The European Union Decides
Robert Thomson, Frans N. Stokman, Christopher H. Achen, Thomas König
Cambridge University Press, 14. 9. 2006
European legislation affects countless aspects of daily life in modern Europe but just how does the European Union make such significant legislative decisions? How important are the formal decision-making procedures in defining decision outcomes and how important is the bargaining that takes place among the actors involved? Using a combination of detailed evidence and theoretical rigour, this volume addresses these questions and others that are central to understanding how the EU works in practice. It focuses on the practice of day-to-day decision-making in Brussels and the interactions that take place among the Member States in the Council and among the Commission, the Council and the European Parliament. A unique data set of actual Commission proposals are examined against which the authors develop, apply and test a range of explanatory models of decision-making, exemplifying how to study decision-making in other political systems using advanced theoretical tools and appropriate research design.
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absolute error actors analysis assume assumption average bargaining models base model Bueno de Mesquita capabilities cent challenge model chapter co-decision procedure Commission proposal Commission’s compromise model consultation procedure cooperative game Council members Crombez data set decision outcomes decision-making process defined dimension discussed distance domestic constraints European Parliament European Union evaluation experts extensive form games favoured forecasts formal game theory institutional realism issue outcomes issues line Ko¨nig legislative decision-making legislative procedures levels of salience mean Mean absolute error measures median model performs model predictions modified ideal point Nash bargaining solution negotiations NGQs pivotal players policy areas policy centre policy positions political position exchange model preferences procedural exchange model procedural models qualified majority voting realism model reference point scale solution concepts spatial voting game SSI-IL stage status quo Steunenberg Stokman Table theoretical Tsebelis/Garrett unanimity utility voting rule weighted winning coalition
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Strana 5 - Directive 1999/44/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 25 May 1999 on certain aspects of the sale of consumer goods and associated guarantees...
Strana 5 - Directive 72/166/EEC on the approximation of the laws of the Member States relating to insurance against civil liability in respect of the use of motor vehicles and to the enforcement of the obligation to insure against such liability.