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September, 1906. 1 SPAIN. Royal decree. Provisional consular fees to go into force

January 1, 1907. Ga. de Madrid, September 8. 1 CHINA. Imperial edict announcing intention of inaugurating a

constitutional government and prescribing preparatory reforms.

Mem. dipl., September 16. 6 INTERNATIONAL CONGRESS ON TUBERCULOSIS. The Hague. Times,


journed September 14. Next congress at Stockholm in 1909 or 1910, to be decided by the Swedish committee. B. A. R.,

August; B. of Amer. Geog. Soc., December, 1906. 8 ABYSSINIA-BELGIUM. Commercial treaty signed at Adis Ababa.

It contains a most favored nation clause. Times, September 11. 10 INTERNATIONAL COMMISSION for the Study of the Polar Regions

instituted in Brussels. Geographical J., October, 1906, p. 403;


PROPERTY. Ninth congress held at Milan. Adjourned September 16. Dr. d'auteur, November, 1906; Propriété industrielle,

September 30, p. 130. 15 FIFTEENTH UNIVERSAL CONGRESS OF PEACE. Milan. Adjourned

September 23. The next congress will take place at Munich.
For the principal resolutions, see Mem. dipl., September 23 and

30. 15 UNITED STATES. Proclamation issued under authority of Sec. 3

of the tariff act approved July 24, 1897, to take effect September 30, 1906. Reciprocity with Bulgaria. Bulgaria had extended on and after June 5, 1906, and until further notice, to the products of the soil or industry of the United States, the benefit of the Bulgarian conventional customs tariff rates, the same being the lowest rates applied by Bulgaria to the like products of any

other country. Stats. at L., vol. 34. 15 Costa Rica—GUATEMALA-HONDURAS-SALVADOR. Conference

of Central America peace, held in San José Luis Anderson, minister of foreign affairs of Costa Rica, president. This resulted in (1) a general treaty of peace and friendship, arbitration, commerce, extradition, etc., signed September 25; (2) a convention for the establishment of an international Central American bureau at Guatemala, signed September 25; and (3) a convention for the establishment of a pedagogical institute of September, 1906.

Central America, under the general control of Costa Rica, dated
September 24. Adjourned September 25. Conferencia de paz
Centro-Americana: tip. nacional, Costa Rica, 1906, 70 pp.; B. A.
R., November, 1906; Mem. dipl. December 2; Diario oficial,

Salvador, October 23. 17 INTERNATIONAL DIPLOMATIC CONFERENCE for the protection of

the laboring classes. Second conference to consider the formation of treaties regarding labor conditions. Berne. Adjourned September 26. A convention was signed on the latter date concerning night work for women engaged in industrial enterprises.

Yale R., November; Times, September 27; Mem. dipl., October 7. 19 INSTITUT DE DROIT INTERNATIONAL. Twenty-third session opened

at Ghent. Adjourned September 26. Next session at Florence,

1908. Times, September 20, 27; Mem. dipl., September 30. 20 CHINA. Edict abolishing use of opium. See November 21. 20 INTERNATIONAL GEODETIC CONFERENCE. Budapest. Adjourned

September 28. Geographical J., December, 1906. 21 INTERNATIONAL LITERARY AND ARTISTIC ASSOCIATION. Eighteenth

congress at Bucharest. Adjourned September 27. Dr. d'auteur,

October 1906; Times, September 6. 24 HONDURAS-SALVADOR. Convention signed at San José, Costa Rica,

continuing in force for ten years the boundary convention signed at San Salvador January 19, 1895. R. dipl., December 23;


Mem. dipl., October 7. 24 Costa Rica-GUATEMALA HONDURAS-SALVADOR. See Septem



general meeting at Geneva. Adjourned September 29. Yale R.,

November; Mem. dipl., October 7. 28 INTERNATIONAL CONGRESS ON UNEMPLOYMENT. Convention at

Milan under the auspices of the Società Umanitaria of Milan.

Adjourned September 29. Times, March 31. 29 FRANCE,SPAIN. Exchange of notes extending commercial modus

vivendi to November 2. Ga. de Madrid, October 2.

October, 1906. 1 EGYPT_TURKEY. Frontier agreement signed. Times, October 3;

for map see Geographical J., January, 1907. See May 12. 1 ICELAND. Adhesion to international telegraphic convention signed

at St. Petersburg, July 22, 1875. J.O., November 28, p. 7889. 1 MEXICO SALVADOR. Postal money order convention took effect.

B. A. R., September. 2 INTERNATIONAL LAW ASSOCIATION. Twenty-third conference at

Berlin. Adjourned October 5. Times, August 22, October 3,4,5. 3 INTERNATIONAL RADIOTELEGRAPHIC CONFERENCE. Berlin. See

November 3. 6 FRANCE-HAITI. Protocol signed at Port-au-Prince to extend the

commercial convention signed July 31, 1900, until January 31, 1907. Ratifications exchanged at Port-au-Prince, October 19,

1906. J.O., November 14, p. 7586. 6 FRANCE. Three decrees. Expenses of diplomatic and consular

agents. J. O., October 22, pp. 7151, 7152. 6-8 GREAT BRITAIN-UNITED STATES. Agreement effected by exchange

of notes at London in regard to inshore fisheries on the treaty coast of Newfoundland. Great Britain (1) agrees not to "bring into force the Newfoundland foreign fishing vessels act of 1906 which imposes on American fishing vessels certain restrictions in addition to those imposed by the act of 1905, and (2) also that the provisions of the first part of section 1 of the act of 1905, as to boarding and bringing into port, and also the whole of section 3 of the same act, will not be regarded as applying to American fishing vessels;" and (3) consents to the use of purse seines by American fishermen during the ensuing season, subject to due regard being paid in the use of such implements to other modes of fishery. The American fishermen (1) are not to fish on Sunday; (2) are to comply with the regulation to report at custom houses when physically possible; (3) are to pay light dues; and (4) if Newfoundanders are shipped this will be done far enough from the exact three mile limit to avoid any reasonable doubt. For. rel., 1906; McGrath: The Newfoundland Fishery Dispute, North American R., December 7, 1906; Times, October 9, 10, December

10; G. B. Cd., 3262; Documents, post. See May 10. 7 PERSIA. National Assembly inaugurated at Teheran. Indepen

dent, November 29. 20 FRANCE-GREAT BRITAIN. Convention signed at London confirm

ing New Hebrides protocol of February 27, 1906. G.B.Cd., 3160.

October, 1906. 20 FRANCE-SWITZERLAND. Treaty of commerce signed at Berne, to

take effect November 20, 1906. It reproduces almost all the provisions of preceding treaties between the two countries or of the recent treaties concluded between Switzerland and her other neighbors. Differences will be decided not by the court of The Hague, but by an arbitral tribunal constituted according to a special rule annexed to the convention. French law authorizing bratification, November 21, 1906; ratifications exchanged at Berne, November 21; in force, November 23, 1906. Mem. dipl., November 25, p. 726; J.O., November 22, pp. 7749, 7754. Annales

dipl., November 16, 1906. 20 GREAT BRITAIN-SERVIA. Agreement for the exchange of postal

money orders. Signed at London, April 3, 1906, and at Belgrade,

October 20. To take effect January 1, 1907. G. B. Cd., 3265. 22 THIRD INTERNATIONAL CONGRESS for the suppression of white slave

traffic. Paris. For international arrangement signed at Paris, May 18, 1904, see For. rel., 1905; R. de dr. int. (Madrid), Cronica, June, 1905. This convention was ratified by nine contracting powers at Paris, January 18, 1905. Austria-Hungary and Brazil

also had adhered at that date. Adjourned October 24. 23 UNITED STATES. Executive order.

Executive order. The temporary administration of the government of Cuba, in virtue of the requirements of Art. 3 of the treaty of May 22, 1903, shall be conducted in Havana by the provisional governor subject to the supervision of the secretary of war. R.of R., October, 1906, p. 387; Brownell: The Cuban Republic on Trial, id., p. 424; For. rel., 1906; U.S. H. R.

Doc. No. 2; 59 Congress, 2 Session; Independent, January 3, 1907. 25 EGYPT—FRANCE. Ratifications exchanged at Cairo of convention

of commerce and navigation signed at Paris, November 26, 1902.

J.O., August 10, p. 5677; November 24, p. 7810. 30 FRANCE-SPAIN. Exchange of notes extending commercial modus

vivendi to December 2. Ga. de Madrid, November 1. See November 29.


NEW ZEALAND INTERNATIONAL EXHIBITION opened. 3 INTERNATIONAL. Convention signed at Brussels respecting liquors

in Africa. Signatory powers: Germany, Belgium, Spain, Kongo, France, Great Britain, Italy, Netherlands, Portugal, Russia and Sweden. G. B. Cd., 3264.

November, 1906. 3 INTERNATIONAL radiotelegraphic convention signed at Berlin. Next

conference at London, 1911. Mem. Dipl., 696; Hozier: Wireless Telegraphy, Nineteenth Century, July, 1906; Bright: Wireless telegraphy and the conference, Monthly R., December, 1906, p. 20. See October 3. Signed by Argentine Republic, Austria-Hungary, Belgium, Brazil, Bulgaria, Chile, Denmark, France, Germany, Great Britain, Greece, Italy, Japan, Mexico, Monaco, Netherlands, Norway, Persia, Portugal, Roumania, Russia, Spain, Sweden, Turkey, United States, and Uruguay. The contracting states undertake to make arrangements for communication between their coast stations and vessels of all nationalities, whatever system the latter may employ; an international bureau is to be established; certain provisions of the international telegraphic convention signed July 22, 1875, at St. Petersburg, are declared applicable to wireless telegraphy; and arbitration of disputes is

provided for. 10 BELGIUM—GREAT BRITAIN. Agreement signed at Brussels to

facilitate clearance of commercial travelers' samples through

their respective customs departments. Treaty ser., 1906, No. 18. 10 GUATEMALA-UNITED STATES. Convention signed at Guatemala.

Reciprocal protection of patents. Ratified by U.S. Senate,

December 13. 18 NETHERLANDS-SERVIA. Diplomatic relations, broken off in 1903,

renewed. 21 CHINA. Regulations giving effect to edict abolishing use of opium,

having been drafted by Tang-Shao-yi and approved by council of state, received imperial sanction. One-tenth of the ground now used for the cultivation of the poppy must be used for other purposes each year, under penalty of confiscation, so that no more opium is to be produced at the end of ten years. Every person using opium must be registered and a record kept of the amount he consumes. Only a registered person can buy opium. Persons over sixty years of age will be permitted to continue using it; others must decrease the use at the rate of 20 per cent annually. High officials under sixty must set a date when they will cease the use. Teachers, soldiers and sailors must abstain after three months. Opium dens are to be closed in six months. and the drug will be sold only by government officials on physicians' prescriptions or to authorized persons. Times, November 23, North China Herald, November 30; Mem. dipl., December 9.

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