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Character of Confantine.

Sept. having lost all use of the joints of the them, accompanied with artless innocence neck, when any person at either side fpoke and unaffected grace, for an aukward imito them, they turned round the whole tation, and unnatural affectation of the body fo genicelly, that I could not but lealt amiable qualities of our less agreeable notice the superiority they had over my neighbours? And whether it would not plain country women, who make the ute be capedient for every man, who has paid of their limbs as nature intended.

500l. for englifying a family of daughitrs, But I think the belt cause alleged for to give 1000l, to uneducate them? sending our vaughters abroad, is to give Merrion-Square,

An Irisbman. them an opportunity of getting into good

July 19, 1782. company, and to learn le ion (16 Chelter. field calis it.) I mult own there is no

Character of Conftantine, such thing as good company, or polite THE whole empire lamented this great behaviour to be fien in Ireland, not even

His conquests, his laws, in our metropolis, whatever there may be the fuperb edifices with which he had a. in the country towns in England. As the dorned all the provinces, Conftantinople Irish are ftill an uncivilized people, the itself, the whole of which was one magnis gentry and those who can afford it, do ficent monument created to his glory, well to send their daughters to different had gained bim the general admiration ; towns in Cheshire, Lancashire, &c. 10 his liberality and love for his people had learn politeness and le ton from the wife acquired him their affection. He pas fond and daughter of his worship the mayor, of ite city of Rheims, and it is undoubt. Mr. Bacon, the great pig-feeder, who edly to him, and not to his son, that we must have learned politeness by his free ooght to attribute the building of bot quent intercourse with that polite animal. butas there, at his own expence; the pom.

Tho'I could not make fente of the luns peus eulogium, which the inscription of guage these ladies spoke, and called Eng. these baths bears, can only be applicable lin, by hearing them gabble French, to the father ; he had discharged Tripoli wbich they thought I did not understand, in Africa, and Nice in Bithynia, from cerI found out that their reading at school tain troublesome contributions, to which lay chiefly among novels and romances, the preceding emperors had subjected of which the governess was very fond, as these cities for more than a century. He She was at the time carrying on a pri- had accepted the title of strategus, or vate courtship with the butter of a neigh- prætor of Atbens, a dignity which, ance bouring gentleman. I found their fenti- Gallicanus, was become superior to that meots quite heroic, and I could not but of archon : he caused a large quantity of expreso a fear, that one of the ladies corn to be distributed there annually; and thought too favourable of a powdered this donation was eitablished for eser.French valet, who wailed on the tea ta• Rome lignalized herself beyond the other ble; I since beard the run away with him, cities by the excess of her grief. She reas the never could bear the thought of proached herself with having occafioned marrying an Irishman.

this prince many bitter afflictions, and I fince found it a general pradiice a- with having forced bim to prefer Byzantimongst those englified ladies, to speak un: penetrated with regret, the accused French in company with those who do not herfelf as the guilty cause of the elevation understand it, to thew their superiority. of her modern rivali The baths and marThis I once thought somewhat rude, be- kets were fhut up; the spectacles, and ai fore I was acquainted with good breeding, other public amusements were forbidden ; of which we are to look upon these ladies the general conversation was upon the as the standard.

I find, likewise, they loss which they had sustained. The peoshew much more civility to each other, ple declared aloud that they would have than to us, poor Irish ; I suppose they no other, emperors than the children of look upon us as outlaws in good-breed. Conftantine. They demanded, witb in. ing to whom no regard is to be paid ; but portunity, that the corpse of their ema I hope, by their example, in a few years, ror thould be sent to them ; their grief :the nation will be quite civilized, as in dif creased when they heard that it remaieet fcrent parts ! bave found many of our at Constantinople. They paid honours to home-bred girls, endeavouring to ape the picture of him, in which he was rs. thofe apers of the English burghers. presented as seated in Heaven. Idolatr,

I shall conclude with querying, whether ever extravagant, placed him among in it be for public or private good, that such number of those gods which he had orci. vaft sums be yearly expended to oblige our thrown, and by a ridiculous confusion, daughters to exchange that agreeable affa- several of bis medals bear the title of Getir bility, and charming vivacity Alivral to with the monogram of Christ. In the ca.

binete

cures.

binets of antiquarians are preserved o. lance at least, the glory of having aflemthers, such as Eusebius describes : Con- bled that famous council. Incapable, stantine is there seen feated in a car drawn himself, of dissimulation, he, too easily, by four horses; he appears to be drawn up becames the dupe of heretics and courtito Heaven by a hand which comes out of ers. Imitator of Titus and Antoninus, he the clouds.

loved his people, and wished to be belov. The church has paid him more real ho- ed by them ; but this very fund of goodnours. Whilst the Pagans were making nefs, which made him cherish them, reu, him a god, the Christians made him a dered them miserable ; he spared even saint. His festivals were celebrated in the thofe who pillaged them ; quick and harEast with that of Helena, and the service dened in prohibiting abutes, flow and for him, which is very ancient amoirg the backward in punishing them : covetous of Greeks, attributes to him miracles and glory, and perhaps rather too much fo in

At Constantinople a monastery trifles. He is reproached with having been was built under the name of St. Conftan- niore addicted to raillery than becomes a tine. Extraordinary honours were paid great prince. As for the reft, he was to his tomb, and to his fatue, which was charte, pious, laborious, and indefatigaplaced upon a column of porphyry. The ble; a great general, fuccessful in war, fathers of the council of Chalcedon thought and deserving his success by his shining they did honour to Marcian, the most re- valour, and by the brightness of his geni. ligious of princes, by faluting him with us; a protector of arts, and an encouragthe name of the new Constantine. In the 'er of them by his beneficence. If we minth century, at Rome, they fill recited coinpare bim with Augustus, we shall find, his name at niass with that of Theodosius that he ruined idolatry by the fame prethe First, and of the rest of the most ref.' cautions, and the same address which the pected princes. In England there were other employed to destroy liberty. Like several churches and altars dedicated to Auguftus, he laid the foundation of a him. in Calabria there is the town of St. new empire ; but less skilful, and less po. Constantine, four miles from mount St. litic, he could not give it the fame AabiliLeo. At Prague, in Bohemia, his memo- ty; he wtakened the body of the state by ry was for a long time honoured, and adding to it, in fome measure, a second some of his relics were preferred there. bead in the foundation of Conftantinople ; - The invocations of Conttantine, and and transferring the center of motion and of Helena have extended even to 'Muf. trength ioo wear the eastern extremity, Cuvy; and the modern Greeks com- he leít without heat, and almoft without monly gave him the title of Equal to the life, the western parts, which foon beApofiles.

came a prey to the barbarians. Constantine's failings will not suffer us The pagans were too much his ene. to subscribe 10 fo hyperbolical an eulogi- mies to do him justice; Eutropius says, um. The frightful spectacles of so many that in the former part of his reign, he Captives devoured by wild beitts, the was equal to the most accomplished death of his son, who was innocent, that princes, and, in the latter, to the meanof his wife, whole too precipitate punish.' eft. The younger Victor, who makes him ment bore the appearance of injustice, to have reigned more than one and thirty fufficiently evince, that the blood of bar: yeurs, pretends, that in the first ten years barians Bill flowed in his veins; and that he was a hero: in the twelve fucceeding if he was good and merciful in bis cha ones, a robber; and in the ten tart, a racter, he became cruel and unmerciful fpendthrift. It is easy to perceive with through paffion. Perhaps he had fuffici respect to thele tw) reproaches of Vica ent caule to put to death the two Licinii, tor, that the one relates to the riches but posterity has a right to condemn which Conftintne took from idolitry, and princes, who have not taken the trouble the other to those with which he loaded to justify then selves at their tribunal He the church. loved the church ; it owes its liberty and Anecdotes of Eminent Perfuns. splendor to bim ; but, cafily feducell, he [From ihe Memcirs of the late Bishop Newton, tormented it when he thought to serve it, relying too muçi on his own underland

writitn by himjitf. ing, and, repofing, with too much cre. R. Lockyer, dean of Peterborough, dulity, upon the good faith of wicked

of men who surrounded him ; he delivered chiplain to the factory at Hamburgh, up to perfecution prelates, who, with from whence he went every year to visit greater reaton, deserved to be compared the court of Hanover; whereby be beto the apostles. The exile and depulition came very well acquainted with George I. of the defenders of the faith of Nice, ba- who knew how to ieinper the cares of

soyalty

450

Sept.

A complete Example of Spanish Bombat. royalty with the pleasures of private life, an imposition, one would think coola and commonly invited fix or eight of his hardly be put upon any prince. It was a friends to pass the evening with him. His bold stroke, even when the king was a majelly, seeing Dr. Lockver one day at stranger to our people and a frankerio court, spoke to the duchess of Ancailer, our language ; but even then it did not that fbc should ask Dr. Lockyer to come escape detection. Some time after the that evening. When the company met in king went a progress into the west of Eng. the evening, Dr. Lockyer was not there, land, and among other places was at Sa. and the king asked the duchess if he had lisbury, and in the cathedral there seeing spoken to him as he desired. Yes, the the dean, he called him eagerly up to faid, but the doctor presents bis humble him, and said, my little dean, I am glad to duty to your majefy, and hopes your ma- see you alive, they told me you were jesty will have the goodness to excuse him dead; but where have you been all this at present, for he is soliciting fome pre- while, and what has prevented my seeing ferment from your ministers, and he fears you as usual ? He mentioned the letter of it might be some obstacle to him, if it dismission which he had received, and should be known that he bad the honour said, He thought it would ill become him of keeping fuch, good company. The after that to give his majetty any farther king laughed very heartily, and said, he trouble. 05, said the king, warm's, I believed he was in the right. Not many perceive how this matter is; but with an weeks afterwards Dr. Lockyer kifled the oath-you shall be the first bishop that I king's band for the deanry of Peterbo, will make. But it happened, that doctor rough ; and, as he was raising himself Younger being advanced in years died befrom kneeling, the king inclined forwards, fore any bishop, so that he never obtained and with good-nature whispered in his the good effect of the king's gracious inear, Well now, Doctor, you will not be tentions. afraid to come in an evening, I would have you come this evening.

At the coronation Dr. Newton official

ed as prebendary of Winchester. The When Dr. Younger was abroad upon king's (Geo. 30.) whose behaviour at the his travels, he paffed some time at the coronation was justly admired, and particourt of Hanover, where he was well re- cularly his manner of ascending and feat. ceived and eldeerned by the princess Sophia ing himself on his throne after his corona. and her family before ever they came in- tion. No actor in the character of Pyrrbus to England. 'When George I. succeeded in the Distrest Mother, not even Booth to the chrone, Doctor Younger was dean himself who was celebrated for it in the of Salisbury, refidentiary of St. Paul's, Speator, ever ascended the throne with and deputy clerk of the closet, in which so much grace and dignity. There was ftation he had served under queen Anne, another particular, which those only could and was continued under George l. The observe who lat near the communion taking was very glad to renew his acquain- ble, as did the prebendaries of Wellmintance with him, and in the closet, as he fter. When the king approached the com. ftood waiting behind his chair, turned of- munion table in order to receive the facraten and talked with him, and the more as ment, he inquired of the archbithop whedoctor Younger did, what few could do, ther he should got lay aside his crown? converse with the king in High Dutch. The archbishop asked the bishop of RoThe king used to call him his little Dean, chester, but neither of them knew or and was fo condescending and gracious to could say what had been the usual form. him, that he was looked upon in fome The king determined within himself that measure as a favourite, and likely to rise humility best became such a folemn act of to higher preferment. This was by, no devotion, and took off his crown, and laid means agrecable to the ministers, for doc. it down during the adminiitration for Younger was reputed to be what they called a Tory; and a letter of office was A complete Example of Spanish Bombas. fent to dismiss him, the king having no farther occafion for bis service. It was

OPE DE VEGA, a ceiebrated poet

L not long before the king missed him, and

of Spain, addressed himself in the asked What was become of his little' dean following terms to the famous Spanish Arthat now he never saw him? It was an- mada, which, it was supposed, was to fwered that he was dead. Dead, said the conquer England. “ Go forth and burn king, I am sorry for it,

for I meant to do the world, my fighs will furnish your fails something for him. This the ministers with a never failing wind; and my breatt understood well enough, and therefore will supply your cannon with inexhauitible had removed him out of the way. Such

fire."

BRITISH

BRITISH and IRISH BIOGRAPHY. from the revolution. His account of the Continueil from page 349.

Rye-house plot is little better than a roa Life of Thomas Sprat.

mance ; but his History of the Royal So

ciety, his charge to his clergy, his ferPRAT (Thomas) bishop of Rochester, mons, and his account of Cowley, are

one of the most generally admired of excellent performances. His style in geour English writers, was the son of a neral, which has been greatly applauded, ciergyman, and was born at Tallaton in bas neither the classic fimplicity of Hobbes, Devonshire, in the year 1636. He was nor the grace of Sir William Temple. educated first at a private school ; and in His poetry is unequal, and sometimes in16ğı was admitted a commoner of Wad- harmonious. He has however been juftly bam college in Oxford, of which be was ranked with the best writers in the reign after chosen fellow. Upon the death of of Charles II.” Oliver Cromwell, he wrote a fine Pinda. ric Ode to the memory of that usurper ;

Life of John Dalrymple. in which, if he erred, he erred with his Stair (John Dalrymple, earl of) a conbetters; for the same complimerit was summate warrior and politician, was the paid to the protector by Dryden, Waller, eldest son of John viscount Stair, and was and several other poets. After the resto- born in Scotland on the 20th of July, ration of Charles II. he entered into boly 1673. Scarce was he arrived at the age orders, became fellow of the royal fo- of ten years, when he had inade a surprirciety, chaplain to the duke of Bucking: ing progress in the Greek and Latin ham, and afterwards chaplain in ordinary tongues, to which he afterwards added a to his majesty. In 1664, be published his perfect knowledge of several European lanObservations on Monsieur Sorbier's voyage guages. He was trained up hy a governor into England, which are written with for tome years, and then put to the college great spirit, vivacity, and cloquence. In of Edinburgh, where he had run through 1668, he was made prebendary of Weft. the whole course of his academical minster, and the next year, accumulated studies by the time he was fourteen. His the degrees of bachelor and doctor of din father designed him for the law; but bis vinity ; in 1680 he was installed canon of genius being turned for the sword, he ap. Windsor; in 1683, dean of Westmintter; plied himself to the practice of the military and, in 1684, bishop of Rocheller. He art. Having left the college of Edinburgh, was likewise clerk of the clofet to king he went over to Holland, where he passed James Il. and in 1585 was appointed dean through the several degrees of preferment of the royal chapel. The year following under the eye of that distinguished comhe was nominated one of the commission. mander the prince of Orange, afterwards ers for ecclefiaftical affairs. In 1692, he king William Ill. At the time of the reand some other persons of rank were volution, he returned to his native councharged with treaton by two men, who try, and was among the first that declared bad forged an afficiation, under their for king William, under whom he served hands : but the perjury of these villains during the war in Ireland at the beginning being discovered, the bihop, together of his reign. He also fignalized himself with the rest, was acquitted with honour. by his valour and military skill in the wars From this time forward he passed his life of queen Anne's reign, and was sent on io tranquility and retirement, and died an embassy into Poland by that princeis. at his bouse at Bromley in Kent, the 20th On the accession of king George I. he was of May, 1713

appointed one of the lords of the bejBishop Burnet says of him, that “ his chamber, sworn of the privy-council, and parts were very bright in his youth, and sent ambassador to the court of Frarce, gave great hopes, but were blafted by a in which capacity he acted with uncom · lazy libertine course of life, to which his mon vigour, vigiiance, and address. In temper and good nature carried him, 1730 he was made lord admiral of Scotwithout considering tbe duties or even land, which, with his other poits, he held the decencies of his profesion. He was till the year 1734, when falling into difjuftly esteemed a great master of our lan- grace at court for his spirited conduct ina guage, and one of our correcteft writers." parliament, he was deprived of his em“It appears from bis yritings, (lays the ployments. However, in March 1742, rev. Mr. Granger) as well as his conduct, he was appointed field-martial of his mathat his principles were far from being jelly's forces, and amb flador extraordia Aubborn. He has represented Cromwell nary and plenipotentiary to the Itates ge. as a finished hero, and Charles I. as a neral. The year following he commisi. glorious saint. He fat in the ecclesiastical ed under bis Britannic majetty at the bite commission, and was by no means averse tle of Dettingen; io wbich ihe French were Hib. Mag. Sept. 5782.

Mmm

total"

458

Life of Earl Stanbope. - Of Dr. George Stanhope.

Sept totally defeated. Soon after this action, ner at Bribuega, and continued captive in his lord lip religned bis command, and Spain till the year 1712. He afterwards retired into the country. His death bap- opposed the schism bill in the house of pened on the 7th of May, 1747. He was commons with great fpirit; and, on the a nobleman of extraordinary abilities, c- arrival of king George I. was appointed qually fitted for the camp or the court ; one of the principal secretaries of state, and was at the fame time remarkable for sworn of the privy council; and foon after his integrity, generosity, and moderation. was fent with lord Cobiam on a private Life of Earl Stanhopea

commission to the emperor's court. la

1717 he was made first lord of the treafu. Stanhope (James earl) a general of dif- ry, chancellor and under treasurer of the tinguished bravery, was defcended from exchequer, and created a pear by the title an ancient and honourable family in Not- of baron Stanhope of Elvafton in the countinghamshire, and born in the yerr 1673. ty of Derhy, and viscount Stanbope of His father, Alexander Stanhope, Esq; be- Mahon in the island of Minorca. In 1913 ing in the beginning of king William's he was again appointed secretary of state

, reign fent envoy extraordinary to the in the room of the earl of Sunderland, court of Spain, Mr. Stanhope accompani- who succeeded lord Stanhope in the treaed him thither, and after tlaying there fe: fury. The fame year he was created 29 veral years, made a tour to France and earl of Great Britain, by the title of ear' Italy, and afterwards went into the confe

Stanhope. But on the 4th of February, derate army in Flanders, where he served 1721, his lordihip was fuddenly taken ill as a volunteer, and distinguilled bimself of the head-ach in the house of loris, anu to such advantage at the fiege of Namur in the evening of the next day was fez-i in 1695, that king William gave him a with a drowliness, and soon after expire. company of foot, and foon after a colo. His body was interreit at Chesering in nel's commiffion. In the first parliament Kent, and a monument has been creded of queen Anne he was chosen representa- to his memory in Westminder abbey. He tive for the borough of Cockermouth, in was ditlingu lhed by his bravery, his affabiCumberland, as he was likewise in the lity, his majestic eloquence, his peifect acfucceeding parliament. In the year 1705 quaintarce with most linguages, and with he was promoted to the rank of brigadier- the contiitntious of kingdoms and com. general, and gained great reputation in monwealths; and by his being a confiant Spain under the earl of Peterborough, at and leady friend io religious and civi the siege of Barcelona, which surrendered liberty, to the allies on tbe 4th of Otober that Life of Dr. George Stanhope. year. About the beginning of the year, Stanhope (Dr. George) a learned and 1708, he was advanced to the rank of ingenious divine, was born at the village major-general. He was toon after ap- of Harthorn in Derbyshire, of which bis pointed by her majefty envoy extraordina- father, the rev, Mr. Thomas Stanhopx, ry and plenipotentiary to Charles Ill. was rector. He studied at Eton sebou, king of Spain, and made commander in and at King's college in Cambridge. Up. chief of the British forces in that kingdom, on his removal from thence, he was pre: and on the 15th of September, 1708, N. ferred to the recory of Tewing in Hey. S. landed in Minorca with 2600 men, fordshire, which, after fome time, he 1200 of whom were Britilli, including the quitted. lle was thirty-eight years vict marines, 605 Portuguete, and the rell of Lewisham, and i wenty-fx at Deptford, Spaniards. Preparations were iminediate- both in Kent. In 1703 he was made deas ly made for attacking fort St. Philip, of Canterbury, and was three times cbewhich was defended by 1600 men. Ca sen prolocutor of the lower house of coo: the 28th, at day-break, the attack began, vocation. In him were happily unitet and was carried on with such vigour, that the good christian, the folid divine, and the same evening the besiegers lodged the accomplished gentleman. He was cothemselves at the foot of the glacis of the riched with a large flock of folid and us. main caitle; the very next morning the ful learning, and his discourses from the enemy heating a parkcy, the capitulation pulpit consisted of a beautiful intermix was signed in the afternoon. Afier inis ture of the clearest reasoning, the paret glorious fucceff, Mr. Stanhope was au- diction, and all the graces of a juft elocu vanced to the tank of lieutenant-general, tion. His conversation was polite and de and on the 27th of July, 1710, N.S. ob. licate, grave without preciseness, facetioca tained a lignal victory in Spain, near Al. without levity. His piety was real aod menara, as he did on the 20th of Augut, rational, bis charity great and univerfit. NiS. near Saragolsu ; but, on the oth of He published, 1. A paraphrafe and con. December following, die waa taken prido meut ve the Epifles and Gospels. in * ""7"

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