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Megins of Dunaması, in the Queen's County. With a view of the Rock and Cafile
of Dunamaje. Engraved from a Painting by P Sandby, Eyq. R. A.
of mankind and their provocations to town, but Camden places it in Ulder, and ceries seem to have been few; and yet fuys it is Downpatrick. Wire believes sbitjon and jealousy too frequently called the British antiquary bath assigned it an sath
the ferocity of untamed nature and improper fituation, which supposition of le exertions of brutal force ; disturbed Ware's Harris doth not contradi&t. But the fuvage inhabitants of the wilderness, the latter writers are certainly mistaken ; and compelled them to reck security on e- for Dunamase, from the narrowness of its Canences
, and in places of difficult access; circumference, never could contain but a inclose an area with a ditch ; or form few cabbins, and in records it is coostantta zbatis of trees. Convenience and emer- ly mentioned as a fortress ; whereas Dowopracy pointed out these different modes of patrick, as Camden rightly observes, was defence, and this kingdom is full of those á very old town, an episcopal fee, and measticat fortreffes.
Separated from the morable on other accounts ; besides, PtoSuin of neighbouring bills, and precipi- lemy's information was very imperfect as Heas on all fides, except to the south-west, to the interior of the irland, but toleraDinamase offered a safe afylum to the first bly accurate as to what respects the seas fitffir; and if any reliance is to be plac- coast. ed on its name, it was a place of strength “ We are † told, but upon apocrythe remotelt times.
phal authority, that the remarkable buildDan na maes in Celtic is—The fort of ing near Maryborough, in the Queen's le plais.- The plain, is the great-heath 'County, vulgárly called Funamale, was Maryborough, lying to the north-ealt originally constructed by Laigleach, a ce< Dun; a fiat of confiderable extent. lebrated hero, and from him called-Din Ν ο T E.
uï Laigseach, or the fortress of Laig feach." Din na maes, the hill of the plain, It is not easy to develope the writer's ed metaphorically, the fort. Maes is meaning in this paffuge ; having, prob:bly, Sagh in Irich. Luid. adverfar. pag. 271. never seen this isolated rock, or only viewThe records in Birmingham tower call it cd it at a distance, he imagined it the work Duriemake ; Sir John Davis, Duamafe ; of art ; for the buildings on it are no more Wate
, Dunemaufe ; the Baron Fingias, remarkable than timilar ones of lime and with ftill greater propriety, Dundamause; itone ; his ignorance also of the ar tient
corruptions of its Celtic original. Dun- Irich language makes him produce a very *, or Duo-magh is the same. The inapt and inadequate etymology; the vul. teach call fuch bills, Dunes, and the gar appellation, as he is pleased to flyle Dutch, Duynen. Ut aggeribus arenarum
N 0 T "sc copiofis, quod Dunas vocitant, fere + O'Halloran's history of Ireland, vol. I. oz.quaretur. Annal. Bertin. A.D. 838.
Hib. Mag. Feb. 1782.
Memoirs of Dunamase.
Feb. it, preserves a strong resemblance of the the seneschal, who represented the lord ; Celtic original, and leads us to its primi- and the seat of military authority and ci-. tive defignation.
vil jurisdiction; here all the incidents of Mr. Pennant, in his tour in Scotland, the feudal system were discharged, and his faw, near Struan, a Davilh fortification ther the tenants resorted for justice and on the top of a rock ; about a furlong dif- protection. The precise time of erecting tant, was another large fortified rock ; ihis castle cannot be ascertained, but it there fortresses, he adds, are universally may be conjectured to have been about the called, in the Erfe, Dîns. There are two beginning of Henry III's reign, in the year Dùns in the Queen's County, and the fame 1216; for nearly at the same time, the in every circumitance as the Scottish ones ; castle of Ley, eight miles distant, was ethis of Dunamase, the other at Clopoke, rected by the barons of Ophaly, on the about five miles diliant. They are conoid banks of the Barrow ; a structure, in the hills of limestone, exhibiting a very singu- thickness and height of its walls, its vaults lar appearance, and not only tenable by a and dispulition of rooms, and its general small garrison, but before the use of artil. Ityle of building, resembling the former. léry, almost impregnable,
As the lord paramount was bound by On the fubmiffion of the Irish chiefs to the feudal conftitution to provide the state, King Henry the second, the Englih go on every occasion, with a certain number vernment parcelled out the country among of soldiers ; to answer such emergencies, the adventurers, as the only means to ex and to secure his property against the intend and retain its conquests, In the frag- surrections of the natives; he establil.ed ment of history given us by Maurice Re. around his capital manfion a military te. gan, the names of the districts and of the nantry, who held by knight's service, and grantees are preserved ; but the former are were always prepared for war. so antiquated as to be inexplicable ; how. rise to the numerous castles that surround ever it is probable, that Dunamase is in. Dunamase; as Dyfart, Palace, Shean, Mo. cluded in John de Clabulis portion, which ret, Ballymanus, Coolbanagher, Ballyincluded all the land between Aghaboe and brittas, Kilmarter and Ballyknockin. Leighilin.
Nor were the other concomitants of Dermod, king of Leinster, marrying his baronial magniscence wanting to Dunadaughter Eva to Strongbow earl of Pem- mare. About it lay the demesne and other broke, on bis decease made him his uni- tenemental lands; the great heath was verfal heir ; whereby ihe carl inherited the lord's waste and common to the mathe province of Leinster, and was after- nors, and ihe castle was crowded with wards enfeoffed of it by Henry II. He di- armed men, the terror of the neighboured in 1176, and left an only daughter, Isa- hood, and the bulwark of the pale. Such hel, espoused to William Marshall, earl of was the fituation of Dunamase for many Pembroke ; by her he had five fons, who years. While the British settlers preserva succeeded to his great estates in Leinster; ed tlieir original manners, the fickleness of Anfelm, the fourth, died the 30 Hen. lll. the Irish, and their proneness to refillance A.D. 1245, upon which his poffessions ga were effe&ually curbed ; but when the velled among his five filters. “ She, who pride of power, without any of the virtue married William de Bruce, lord of Beck. That acquired it, was only found among nock, had, says baron Finglas, the manor them ; when corruptions bad degraded of Dumnemause in Leix, with other cer- their national character, they then became taine londes in the county of Kildare. contemptible to those who formerly dread
From these words we may infer, that ed them, and instead of masters became Dunamale was early made a manor by the suitors for protection. Pembroke family. A capital manor, as “ Taking advantage, says fir John Dadescribed by Bracton, bad subordinate and vis, of those weak times, the Irish ufurpappendant to it, many castles, villages and ed those feigniories that were in poffeffion hamlets, that owed it suits and services ; of the English ;' setting up a perpetual this was the case with Dunamafe, as we claim to those great_lordships, they were thall presently fee. Finglas, by mention employed by the English noblemen for ing Dunamate alone, intimates that it was their protection, but seized them as their the chief residence or manfion of the fa. inheritance when opportunity offered. mily in those parts; and agreeable to this Thus about the end of Edward' ll's reign, idca, and its importance, Sir John Davis A. D. 1325, Lyfagh O More, the anticnt calls it--the principal house of lord Mor- proprietary of Leix, being intrusted by timer in Leix.
lord Mortimer, who had married lord As it bounded the English pale on the Brecknock's only daughter, with the care weit, a strong castle was built there to pro- and protection of his estates; assumed tect the vicinity ; it was the residence of the name of O More, took eight castles
sac evening, destroyed Duamase (Dana- speaks in his history of Ireland : “ Sir maf), and recovered that whole country ; Charles Coote going to Bir, was to pass de fervo Dominus, de subjecto Princeps a cause way which he rebels bad broken ziedus, faith friar Clynn in his annals,” up, and had call up a ditch at the end of Sach is the account given by Davis, corro- it; but Coote made thirty of bis dragoons borating what hath been adyanced con- alight, and in person led them on, and cerning Dupamase and its callies. beat off the Irish with the faughter of
lo the year 1329, under the government forty rebels and their captain ; and then of Sir John Darcy, Dunamase and other relieved the caftlus of Bir, Burras and ails were recovered from the Irish ; but Knocknamase, (Dunamase)." iach at that time was the debility of the On the retreat of Ormond, these forts Englith administration in this kingdom, submitted to general Preston, but were that there was very little security for pro- re-taken by the king's forces, and contiperty against the rapacity of the first inva- nued in their pofle slion until the year der. The O Mores again seized on Du 1646, when Owen Roe O Neil entered the namase, about the 18th of Edward the Queen's. County, committing every act of third, but were dispofseffed in two years Cutrage and cruelty ; he took Dyfart, Maazer; for by a plea-roll of the 20th of ryborough, Cullenbrack, Sheehen alias Edward the third it appears, that Conne! Dliden, Bealaroyn, Caftlereban, &c. DuO More of Leix, who after rebellion had namale within a small mile of Dyfart did fubmitted himself at Athy to Walter Bir- not escape. mingbam, jufticiary of Irelind, acknow In 1648, O Neil offered to surrender ledged that he held his manor of Bellet bis garrisons in the Queen's County tucoand other his lands in Leix, of Roger lonel Jones, and to lay down his arms, Mortimer, as of his manor of Donmaike provided he and the confederate catholics (Duoamale.)
might have the privileges confirmed to In the year 1398, the same Mortimer, them which they enjoyed in the reign of eart of March and Ulfter and lord of Du- king James ; but this was not accepted ; Damase, being lieutenaot of Ireland, had the next year lord Caalehaven drove o bis paternal castle repaired, and its works Neil out of the country. calarged ; it is probable he would have vi.
In July 1650, Maryborough, Dunamase fited bis etates in Leix, had he not been and the neighbouring forts surrendered to unfortunately lain in an engagement with the colonels Heufon and Reynolds ; Duthe O Byrnes, at Kells in Oftory, the namase was blown up and effcclually distwentieth of July this year.
mantled, as were the rest. Very little remarkable is recorded of
Let us now proceed to a description of Danamafe for some succeeding centuries, this antient fortress : - The entrance is but its change of mafters in the perpetual S. W. aod faces the road to Stradbally; convulsions wbich this nation experienced. here was the barbican which served for a In the reign of the elder James, this with watch-tower, and was joined to the ditch ibe other fortreffes of the kingdom was by a draw-bridge. On each side of the pot into a defensive state. It was found, barbican were ditches, as far as the hill that the construction of castles and frong was accessible, and the I outward ballium houses, were the only certain means of was flanked with two towers or baltions ; kecuring the allegiance of the natives, and the first gateway is feven feet wide, and the pofseffions of the English. Hence in the walls fix feet thick ; it has a g machithe space of thirteen years, from the flight colation over it, for pouring down melted of Tyrone and Tyrconnel in 1606 to 1619, lead or scalding water; the wall of this (the time Pynnar made his survey) there ballium is a parapet, crenellated, and to were built in the lix escheated counties the N. E. is twenty feet high, with long of Ulster, one hundred and eighty-seven chinks and oillet holes. The distance becafties with bawos without castles. Under tween tower and tower is one hundred and the administration of the Earl of Strafford, feventy-four feet. a Borlase acquaints us, many new castles Between the outward and inward ballia were built and the old repaired ; amid is a length of one hundred feet , the gate this attention, Dunamase was not neglect of the latter is placed in a'tower, and over ed, as we shall now see.
'N OT E S. In the beginning of the Irish rebellion, the insurgents fecured Maryborough, Du | Ballium is the space immediat namale, Carlow and other strong holds. within the outer wall. The carl of Ormond arriving at Athy from & Machicolations are small stone Dublin, in April 1642, detached parties jections, supported by brackets, ! to the relief of those fortresses.' Of one of open intervals at bottom, or a kir of Itels detachments Sir Richard Cox thus grates for the uses mentioned.
60 Publius Lentulus, his Epiflle. - Sketches of Domeftic Life. Feb. wisa curd room; in the thickness of the His beard fomewhat thick, agreeable in
ide pailiges admitting but one colour to the hair of his head, not of any pari'.? Live, and he by no means cor: great longtli, but forked in the midit: of
tin this second tower begins an innocent and mature look. clip pitkittle lui furrounds the fum. clear and quick. In reproving he is terri
Tiin:', ; iis circumference is 1086 ble, in admonishing courteous and fair heti itin ais : perfectly circular, spoken; pleasant in speech, mixed with
lii, as far as the projections gravity. It cannot be remembered that
if the rock will admit: any have seen lim laugh, but many have water at top is 362 fcet. The seen him wecp. In proportion of body
an elliptical conoid : in well shaped and strait ; his hands delecta
im its base to its vertex, it ble to behold. In speaking very temperate, Khofeet.
modest, and wise. A man for his fingular Tiener vall, at proper distances, had beauty furpasling the children of men. 1 ts; Hoc frundations fill appear ; on * Publius Lentulus was an officer of !!!!!!?'t of the bill stood the keep or high rank in the Roman army, then in doston: tome, and not improbably, have Judea, and the only person of that nation Sop; oid inis to be the chapel : it is eait who sent any account to Rome of fo exand tell, and the eastern window intire. traordinary an event as mentioned by Vd. I was this appropriation to a religious leius Paterculus. Tre, that perhaps, itopped the fury of the
Sketcives of Domeslic Life. fanatic detiroyers of this building, and left it untouched. Contiguous to this was A
S the diftreffes originating from love a dwelling house, teventy-two feet long
have been riemerous and illimive, and twenty one wide ; on this were plat. the young people of both sexes cannot be forms and embattled parapets, from whence too frequently, too powerfully warned athe garrison might fee and command the gainst the dangers to which they expose exterior works. The house was divided themselves by suffering that paiiion to take into apartments, and vaults ran under the poffeßion of their hearts. whole. To the N. W. was a wel of ex. Cleora, the daughter of a merchant who cellent water; and on the west was, what was not in ailuent circumstances, had tradition calls, a prison ; but it seems to beauty sufficient to attract the notice, and have been a posiern. The vaked rock ap.
to win the affection of a young gentleman pears on the N E. fide, and the approach of family and fortune ; who foon found to the other parts was Ciifienlt and dan means to get access to her, concealing Ecrous. When whole and complete it his rank from her father, that he might was a beautiful model of military areti- not entertain fufpicions with regard to his tecture, and even at this day pratints the secret designs.-Camillus fucceeded so well curious vilitant with noble ruins of its for- in his amorous manoeuvres, that Cleora mer grandeur.
became quite enchanted with bim; and inPublius Lenti'ns, bis Ep:/??e to the Senate of tual accomplifiments were sufficient to
deed his perfonal advantages and intellecRome, is íbe Dars of Tiverius Cfar, con
juftify all her prejudices and prepollettiens cerning jus Chrijl.
in his favour. TH THERE appeared in these our days, a As foon as Camillus discovered the im
71.20 of great virtue named Juhiis preilion which he had made on Cleora’s Christ, who is yet living amongst us, and heart, he proposed a private marriage to of the gentiles is accepted for a prophet of her, informing her, at the same time, that truth, but his own disciples call him the he had no hopes of his father's content.-fon of God. He raiseth the dead, and ci- However, added he, as he is får advanced reth all manner of diseases. A man of sta- in years, we may conceal it during his ture somewhat tall and comely, with a life-The moment I am my own master very reverend countenance such as the be. it thall be publickly folemnized.” holders may both fear and love : his hair Deluded by this flattering speech, Cleora of the colour of a filberd full ripe and plain ramly gave her consent, and they were almost down to his ears, but from his ears married, but in an illegal manner. When downwards fomewhat curled, and more the ceremony was over, Cleora was easily orient of colour waving about his shoulders, "prevailed upon by her supposed husband in the midst of his head goeth a feam or to accompany him to Ireland. There, partition, after the manner of the Naza. during a twelve month, they lived, and vites. His forehead very plain and smooth: no visible abatement of affection appeared his face without fpot or wrinkle, beautified on the lide of Camillus; it seemed indeed with a comely red; his nose and movih to derive new lirength from the birth of a ro formed a, nothing can be reprebened, daughter. Cleora's happiness, however
Is, and in a few days arrived at Paris. Tiking lodgings immediately in the Fauxde public houses which English gentlemen burgh St. Germair's, the frequented all nited. Yet in spite of all her diligence pantomime, partly new and partly atte inquisitive ftyle, she could gain no old, called “ Lun's Ghost ; or, The New cence of eight months at Paris : she there. tre. ztelligence of Camillus, during a reli. Year's Gift," was performed at this theafare began to despair of meeting with him, mnd concluding that he was gone to some taylor, consisting of a variety of stolen piecher place, determined to return to her ces, and a slip or two of new cloth.
The same night happening to pass in the construction of any pantomime was rough an obscure lane, she heard the fo great as to render borrowing at all ad. dalking of swords, and by the light of the vantageous. Boon perceived one man defending himself base alledged that hints and charadcre
a but of a hort duration. Camillus, with difficulty against two. Disappointed ho was by no means a novice in love af- in love, she was indifferent about life, and fa275
, growing weary of his companion be. with a degree of courage not common in Ext ite second year was expired, returned her sex, attacked one of the assailants, te England, telling her business of impor- whom she wounded ; in consequence of Det required lis absence, but that he this wound he led, and his companion, scald dispatch it as soon as he possibly seeing he had now two adversaries to encald, and fly to her fond arms on the counter, joined him in his flight. Pegs of love.
Cleora, perceiving that the person whom Cácora, at first, endured his absence from the had rescued was very much weakened her with all the calmness of relignation, by loss of blood, and that his wounds had tal conseling herself with the hopes of his a dangerous appearance, ordered him to peedy return; but, finding that it great. be conveyed to a neighbouring hoiel, and resceeded the time he had mentioned to put to bed. She then dispatched a mes. of the was extremely alarmed. She did lenger for a surgeon, wbo, baving examinet immediately harbour doubts of bis fi- ed his wounds, declared that they were dity; the fource of her disquiet was a mortal, and that he did not believe he facere concern for his fafety. She wrote could live three days. Camillus, as soon frveral letters to him, and having receiv. as he was in fome measure come to himfelf, do answer, concluded that he had met desired to see his benefactor, who accordwith some accident ; she therefore, let off ingly waited on him. How great was their
bout delay for England, not being able mutual furprize, when Cleora discovered to hear that state of suspence which drove in the person whom
she had to generously price from her mind, and rendered the defended, the faite Camillus, by whom the pairs of her heart more acute. Upon her had been cruelly deserted I while he, or Tival, the made the frietest enquiries af- the other hand, beheld his injured wife! er Camillus, of whose treachery the foon The violent agitation into which this unreceived the most glaring proofs. He expected interview had thrown him, was Feat fo far indeed as to deny that she was foon followed by a flood of tears : a thoubis wife, and to filence her scruples
upon fand times he implored her pardon, and mal. Cleora, though treated in this very affecting a situation, felt all her resentment sujet, injurious manner, at firft endea? fubfidefelt all her tenderness return. Seared by remonstrances, equally tender She now repeatedly affured him of her and submissive, to recover his loft affecti- immoveable love, and mixed no upbraid 4: but on being informed that he had ings with her assurances: their subsequent entered into a connection with a French interviews were not less conjugal and af udy of great beanty, and was going with fectionate. Camillus, being acquainted
bet to Paris, her love was converted into with his condition by the surgeon wboatpetitment, and her refentment foon blazo tended him, made his will, and settled a e into rage. She instantly resolved to fa- conliderable ettate, which had been iately
shy ber revenge, or to perish in the at: left him by his father, upon Cleora ; who, Serbien into execution
, the thought it ex cerely lamented his lots. Returning for en het to disguise herself, and having to England, the lived from that time in the
ber daughter to the care of a friend in most retired manner, and the fuperintendo en in the could fifely confide, embarked ance of her daughter's education
employed hirance, as a Gentleman upon his tra. the greatest part of her attention.
The British Theatre.
, a This is like the garment of a botching were not aware, that the expence of wit