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Compendium of Entertaining Knowledge,
For DE CE M BER, 1982.
Account of Sir, Edward Hughes's Engagement in the East Indies. With a friking
Likeñels of that distinguished Admiral,
the road. "In the mean time I placed LEO TENANTAlexander Allen e
Majesty's ships in the most advantageous transport the Royal Charlotte) arrived at other thips in the road with springs on
manner to defend themselves, and the this office yesterday with dispatches from their cables, that they might bring their Vice-admiral Sir Edward Hughes, knight broadsides to bear more effectually on the of the Bath, and Commander in Chief of bis Majesty's ships in the East: Indies; of enemy mould they attempt an attack. which the following are extracts.
At four in the afternoon the enemy
weighed and stood to the southward, Extraëls of a letter from Sir Edvard Hughes. . when I immediately made the lignal to
to Mr. Stephens, dated on board bis Ma-: .weigh, and stood after them, having rejesty's ship Superbe, at Sea, April 4, 1782. ceived on board a detachment of 3co of
I SAILED on the 31st of January from ficers and men of his Majesty's 98th reTrincamale for Madras Road, in order giment, who were distributed to the ships to get a supply of provisions and stores, of the squadron that were the worst mana of both which the ships were then in ned. I flood with the squadron, as per
margin ti to the southward all that night want.
On the 8th of February I anchored in under an easy fail, and in the morning at Madras Road, and the fame day received day light found the enemy's ships had leadvice from Lord Macartney, the gover: battle ships and a frigate bearing cast of
parated in the night;, thcir 12 line of por of that place, that a French squadron, confiling of thirty.Sail of ships and vessels, rail of their frigates and transports bear
me, distant about four leagues, and ro was at anchor about twenty leagues to the northward of that port. In the after. ing $. W. distant about three leagues, noon of the gth, Captain Alms, in his
and steering a direct course for Pondic'erry;
on which I instantly made the signal for Majesty's ship Monmouth, with the Hero, Ilis, and the armed transport Manilla,
a general chace to the S. W. in order, if joined me in the road. I continued to possible, to come up with and take their use all possible diligence in getting the of battle thips would follow to protect
transports, well knowing the enemy's line ceffary stores and provisions on board the them, all in iheir power. In the course Several lips until the 15th of February of the chace, our copper bottomed Mips when the enemy's squadron, confifing of 12 fail of line of battle fhips, 6 frigates,
Ν Ο Τ Ε. B transports, and 6 captured vessels, came
+ Superbe, Exeter, Monarca, Hero, o fight to the northward, ftanding for Worcester, Burford, Monmouth, Eagle, Madras Road, and about noon, the fame Ilis, Seahorse, Combustion, lib. Max. Dec. 182.
es with them) neared us very fast, and I North Eastward, when the engagement made the ligual for our line to alter the was renewed by our five fhips, with great course two points to lceward, the enemy spirit and alacrity, from our starboard 610 Account of Sir Edward Hughes's Engagement in the East Indies, Dec. came up with and captured lis fail of line closer to the center, and prevent the ships and vessels, five of which were Eng. enemy from breaking in on it, and attack. lish, taken by the enemy when to the ing it when separated. At three in the northward of Madras, out of which I or afternoon, the enemy ftill pushing on 13 dered the Frenchmen to be taken, and our rear in a double line a breat, I again the veffe is to proceed with their own' altered my course in the line, in order to crews to Negaparam; the fixth was the draw our ships Still closer to the center; Laurilton, a transport, having, on board and, at 40 minutes after three, findings many French officers, 300 men of the re- impoflible to avoid the enemy's attack giment of Lausanne, and laden with guns, under all the disadvantages of little or do Thot, powder, and other military stores : wind to work our thips, and of being to this quip, so valuable to us, and of fo leeward of them, I made the fignal for much consequence to the enemy, was our squadron to form at once into the line taken by Captain Lumley, of his Majesty's of battle a-head. At four the Exeter Ship llis.
(which was the sternmoft tip in our reas Šo foon as the enemy's squadron difco- when formed in line of battle a-bead or vered my intention to chase their trans- the larboard tack) not being quite clole: ports, they put before the wind, and made to her second a-head, three of the ex all the fall they could after me ; and, by my's thips in their first line bore right three o'clock in the afternoon, four of down upon her, whilft four more of their their best sailing line of battle fhips were second line, headed by the Hero, in which got within two or three miles of our ftern- fhip Mons. Suffrein had his flag, hauled most ships, and the ships in chace were along the outside of the first line towards very much spread by the enemy's ships our center. At five minutes past four, they were chaling steering different courses, the enemy's three ships began their fire en some to the S. E. others to the S. and re the Exeter, which was returned by ber
, veral to the S. W. I therefore judged it and her second a-head. At ten minutes necessary to make the signal for the chas. past four I made the fignal for battle
, and ing fhips to join me, which they all did at twelve minutes pali, the action became about leven o'clock in the evening, and general from our rear to our centre, the I continued standing to the S. E. under commanding thip of the enemy, with an easy fail, all that night, the enemy's three others of their second line, Icadin
; squadron in light, and making many lig. down on our centre, yet never at any time nals.
advancing farther than opposite to the Sä. At day light in the morning of the 17th, perbe, our centre hip, with little or no the body of the enemy's squadron bore wind, and some heavy rain during the caN. by E. of ours, distant about three gagement. leagues, the weather very hazy, with Under these circumftances the enemy light winds and frequent squalls, of short brought eight of their best thips to the duration from the N. N. E. the enemy attack of five of ours, as the van of our crouding all the fail they could towards line, conlisting of the Monmouth, Eagle
, our squadron.
Burford, and Worcester, could not be At fix in the morning I made the signal brought into action, without tacking of for our squadron to form the line of battle the enemy; and although the fignal be a head ; at 25 minutes past eight, our that purpose was at the mast bcad read! line a-bead being formed with great dif. for hoifting, there was neither wind ful ficulty, from the want of wind and fre. ficient to enable them to tack, nor for the quent intervals of calms, I made the fig. five Mips of our center and rear, then en nal for the leading Mhip to make the fame gaged with the enemy, bard pressed, an sail as the Admiral, and made fail formed much disabled in their malté, fails, and in the line a-head, intending to weather rigging, to follow them, without an. the enemy, that I might engage them most certainty of separating our san frog closely. At ten the enemy's squadron our rear. having the advantage of the fqualls from At fix in the afternoon a Squall of wird the v. N. E. (which always reached them from the S. E, took our ships, and pain first, and in confequence continued long them round head on to the enemy to be in an irregular double line a-breaft. At fure dark, the enemy's fhips engaged with half past noon, I made the signal for our squadron to form the line of battle 2
ours, having vifibly suffered severely
, the breal, in order to draw the rear of our dood to the N. E.
whole of them hágled their wind,
At this time the Superbe had lost her Chaser, commanded by Captain Parr, was main-yard fhot into two pieces in the captured by the enemy's frigate the Bel, Nings, had five feet water in her hold, and lona, in her way to Madras Road, from continued for some time to gain on all ber a cruize on the northern part of this pumps, until several of the largest shot. coatt. holes under water were plugged up, and
The French force consisted of 13 ships neither brace nor bow-line left entire; of the line, 6 frigates, 9 transports, and ; and the Exeter, reduced almost to the 3457 land forces. ftate of a wreck, had made a signal of dis
Killed on board his Majesty's ships 32, tress. The other three tips in our rear, wounded 95. the Monarca, llis, and Hero, had suffered less, as the enemy's fire appeared plain- Extrait of a letter from Sir Edward Hughese ly to be directed principally againit the
to Mr. Stephens, dated on board his Ma* Superbe and Exeter.
jesty's ship Superbe in Trincamale Bay, It is with particular pleasure I have to
May 10, 1782. acquaist their lordships, that the officers I HAD the pleasure to address you by and men of the five ships, engaged against letter on the 4th of last month, and have so superior a force of the enemy, behav. now that of communicating to you, for ed through the whole action with the their lord thips further information, an acgreatest steadiness and bravery.
count of the transactions of his Majesty's After the action I food to the south- fquadron, as per margin I, and of the ward under little fail all night; and in the enemy's to this time. morning, at day light, found the Superbe's In my last, I mentioned the junction of mainmalt, foremast, and bowsprit so much his Majesty's Mhips Sultan and Magnanime wounded, as to render it exceedingly with the squadron on the 30th of March ; dangerous to carry fail on them ; the both tips were then very fickly, and Exeter's mafts were also much damaged, much reduced by the scurvy ; but as I and the hot-holes, io all the ships that had on board the squadron a reinforcebad been engaged, so far under water, as ment of troops for this garrison, and a to render it impoflible to flop them, but quantity of military stores, I judged it by giving the ships deep heels in smooth most for the public service, especially as water; all which, and the wind conti. I knew the enemy's squadron was to the nuing to blow from the northward, de- southward, not to return to Madras to termined me to proceed to Trincamale, land the lick and scorbutic of these two as the only proper place to refit the disa thips, but to proceed directly for Trinca abled ships, and I accordingly arrived there male, and there to land the reinforcement on the 24th ; and having done, with the and military stores, as well as the fick of utmost expedition, what repairs were ab. the Sultan and Magnanime, without ei. solutely necessary to put the disabled ships ther seeking or shunning the enemy. into a condition for service, I failed from In pursuance of this resolution I stood that place with tbe squadron on the 4th with the squadron to the southward, and of lalt month. On the 12th I arrived at on the 6th of April fell in with a French Madras with the squadron, having seen mrip, last from Mauritius, having on board nothing of the enemy's squadron on my dispatches from France for their compassage from Trincamale to that place. manders in Chief by sea and land : this The accompanying enclosure contains an fhip was chaled on shore and burnt near exact list of their Iquadron, and the num- Tranquebar, the officers and men escapber of troops embarked on it at the Mau, ing with the dispatches. ritius. This squadron was commanded On the 8th, about noon, I came in by M. D'Ovre when it left the islands ; fight of the enemy's squadron, confifting but he dying a few days after its arrival of 18 fail, in the N. E. quarter, and conon this coalt, the command devolved on tinued my course for this place. On the MooGeur Suffrein. On their passage gth, 10th, and with, the enemy ftill in from the islands to this coast they fell in light. On the with, having made the with his Majesty's ship the Hannibal, Cap. Coast of Ceylon, about 15 leagues to tain Christie, off the west coast of Su- windward of Triocamale, I bore a way for matra, and took her: this ship raised the that place. On the 12th, at day-light, number of their line of battle to twelve, the polition of the enemy's squadron being against nine under my command ; had
Ν Ο Τ Ε. The joined me, our disparity both in num. ber and force would not have been so I Superbe, Sultan, Hero, Monarca, great.
Burford, Exeter, Magnanime, Monmoutli, I am much concerned to inform their Worcester, Eagle, 'llis, Seahorse, Comlordships, that his Majesty's Noop the buftion fireship.
Hbb b 2
612 Account of Sir Edward Hughes's Engagement in the Eaft Indies.
Dec. altered by my bearing away, so as to give Much about this time the French fri. them the wind of ours, I discovered them gate La Fine, being ordered, I suppose, crowding all the fail they could set after to tow and affift their disabled fhip the us; and their copper-bottomed ships com- Hero, fell on board his Majesty's fhip Isis, ing fast up with the ships in our rear, I and had actually struck his colours to her; therefore determined to engage them, but taking advantage of the darkness of
· At nine in the forenoon I made the the night, and the state the Itis was is, fignal for the tips in our squadron to just come out of action, in which she had form the line of battle a-head on the tar- a number of men killed and wounded, board tack, at two cables length distance and otherwise ill manned, the frigate got from each other, the enemy then bearing clear of the Ilis, and escaped. N. by E. diftant about fix miles, and the An account of the number of officers wind at N. by E, they continued ma- and men killed and wounded on board the ræuvring their ships, and changing their several tips of the squadron, is bere e. positions in their line till fifteen minutes closed. past noon, when they bore away to en. On the morning of the 13th, at day gage us ; five fail of their van ítretching light, I found the enemy's squadron bad along to engage the ships of our vay, and anchored about five miles without us, in the other feven fail steering directly on our much disorder and apparent diftress, but center ships, the Superbe, the Monmouth they had lost so lower masts: both fqua. her second a-head, and the Monarca her drons were busily employed in repairing fecond a-stern. At half past one the en- damages, drawing into order for defence, gagement began in the van of both squa- the enemy feeming to apprehend ao at drons; three minutes after I made the tack from us, and I myself uncertain if lignal for battle. The French admiral in they would not renew the engagement, in the Hero, and his second a-stern the order to get hold of the Monmouth, In L'Orient, bore down on the Superbe with these situations both squadrons continued in pistol shot. The Hero continued her at anchor till the 19th in the morning, position, giving and receiving a severe fire when the enemy's got under fail with the for nine minutes, and then stood on, land wind, and food out to fea clete greatly damaged to attack the Monmouth, hauled, and at noon tacked with the lea at that time engaged with another of the breeze, and stood in for the body of our enemy's ships, making room for the ships fquadion, as if with intent to attack; but in his rear to come up to the attack of our after coming within two miles of us, and center, where the engagement was hotteit, ing us prepared to receive them, they At three the Monmouth had her mizen again tacked and stood to the eartward by mast shot away, and, in a few minutes' the wind; and I have not fince been able after, her main mast, and bore out of the to learn certainly where they are gone.l'ne to leeward. At 40 minutes past three, Having refitted the Monmouth in the bet the wind unexpectedly continuing far manner our situation would admit, with northerly, without any f:a breeze, and be jury, main and mizen masts, I failed with ing careful not to entangle ovr ships with his Majesty's squadron for this place of the More, I made the lignal for the fqua. the 22d, and anchored here on the even. dron to wear, and haul their wind in a ing of the same day, immediately landing line of battle a-head on the larboard tack, the reinforcement and military fores del still engaging the enemy. At 40. minutes tined for the garrison, and the fick and palt five, being in fifteen fathom water, wounded. and apprehensive left the Monmouth In this situation of the squadron and its might, in her disabled state, drilt too near men, I thought it best for his Majesty's the shore, I made the signal for the squa. service to remain at anchor here, and to dron to prepare to anchor. At forty mi. fet about the repairs of the hall, mats nutes past fix the enemy's squadron drew and rigging of the several ships, whilft the off in great disorder to the eastward, and fick enjoy every benefit of fresh meat, fethe engagement ceased, their admiral bav. getables and wine, on shore, for their reing shifted his flag from the Hero to the covery. French Hannibal, on account of the Hero's I have the fatisfaction to inform their disabled itate ; and soon after I anchored lordships, that I fhall be able to re-mal with the squadron, the Superbe close to the Monmouth by the end of this month, the Monmouth, in order to repair our from the spare stores on board the feveral damages, which, on board the 'Superbe ships; and that the damage they sufain. and Monmouth, were very great in the ed'in the lalt engagement will be every hulls, mafts, sails and rigging: and al.
way made good about that time. most all the ships had suffered confider Killed on board bis Majesty's thips 157, ably in their mafts, fa:ls and rigging.
Hymn to the Sun, in Poetic Proje; from the any thing so beautiful-nothing so worFrench of Reyrac.
thy the praises of mortals.
Trembling thou beholdest that sparkward thee-bow contemplate the noble bird, whose bold figbt is as quick resplendent fires of thy burning orb? I as the wing of the south-wind, as the arbehold but thee alone in the world : thy rows of Jupiter: thou who, in the height fiery.looks infiame all nature, and fill it of thy pride, beholdest with scorn even with life and magnificence! 'tis thy pow. man himself-thou viewest it with astoerful heat that made the earth come forth nifhment, and, to contemplate nearer from chaos : its extremities do not bound the fires of its sparkling orb, thou foarthy course; it is not sufficiently, extensive est aloft, from the profound valley to the for thy rays.
highest rock of mount Pelion. Tho' I should cross the Atlantic with the I see thee carry on thy rapid wings, thy rapidity of the bird of Jupiter : tho’ more unfledged eaglets-shake them with vios swift than the north-wind, I thould tran• lence, and balance them a long time in the sport myself from the cloudy top of mount ambient air. Thou offeretit them to the Athos-to the remote climes, where the sun-is it to try if they be worthy of angry Tigris rolls impetuous his foamy thee? or rather, is it not to teach them floods-though I Mould fly from the gates that that magnificent luminary is the only of the west to those of the eart-from the object that should fix their audacious burning sands of the south to the frozen looks ? rivers of the north;--though I should pe Like a profound and majestic river, netrate to the furthest limits of the world, whose waters always flow in the same thou art always before me, and waitelt abundance; or like an inexhaustible vole for and enlighteneft me at once, in all cano that drives from its thundering caparts of the universe.
verns, fireams of fire, and vomits torSublime image of the gods, like them, rents of Alame-infinite abyss of light, thou seeft, thou knowest all the inhabi- thou Meddeft it, thou doft lavishly pour tants of the different parts of the earth it forth, from the creation of time with. the fertile plains of smiling Hesperia, and out exhausting it. the happy field3 which the Ganges and Thou consumest not thyself, nor growEurotas water :-Ithaca where the sage est old, like every thing that exists ; nor Ulyffes ruled :-Pylos where old Nestor dost thou fall infensibly into duft, like the reigned, ever eager to relate his glorious frail body of man. Thou hast seen a exploits; and Colcbis so celebrated for hundred times, the earth renovated-its the expedition of the brave Argonauts, inhabitants change malers, laws, man. intrepid heroes, who, to fetch the golden ners, and languages ;-thou hast seen a fleece, darelt the first in a frail bark, to thousand times the nations divided and plough the watery deep and defy angry armed against one another ;-magnificent Neptune.
and opulent cities rise from the bosom of Thou feest with one glance, Athens deserts, and sink again into obscurity ;and Lacedomon, Corinth and Mitylene, empires formed, enlarged, become forthe proud Tyrian, and baughty Babyles midable-dwindle to nothing, or rise to nian, and Thebes with a hundred gates, fall again ;-hostile kings dethrone one and the hundred cities of Crete, and the another ;-the inhabitants of the earth, flowery vallies of Thessaly, and the hap- in the beginning like weak rivulets, foon py billocks of Amathon, and the myrtle after as swollen rivers, impetuous torwoods of Idalia and Paphos. Tbou feeft rents-overflow and ravage the surface us all from the heavens together with the of the earth ;-all at length, men and sovereign arbiters of our destiny. What kings, after a little noise, fall and disapdo I say? Incomparable luminary? am I pear in the abyss of time, always open io miftaken? Oh! if I were in error-if swallow them. thou wert thyself the first, the greatest of Thou lightest then but the ruins of angods-speak, and immediately I prostrate cient empires, and the remains of vain myself and adore thee. Fool that I am! greatnefs. The world is to thee but as a -what bave I said? I hear his voice re• vast tomb, where the ashes of those infound through the world, and publish numerable generations of kings and subcvery where that he is not a god.---Thou jects are heaped together and confoundart not a god, O father of the day! thou ed, so that the hand that explores them, , art then the sublime work and the greatest cannot distinguish, por find any vestage of gift of the gods. They never created that which has been ;--whilit thou alone,