174. Most proper for Tragedy. Poetics, xi.

-Mr. Dryden's Reflection. Dedication of the Æneis. (Works, ed. Scott and Saintsbury, xiv. 144.)

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No. 293.

No. 294.

No. 295.
No. 296.
No. 297.

p. 87).

PAGE 175. Mouths of his principal Actors. Poetics, xxiv. No. 297. PAGE 176. Scaliger, as in the Poetice; but the word occurs in the

favourite Tully. PAGE 178. A Place in his Rhetorick, III. xi. PAGE 179. Tack to the Larboard. Dryden's Æneis, iii. 526-7. Milton, Par. Lost, ii. 1019. - Motto. Virgil, Æn. iv. 373.

No. 298. PAGE 182. Motto. Juvenal, Sat. vi. 167-171.

No, 299 PAGE 183. Addison may, as the editors tell us, have had in mind a

successful ironmonger, Crowley, afterwards Sir Ambrose Crawley ;
but the satire will stand without this individual interest.

- Charte Blanche, as our News Papers call it. A hit at
the foreign phrases in the continental news-letters (cf. vol. i.
p. 306). Addison was almost the first to use the term : he

probably (against his intention) popularized it. PAGE 186. Motto. Horace, Epist. I. xviii. 5.

No. 300. PAGE 189. The Following four Lines. The editor has failed to trace

-Motto. Horace, Odes, IV. xiii. 26-8.

No. 301. PAGE 193. Motto. Virgil, Æn. v. 343-4.

No. 302. -Guessed at for Emilia. Steele pokes fun at the commentators (cf. vol. i. 310-1, etc.). The more popular 'guesses' are “the mother of Mr. Ascham, of Conington, in Cambridgeshire, and grandmother of Lady Hatton,” and “ Anne, Countess of Coventry.” The authorship of the sketch has been claimed for Hughes (Letters, iii. 8), and also for Dr. Brome, the clergyman of the parish in which the aforesaid Mrs. Ascham lived. The Bromius of this paper rather suggests the latter. If that be so, there may be

some basis of fact' in Mrs. Ockley's ascription to Mrs. Ascham. PAGE 198. Motto. Horace, Ars Poet. 363-4.

No. 303. Paid to that Idol. Addison subsequently interpolated here lines 446-457 of Book I. of Paradise Lost, with a note on the same by " the late ingenious Mr. Maundrell," taken from his Journey from Aleppo to Jerusalem. It will be found in the text of the Notes upon the Twelve Books of Paradise Lost, published

separately in 1719.
PAGE 202. What the French Critics call Marvellous. See Boileau,

Réflexions sur Longin, v.
PAGE 204. Perrault and Boileau. Addison's reference to Perrault's

phrase and his quotation from Boileau are taken from the Réflex-
ions sur Longin, iv. The English translation of The Whole Works

of Mons. Boileau is advertised in No. 272 (A) as “just published.' PAGE 205. Motto. Virgil, Æn. iv. 2.

No. 304. PAGE 207. Wit's Commonwealth. A popular school-book, by

J. Bodenham.

-This desire of Anthony Title-Page' was realised in Charles

Lillie's two volumes, referred to ante, vol. i. p. 335. PAGE 208. New-Exchange, ante, vol. ii. p. 328. -Motto. Virgil, Æn. ii. 521-2.

No. 305. PAGE 213. Our Smyrna or St. James's. See vol. i. p. 310.

--Earl of Rochester. See vol. i. p. 311.
-Motto. Juvenal, Sat. vi. 178-9.

PAGE 201.

No. 306.

PAGE 213. Small-Pox. It is difficult for us to understand how terrible

were the ravages of this disease in English Society at this time. Swift's Journal to Stella is full of references to its havoc. Inocula. tion was introduced by Lady Mary Wortley Montagu, after her return from Turkey in 1718. See Pope's letter to Brome, July

16, 1721 (Elwin and Courthope, viii. 47). PAGE 217. Good Nature will always, etc. “Perhaps Goldsmith

was thinking of this paper when he wrote the little tale in verse called The Double Transformation, 1765, the heroine of which is reformed by an attack of small-pox :

'No more presuming on her sway,
She learns good nature every day!
Serenely gay, and strict in duty,
Jack finds his wife-a perfect beauty.**


No. 307.

(Mr. Dobson's Selections from Steele, p. 475).

-Motto. Horace, Ars Poet. 39-40.
PAGE 218. The Examen de Ingenios of Huarte is described in

No. 308.

PAGE 222.

No 309.


No. 310.
No. 311.

Bayle. Budgell probably obtained his information there.
PAGE 219. Christopher Clavius, who carried out the reform of the
Calendar by order of Gregory XIII. See Bayle.

Motto. Horace, Odes II. v. 15-16.
PAGE 224 The Historian, one of the numerous imitators of the

Tatler and Spectator.
PAGE 225. Brag-table. Brag was a game of cards, similar to the

modern · Poker.'

-Motto. Virgil, Æn. vi. 264-7.

-Addison's Papers on Milton are from this point of greater length. The type in 'A' is closer, and there are, of necessity,

very few advertisements. A larger sheet is sometimes used.
PAGE 233. Motto. Virgil, Æn. i. 77.
PAGE 236. Motto. Juvenal, Sat. vi. 138-9.
PAGE 237. Silver fringed Gloves. Ante, page 113 (note).

–Irish-Man. Cf. vol. i. p. 173.

-Rosamond's Pond. Cf. Defoe's Advice from the Scandalous

Club, No. 45.
PAGE 239. Side-Box. See vol. ii. p. 323.

-Hudibras. I. iii. 311-2
PAGE 240. Motto. Cicero, Tusc. Quaest. ii. 6.
PAGE 242. Story after Pompey. Tusc. Quaest. ii. 25.
PAGE 243. Devotion. A long passage in 'A' is here omitted.

Motto. Juvenal, Sat. vii. 237-8.
PAGE 244. Suetonius . Mr. Locke. Of Education, SS 69, 70.
PAGE 245. Mr. Osburn. See vol. ii. p. 337.
PAGE 246. A Story very well known. The Master is the famous Dr.

Busby. The 'Gentleman whose life was preserv'd' has been
identified as Col. Wake, father of Willian Wake, then Bishop of
Lincoln ; but the Rev. Rashleigh Duke, Rector of Birlingham,
Pershore, is of opinion that the hero of the rent curtain was Col.
Robert Duke of Wiltshire. “Col. Duke was engaged with Pen.
ruddocke and Grove and others in the rising in 1655, and was
taken prisoner and tried with them at Exeter, and with them

No. 312,

No. 313.

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was sentenced to death. The original MS. of that sentence exists No. 313.
now, and it bears the name of Robert Duke following on those of
Penruddocke and Grove, and the warrant is signed by Cromwell ;
but the name of R. Duke, which occurs twice in the body of the
warrant, is cancelled. His life was saved, and he was banished
to the E. Indies, where he died” (Communicated to the Editor,

29th Oct. 1897).
PAGE 247. Motto. Horace, Odes, I. xxiii. 11.12.

Ne, 314, PAGE 249. Nicolini. Ante, vol. i. p. 313.

-Hydaspes. Ante, vol. i. p. 319. It was played on Dec. 26

and Jan. 12 (see advertisements in the issues of A' of these dates). PAGE 252. Motto. Horace, Ars Poet. 191-2.

Nc, :15. -Horace advises. Ars Poet. 38-40; the motto of No. 307. PAGE 255. Aristotle observes. Poetics, xxiv. 8. PAGE 259. Motto. Virgil, Eclog. i. 28.

No 316. PAGE 261. Pliny. Letters, i. 6. PAGE 262. Motto. Horace, Epist. I. ii. 27.

No 317. PAGE 265. Purl. Ante, vol. ii. p. 326.

-Laced Coffee. Coffee dashed with spirits.
PAGE 266. Brook & Hellier, the famed wine-merchants, advertised

regularly in the Spectator. See note on the Bumper Tavern, ante,
p. 291. They intimate that “At the Bumper every Bottle of
Port Wine sent out is sealed upon the Cork with the Bumper by
Anthony. Cf. D'Urfey's Pills to purge Melancholy,
Ballad Sung at Messieurs Brook & Hellier's Club, at the Temple
Tavern in Fleet Street. (Vol. vi. p. 340.)

“ Each Vintner of late, has got an Estate,

By brewing and Sophistication :
With Syder and Sloes, they've made a damn'd Dose,

Has Poisoned one half of the Nation.
But Hellier & Brook, a Method have took,

To prove them all Scoundrels and Noddys ;
And shew'd us a way which (if we don't stray)

Will save both our Pockets and Bodies."
PAGE 267. Motto. Virgil, Eclog. viii. 63.

No. 318. PAGE 270. Motto. Horace, Epist. I. i. co.

No. 319. PAGE 271. Various Cocks. Cf. vol. ii. p. 333. The paper recalls

Hogarth's plate on the Five Orders of Periwigs.

-Wear Feathers. Ante, p. 113.
PAGE 272. An arrant Linnen-Draper. Only an Ensign in the

Train Bands.' A. Budgell may have been thinking of an adver-
tisement in No. 259 (A), which describes a deserter from the

Ist Foot Guards, "a Linnen-draper by Trade."
PAGE 273. White's. See vol. ii. p. 326.
PAGE 274. Motto. Ovid, Metam. vi. 428-9, 431.

No. 320 PAGE 276. Mr. Waller. Of the Marriage of the Dwarfs," 11. 1-6:

Design, or chance, makes others wive;
But Nature did this match contrive;
Eve might as well have Adam filed,
As she denied her little bed
To him, for whom Heaven seemed to frame,

And measure out, this only dame.
PAGE 278. Lazy Club. Cf. vol. i. 316.
-Motto. Horace, Ars Poet. 99.

No. 321. PAGE 279. Aristotle's Rule. Poetics, xxiv. 11,

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