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But ev’n that glimmering serv'd him to descry Why should calamity be full of words!
Windy attornies to their client woes, When you leave the windows open for air, Poor breathing orators of miseries. Saakspeare leave books on the window-seat, that they may What windy joy this day had I conceiv'd, get air too.
Swift. Hopeful of his deliv'ry, which now proves 2. The fiime of glass or any other mate
Ahortive, as the first-born bloom oispring rials that covers the aperture.
Nipt with the lagging rear ot' winters frost!
Milton, To thee I do commend my watchful soul,
Look, here 's that windy applause, that poor Ere I let fall the windows of mine eyes:
transitory pleasure, for which I was dishonoured. Sleeping or waking, oh defend me still! Sbaksp.
South. In the sun's light, let into my darkened cham
Of ev'ry nation each illustrious nami ber through a small round hole in my window
Such toys as these have cheated into fane, shutter, at about ten or twelve feet from the window, I placed a lens.
Exchanging solid quiet to obtain
The windy satisfaction of the brain. Dryden. 3. Lines crossing each other.
4. Tempestuous; molested with wind. The favourite, that just begins to prattle,
On this windy sea of land the fiend Is very humoursome, and makes great clutter,
Walk'd up and down.
Milton Till he has windows on his bread and butter.
It is nog bare agitation, but the sedimen at the King.
bottom, that troubles and defiles the wate; and 4. An apert. re resembling a window.
when we see it windy and dusty, the windoes To Vidow. v.a. [from the noun.] not make but only raise dust.
Soutb. 1. To furnish with windows.
s. Puffy; Hatulent. Between these half columns above, the whole In such a windy colic, water is the best emeroom was windowed round, Wotton. dy after a surfeit of fruit.
Arbtbnot. With pert flat eyes she window'd well its Wine. n. s. (pin, Saxon; vinn, Dutih.) head;
1. The fermented juice of the grape. A brain of feathers; and a heart of lead. Pope.
The wine of life is drawn, and the meerlees 2. To place at a window.
Is left this vault to brag of. Sbakpeare, Wouldst thou be window'd in great Rome, Do not fall in love with me; and sce
For I am faiser than vows made in wine. Saksp. Thy master thus with pleacht arms, bending The increase of the vineyards for the wine down
Cbraicles. His corrigible neck, his face subdued
Be not amongst wine-bibbers, amongst rotous To penetrative shame? Sbakspeare.
Prverbs. 3. To break into openings.
Thy garments like him that treadeth n the Poor naked wretches, wheresoe'er you are, wine fat.
Isaiab. That bide the pelting of this pitiless storm,
They took old sacks upon their asses, and How shall your houseless heads, and unfed sides, wine-bottles old and rent, and bound up. 'jushua. Your loop'd and winduw'd raggedness, defend Where the wine-press is hard wrougit, it you
yields a harsh wine that tastes of the grapeatone. From seasons such as these? Sbakspeare.
Bacon. WI'NDPIPE. n. s. [wind and pipe.] The His troops on my strong youth like torents
rusht; passage for breath; the asperia arteria. Let gallows gape for dogs, let man go free,
As in a wine-press Judah's daughter crush. And let noc hemp his windpipe suffocate. Sbaks.
Sendys. The werzon, rough artery, or windpipe, is a With large wine-offerings pour’d, and sacred part inservient to voice and respiration; thereby
Milton. ihe air descendeth unto the lungs, and is con
Shall I, to please another wine-sprung mind, municated unto the heart.
Lose all mine own? God hath giv'n me a mezThe quacks of government, who sat At th' unregarded helm of state,
Short of his canne and body: must I find Consider'd timely how t' withdraw,
A pain in that, wherein he finds a pleasure?
Herbert. And save their windpipes from the law. Hudib. Because continual respiration is necessary for
The firstlings of the flock are doom'd to die; the sp;port of our lives, the windpipe is made
Rich fragraut wines the cheering bowl supply. witi: annulary cartilagcs. Ruy.
Pope. The windpipe divides itself into a great num
If the hogshead falls slıort, the wine-cooper der of branches, called bronchia: these end in
had not filled it in proper time. Sarifl. small air-bladders, capable to be intrared by the 2. Preparations of vegetables by fermen. admission of air, and to subside at the expulsion tation, called by the general name of of it.
quincs, have quite different qualities from WI'NDWARD.adv. [from wind.] Toward the plant; for no fruit, taken crude, the wind.
has the intoxicating quality of wine. WINDY, odj. [from wind.]
Arbuthnot. 7. Consisting of wind.
WING. n. s. [geliping, Saxon; wirige, See what showers arise,
Danisi.) Blown with the windy tempest of my soul
1. The limb of a bird by which it fies. Upon thy wounds, that kill mine eyes and heart.
As Venus' bird, the white swift lovely dove,
Doth on her wings her utmost swiftness Subtile or eviny spirits are taken off by in
prove, cension or evaporation,
Finding the gripe of falcon ficrce not fur. Sidney,
Ignorance is the curse of God, 2. Next the wind.
Knowledge the wing wherewith we fly to heaLady, you have a merry heart.-
Shakspeares -Yes, my lord, I thank it, poor fool!
An eagic stirreth up her nest, spreadeth It keeps on the windy side of care. Slukspeare, abroad her wings, taketh them, and beareth 3. Empty; airy.
thom qu her quis
A spleenless wind so stretcht
Struck with the horrour of the sight, Her wings to waft us, and so urg'd our kec!, She turns her head, and wings her figot. Prior.
Chap 4h. From the Meotis to the northern sea, The prince of augurs, Helitherses, rose; The goddess wings her despårate way.
Prior. Prescienrhc view'd th' aerial tracts, and drew
Winged. adj. (from wing.) A sure pesage from ev'ry wing that flew. Pope.
H. Furnished with wings; fying, 2. A fan to winnow. iVing cartnave, and bushel, peck, ready at
And shall grace not find means, that finds her jand.
The speediest of the winged messengers, 3. Fligit; passage by the wing.
To visit ail chy creatures?
Miltos. îght thickens, and the crow
We can fear no force
But ringed troops, or Pegasean horse. Weller.
The winged lion's not so fierce in tight, Whiz night's black agents to their prey do rouze.
As Lid’ri's hand presents him to our sight. Sbakspeare.
Wailey. Thy affections hold a wing
The cockney is surprised at many actions of Quie from the flight of ali thy ancestors. Sbaks.
the quadruped and winged animals in the Selds. I sve pursued her as love bath pursued me,
Watts on re wing of all occasions. Sbakspeare, Vhiie passion is upon the wing, and the man
2. Swift ; rapid. full engaged in the prosecution of some unlaw
Now we bear the king fui hject, no remedy or controul is to be ex- Tow'rd Calais: grant him there, and there being geced tronı his reason.
seen, bu are too young your power to understand; Heave him away upon your winged thoughts Loris cake wing upon the least command.
Athwart the sea.
Slala care Dryden. Hie, good sir Michael, bear this sealed brief und straight, with inborn vigour, on the wing', With winged haste to the lord marsial. Sbalet. Lile mounting larks, to the new morning sing.
WINGED PEA'. n. s. [ocbrus, Latin.) A Then life is on the wing; then most she sinks
Miller. Wien most she seems reviv'd. Smitb. WI'NGSHELL. H. 5. [wing and sbell.] The The rootive or incitement of Right. shell that covers the wing of insects. Fearful commenting
The long shelled goat-chaffer is above an inck Is laden servitor to dull delay;
long, and the qirgsbells of themselves an inch, Dehy leads impotent and snail-pac'd beggary: and half an inch broad; so deep as to come down Thin fiery expedition be my wing,
below the belly on both sides.
Gree, Jove's Mercury, and herald for a king. Shaxsp. WI'NGY. adj. [from wing.) 5. The side todies of an army.
Having The footmen were Germans, to whom were
wings; resembling wings.
They spring together out, and swiftly bezr joined as wings certain companies of Italians.
The Nving youth through clouds and yielding The left ring put to fight,
With wingy speed outstrip the eastern wind, Tye chiefs o'erborn, he rushes on the right.
And leave the breezes of the morn behind.
Dryden. 6. Any side-piece.
The plough proper for stiff clays is long, large, TO WINK. v. n. (pinctan, Sax. wincket, and broad, with a deep head and a square earth Dutch.) borrd, the coulter long and very little bending, 1. To shut the eyes. with a very large wing.
Moriiier. Let's see thine eyes; wird now, now open TO WING. v.a. [from the noun.]
them: 1. To furnish with wings; to enable to fiy, In my opinion yet thou see'st not well. Stakst. The speed of gods
They're fairies; he that speaks to them shall Tine counts not, though with swiftest minutes
Milioni. I'll wink and couch; no man their sports must Who knows but he, whose hand the lightning
His false cunning Who heaves old ocean, and who tvirg's the Taught him to face me out of his arquaintance, storms,
And grew a twenty years removed thing, Pours fierce ambition in a Cæsar's mind,
While one would wink.
Sbüdspeare Or turns young Ammon loose to scourge man
Hc, with great imagination, kind?
Proper to madmen, led his pow'rs to death, 2. To supply with side bodies.
And, winking, leap'd into destruction. Statik We ourself will follow
In despite of all this, he runs foolishly ito lus In the main battle, which on either side
sin and ruin, merely because he wisks hard, Shall be well winged with our chiefest horse. and rushes violently like a horse into the barde. Sbuksperto
Taytar. TO WING. V. n.
The Scripture represents wicked men as with
out understanding: not that they are destitute 1. To transport by fight.
of the natural faculty; they are not blind, but 1, an old turtle, they wink.
Tillaties. Willowing me to some wither'd bough, and there
any about them' should make them think My mate, that 's never to be found again, Lament till I am lost.
there is any difference between being in the
dark and winking, get it out of their minds. 2. To exert the power of flying.
Lerda Warmd with more particles of heavenly flame,
2. To hint, or direct, by the motion of He wing'd his upward fight, and soard to fame; the eyelids. The rest remain 'd below', a crowd without a You saw my master wink and laugh upon sotila name Dxydono
Send him a spoon when he wants a knife: Winner. x. s. [from win.] One sho wink at the footman to leave him without a plate. wins.
A gamester, having lost all, borroweth of his 3. To close, and exclude the light.
next fellow-gamester somewhat to maintin While Hermes pip'd and sung, and told his play; which he setting unto him again, shorly tale,
winneth all from the winner.
Spener. The keeper's winking eyes began to fail,
Go together, And drowsy slumber
on the lids to creep, You precious winners all; your exultation Till all the watchman was at length asleep. Partake to every one.
Dryden, Beshrew the winners, for they play'd me fals. When you shoot, and shut one eye,
Sbakspean You cannot think he would deny
Whether the winner laughs or no, the loser To lend the t' other friendly aid,
will complain; and rather than quarrel with hi Or wink, as coward and afraid.
Temple 4. To connive; to seem not to see ; to WI'NNING. participial adj. [from win. tolerate.
Attractive ; charming: They be better content with one that will wirk
Yet less fair, at their faults, than with him that will reprove Less winning soft, less amiably mild, them.
W bitgit. Than that smooth watery image. Milton. 1, for winking at your discords too,
On her, as queen,
Let not night see my black and deep desires; And from about her shot darts of desire
Sbakspeare. Into all eyes, to wish her still in sight, Miltgar! The king gave him great gifts, and winked at
Cato's soul the great spoil of Bosworth-field, which canie
Shines out in every thing she acts or speaks almost wholly to this man's hands. Bacon. While winning mildness and attractive smiles
Let us not write at a loose rambling rate, Dwell in her looks, and with becoming grace In hope the world will wink at all our faults.
Soften the rigour of her father's virtues. Addison, Roscommon.
WI'NNING. 7. s. [from win.] The sum Obstinacy cannot be winked at, but must be subdued.
A simile in one of Congreve's prologues Cato is stern, and awful as a god : He knows not how to wink at human frailty,
compares a writer to a buttering gamester, that
stakes all his winning's upon every cast ; so that Or pardon weakness that he wever felt. Addison.
if he loses the last throw, he is sure to be uge 3. To he dim.
Addison The sullen tyrant slept not all the night,
TO WINNOW. v. a. [rindrian, Saxon ; But lonely walking by a winking light, Sobb’d, wept, and groan'd, and beat his wither’d evanno, Latin.] breast.
Dryden, 1. To separate by means of the wind ; to WINX.n. s. [from the verb.]
part the grain from the chaff. 1. Act of closing the eye,
Were our royal faith martyrs in love,
We shall be winnow'd with so rough a wind, To the perpetual wink for ay might put
That even our corn shall seem as light as chaff, This ancient moral.
And good from bad fiod no partition. Sbukspeare. At every wiak of an eye some new grace will In the sun your golden grain display, be born.
And thrash it out and winnow it by day. Dryden. Since I receiv'd command to do this business, 2. To fan; to beat as with wings. I have not sept one wink. Sbakspeare. Now on the polar winds, then with quick fan The beams so reverend and strong,
W innows the buxom air.
Miltar. Dost thou not think
To sift; to examine. I could eclipse and cloud them with a wink,
Winnow well this thought, and you shall find But that I would not lose her sight so long?
'Tis light as chaff that flies before the wird. Donne.
Dryden. It raged so all night, that I could not sleep a
4. To separate; to part. wink.
Bitter torture shall
Winnow the truth from falsehood. Sbakspeare. And for my soul I cannot sleep a wink.
Pope. TO WINNOW. v. n. To part corn from 2. A hint given by motion of the eye.
chaff. Her wink each bold attempt forbids. Sidney.
Winnow not with every wind, and go not into The stockjobber thus from 'Change-alley
E clesiasticus. goes down,
WI'NNOWER. n. S. [from winnow.] He And tips you the freeman a wink;
who winnows. Let me have but your vote to serve for the
WI'NTER. n. s. (pinter, Saxon; win. town,
And here is a guinea to drink. Swift. ter, Danish, German, and Dutch.] The WI'NKER. 1, s. [from wink.] One who
cold season of the year. winks.
Though he were already stept into the winter A set of nodders, winkers, and whisperers,
of his age, he found himself warm in those de
sires, which were in his son far more excusable. whose business is to strangle all others offspring of wit in their birth. Pope.
After summer evermore succeeds, WI'NKINGLY. adv. (from winking.) The barren winter with his nipping cold. Shals. With the eye almost closed.
A woman's story at a winter's fire.
Shaksp. If one beholdeth the light, he vieweth it He hath bought a pair of cast lips of Diana: a winkingly, as those do that are purblind; but if pun of winter's sisterhood kisses not more reliany thing that is black, he looketh upon it with giously; the very ice of chastity is in them. broad and full eye. Peachap,
The two beneath the distant poles complain Wi'ny. adj. [from wine.) Having the
Sét cucumbers among muskmelons, and see Stretch out thy lazy limbs; awake, awake,
whether the melons will not be more winy, and And winter from thy furry mantle shake.
Bacen. Dryden. To WIPE. v. a. [ripan, Saxon.) Suppose our poet was your foe before, Yet now the bus’ness of the field is o'er:
1. To cleanse by rubbing with something 'Tis time to let your civil wars alone,
soft. When croops are into winter quarters gone.
Such a handkerchief,
Dryden. I'm sure it was your wife's, did I to-day He that makes no reflections on what he reads, See Cassio wipe his beard with. Sbakspears. only loads his mind with a rhapsody of tales, fit
She a gentle tear let fall in winter-nights for the entertainment of others. From either eye, and wip'd them with her hair.
Locke. Stern winter smiles on that auspicious clime,
Then with her vest the wound she wip 200 dries.
Denbar. The fields are fiorid with unfading prime. Popes
To detine winter, I consider first wherein it 2. To take away by tersion. agrees with summer, spring, autumn, and I find Calumniate stoutly; for though we w.p. away they are all seasons of the year; therefore a sea- with never so much care the dirt thrown at us, son of the year is a genus: then I observe wherein there will be left some sulliage behind. it differs from these, and that is in the shortness
Decay of Piety. of the days; therefore this may be called its 3. To strike off gently. special nature, or difference: then, by joining
Let me wipe off this honourable dew, these together, I make a definition. Winter is That silverly doth progress on thy cheeks. that season of the year, wherein the days are
Some natural tears they droppd, but will To WINTER. V. n. (from the noun.] To
them soon pass the winter.
A young man, having suffered many tortures, The fowls shall summer upon them, and all
escaped with life, and toid lis fellow christians, the beasts of the earth shall winter upon them.
that the pain of them had been rendered tolerable Isaiab.
by the presence of an angel, who stood by him, and wiped off the tears and sweat.
Addison. Because the haven was not commodious to winter in, the more part advised to depart. Acts. 4. To clear away. To Winter, v.a. To feed or manage
Macduff, this noble passion,
Child of integrity, hath from my soul, in the winter.
Wipd, the black scruples; reconcil'd my thoughts The cattle generally sold for slaughter within, To thy good truth and honour. Sbakspeare or exportation abroad, had never been handled
5. [emungo.] To cheat; to defraud. or winterci at band-ineat.
Temple. The next bordering lords commonly encroach Young lean cattle may by their grorth pay for
one upon another, as one is stronger, or lie still their wintering, and so be ready to fat next sum- in wait to wipe them out of their lands. Spenser.
Mortimer. 6. To Wipe out. To eftace. Winter is often used in composition.
This blot, that they object against your house, The king sat in the winter-house, and there
Shall be wip'd out in the next parliament. was a fire burning before him. Jeremiah.
Sbakspeare. If in November and December they fallow, As thou lov'st me, Camillo, wipe not out the 'tis called a winter-fallowing.
Mortimer. rest of the services by leaving me now. Sbaksp. Shred it very small with thyme, sweet mar- Take one in whom decrepid old age has blot, joram, and a little winter-savoury. Walton.
ted out the memory of his past knowledge, and WINTERBEATEN. adj. [winter and beat.] clearly wiped out the ideas his mind was forHarassed by severe weather.
merly stored with, and stopped up all the pase He compareth his careful case to the sad sea
sages for new ones, to enter; or if there be
some of the inlets yet left open, the impressius son of the year, to the frosty ground, to the
made are scarce perceived frozen trees, and to his own winterbeaten flock.
Wipe. n. s. [from the verb.] WINTERCHE'RRY. 1. s. [alkekenge.) A
1. Act of cleansing. plant. The fruit is about the bigness 2. A blow; a stroke; a jeer; a gibe; 2: of a cherry, and inclosed in the cup of
To statesmen wordd you give a wipe, the flower, which swells over it in form
You print it Italick type: of a bladder.
When letters are in vulgar shapes, WINTERCITRON. n. S.
A sort of pear. "Tis ten to one the wit escapes; WINTERGREEN. n. s. (Pyrola, Latin.) A But when in capitals exprest, plant.
Miller, The dullest reader smokes the jest. WINTERLY. adj. [winter and like.] Such 3, (vanellus.] A bird. Ainsworib.
as is suitable to winter; of a wintry Wi'per. n.s. (from wipe.) An instrykind.
ment or person by which any thing is If't be summer news,
wiped. Smile to 't before; if vinterly, thou need'st
The maids and their makes, But keep that count'nance still. Sbakspeare.
Ac dancing and wakes, Wintry. adj. (from winter.) Brumal;
Had their napkins and posies,
And the wipers for their noses. Ben Jensen hyemal; suitable to winter. He saw the Trojan fleet dispers’d, distress'd,
WIRE. n. s. (virer, Fr. to draw round. By storing winds and wintry bicaven oppress’d.
Skinner.) Metal drawn into slendes Dryden.
Tane was the damsel; and without remorse As science is properly that knowledge which The king condemnd her, guiltless to the fire: relateth to the essences of things, so wisdom to Her veil and mantle pluckt they off by force, their operations.
Grow. And bound her tender arms in twisted wire.
O sacred solitude ! divine retreat!
Fairf1x. Choice of the prudent, envy of the great! Thou shalt be wipt with wire, and stew'd in By thy pure stream, or in the waving shade, brine,
We court fair wisdom, that celestial maid. Smarting in ling'ring pickle. Shaksp.
Young. The soldier, that man of iron,
2. Prudence; skill in affairs ; judicious Whom ribs of horror all environ,
conduct. That's strong with wire instead of veins,
'Tis much he dares, In whose embraces you 're in chains.
And to that dauntless temper of his mind,
He hath a wisdom that doth guide his valour And the cherubick host, in thousand quires, To act in safety.
* Shakspeare. Touch their immortal harps of golden wires. Wisdom and fortune combating together,
If that the former dare but what it can, Some roll a mighty stone, some laid along,
No chance may shake it.
Shaksp. And, bound with burning wires, on spokes cof Wise. adj. (pis, Saxon ; wiis, Dutch and wheels are hung.
. TO WI'REDRAW. v.a. [wire and draw.[
Danish.] 1. To spin into wire.
1. Sapient; judging rightly; having much 2. To draw out into length.
knowledge. A fluid moving through a flexible canal, when Heav'n is for thee too high; be lowly wise.
Milton. small, by its friction will naturally lengthen and wiredraw the sides of the canal, according to the
All the writings of the ancient Goths were direction of its axis.
Arbuthnot. composed in verse, which were called runes, or 3. To draw by art or violence.
viises, and from thence the term of wise came. I have been wrongfully accused, and my sense
Temple. wiredrawn into blasphemy.
Since the floods demand
For their descent a prone and sinking land, W'REDRAWER. n. s. [wire and draw.]
Does not this due declivity declare One who spins wire.
A wise director's providential care? Blackmore. Those who have need of unmixed silver, as The wisest and best men, in all ages, have gilders and wiredrawers, must, besides an equal lived up to the religion of their country, when weight of siver mixed with other metals, give an they saw nothing in it opposite to morality. overplus to reward the refiner's skill. Locke.
Addison. To Wis. v. a. pret. and part. pass. wist.
2. Judicious; prudent; practically know(wissen, German; wysen, Dutch.) To
ing. think; to imagine. Obsolete.
There were ten virgins; five of them were
Mattbere. Thus proud and fierce, unto the hearts he stopt
wise, and five were foolish. Of them poor souls; and cutting reason's reins,
I would have you wise unto that which is
Romans, Made them his own before they had it wist.
good, and simple concerning evil.
The young and gay declining, Alma flies When Mammon saw his
At nobler game, the mighty and the wise: Him to entrap unwares, another way
By nature more an eagle than a dove,
She impiously prefers the world to love. Young.. This book, advisedly read, and diligenily fol- 3. Skilful; dexterous. lowed but one year at home, would do a young Speak unto all that are wise-hearted, whom I gentleman more good, I wiss, than three years have filled with the spirit of wisdom, that they sravel abroad. Asibam, may make Aaron's garments.
Exodus. There be fools alive, I wis,
Do we count him a wise man, who is wise in Silver'd o'er, and so was this.
Sbaksp. any thing but his own proper profession and emMarry with a king,
ployment, and wise for every body but himself? A batchelor, a handsome strippling too,
Tillotson. I wis your grandım had a worser match, Sbaks. They are wise to do evil, but to do good they When for more worlds the Macedonian cried, have no knowledge.
Jereniab. He wist not Thetys in her lap did hide 4. Skilled in hidden arts : a sense soineAnother yet, a world reserv'd for you,
what ironical. To make more great than that he did subdue.
There was an old fat woman even now with
Waller. Wisdom. n. s. [pisdom, Saxon ; wiisdom,
- Pray, was't not the wise woman of Brainford ? Danish.]
Sbakspeare. 1. Sapience; the power of judging right. 5. Grave; becoming a wise man.
. ly; the knowledge of divine and hu- One eminent in wise deport spake much. man things.
Miltoa. That which moveth God to work is goodness,
It must be a coise Being that is the cause of and that which ordereth his work is cuisitom, and
those wise effects.
hikins. that which perfecteth his work is power. Hvoker. WISE. n. s. [pire, Saxon; wyse, Dutch;
As from senses reason's work doth spring, weise, German ; guise, Fr. guisa, Ital.] So many reasons understanding guin, And many understandings knowledge bring,
Manner; way of being or acting. This And by much knowledge wisdom we obcain.
word, in the modern dialect, is often, Davies,
corrupted into ways. Wisdom is that which makes men judge what This song she sings in most commanding wises are the best ends, and what the best means to Come, shepherd's boy, les now thy heart be attain them, and gives a map advantage of coun
bow'd sed and direction.
Toml To make itself to my least look a slave. Sidney.