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FOURTEENTH AMENDMENT. See Constitutional Law, II.
FOURTH AMENDMENT. See Constitutional Law, VIII.
FREEDOM OF ASSOCIATION. See Constitutional Law, V, 2.
FREEDOM OF EXPRESSION. See Constitutional Law, IV.
FREEDOM OF SPEECH. See Constitutional Law, V, 2.

FREE TRADE AMONG STATES. See Taxes.

GASOLINE. See Antitrust Acts. .
HEALTH CARE. See Civil Rights Act of 1871, 1.
HIGH SCHOOLS. See Constitutional Law, III.
HIGHWAY SOBRIETY CHECKPOINT PROGRAMS. See Constitu-

tional Law, VIII, 3.
HIGHWAY USE TAXES. See Taxes.
IDEOLOGICAL ACTIVITIES OF STATE BAR FUNDED BY COM-

PULSORY DUES. See Constitutional Law, V, 2.
IMMUNITY FROM SUIT. See Civil Rights Act of 1871, 2.
INADVERTENTLY DISCOVERED EVIDENCE. See Constitutional

Law, VIII, 2.
INCOME USED IN DETERMINING ELIGIBILITY FOR AID TO

FAMILIES WITH DEPENDENT CHILDREN BENEFITS. See

Social Security Act, 1.
INCRIMINATING STATEMENTS. See Constitutional Law, VII, 2.
INDICIA OF RELIABILITY. See Constitutional Law, VIII, 1.
INFORMANTS' TIPS TO POLICE. See Constitutional Law, VIII, 1.
INFRINGEMENT ON PATENTS. See Patents.
INTENTIONAL INFLICTION OF EMOTIONAL DISTRESS. See En-

ergy Reorganization Act of 1974.
INVENTIONS. See Patents.
INVESTIGATORY STOPS. See Constitutional Law, VIII, 1.
JURISDICTION. See also Civil Rights Act of 1871, 2; Federal Rules of

Civil Procedure; Social Security Act, 2.
Supreme Court Eleventh Amendment -State cases originating in state
courts. - Eleventh Amendment - which provides, inter alia, that federal
“[j]udicial power ... shall not ... extend to any suit ... commenced or
prosecuted against one of the United States by Citizens” — does not pre-
clude Supreme Court's exercise of appellate jurisdiction over cases brought

JURISDICTION-Continued.
against States that arise from state courts, including state tax refund ac-
tions. McKesson Corp. v. Division of Alcoholic Beverages and Tobacco,
Dept. of Business Regulation of Florida, p. 18.
LAW ENFORCEMENT OFFICERS' QUESTIONING OF SUSPECTS.

See Constitutional Law, VII, 2.

LAWYERS. See Constitutional Law, V; Equal Access to Justice Act.
MARKETING APPROVAL OF MEDICAL DEVICES. See Patents.

MEDICAID ACT. See Civil Rights Act of 1871, 1.

MEDICAL DEVICES. See Patents.
MEETINGS ON PUBLIC HIGH SCHOOL PREMISES. See Constitu-

tional Law, III; Equal Access Act.

MILITARY DUTY. See Constitutional Law, VI.
MILITIA CLAUSES. See Constitutional Law, VI.
MINNESOTA NATIONAL GUARD. See Constitutional Law, VI.
MIRANDA WARNINGS. See Constitutional Law, VII, 2.
NATIONAL GUARD. See Constitutional Law, VI.
NUCLEAR-SAFETY VIOLATIONS. See Energy Reorganization Act

of 1974.

OLD AGE, SURVIVORS, AND DISABILITY INSURANCE BENE-

FITS. See Social Security Act.
PATENTS.

Infringement Medical devices. — Title 35 U. S. C. $ 271(e)(1) exempts
from infringement use of patented inventions reasonably related to devel-
opment and submission of information needed to obtain marketing approval
of medical devices under Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act. Eli Lilly
& Co. v. Medtronic, Inc., p. 661.
PAYMENTS OF MONEY FROM FEDERAL TREASURY. See Con-

stitutional Law, I.
PENSION PLANS. See Employee Retirement Income Security Act of

1974.

PLAIN-VIEW SEIZURES. See Constitutional Law, VIII, 2.
POLICE OFFICERS' QUESTIONING OF SUSPECTS. See Constitu-

tional Law, VII, 2.
POLITICAL ACTIVITIES OF STATE BAR FUNDED BY COMPUL-

SORY DUES. See Constitutional Law, V, 2.

POSTPAYMENT TAX RELIEF. See Constitutional Law, II.
PRE-EMPTION OF STATE LAW BY FEDERAL LAW. See Energy

Reorganization Act of 1974.
PREFERENTIAL PAYMENTS. See Bankruptcy.
PREVAILING PARTIES. See Equal Access to Justice Act.
PRICE DISCRIMINATION. See Antitrust Acts.
PRIVILEGE AGAINST SELF-INCRIMINATION. See Constitutional

Law, VII.
PROPERTY TRANSFERS MADE BEFORE BANKRUPTCY. See

Bankruptcy.
PUBLIC SCHOOLS. See Constitutional Law, III; Equal Access Act.
QUESTIONING OF SUSPECTS. See Constitutional Law, VII, 2.
REASONABLE SUSPICION FOR INVESTIGATORY STOPS. See

Constitutional Law, VIII, 1.
REFUND OF TAXES PAID UNDER UNCONSTITUTIONAL TAX

SCHEME. See Constitutional Law, II; Taxes.
REGULATION OF LEGAL PROFESSION. See Constitutional Law,

V.

RELIGIOUS GROUP MEETINGS ON PUBLIC HIGH SCHOOL

PREMISES. See Constitutional Law, III; Equal Access Act.
REMEDIES. See Antitrust Acts; Constitutional Law, II; Taxes.
RESTORATION OF TERMINATED PENSION PLANS. See Em-

ployee Retirement Income Security Act of 1974.
RETROACTIVITY OF SUPREME COURT DECISIONS. See Taxes.
RIGHT TO REMAIN SILENT. See Constitutional Law, VII.
ROBINSON-PATMAN ACT. See Antitrust Acts.
RULE 11 SANCTIONS. See Federal Rules of Civil Procedure.
SANCTIONS. See Federal Rules of Civil Procedure.

SCHOOLS. See Civil Rights Act of 1871, 2; Constitutional Law, III;

Equal Access Act.
SEARCHES AND SEIZURES. See Constitutional Law, VIII, 1, 2.
SECONDARY SCHOOLS. See Constitutional Law, III.
SECTION 1983. See Civil Rights Act of 1871.
SELF-INCRIMINATION. See Constitutional Law, VII.
SOBRIETY CHECKPOINTS. See Constitutional Law, VIII, 3.

SOCIAL SECURITY ACT. See also Civil Rights Act of 1871, 1.

1. Aid to Families with Dependent Children-Eligibility requirements -
Child support. — “Child's insurance benefits” payable under Title II of Social
Security Act do not constitute “child support" within meaning of AFDC pro-
gram and thus cannot be used in determining whether a family's income
disqualifies it from eligibility for AFDC benefits. Sullivan v. Stroop, p. 478.

2. Social Security disability benefits - Court of appeals' jurisdiction-
Order invalidating regulations and remanding case for further admin-
istrative proceedings.-Secretary of Health and Human Services may im-
mediately appeal a district court order effectively invalidating regulations
limiting kinds of inquiries that must be made to determine entitlement to
Social Security disability benefits and remanding claim to Secretary for
consideration without those restrictions. Sullivan v. Finkelstein, p. 617.
SOVEREIGN IMMUNITY. See Civil Rights Act of 1871, 2.
STATE BARS. See Constitutional Law, V.

STATE IMPLEMENTATION PLANS. See Clean Air Act.

STATE TAXES. See Constitutional Law, II; Jurisdiction; Taxes.

STUDENT RELIGIOUS GROUP MEETINGS ON PUBLIC HIGH

SCHOOL PREMISES. See Constitutional Law, III; Equal Access

Act.
“SUBSTANTIAL JUSTIFICATION.” See Equal Access to Justice Act.
SUPREME COURT. See Jurisdiction; Taxes.
TAXES. See also Bankruptcy; Constitutional Law, II; Jurisdiction.

State taxes Unconstitutional flat highway use tax-Retroactivity-Re-
fund of taxes paid. - Arkansas Supreme Court's decision that (1) Amer-
ican Trucking Assns., Inc. v. Scheiner, 483 U. S. 266—which held that
unapportioned flat highway use taxes violate Commerce Clause - did not
apply retroactively and (2) refunds would not be made for taxes paid to
State after Scheiner was decided but before Justice of this Court ordered
Arkansas taxes to be paid into escrow, is affirmed in part and reversed in
part. American Trucking Assns., Inc. v. Smith, p. 167.
TERMINATION OF PENSION PLANS. See Employee Retirement

Income Security Act of 1974.
TIPS TO POLICE. See Constitutional Law, VIII, 1.
TITLE II BENEFITS. See Social Security Act, 2.
TORTS. See Energy Reorganization Act of 1974.
TRAINING OF NATIONAL GUARD OUTSIDE UNITED STATES.

See Constitutional Law, VI.

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