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Circus; Vauxhall Gardens; and Ranelagh ; together with at least twenty Tea Gardens in the vicinity of London.
As for the ridiculous amusements of The Phantasmagoria, The Invisible Girl, and the exhibition of overgrown
Oxen and Swine, they are too contemptible to be classed with any thing connected with rational recreation,
Italian Opera.- Almost every class of society participates the amusements of the theatres and public gardens ; but the Italian Opera is almost exclusively appropriated by the nobility. It would be a happy. circumstance, indeed, for the rest of the community, did persons of quality engross all other frivolois and expensive amusements; such as routs, masquerades, and private theatricals, which, by a most alsurd passion for imitation, several of our merchants and tradesmen's wives and children have pursued with frantic eagerness.
The sum of two hundred guineas is annually subscribed by several of the nobility for a box at the Opera-house, where they are contented to assemble and enjoy sweet sounds. Indeed, from the ardour with which they patronize this exotic species of amusement, we might imagine that they were bitten by the Tarantula, and obliged to resort to music as a remedy. But the truth is, more dangerous diseases prevent iheir repose !
Remorse for time and treasure misspent, the spleen of luxury, and the imbecillity of indolence, require the anodyne of music.
HACKNEY COACH FARES.
Distance not exceeding one mile, 1s.; ore mile and a half, 1s.6d.; and so on, adding the additional sum of sixpence for every further distance, not exceeding half-a-mile. N. B. Coaches kept in waiting any time within 40 minutes, 1s; and 6d. for cvery 20 minutes afterwards. The number of hackney coaches in London are eleven hundred.
RATES OF WATERMEN, 1804.
Over the Thames directly, to the opposite sliore, between Greenwich and fiindsor, with a sculler, 211.; or one penny for each person, if more than one. The fare for a wherry with oars is double that of a sculler. N. B. No more than six persons are to be taken into a wherry, as one fare.
RATES OF CHAIRMEN,
any distance not exceeding one mile, 1s. one mile and a half, 1s. Od; and every half mile afterwards 6.-Time: for the first hour, Is. 6d; for cvery
liour afterwards, 6d.
PORTERAGE OF PARCELS FROM INNS.
A parcel, not exceeding 561h. to any distance not cxcecling a quarter ofa mile, 3d.; half a mile, 4d.; wale mile, 6d.; and go on in proportion.
CHARACTERISTICS OF THE NATIVES OF LONDON.
With respect to those tradesmen, artists, and mechanics who inhabit the city, they are in general a selfopinionated people. Accustomed to behold the maignificene of the public buildings, and the abundance of merchandise which fills the shops and warehouses, they, by an absurd association of ideas, consider themselves connected with this grandeur and opulence, and hold every foreigner in contempt.
Their pride, however, seldom originates in a consciousness of personal merit; in that respect it must be acknowledged they are unassuming. They form a much more judicious estimate of the value of things; and are proud of their riches, the opulence of their relatives, comparatively brisk trade, and other accidental circumstances. Their knowledge is very limited, insomuch that they would prefer a good dinner, or even a pot of porter and a clean pipe, to the circle of the sciences.
The intellectual attainments of the citizens in general are either premature or very limited. A boy in London too soon becomes acquainted with amusements, popular opinions, and that general, but superficial knowledge of the world, which is a kind of twilight of intellect. Self-love is productive of pride; the stripling is a man in idea, while he is only a boy in stature. He imagines he has attained the pinnacle of knowledge, and there he stops. Hence his intellectual
progress is arrested by vanity, and he attains the age of maturity, but remains an infant in real knowledge.
It must be confessed, however, that the shopkeepers of the metropolis are distinguished by an air o gentility, and are remarkably clean in their person and dress, as far as their business will permit.
In consequence of their too general neglect of learning, many citizens remain in a state of ignorance, which, notwithstanding their expertness in trade, renders them liable to be duped by quack doctors and impostors of every description. Indeed, their selflove is highly gratified by these gentlemen-like foTeigners, who come smiling and bowing to impose upon their credulity. They imagine that these strangers are drawn hither by the fame of the capital, and come to admire its inhabitants.
Their mental attainments are generally confined to a knowledge of trade, and a calculation of money ; and they really consider themselves as the greatest people in the world. A citizen of London ! cnviable pre-eminence! This alone confers an imaginary dignity on every rank of citizens, from the sooty sweep-chimney to the gambling stockjobber.
NATIVES OF ENGLAND, WHO COME FROM DIF
FERENT PROVINCES TO RESIDE IN LONDON.
These form a very considerable part of this great community; they ate in general healthy, active, industrious men, whose assistance in the more laborious avocations is highly conducive to the ease and comfort of the citizens.
A great number of them are shopkeepers, whose probity requires no eulogium. Mechanics form another division, and almost the whole weight of the drudgery of London rests on stout young men from the country, who are allured to town by the expectation of higher wages than the farmers can afford to give. These adventurers find ample scope for the exercise of their corporeal and mental powers in the metropolis, into which they incessantly low like streams into a reservoir.
They are distinguishable by the peculiarity of their provincial dialect, so different from the language of the cockney; while their florid countenances, and muscular forms, sufficiently evince that they are not natives of a city.
That good sense which has ever been the characteristic of the English nation, is the most conspicuQus trait of these honest men, whose activity contributes so much to the prosperity of London. A firmness which sometimes borders, on obstinacy marks the unsophisticated countryman, who is more șincere, though less polished, than the luxurious citizen.
Goldsmith has distinctly characterised this description of Englishmen in the following lines :
-A thoughtful band, “ By forms unfashion'd, fresh from Nature's hand! « Fierce in their native hardiness of soul, “ True to imagin'd right---above controul. “ While e'en the peasant boasts those rights to scan, “ And learns to venerate hiinself as man.'
Most of the Welch residents in London have im