Obrázky stránek

ner, 189.

Schmidt's, Dr. Emil, Recent Works, 406
Schmitz, F. N., Death of, 279
SCHNEIDER, ALBERT, Attraction Spheres and Cen-
trosomes in Vegetable Cells. John H. Schaff-

An Introduction to Structural Botany,
H. D. Scott, 443
Schneider, Albert, Rhizobea, 306
Schorlemmer Carl, The Rise and Development of Or-

ganic Chemistry, EDGAR F. SMITH, 163 Schultz, G., Systematic Survey of Organic Coloring

Matter, IRA REMSEN, 186 "Science,' 352 Science, America's Relation to the Advance of, G.

BROWN GOODE, 4; (popular), Articles on, 81, 303; The Nature of, and its Relation to Philosophy, E. W. SCRIPTURE, 350; In Canada, J. T. C., 379, 628, 653; The Educational and Indus

trial Value of, HENRY S. CARHART, 393; Scientific, Investigation, The Character and Aims of,

DANIEL G. BRINTON, 3; Literature, 20, 50, 78, 102, 131, 162, 186, 209, 241, 269, 299, 326, 356, 382, 408, 437, 457, 490, 522, 548, 577, 610, 634, 658, 684, 717; Societies, of Washington, 26; Secretaries of, 499; J. S. DILLER, 586; Joint Commission, 333; Journals, 28, 82, 112, 139, 168, 195, 224, 251, 280, 308, 335, 364, 392, 420, 448, 474, 503, 532, 615, 642, 670, 700; Method and Modern

Intellectual Life, CONWAY MACMILLAN, 537. Sclater, P. H., and Oldfield Thomas, The Book of

Antelopes, C. H. M., 389 Scott, D. H., An Introduction to Structural Botany,

ALBERT SCHNEIDER, 443 SCOTT, W. B., Fossil Mammals of the Puerco Beds,

Henry Fairfield Osborn and Charles Earle, 660 Scribner, F. Lamson, Grasses of Tennesse, N. L. B.

SMITH, EDGAR F., Organic Chemistry, Carl Schor

lemmer, 163; The Qualitative Chemical Analysis

of Inorganic Substances, 415 SMITH, ERWIN F., Length of Vessels in Plants, 77;

Lagoa Santa, 510 Smith Erwin F., Nomenclature Question, 587; Biol

ogy of Bacillus-tracheiphilus, 699; Associate edi

tor, 724 Smith, John B., A Flat-headed Borer, 276 Smith, Theo., Entero-hepatitis of Turkeys, 531 Smyth, C. H., Crystalline Limestone, 63 Smyth, E. A., Jr., Hawks and Owls, 276 Soil treatment of Orchards, 577 SNOW, F. H, Kansas, State Geological Survey, 376 Social Sense, J. MARK BALDWIN, 236 Société, Internationale des Électricians, 26 Societies and Academies, 28, 56, 83, 110, 166, 193,

220, 250, 279, 304, 334, 391, 418, 447, 473, 501,

531, 558, 586, 668, 698, 725 Society of Naturalists, The Baltimore Meeting of the

American, W. A. SETCHELL, 34 Sociology, Am. Jour, of, 722 Solar System, On the Magnitude of the, WILLIAM

HARKNESS, 29 South American Tribes and Languages, 457 Space Analysis, 302 Spalding, Volney M., Introduction to Botany, W. P.

WILSON, 496 Spectroscopic, Observations of Saturn, JAMES E.

KEELER, 519 Spelæological Society, 544 Spencer, Cornelia Phillips, Degree, 724 Spencer, Herbert, Professional Institutions, 499 Spencer, J. W., Geographical Evolution of Cuba, 59 Stanford University, 585, 667 STARR FREDERICK, A. Primer of Mayan Heiro

glyphics, Daniel G. Brinton, 326 Starr, Frederick, Notes on Mexican Archæology, 219 Stars, The Story of, G. F. Chambers, DAVID P. TODD

552 Steinmetz, S. R., Ethnologische Studien zur ersten

Entwicklung der Strafe, D. G. B., 25 Steam Power and Mill Work, Geo. W. Sutcliffe,

R. H. T., 581 STERNBERG, GEORGE M., Explanation of Acquired

Immunity from Infectious Diseases, 346 Sternberg, George M., Explanation of Natural Im

munity, 121; President of Association of Mili

tary Surgeons, 530 Stettenheimer, Dr. Ludwig, Eine Discussion der

Kräfte der chemischen Dynamik, H. C. JONES,

Scriptoribus et Lectoribus, Salutem, D. C. GILMAN, 2
SCRIPTURE, E. W., The Nature of Science and its

Relation to Philosophy, 350
Scripture, E. W., Lecture on Psychology, 722
SCUDDER, S. H., The Need of a Change of Base in the

Study of North American Orthoptera, 19
Seebohn, Henry, Eggs of British Birds, 529
Seeley, H. G., Skeleton of Pareiasaurus Baini, 331
Seeley, H. J., Reputed Mammals from Karroo For-

mation, 445
Seelye, J. M., Death of, 583
Seismological, Apparatus, Library and Collection,

Loss of Professor Milne's, T. C. M. 431; Society

in Rome, 697
SERGI, G., The Classification of Skulls, 658
SETCHELL, W. A., The Baltimore Meeting of the

American Society of Naturalists, 34
Shaler N. S., Lower Silurian Limestones, 58
Shaw, Albert, Municipal Government in Great Brit-

ain, J. S. B., 578
Sheldon, Samuel, H. W. Litch and A. N. Shaw, Elec-

trolytic Condensers, 670 Shepard, Willam A., death of, 668 Shields, T. E., Apparatus for Plethysmographic Study

of Odors, 120 Simpson, Charles T., Naiad Classification, 419; Geo

graphical Distribution of Naiades, 587
Skeleton, Variations in the Human, 253
Skulls, Classification of, HARRISON ALLEN, 381, G.

SERGI, 658
Slingo, W., and A. Brooker, Electrical Engineering,

for Electric Light Artisans and Students, F. B.

Stevenson, J. J., Pennsylvania Anthracite, 391
Stiles, C. W., Cestodes, 68, 334, 419
Stone Age, Divisions of the, 254
Stone Age, Subdivisions of, 404
Stone, Witmer, The Birds of Eastern Pennsylvania

and New Jersey, C. HART MERRIAM, 187
Strafe, Ethnologische Studien zur erster Entwicklung

der, S. R. Steinmetz, D. G. B., 25 Strasburger, Eduard, Botany in Germany, 642 Strong, O. S., The Use of Formalin in Golgi's

Method, 166; Cranial Nerves of Amphibia,

Stumpf, Carl, Member of Prussian Academy, 446
Subject Index, A General, to Periodical Scientific

Literature, EDWARD S. HOLDEN, 520
Surface Currents of the Great Lakes, 505
Survey of Michigan, 219

Sutcliffe, Geo. W., Steam Power and Mill Work,

R. H. T., 581 Sutherland, Charles, Death of, 585 Swinburne, Ralph, Death of, 697 Syracuse University, Appointments in, 696; Gift to,

722 Systematische Phylogenie der Protisten und Pflan

zen, Ernst Haeckel, GARY N. CALKINS, 272 T., F. W., The Mammals of Florida, 219 T., R. H., Society for the Promotion of Engineering

Education, 580; Steam Power and Mill Work,

George W. Sutcliffe, 581 Tarns of the English Lake District, 652 Tartars, The Orotchi, 256 Tchébychev, GEORGE BRUCE HALSTED, 129 Teaching Botany, W. J. BEAL, 355 Technologisches, Wörterbuch, 363 Telescope, for Berlin Industrial Exhibition, 333; for

American University, 557 Temperature Control, Laws of, of the Geographic

Distribution of Life, 53 Tesla, Nikola, Laboratory destroyed by fire, 390 Texas Academy of Science, 56, 448, 728; Volcanic

Dust in, H. W. TURNER, 453 The Evolution of Invention, 50 Thermal Conductivity of Rock at Different Tempera

tures, LORD KELVIN, 596 Thiersch, Carl, Death of, 584 Thomas, Oldfield, and P. L. Sclater, The Book of

Antelopes, C. H. M., 389 Thompson, Sylvanus P., Elementary Lessons in

University Extension, 724
Upham, Warren, Discrimination of Glacial Accumu-

lation and Invasion, 60; Climatic Conditions, 61;
Uplift of the Existing Appalachians, 180
Van Gieson, Ira, Formalin, 167
Vannic Language, 128
Variation, Materials for the Study of, William Bate-

son, H. W. CONN, 23; An Inherent Error in the Views of Galton and Weismann on, W. K. BROOKS, 121; in Crabs, 498; of Latitude, J.

K. REES, 561; Mechanical Interpretation of, 638 Vasiliev, A., Nicolái Ivánovich Lobachevsky, ALEX

ANDER ZIWET, 356 Vegetation of the Ancient World, 138 Venable, F. P., History of Chemistry, W. A. NoYES,

469 Vermeule, Cornelius Clarkson, Water Supply; Geo

logical Survey, New Jersey, ROLLIN D. SALIS

BURY, 684 Vertebrate paleontology, Field exploration, 693 Vertebrate Skeleton, H. F. 0., 581 Victoria Institute of London, 472, 667 Vienna, Academy of Sciences, Bequest, 278; Histor

ical Exhibition, 303 Vigne, Description des Ravageurs de la, Henri Joli

cour, JOSEPH F. JAMES, 527 Vogel, H. C., Spectra of the Planets, 474 Vogt, Carl, death of, 555 Volcanic Dust, In Texas, H. W. Turner, 453; In

Utah and Colorado, HENRY MONTGOMERY; 656

In Texas, E. T. DUMBLE, 657 W., R. S., Theoretical Mechanics, Alexander Ziwet, 20 WAITE, M. B., The Biological Society of Washington,

334, 531, 698; Remedy for Pear Blight, 721 Waite, M. B., Flora of Washington, 305 Walcott, Charles D., Appalachian Type of Folding,

58; Lower Cambrian Rocks, 64; Bigsby Medal

Awarded, 304; U. S. Geological Survey, 530 Waldo, Frank, Wind Velocities, 700 Waltenwyl, Brunner von, Monographie der Pseudo

phylliden, 663 Walter, Miss Emma, Delaware Water Gap, 390 WARD, LESTER F., The Mesozoic Flora of Portugal

compared with that of United States, 337 Ward, Lester F., Vegetation of the Ancient World,

138; Marquis Saporta, 390; Red Hills and Sand

Hills of South Carolina, 669; Gama Grass, 725 Warming, E., A Handbook of Systematic Botany,

N. L. B., 550 Washburn, L. F., Laboratory Studies, 696 Water Supply, Geological Survey of New Jersey,

Cornelius Clarkson Vermeule, ROLLIN D. SALIS

BURY, 684 Weather Service, New York State, 320 Weed Seeds in Winter Winds, 509 Weed, Walter H., and Louis V. Pirsson, Geology of

the High Wood Mountains, Montana, 59; The

Shonkin Sag, 559
Weidman, Samuel, Quartz-keratophyre, 67
Weierstrass, Prof., Election of, 363
Weights and Measures, 304
Welding of Iron, 332
Weldon, Prof., Variation, 278
Wellington, Arthur M., Death of, 614
WHEELER, E. S., Density and Diameter of Terrestrial

Planets, 424
Wheeler, Dr., Fertilization, 335

Electricity and Magnetism, T. C. M., 187 Thomson, E., Inter-communication among Wolves, THURSTON, R. H., Model Engine Construction, J.

ALEXANDER, 109; The Steam Engine and Other
Heat Engines, J. A. Ewing, 136; Steam and the
Marine Steam Engine, John Yeo, 328; The Ani-
mal as a Machine and Prime Mover, 365 ; The

Mechanical Engineer's Pocket Book, 634
Thurston, R. H., Debt to Inventors, 641
TITCHENER, E. B., Psychology, 426
Toads on the Seashore, FREDERICK W. TRUE, 166
TODD, DAVID P., The Story of the Stars, G. F. Cham-

bers, 552 TODD, HENRY ALFRED, A Card Catalogue of Scien

tific Literature, 297 Todd, J. E., South Dakota Geological Survey, 219 Tomsa, Dr., Death of, 556 Topographer, MANSFIELD MERRIMAN, 464; The Ed

ucation of, W. M. DAVIS, 546 Topographic Methods, Gannett's Manual of, 179 Topographical Atlas, 138 Torrey Botanical Club, 28 Tree and the Cone, 650 TRELEASE, WM., Missouri Botanical Garden, 716 Trouvelot, Léopold, Death of, 585 TRUE, FREDERICK W., The Proper Scientific Name

for Brewer's Mole, 101; Toads on the Seashore,

166 Tsetsaút, 218 Tubercular Consumption, Prize for Best Essay, 278 Tuke, D. Hack, Death of, 304 TURNER, H. W., Volcanic Dust in Texas, 453 TUTHILL, WM. B., New York Branch American Folk

Lore Society, 473

Usline, Edwin B., Amaranthaceæ, 504
Units of Light and Radiation, A Macfarlane, 248

White, David, The Pottsville Series 64

Tables at, 249; Biological Lectures for 1894, White, Gilbert, Natural History of Selbourne, 614

418 Whitfield, R. P., New Forms of Marine Algae, 67 WOODWARD, R. S., An Historical Survey of the SciWhiting, Harold, death of, 667

ence of Mechanics, 141; A Treatise on HydroWhitman, C. O., Utilities of Biology, 641

statics, Alfred George Greenhill, 269 WILDER, BURT G., The Progress of Paronymy, 515; Woodward, R. S., Condition of the Interior of the

The Frog was not Brainless, but Decerebrized, 632 Earth, 193; Smithsonian Geographical Tables, Wiley, Harvey W., Principles and Practice of Agri- 292; Variation of Latitude, 638 cultural Analysis, CHARLES PLATT, 359

Wortman, J. L., Devil's Corkscrews, 306 Willey, Arthur, Amphioxus, 645

Wright, Frederick G., Glacial Phenomena, 60 Williams, Charles Theodore, Aero-therapeutics, 247; Wright, Mable Osgood, Birdcraft, A Field Book of Williams College, bequest to, 584;

Two Hundred, Song, Game and Water Birds, C. Williams, George Huntington, Memorial to, 219, 723 H. M., 635 Williams, H. S., Devonian Fossils, 64

Wylie, Theophilus A., Death of, 723 Williams, H. W., Death of, 724 Williston, S. W., North American Diptera, 362 Y., C. A., Elements of Astronomy, George W. Parker, Wilson, E. B., Environment and Variation, 38; Cen- 415

trosomes, 69; Polarity of the Egg in Toxopneus- Yeo, John, Steam and the Marine Steam Engine, R. tes, 69; Fertilization, 335; Atlas of Fertilization H. THURSTON, 328 and Karyokinesis, 666

Yokoyoma, Metajiro, Mesozoic Plants from Kosuke, WILSON, W. P., Introduction to Botany, Volney M. Kii, Awa and Tosa, WM. M. FONTAINE, 525

Spalding, 496
Winchel, H. V., and U. S. Grant, Rainy Lake Gold Zaglossus, The Genus, ELLIOTT COUES, 610
Region, 331

ZIWET, ALEXANDER, Nicolái Ivánovich Lobachév. Wine and Beer, Consumption of, 165

sky, A. Vasiliev, 356 Winslow, Arthur, the Bevier Sheet, J. D. R. 248; the Ziwet, Alexander, An Elementary Treatise on TheorIron Mountain Sheet, J. D. R., 330

etical Mechanics, R. S. W. 20; Card Catalogue, Winter Storms in the North Sea, 679

557 Wisconsin Academy of Sciences, Arts and Letters, Zoological Nomenclature, C. HART MERRIAM, 18; 728

Picture Puzzle, 55; Congress, International, 217, Women at Oxford, 473

585; Station, American Students at the Naples, Wood's Holl, Biological Lectures Delivered at the H. F. OSBORN, 238; Garden in New York, 446,

Marine Biological Laboratory, CHARLES S. DOL- 530; Zoölogical Society, German, 500; London, LEY, 244; Biological Laboratory, A. A. A. S.


ERRATA:-p. 144, col. 2, line 34: for these, read three. p. 153, col. 2, line 59: for Maupertius, read Maupertuis. p. 212, col. 1, line 11: for plan, read phase. p. 213, col. 1, line 13: for cooking, read working. p. 334, col. 1, line 23: for Styles, read Stiles. p. 457, col. 2, line 23: for cinipidæ, read Cynipidæ.


tronomy; T. C. MENDENHALL, Physics ; R. H. THURSTON, Engineering ; IRA REMSEN, Chemistry ;
JOSEPH LE CONTE, Geology; W. M. Davis, Physiography; 0. C. MARSH, Paleontology; W. K.
BROOKS, Invertebrate Zoology ; C. HART MERRIAM, Vertebrate Zoölogy ; N. L. BRITTON,
Botany ; HENRY F. OSBORN, General Biology ; H. P. BOWDITCH, Physiology ;

J. S. BILLINGS, Hygiene ; J. MCKEEN CATTELL, Psychology ;

DANIEL G. BRINTON, J. W. POWELL, Anthropology.

The separa



ested in the study of nature.

tion of our investigators around many CONTENTS :

widely separated centres, and the conseTo Our Readers : S. NEWCOMB.


quent lack of communication between them, Scriptoribus et Lectoribus, Salutem. D. C. GILMAN, 2 The Character and Aims of Scientific Investigation :

increases the necessity of such a journal, as DANIEL G. BRINTON.


well as the difficulty of adapting it to the America's Relation to the Advance of Science : G. wants of all classes of subscribers. The expeBROWN GOODE...

4 Legal Units of Electric Measure: T. C. MENDEN

rience of centuries shows that great success

9 in advancing scientific knowledge cannot be The Humanities : J. W. POWELL..


expected even from the most gifted men, so Zoological Nomenclature: C. HART MERRIAM.... 18 The Need of a Change of Base in the Study of North

long as they remain isolated. The attrition American Orthoptera: SAMUEL H. SCUDDER... 19

of like minds is almost as necessary to intelScientific Literature :

20 lectual production as companionship is to Ziwet's Mechanics : R. S. W. Osborn's From the Greeks to Darwin : A. S. PACKARD.

conversation. In saying this I am not unBateson's Materials for the Study of Variation : mindful that such men as Copernicus, Kepler H. W. Conn. Ethnological Jurisprudence: D. G. B. Botanical : N. L. B.

and Leibnitz were little stimulated by the Notes :

.26 companionship of other minds while thinkThe Scientific Societies ; Physics ; Anthropology;

ing out their great works. But if the age for Educational ; Forthcoming Books. Societies and Academies.


discoveries of the kind which these men Scientific Journals ..

made is not past, it is certain that work of the New Books.

.28 kind they did can be repeated only once in MSS. intended for publication and books, etc., intended many generations. What other and less forfor review should be sent to the responsible editor, Prof. J. McKeen Cattell, Garrison on Hudson, N. Y.

tunate investigators have to do is to develop Subscriptions (five dollars annually) and advertisements should be sent to the Publisher of SCIENCE, 41 East 49th St., ideas, investigate facts, and discover laws. New York.

The commencement of this work of developTO OUR READERS.

ment on a large scale, and with brilliant sucAFTER a brief period of suspension this cess, was coeval with the formation of the journal again appears, greeting its readers Royal Society of London and the Academy with the compliments of the season. The of Sciences of France. When these bodies interest in its future which has been shown came together their members began to talk in various quarters during the past few and to think. How imperfectly they thought, months, convinces its editorial staff that and how little they knew the way to learn, is there is room for a journal devoted to the shown more fully by the history of their depromotion of intercourse among those inter- bates and by the questions discussed at their


meetings than by anything contained in the SCRIPTORIBUS ET LECTORIBUS, SALUTEM. ponderous volumes of their transactions. EVERYBODY interested in SCIENCE knows

At the present day one of the aspects of what it ought to be, bright, varied, accurate, American science which most strikes us is fresh, comprehensive, adapted to many men the comparative deficiency of the social of many minds; a newspaper, in fact, planned element. We have indeed numerous local for those who wish to follow a readable scientific societies, many of which are meet- record of what is in progress throughout ing with marked success. But these bodies

the world, in many departments of knowcannot supply the want of national coöp- ledge. It is not the place for 'memoirs,' eration and communication. The field of but for 6 pointers;' not for that which is each is necessarily limited, and its activi- so technical that none but a specialist can ties confined to its own neighborhood. We read it; not for controversies, nor for the need a broader sympathy and easier com- advancement of personal interests, nor for munication between widely separated men the riding of hobbies. It should not be in every part of the country. Our journal maintained for the dominant advantage of aims to supply the want of such a medium, any profession, institution or place. Wordiand asks the aid of all concerned in mak- ness is inappropriate; so, on the other hand, ing its efforts successful. It will have little are figures and symbols, unless they are space for technicalities which interest only indispensable. Reviews, summaries, prethe specialist of each class, and will occupy liminary announcements, descriptions, exitself mostly with those broader aspects of tracts, correspondence, reports of meetings, thought and culture which are of interest biographies, should all find a place; but not only to scientific investigators, but to they must be put in the right sort of phrases educated men of every profession. A spe- and paragraphs. There's the rub.' Who cialist of one department may know little is to collect, prepare, revise and set forth more of the work of a specialist in another these accounts of what is going on in the department than does the general reader. wide domains of investigation ? Money Hence, by appealing to the interests of the helps to secure such articles, but the work latter, we do not neglect those of the scien- must be done · for love and not for money.' tific profession. At the same time, it is Altruism is called for, the willingness, if intended that the journal shall be much not the desire, on the part of scientific more than a medium for the popularization workers, even in the very highest classes, of science. Underlying the process of spe- to contribute prompt, brief, readable, trustcialization which is so prominent a feature of worthy reports of what is going on, with all the knowledge of our time there is now fitting comments. to be seen a tendency toward unification, a Scientific men have rarely the editorial development of principles which connect a instincts or aptitudes, like those of the ediconstantly increasing number of special tors of Nature, the Popular Science Monthly, branches. The meeting of all students of the Journal of Science. Caution, close atnature in a single field thus becomes more tention to details, precise expressions, are and more feasible, and in promoting inter- indeed theirs, but readiness to collect and course among all such students SCIENCE impart news, and ability to make use of the hopes to find a field for its energies, in phraseology of common life, are often wantwhich it may invite the support of all who ing. There are noteworthy exceptions sympathize with its aim. S. NEWCOMB.

among men of the first rank. Dr. Asa WASHINGTON.

Gray, the botanist, could say what he had

« PředchozíPokračovat »