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An Account of the Earls of Temple. Embellished with a Striking Likeness of the
I prefent Earl.
THE first of this family who made à ralty, which he quitted on being appoint
figure in England, was Richard de ed first lord of the treasury, and chancelGrenville, who was an officer in the ar- lor and under treasurer of the exchequer, my, with which William the Conqueror April 16, 1763, which he religned on July gave battle to Harold. From the genero: 10, 1765. He was also an elder brother fity of the Conqueror, and as the reward of the Trinity House, and departed this of his merits, he received forty-eiglit life in November 13, 1770. In 1749, le lord ships in Buckinghamshire. His fuc- married Elizabeth, lifter of Charies earl cessors did not degenerate from his vir- of Egremont, and daughter of Sir Willitues; and this house has to boast of many am Wyndham, baronet, by his wife the eminent names. In our own times few lady Catherine, daughter of Charles, duke names have been more celebrated than of Somerset. By this lady, who died at those of the righ: hon. George Grenville Wotten, December si 1769, he bad ifand the late earl of Temple.
fue Maria. Hefter, who died on December The former was second son of Sir Ri. 16, 1751. Richard Percy Grenville born chard Temple, and was born upon the on March 12, 1752, who died young ; 14th of October 1712. He served in par. George Grenville born on June 17, 1753, liament for the town of Buckingham from who, on April 12, 1775, married lady 1741, to the time of his death. He was Mary Nugent, daughter to the present conitituted, on December 25, 1744, one earl Nogent; Charlotte horn on Septemof the lords commiffioners for executing ber 14, 1754, married December 21, 1771, the office of high admiral of the kingdoms to Sir Witkin Williams Wynne, iaronet ; of Great Britain and Ireland, &c. and one 'Elizabeth, born on Otober 24, 1759 ; of the lords commillioners of the trcafu. Hefter, born 1700 ; and Catherine burn ry, June 23, 1747 ; also treasurer of the 1761. navy, April 6, 1754, and was sworn of The late earl of Temple was born, his majesty's privy council. He was re. September 12, 1511, and bad an educatimoved from his place of treasurer of the on fuitable to his birth and fortune. At navy in November 1755, was restored the general election in 1734 he was returthereto in December 1756; removed a fe. ed for the town of Buckingham; and in cond time, April 6, 1957, and again ap- the fucceeding parliament he fat as one of pointed June 27 following. On the access the knights for the county of Buckingnon of his present majesty he was conti• ham ; after which, until he succeeded to nued in that office until he was made fe. the peerige in Ober, 6, 1952, he fervcretary of itate on May 28, 1762. Hav. ed for the fiid town of Buckingham, ot' ing religned the place of recretary of which he was elected high steward on the ftate, he was on October 6, 1762, invest. decease of his uncle Richard, lord mi ed with that of the first lord of the admi. Coliham, On November 20, 175 Hib. Mag. 04.1;82.
Od. lordship was appointed first commissioner tate. Since that period he his divided of the admiralty, but resigned that office bis time between living like a liberal prince in April 1757. On June 30, 1757, he was at Stow, and like a hardy soldier at camp. declared keeper of the privy seal, and ad- He has had no public employment, except mitted into the privy council. On De. the lieutenancy of Buckinghamshire, till cember 22, 1758, his lordihip took the his appointment to the government of oaths on being constituted lord lieutenant Ireland. and custos rotulorum of the county of The Seduction of the Queen of Scots, by the Buckingham. On February 4, 1760, his
Earl of Botbwel. lordship being first knighted, was chofen a knight companion of the most noble or.
[From Dr. Stuart's Hisory of Scotland.] der of the garter at a chapter held in the THE earl of Bothwel afsembled a thou•
(and borte, under the pretence of italled at Windsor on May 6, following. protecting the borders of which he was At the accellion of the present king his the warden; and meeting the queen
of lordship was continued in bis places, and Scots upon her return to her capital, diras a privy counsellor, but religned the pri. milled her attendants, and carried her to vy seal on October 9, 1761.
his castle of Dunbar. To prevent intero His lordlip on May 9, 1737, married ruption and bloodthed, and with a view Anne, one of the daughters and co-heir3 to itop inquiry for a time, he had ordered of Thomas Chambers, of Hanworth in his officers tó inform Sir James Melvil, Middlefex. Erg; by lady Mary his wife, and the gentlemen of her retinue, that eldest daughter of Charles earl of Berke. what he did was in obedience to her com. ley: but by her ladyship, who died April mand. The sense of his guilt, the dan. 7, 1777, he had only a daughter Eliza• ger of a discovery, hope, defire, and am. beth, who was born on September 1, 1738, bition all concurred to give the firmeit and died on July 14, 1742.
determination to his purposes. The queen Of the pretent earl, with whose like. was now his prisoner ; and he must win nels we have adorned this number of our her, or be undone. magazine, the greatest hopes are conceiv. An outrage so unexpected, so daringe ed; as he fucceeds not only to the riches, and from a Tubject fo faitliful and submis. but to the merits and patriotism of his fa- live, filled Mtry with indignation and surmily.
prise. She loaded him with reproaches, His lord ihip went through Eton school, called to his mind all the favours Me had and afterwards resided upwards of three bestowed upon bim, and wondered at that years at Oxford. He afterwards went vilencis of ingratitude which could permit abroad to improve himself by the obler. him to he su rude and hollile to her. He vation of foreign manners and govern. entreated her pardon in the most humble ments, Upon his return he was elected terms; and fought to foften and remove member for the county of Buckingham,' her resentment and apprehensions by the at the general election in 1775; and it was timid respectfulness of his behaviour. He not long after this that he married lord told her of the vehemency of his love, and Nugent's daughter, by whom he has issue of the malice of his enemies. He impu: one fon, now lord Cobham. Wliile he ted his enterprize to these motives; and was in the house of commonę, be diftin. conjured her to condescend to take him guilhed himself on many occasions in for her husband, and to afford him that moving and seconding bills : and took a affurance of her favour as it alone was particular part in the affairs respecting fufficient to protect him. He protested Ireland. He in particular feconded lord that his happiest wish was to devote his Nugent's bill for leave for Ireland to ex. life to her; and that the only sovereignty port to the colonies; the first act in favour he courted was to serve and obey ber of that kingdom, and which led the way with the most unremitting zeal, and the to all those beneficial acts which have lince fondest atiachment. Having advanced followed.
this fuit and offer, he communicated to Some years after he raised a company ber a bond which the nobles had presentat his own expence in the Berks militia, ed to him, expressing it as their opinion, of which he became colonel. But though that he was the fitteit person in the king. a military man, his peculiar turn is for dom to be her husband, and displayed its the navy, and he has had the most for recommendations and promises. Her a; tunale opportunities of indulging his pal. mazement was infinite. fion for naval information, by being gene that he had gained to him the principal
She perceived rally quartered at Portfmouth, 1.11779, his uncle the late lord Temple ner; and no enquiries were made for her:
men of her kingdom. She was his prisodying, he succeeded him in title and et Sae had no countcllor and no friend, with
whom to consult; and there was no prof. exertion unnecessary, and the season at pect of an insurrection in her favour. Her' the Hay-market concluded on Saturday relistance could avail nothing ; and his the 14th ult. after a ran of very great fucimportunities were incessant. The viva. cels. city of her displeasure abated. She turn. Drury Lane was opened on Tuesday ed over in her thoughts his propofil, and the 27th ult. with the comedy of the the bond of her nobles. He pointed out Clandestine Marriage. At the end of the to her the condition of her people, which tirit act of which, Mr. King came forward would not permit her to be long in a itate to deliver a new occasional, ferio comic of widowhood. He displayed their divi.
Dramatic Oglio. fions and turbulence ; explained their un• willingness to receive a foreign prince un
He was received in bis new character of acquainted with their laws and govern. Acting Manager with marks of peculiar ment; and infifted that there was an abso. esteem, and a confiderable time elapsed in lule necesity for her to have for a husbind gratulations on the one part, and ihanks a native of her own realm, whoie activi. on the other, before he was suffered to ty, power, and courage could maintain it begin tlie address. The fubject of the in order, and suppreis commotions and Oğlio was bis apituintment to act as Maconspiracies. He recalled to her memóry nager of the Theftre iti tbe place of Mr. his services to her mother, and to hertell, Sheridan. It commenced with a parody He repeated the ardent defire with which on the ipeech of Othello. he was animated to continue them; and he belonght and implored her not to cffc et
“ Most potent, grave, and reverend Seighis ruin by her rigour, and not to forieit
niors, the affections of her nobles. The help.
" My very noble and approved good marJeffnels of her fituation, his merits, his
“ That I have ta'en the conduct of this address, his assiduity, and bis persuasions overcame her. She sare him her pro: “ True-true-I am Manager, &c."
old House, mise that she would take him to be her buibind. This fatal promise, while it invigorated that he would a round unvarnisid tale
After conducting the parody to the past ye all his pasions, gave å relief to the pain deliver," he beis to be permitted to ful agitations of the queen. The recent changé his style, for blank verse and he. ness of her terrors diipoled her the more roics bobble'lingracefully on his tongue. readily to give admittance to fofter lensa. He then, in an admirable vein of plealantions : and he had too much gallantry not try, but not in very good yerle, relates to prefi this advantage, and to display all the couvertation of various circles on his the ardours of a lover. He even affected
now appointment. The chit-chat of a fato have fears of the disappointment of his fhionable company at the breakfast table, love. All her feelings were exquisite; west of Drury, concludes with an obserand he knew how to awaken them. The vation, from a veteran lord, that he who Elegance of their entertainment of wbich he had previously been careful, their foli- of Mr. Garrick, cianot act entirely wrong
was at first the pupil, and ai left the frieud tude, and the near prospect of their in. in his new situation. A citizen declares diffoluble union, invited them to indulge that he has a very bigh opinion of him, in the delirium of pleasure. During !? because he has constantly puid regard to days she was under the dominion of a the main chance, and appeared three times young and agreeable, a daring, and un
a week on the 'Change. An aldermati principled profligate ; skilful in seduction fufpends his judgment, because he conand accustomed to impose upon female ceives that i'he piouf of the pudding is frailty ; who could read in her look the in the eating.” So far with respect to the emotions of her heart, and the secret
public opinion on his elevation.--He then workings of forbidden desires; allure her
comes to see how his friends behind re. mind to give itself up to the power of ceive the tidings. The tragedians confi. the imagination and the fenfes ; take a der it as the lid omen of their diffolution, patime even in her pangs of remorse, and and conclude a very dire and doleful faiemake them a&t as the zeft to enjoyment ; well to all their greatness, with a paroly mark the conflicts and the progress of on the speech of Othello.' They bid fireexpiring virtue ; and esult in the triumphs well to the waving plumes, the gildled of fenfibility over shame.
treiles, and the shews of grief that make British Theatre.
the Itage important, for now they think THE success of the pantomime of Har. “ The tragic hero's occupation's o'er." lequin Teague rendered any further -The comedians acknowledge that while
British Theatre. one of themselves, he was like Grumio in part of the house for hearing and feethe farce, all brotherhood and humour. ing. He shared in all their pleasures, and his The'seats in both galleries, and in the laugh was the loudeft in the circle; but pit, are raised lix inches higher than the now they are afraid he will become like scats of the old theatre, A convenience Major Dimo Bentivoglio, and lord it over which must be very feasibly felt by the thein with a high hand.-The vocal per. fpectators. formers, aud of the sons of tweedle The boxes are encreased, and are built dum and tweedle-dee, consider it as very upon the stage as far as the space former. unfit that Tom King should undertake the ly occupied by the fide Itage doors, which management of music without either voice now stand behind the curtain. They are or ear, and think that he would do better elevated considerably higher than formerto mind his tumbling at the Wells. Their ly, and built on such a plan, that even in sentiments are thrown into a fong, which the five boxes the spectator will not only Mr. King sung with great humour. Hav- command a full view of the stage, but of ing thus gone ihrough the various claffes, the whole audience, with which he has to do, he remembers The boxes are divided by Corinthian that in all his endeavours to please the pillars, white, with gilt futing and ornå. town he has frequently been received with ments, which also support the green boxes smiles, and never with a frowo. Still, and tirst gallery. In the front of each however, the talk is difficult which he has box hangs a curtain of crimson drapery, now to inaintain, that he may gain the and the linings are of the same dye. This applacle of all. He truss for their indul. choice of colour is judicious, as it mut gence, and concludes with declaring, that reflect a chearful complexion upon the authe plan which he means to purtue is, to dience. be friendly to the performers, and respect At the back of the front boxes leveral ful to the public.
other boxes are erected, of a new conIt was received with vnhounded ap- ftruction, each being detached ; and the plause ; the house rung with the shouts of entrances are now fo fituated, that no inthe audience; and the plandits were re convenience whatever arises from opening peated and continued for a length of time. the doors. The manager received a test of the appro The front of the boxes and galleries, bation and joy of the town on his inveft- which in the old theatre were almok ment with an office for which they believe straight lines, in the new thcatre form seg. him to be so peculiarly qualified.
ments of circle, futhat at present there Covent Garden was opened on Monday are none of those corners in the galleries the 234 ult. when the house exhibited á from whence it was almost impossible to very fine coup d'ocil, from the improve fee the exhibition on the Itage'; cach of ments which it hath undergone, and tbefe circles, and the fronts of the upper which induced the managers to give it green boxes and lips, contitute molt elethe name of the New Theatre in Covent gant balustrades, with cornices remarkaGarden.
ble for the elegance of their lightness.The foundation of this theatre was laid The fronts of the lower green boxes are in 1929, and it was opened in 1733, with panvelled white, with cornices and felthe opera of Achilles, written by Gay, toons of powers gilt. It was much improved a few years ago ; The roof over the stage represents a but still, though superior to Drury-lane, clear sky; that part of it wbich goes over in the convenience of access and feeing, it the theatre is divided into panne work of was far from being perfect.
crimson and white, with a large ventilator At the close of the last feffion, the ma. over the centre of the pit. nager, Mr. Harris, determined to take The entrances are also improved ; that down, and rebuild the inside, and for this to the second gallery being now fepa. purpole employed Mr. Richardson as prin• rated from that to the upper gallery. cipal architect. The roof has been raised The house was uncommonly crowded, cight feet over the stage, and to a propor and their feafun commenced with an Occationate beiglit to the back of the second fional Prelude. gallery, which opens a full view of the
The prompter and his friend come for. itave, even to the spectators in the back ward, and have a thort conversation on izats. The first gallery proje&s equal to the subje&t of the new changes in the the the front of the boxes, and four seats be atre. This dialogue bas a great deal of yond the front of the second gallery. This nervous writing and comic fentiment. A noi only gives a light appearance to the air. Squint comes in, who has determin, theatre, but must effectualy keep it cool, ed to leave his trade as a haberdasher, and and render the first gallery equal to any turn dramatic poet. -The prompterrei
turns him a farce which he had presented paflions, he encouraged its growth. In o the house, as being unfit for represen- an unhappy moment he entered her apartation, which fo exafperated him, that he ment, and, concealing himself under her csolves to go to a fociety of disappointed bed, waited the approach of night. While uthors, and join them in their indiscri- the queen was undressing, her maids dif. ninate attacks on all pieces good and bad covered his fituation, and gave her the hat shall be offered to the public.
alarm, Cheatland was dismissed with'disThe scene changes to this society, and grace ; but soon after received her parretents an Englith, Scotch, Irish, Welch, don. The frenzy however of his love nd French author met in congress to de compelling him to repeat bis crime, it was berate on the best means of destroying no longer proper to thew any compassion he hopes of writers. The Irishman alone to him. The delicate situation of Mary,
drawn poiefied of justice and generofi- the noise of these adventures' which had 7. The audience were displeased with gone abroad, and the rude fufpicions of de cenfure which was hy this means her subjects, required that he ihould be prown upon whole countries, and parti tried for his offences, and punished. This ularly with the character of a Scotchman, imprudent man was accordingly condemna Ve are sorry that a piece, which other. ed to lose his head, and the sentence was says was fraught with juil sentiment and put in execution. ood writing, shovid have been so defec. A Tutor's Account of bis Pupil's Studies dup ve in this respect; and we sincerely be. eve that the author, in the present in.
ring the course of a Week, carefully diftin,
guishing the Proficiency made in each Das. ance, has erred through a popular misa ake.
RS. ible time, during which it was impoflile to hear the conclusion of the piece.
not agree with much ftudy before break. On the 25th the Maid of the Mill was fast, and that, whenever he read on an erformed, with considerable alterations, empty stomach, he was apt to be difturbed nd some new songs written by Mr. 0° with uneasy yawnings. We therefore reeffe, and coinpored by Mr. Arnę.
folved that he mould have a short lesson Che alterations chiefly consisted of judi only at eight in the morning. ious compressions of the tedious dia
After waiting in the parlour till within gues, and to far we think it was amend. 7 quarter of nine, I learned from Mrs. di ibe new songs were very well receiv. Flint, that her son had been observed to d. A new vocal performer, Mr, Brett, turn himself twice or thrice during the ppeared in the character of Giles, and night, and that he seemed to be threatenaftly met with dillinguished applaufe.
ed with a sort of stuffing and wheeling :
and that, by the way of prevention, the The Story of Cheatland.
judged it best to give him a little fenná, HEATLAND, a gentleman of family and confine him to his chamber for a few u in Dauphiny, and a relation of the hours ; but that, in the evening, we might hevalier de Bayard, had been introduced prosecute our ttudies without farther in.
Mary Queen of Scots, by the Sieur terruption. Jamville, the heir of the house of Mont Accordingly, at fix, my pupil and I sorency. Polished manners, vivacity, prepared to read the tenth satyre of tentions to please, the talent of making Juvenal
. After having explained to him Títs, and an agreeable figure, were re. the general scope and method of the caommendations to this man. In the court tyrist, I began, ey attracted diftin&tion. He made him: Omnibus in terris quæ funt à Gadibus ulce If neceffary in all parties of plcasure at
Auroram et Gangem. le palace. His affiduities drew' to bim le notice of the queen; and, at different At that moment I heard a gentle tap at mes, the did him the honour to dance - the door, and then entered Miss Juliana ith him. His complaisance becare gra- and her filter, with Mr. Flint and the bally more familiar. He entertained her captain a little behind, walking on tiptor. ith his wit and good humour; he made . You must pardon our femelle curioforé,' tres upon her beauty and accomplim- said Miss Juliana, we come to see Jen'ents ; and her politeness and condescen- my take his first lesson from you.' Whit on inlinuated into him other sentiments have you got here? I fancy, from my ian gratitude and reverence. He could knowledge of French, that I could pick ot bebold her charms without feeling out the incaping of fome part of it. Oh! eir power ; and instead of ftifing in I understand ; there is auroram, does not birch the mof dangerous of all the that mean break of day?