Oil Empire

Передня обкладинка
Harvard University Press, 30 черв. 2009 р. - 365 стор.

At the beginning of the twentieth century, the Austrian Empire ranked third among the world's oil-producing states (surpassed only by the United States and Russia), and accounted for five percent of global oil production. By 1918, the Central Powers did not have enough oil to maintain a modern military. How and why did the promise of oil fail Galicia (the province producing the oil) and the Empire?

In a brilliantly conceived work, Alison Frank traces the interaction of technology, nationalist rhetoric, social tensions, provincial politics, and entrepreneurial vision in shaping the Galician oil industry. She portrays this often overlooked oil boom's transformation of the environment, and its reorientation of religious and social divisions that had defined a previously agrarian population, as surprising alliances among traditional foes sprang up among workers and entrepreneurs, at the workplace, and in the pubs and brothels of new oiltowns.

Frank sets this complex story in a context of international finance, technological exchange, and Habsburg history as a sobering counterpoint to traditional modernization narratives. As the oil ran out, the economy, the population, and the environment returned largely to their former state, reminding us that there is nothing ineluctable about the consequences of industrial development.

 

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Call this a case study of the failure of extraction wealth to transform a backward economy, as the fragmented nature of the Hapsburg state negated the careful management that the oil fields of the ... Читати огляд повністю

Зміст

The Land Where Salt and Oil Flowed Austrian Galicia
24
Galician California Battles for Land and Mineral Rights
48
Petroleum Fever Foreign Entrepreneurs and a New National Industry
75
The Boys Dont Sleep at Home Workers Dreams of Wealth and Independence
109
Oil City The Epidemic of Overproduction
140
Blood of the Earth The Crisis of War
173
A Hotly Disputed Territory The Struggle for Eastern Galicia
205
Conclusion
237
Data on Oil Production
259
Notes
265
Archival and Primary Sources
319
Index
331
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Сторінка 34 - it was a police state exposed to public criticism and confined to civilized behaviour'. The Austrian after 1867 had 'more civic security than the German and was in the hands of more capable officials' than were either the French or the Italians.

Про автора (2009)

Alison Fleig Frank is John L. Loeb Associate Professor of the Social Sciences at Harvard University.

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