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be, or the elocutionist cannot succeed. Distinctness of articulation, is a primary, and fundamental quality of good reading ; and no pains should be considered too great a sacrifice to acquire it.

2. Inaccurate Pronunciation, is another. This indeed is so great a blemish, that every one who aspires to correct speaking should avoid it. And considering the meritorious efforts of Sheridan, Walker, Jameson, Fulton, Knight and others, to establish an easy and correct standard of orthoepy, the vicious pronunciation of public speakers is unpardonable. Under favourable circumstances, I have long attended to the pronunciation of the pulpit, the senate, and the bar; and I am mortified in saying that I have never yet discovered an individual, who might be considered, for young people, a safe standard in orthoepy. This surely is disgraceful to American oratory.

3. The indistinct or inaccurate exhibition of Accent, is another fault of great prevalence. Accentual distinction is made in two ways; first, by stress of voice, and second, by long quantity. In making it the first way, we should commence the enunciation of the accented letter with a heavy, and distinct voice, and end it with a gentle gliding into nothing. This, besides imparting variety to Elocution, contributes to the melody of what is read, and to the reader's ease. A feeble accentual force, seems to be a blemish, almost peculiar to Ameri

cans,

4. Inattention to the Rhetorical, and even to the Grammatical Pauses, is also a fault of extensive prevalence. Every indication of rest should be attentively observed. This contributes alike to the exhibition of the author's meaning, the beauty of his composition, and the powers of the elocutionist. It is scarcely possible to render too much attention to this particular.

5. But perhaps the most common and injurious fault in Elocution, consists cither in making no Emphasis, or making false

ones, or in making them always in the same way. To this point, therefore, the teacher should direct his special attention,

6. Another fault in reading arises from an improper attempt at variety in Modulation. The ordinary movement of the voice in unimpassioned discourse, exclusive of emphasis and cadence, should seldom exceed the interval of two notes. But in defiance of this rule, some speakers, in the enunciation of a few sentences, in simple narrative, range over the whole compass of the voice. This kind of elocution, may indeed, be vastly pleasing to the uncultivated ear, but to persons of good taste, it cannot fail to be offensive.

7. The greatsst fault, however, in Elocution, consists in the want of adaptation of Style to the matter read. I have heard the inimitable service of the Episcopal Church, read with as great rapidity, and, consequently, with as little solemnity, as Matthews would recite a comedy; and on the other hand, it is not unusual to hear an article of ordinary interest, read from a common newspaper, with all the stateliness, the lord Chancelor of England would pronounce the king's speech to both houses of parliament. Surely it is high time such a kind of reading were done

away. 8. But although a certain stately and drawling Style of Elocution is the vice of many, Rapidity and Hurry are the fault of more. The minute and accurate conception of the author's meaning ; the exact and delicate increase and remission of accentual and emphatic force; the combination of the varied and expressive elements of modulation ; and the observance of the multiform canons of good reading, necessarily require time and deliberation. These qualities, it is true, are not demanded by the impatient and restless multitude ; for, with auditors of this description, noise only is required; but to the satisfaction of men of taste, they are absolutely indispensable.

9. The last fault that I shall notice, is the neglect of Cadence ; or the equable and continuous fall of the voice on the two or three last syllables of a sentence. The harmonious and

expressive close of a period, is, perhaps, one of the most difficult things in Elocution. To taper off the voice in a round, distinct volume, till it reposes in perfect silence, is what one reader in ten thousand does not accomplish. And yet, this, in sentences of ordinary construction, is alike necessary to the reader and the hearer. To the reader, because it affords a remission of organic effort, and enables him to commence the succeeding sentence with fresh vigor ; and to the hearer, because it indicates the close of the sentence, and by gratifying his expectation, gives to his mind distinctness of perception, and intermission of attention.

Instead, however, of closing periods in this way, many pronounce the last word of every sentence, with increased force and a rising slide; and this they call “ keeping up the last end for the sake of being heard.” It is certainly desirable for the close of every period to be distinctly understood ; but if this cannot be done in a large room, without the neglect of cadence, let it be (to the deaf and the distant) forever lost. There are limits to the voice of every reader, and beyond these he should never go. And if he has the misfortune to read to those who are dissatisfied, because he does not bawl out the last word of every sentence, he must come to the determination, either to let them vituperate, or to sacrifice himself to ignorance and bad taste.

But while the close of every sentence, not interrogatory, or interjective, should be pronounced with falling pitches, those pitches must not descend more than one note at a time, nor always to the same extent, nor yet with the same tone. The drop of the voice three or four notes on the last word of a period, is truly shocking ; especially if this mode be persevered in thra a whole discourse. It is the regular descent of the voice, one note at a time, on the last syllables of a sentence, preceded by a little elevation of the voice, which constitute a correct cadence, and bring to both speaker and hearer, that repose which is necessary to succeed laboar,

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PAGE.

PAGE
Diatonic Scale,

7 The Manner in which Humorous
Elocution defined,

9 Pieces should be road,
Pronunc ion,
ib. The Bashful Man,

ib.
Rules for Pronouncing,

ib. be Gouty Merchant & Stranger, 81
Accent,
10 The fat Actor and Rustic,

82
Remarks on Pronunciation, 11 The Manner in which Dramatic
Pauses,
12 Pieces should be read,

83
Emphasis,
ib. | Douglas,

ib.
Modulation,

17 Collins' Ode on the Passions, 88
Pitch,

ib. The Manner of Reading Poetry, 91
Inflections,
19 Battle of Waterloo,

92
Rhythinus,

21 The Negro's Complaint,
Hohenlinden,
22 Marco-Bozaris,

95
The Thunder Storm,

23 Adam and Eve's Morning Hymn, 97
Lord of all Power and Might,

Manner of Reading Irony,

99
Quality,

26
Exclamation,

ib,
Time,

27
Interrogation,

100
Abruptness,

ib.
Climax,

101
Combination of the Elements of

Repetition,

ib.
Modulation,

28

Anticipation, 102
Of Style,

31
Concession,

ib.
The Manner in which an Oration

Apostrophe,

103
should be read,

ib.
Antithesis,

ib.
The 26th chapter of Acts,

32
Vision,

104
Livingston's Oration, July 4, 1787, 34

Simile,

105
The Manner in which Colloquial

Personification, 106
Pieces should be read,

41
Description,

ib.
The West Indian,
ib. Action,

107
The good Aunt,

43 Rules for Cultivating the Voice, 108
The discontented Pendulum, 48 Questions for Examination,

115
Man and Animals,
50 Character of Herschel,

121
The Manner in which Narrative Brougham's Speech on the pres-
and Didactic Pieces should be

ent state of the Law,

122
read,

53 Stanzas, He never smiled again, 124
The Spectator, No. 19,

53 Restoration of Learning in the East, ib.
The Rambler, No. 72,

56 Mason's Eulogy on Hamilton, 125
The Manner in which Argumen- Lord Moira's Speech,

128
tative Discourses should be read, 59 Verplanck's Address,

130
Extract from Sauriu's Sermon, ib.

Lochiel's Warning,

132
1st Corinthians, 15th chap. 61 Biddle's Address,

134
The manner in which Hortatory Important Destination of Young
or Declamatory Pieces should

Men going to India,

136
be read,

64 Maxcy's Oration, 4th July, 1903, 139
Speech of Germanicus,

ib.
Ulm and Trafalgar,

140
Nott on the Death of Hamilton, 66 American Flag,

143
Ames' Speech on the British Treaty,69 From the Pleasure's of Hope, 145
The Manner in whicb Pathetic Wheaton's Address,

146
Composition should be read, 71 Webster's Speech,

147
Joseph's Speech to bis Brothers, ib. Beman's Address,

149
David's Lament over Absalom, 72 Patrick Henry's Speech,

150
Nott on the death of Hamilton, ib Charles Grant's Speech in the
The Dead Mother,
73 British Parliament,

152

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PAGE

PAGE.
Jeffrey's Character of Mr. Watt, 154 Manifesto of the Congross U. S. 233
Theodorus,

155
Everett's Address,

234
Rev. Mr. Burrough's on Female Stream of Life,

236
Education,
157. Classical Learning,

237
Rev. Mr. Gallaudet, on Female

Launch of a Ship

238
Education,

160 Address of De Witt Clinton, 240
Song of Mac Murrough,
162 Make way for Liberty,

242
Wallace's Dream,

163 Burial of Sir John Moore, 244
The Star Spangled Banner, ib. Extract from Campbell's Pleas-
Plunket's Speech,
164 ures of Hope,

245
Wirt's Eulogy, Adams & Jefferson, 166 The Street was a Ruin,

246
Character of Bonaparte,
168 Early Life,

247
Hopkinson's Speech,

171 Ledyard's Eulogium on Woman, 248
Ginevra, a Poem,

172 Dr. Nott's Baccalauriate Address, 249
Lines from Bishop Heber to his Washington,

250
Wite,

174 Eulogy on De Witt Clinton, 251
Cypress Wreath,

175 Butler's Speech on the death of
Character of Wm. Pitt, the elder, 176 Clinton,

254
Russell's Oration, 4!h July, 1800, 177 Livingston's Speech on the bill
An Address for the Greeks, 179

making an appropriation for
Character of Cicero,

183 the minor children of De Witt
Torch of Liberty,
184 Clinton,

256
The Bended Bow,

186 Tradition of Indians concerning
Home,
187 the Mammoth,

258
The Flight of Xerxes,
188 Burgess' Oration,

259
Lines by Lieut. Malcolm,

183 Extract from a Sermon by Rob.
Lloyd's Speech in the U.S. Senaie, ib.

bert Hall,

260
Jeffrey's Speech,

191 Extract from Dr. Hardie's Ser.
Clay's Address to La Fayette,

194

mon on the Resurrection, 261
Mr. Sec'y Barbour's Address, 195 Spanish Lady's Farewell,

262
Battle of Lake Erie,
198 The Life Boat,

263
Philip of Pokanoket,
200 Meeting of the Waters,

ib.
Aspirations of Youth,
202 The Beacon,

264
The Martyr Student,

203 The Wind passeth over it and it
'The Damsel of Peru,
204

265
Vanity of Human Wishes, 205 Washington's

Monument, ib.
Elliott's Address,
207 Lord Ullen's Daughter,

266
Judge Story's Address,

208 From Young's Night-Thoughts, 268
T. Child's Address,

210
Exile of Erin,

269
Judge Duer's Eulogy,

211
Andrew Jones,

270
The Belvidere Apollo,

215
The Wounded Hussar,

ib.
The Servian Youth,

216 Extracts from Thomson's Seasons, 271
Ode on Greece,
217 Hymn-By Wesley,

275
Science and Religion,
219 Ode to Winter,

276
National prejudice, hatred, &c. 220 Hymn— by Bishop Heber,

277
Youth and Age,
22: Education,

278
Characters of Pitt and Fox, 222 Female Excellence,

281
Importance of Classical Education, 225 A tale by a Country Curate, 283
Whitbread's Speech,

228 Morning on the Highlands, 288
Lord Chatham's Speech,
230 The Tournament,

289
Mansfield's opinion on the outlaw. Death of Hamish,

292
ry of Wilks,

231
Hints to Teachers,

295

is gone,

ERRATA.
Page 14, 1st line, add high before “ pitch."

15, 9th line from the bottom, insert One instead of “ red."
18, 10th line from the bottom, add, OF THE LAST WORD, after“ syllable."
245, 7th line from the top, for“ reek” read RECK.

The errors in the notations and orthography, the intelligent reader will cor.
rect without a particular reference.

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