Obrázky stránek
PDF
ePub

contradiction. But this is not our thesis. We believe on the credit of a divine book, that what is called the Holy Spirit in: the Godhead, and of which we confess we have no distinct idea, because it has not pleased God to give it, has procession ineffable, while what is called the Father and the Son, differing from the Holy Spirit in that respect, do not proceed. This surpasses reason but does not revolt it.

We even farther. We maintain not only that there is no contradiction in those doctrines, but that a contradiction is impossible. What is a contradiction in regard to us? It is an evident opposition between two known ideas. For instance, I have an idea of this pulpit, and of this wall. I see an essential difference between the two. Consequently, I find a contradiction in the proposition, that this wall, and this pulpit, are the same being

Such being the nature of a contradiction, I say, it is impossible that any should be found in this proposition, that there is one divine essence in three persons : to find a contradiction, it is requisite to have a distinct idea of what I call essence, and of what I call person : and, as I profess to be perfectly ignorant of the one, and the other, it is impossible I should find an absurdity. When therefore I affirm, that there is a divine essence in three persons, I do not pretend to explain either the nature of the unity, or the nature of the Trinity. I pretend to advance only that there is something in God which surpasses me, and which is the basis of this proposition; viz. there is a Father, a Son, and a Holy Spirit.

St. Paul's Argument for the RESURRECTION. 1 Cor. 15 ch.

Moreover, brethren, I declare unto you the gospel which I preached unto you, which also ye have received, and wherein ye stand.

2. By which also ye are saved, if ye keep in memory what I preached unto you, unless ye have believed in vain.

3. For I delivered unto you first of all that which I also received, how that Christ died for our sins according to the scriptures;

4. And that he was buried, and that he rose again the third day according to the scriptures :

5. And that he was seen of Cephas, then of the twelve:

6. After that, he was seen of above five hundred brethren at once; of whom the greater part remain unto this present, but some are fallen asleep.

[ocr errors]

7. After that he was seen of James; then of all the apostles.

8. And last of all he was seen of me also, as of one born out of due time.

9. For I am the least of the apostles, that am not meet to be called an apostle, because I persecuted the church of God.

10. But by the grace of God I am what I am : and his grace which was bestowed upon me was not in vain; but I laboured more abundantly than they all: yet not I, but the grace of God which was with me.

11. Therefore, whether it were I or they, so we preach, and so ye believed.

12. Now if Christ be preached, that he rose from the dead, how say some among you that there is no resurrection of the dead?

13. But if there be no resurrection of the dead, then is Christ not risen:

14. And if Christ be not risen, then is our preaching vain, and your

faith is also vain. 15. Yea, and we are found false witnesses of God; because we have testified of God that he raised up Christ : whom he raised not up, if so be that the dead rise not.

16. For if the dead rise not, then is not Christ raised :

17. And if Christ be not raised, your faith is vain; ye are yet in your sins.

18. Then they also which are fallen asleep in Christ are perished.

19. If in this life only we have hope in Christ, we are of all men most miserable.

20. But now is Christ risen from the dead, and become the first fruits of them that slept.

21. For since by man came death, by man came also the resurrection of the dead.

22. For as in Adam all die, even so in Christ shall all be made alive. 23. But

every man in his own order : Christ the first fruits ; afterwards they that are Christ's at his coming.

A. Then cometh the end, when he shall have delivered up the kingdom to God, even the Father ; when he shall have put down all rule and all authority and power.

25. For he must reign, till he hath put all enemies under his feet.

26. The last enemy that shall be destroyed is death.
27. For he hath put all things under his feet. But when he

saith, all things are put under him, it is manifest that he is excepted, which did put all things under him.

28. And when all things shall be subdued unto him, then shall the Son also himself be subject unto him that put all things under him, that God may be all in all.

29. Else what shall they do which are baptized for the dead, if the dead rise not at all ? Why are they then baptized for the dead?

30. And why stand we in jeopardy every hour ?

31. I protest by your rejoicing which I have in Christ Jesus our Lord, I die daily.

32. If after the manner of men I have fought with beasts at Ephesus, what advantageth it me, if the dead rise not? let us eat and drink; for to-morrow we die.

33. Be not deceived; evil communications corrupt good man

ners.

34. Awake to righteousness, and sin not; for some have not the knowledge of God; I speak this to your shame.

35. But some man will say, How are the dead raised up? and with what body do they come ?

36. Thou fool, that which thou sowest, is not quickened, except it die :

37. And that which thou sowest, thou sowest not that body that shall be, but bare grain, it may chance of wheat, or of some other grain :

38. But God giveth it a body as it hath pleased him, and to every seed his own body.

39. All flesh is not the same flesh: but there is one kind of flesh of men, another flesh of beasts, another of fishes, and another of birds.

40. There are also celestial bodies, and bodies terrestrial: but the glory of the celestial is one, and the glory of the terrestrial is another.

41. There is one glory of the sun, and another glory of the moon, and another glory of the stars : for one star differeth from another star in glory.

42. So also is the resurrection of the dead. It is sown in corruption; it is raised in incorruption :

43. It is sown in dishonour; it is raised in glory: it is sown in weakness; it is raised in

power : 44. It is sown a natural body; it is raised a spiritual body. There is a natural body, and there is a spiritual body.

45. And so it is written, The first man Adam was made a living soul; the last Adam was made a quickening spirit.

46. Howbeit, that was not first which is spiritual, but that which is natural; and afterward that which is spiritual.

47. The first man is of the earth, earthy: the second man is the Lord from heaven.

48. As is the earthy, such are they also that are earthy: and as is the heavenly, such are they also that are heavenly.

49. And as we have borne the image of the earthy, we shall also bear the image of the heavenly.

50. Now this I say, brethren, that flesh and blood cannot inherit the kingdom of God; neither doth corruption inherit incorruption.

51. Behold, I shew you a mystery ; we shall not all sleep, but we shall all be changed.

52. In a moment, in the twinkling of an eye, at the last trump: for the trumpet shall sound, and the dead shall be raised incorruptible, and we shall be changed.

53. For this corruptible must put on incorruption, and this mortal must put on immortality.

54. So when this corruptible shall have put on incorruption, and this mortal shall have put on immortality, then shall be brought to pass the saying that is written, Death is swallowed up in victory.

55. O death, where is thy sting? O grave, where is thy vic

56. The sting of death is sin; and the strength of sin is the law.

57. But thanks be to God, which giveth us the victory through our Lord Jesus Christ.

58. Therefore, my beloved brethren, be ye stedfast, unmoveable, always abounding in the work of the Lord, forasmuch as ye know that your labour is not in vain in the Lord.

[ocr errors]

tory?

Hortatory or Declamatory Pieces, require an indication of deep interest for the persons addressed; an horror of the evil they are exhorted to avoid, and an exalted estimate of the good they are persuaded to pursue. They often demand an exhibi. tion of the strongest feelings, but require, at the same time, that degree of self-controul, which in the very torrent, tempest and whirlwind of passion, possesses temperance to give it smoothness,

[ocr errors][ocr errors]

Speech of GERMANICUS to his Mutinous SOLDIERS. My wife and child are ever dear to me, but not more so than my father and the commonwealth. But the emperor will be

safe in his own imperial dignity, and the commonwealth has other armies to fight her battles. For my wife and children, if from their destruction you might derive additional glory, I could yield them up a sacrifice in such a cause: at present, I remove them from the rage of frantic men. If horrors are still to multiply, let my blood glut your fury. The great-grandson of Augustus, and the daughter-in-law of Tiberius, need not be left to fill the measure of your iniquity. Without that horrible catastrophe the scene of guilt may end. But let me ask you, in these last few days what have you not attempted ? What have you left unviolated ? By what name shall I now address you ? Shall I call you soldiers ? Soldiers ! who have dared to besiege the son of your emperor! who have made him a prisoner in his own entrenchments ! Can I call you citizens ? Citizens ! who have trampled under your feet the authority of the senate; who have violated the most awful sanctions, even those which hostile states have ever held in respect, the rights of ambassadors, and the law of nations !

Julius Cæsar by a single word was able to quell a mutiny: he spoke to the men who resisted his authority ; he called them Romans, and they became his soldiers. Augustus shewed himself to the legions that fought at Actium, and the majesty of his countenance awed them into obedience. The distance between myself and those illustrious characters, I know is great; and yet, descended from them, with their blood in my veins, I should resent with indignation a parallel outrage from the soldiers of Syria, or of Spain : and will you, ye men of the first legion, who received your colours from the hand of Tiberius ; and you, ye men of the twentieth, his fellow warriors in the field, his companions in so many victories, will you thus requite him for all the favours so graciously bestowed upon you? From every other quarter of the empire Tiberius has received nothing but joyful tidings: and must I wound his ear with the news of

your revolt? Must he hear from me, that neither the soldiers raised by himself, nor the veterans, who fought under him, are willing to own his authority ? Must he be told that neither dismissions from the service, nor money lavishly granted, can appease the fury of ungrateful men ? Must I inform him, that here the centurions are murdered ; that, in this camp, the tribunes are driya en from their post; that here the ambassadors of Rome are detained as prisoners? That the entrenchments present a scene of slaughter ? That rivers are discoloured with our blood ? And that a Romàn general leads a precarious life, at the mercy of men inflamed with epidemic madness?

« PředchozíPokračovat »