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Jefferson's Return to Private Life--His Health, etc.--His Family-Maria Jefferson-

Martha (Jefferson) Randolph-Thomas Mann Randolph Jefferson's Ideal of Retire-

ment--A Flash of the old Spirit -Threatened War with England-Proceedings Con-

gress-Jay sent Minister to England - Chasm in Jefferson's Correspondence-His

avowed desire for Permanent Retirement-Was he sincere in these Avowals ?-Mania

for Office not yet introduced- The first Offices " went a begging"-Jefferson's Private

Pursuits-His Land-roll in 1794–Farm Census-Exhausted Soils and Beggarly Account

of Empty Bins-Farm Operations of 1794—Pennsylvania Insurrection--The Govern-

ment Measures, how regarded by the two Parties—Republican View of Hamilton's

Conduct_Washington invites Jefferson to return to the Cabinet-Did Washington

willingly abandon a Balance of Parties in his Cabinet?-Bradford's Political Attitude-

Politics of Others who were offered Seats in the Cabinet-Madison's Course considered

--Had the Republicans a Good Excuse for Non-Acceptance ?—Reasons rendered by

John Adams-His own Peculiar Situation at the Time--Hamilton's Influence-- A Dif-

ferent Theory offered—The President's Objects in instituting Jay's Mission-The

Selection of Jay unfortunate-Bad Republican Tactics- The President forced from his

Neutrality-_Jefferson's Views_Session of Congress 1794-5--Sharp Contest on Denun-

ciation of Democratic Societies Jefferson's Strictures-His Refusal to be a Presidential

Candidate--Hamilton's Resignation–Jefferson to D'Ivernois-Madison's Letter to Jef-

ferson on his refusal to be a Presidential Candidate_Jefferson repeats his Refusal-

Jay's Treaty received and approved by Senate-Jay's, Hamilton's and Washington's

Recorded Disapprobation of it-Renewal of Orders in Council pending its Ratification-

Impressments - British attempt to seize French Ambassador in United States-Wash-

ington's Expressions of Indignation at these Outrages-Hamilton declares Ratification

now disreputable-John Adams's View of English Feelings towards America--Different

Mettle of the Cabinet-Wolcott's Remarkable Reasons for Ratification–Washington's

Proceedings in the Affair-The Treaty ratified-Had Fanchet’s intercepted Dispatches

any Influence?-Public Explosion on the Publication of the Treaty-Meetings on the

Subject and the Actors in them-Jefferson's Strictures on Jay-His further Views

* Camillus's " Defence of the Treaty-Bradford's Death and Successor-Virginia Elec-

tion and Legislative Action-Meeting of Fourth Congress--Contest in regard to the

Address of the House--Rutledge's Rejection-Jefferson's Comments on Randolph's

Vindication-Relations with France--Conduct of Adet in the United States-Monroe's

Reception in France-Exchange of Flags and other Proceedings-Monroe's Assurances

in respect to Jay's Mission--Monroe censured by his Government Justifies himself on

his Instructions_Washington's Reply--Misunderstandings between Monroe and Jay-

Adet's Remonstrances against Treaty of London--His Complaints considered-Adet's

Delivery of French Colors, and President's Reply--Proceedings of both Houses of Con-

gress_Washington's Sincerity in his Address to Adet—He did not concur in the

Feelings of the Federalists. The Republicans drive him from his Political Neutrality-

The Consequences—The Reaction first sets against Monroe-Washington's and Adams's

Censures on him-A curious Example of Political "Sea-change"-A larger Champion

than Monroe in the field, .

222

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Treaty of London returned ratified-President proclaims it as in full force, without

awaiting any Action of the House of Representatives—Dissatisfaction of the Republican

Members Livingston's Resolution calling for the Papers, and its Amendments

President refuses to send them—Kitchell's Resolutions—Supported by Madison, They

pass by a strong Vote—Jefferson's Views-Resolution for carrying the Treaty into

effect-Federal Threats The Debate-Reaction out of Congress, and the Causes of it-

Dearborn's Preamble-Preamble rejected and Resolution passed by very close votes

Jefferson's Letter to Mazzei-An Account of Mazzei-Letter to Monroe-Efforts to

personally alienate Washington and Jefferson-General Lee's Agency in this—Expedi-

ency and Effects of Treaty of London considered—Domestic Affairs at Monticello-

Duke of Rochefoucauld-Liancourt's Visit to Monticello-His Journal of his Visit-Com-

ments and Explanations—Jefferson's Plow of least resistance-Rittenhouse's Opinion

of it on Mathematical Principles-Sir John Sinclair asks a Model and Description-

Prizes bestowed on it in France–Was Jefferson the First Discoverer of the Mathe-

matical Principle ?-His usual Practical Ingenuity-His House-building-Fall Elections

-Occupations and Expenses of a Presidential Candidate in 1797–Jefferson professes to

be gratified at his Defeat-What right had he to feel thus?–The Method of Voting

- The Number of Votes for the various Candidates-Adams President and Jeffer-

son VicePresident-Jefferson's Letters to Madison and Adams given from Memory in

his Works-History of the Recovery of the Originals—The Originals given-Explana-

tion of Jefferson's Willingness to have Adams succeed-Adams's Political Attitude at

the Moment-His own Testimony on the Subject—He made the First Practical Over.

ture to the Republicans--Madison's Testimony- Testimony of the Hamiltonians, The

Conclusion-Fortunate that the Union failed-Jefferson discovers his Error--A Pro-

phetic Political Idea,

285

1797.

Presidential Vote declared-Expectations that Jefferson would refuse the Vice-Presidency

-Steps he took thereon-His Views on proper Method of notifying the Elected

Candidates--His Efforts to Escape a Ceremonious Reception-His Reception-Inter-

view with the President and Mr. Adams's Overtures Sworn into Office-His Speech-

Scene of the Inauguration,President's Speech-Sequel to preceding Interviews with

President Jefferson returns Home-Letter to Mrs. Randolph-Action of French Gov.

ernment on receiving the Treaty of London-Action of American Government Hamil-

ton appearing to great Advantage–Mr. Adams's real Feelings in respect to our

Foreign Relations when he entered the Presidency-Character of the Members of his

Cabinet-Their unfortunate Influence on him-Early Indications of this Pinckney

ordered out of France-President ounvenes Congress---His violent Message-- Answers

of the Houses-Congress enters upon War Measures-Cooled by News of French

Victories Jefferson's View of the Call of an Extra Session, and of the President's

Speech-Last Political Link between him and Adams snapped--Another Theory,

based on Misrepresentation-Origin of Jefferson's Parliamentary Manual-Letters to

his Daughters-The Mazzei Letter published in the United States-Its Inaccuracies and

Interpolations-Conments of Federal Press Jefferson to Madison on the Subject

Washington's manner of receiving the Letter—Marshall's Statements-Pickering's

absurd Assertions and Conjectures Jefferson's Denial--Sparks's supposed Suspicions

that Correspondence had been abstracted from Letter-books of Washington-His Letter

to Author on the Subject History of the Langhorne Letter—The “ Falsehoods of a

Malignant Neighbor" Jefferson's Personal Feelings towards Washington, A Remark

of Lafayette-Testimony of Mr. Jefferson's Family-Jefferson President of American

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Congress meet_Strength of Parties--Lull in Affairs--Adams's amusing Commentary on

his Inaugural Speech-First Dispatches from France-President rampant-Fast-day-

Congress on Fire-Spriggs's Resolutions—Two Letters from Jefferson to Eppes—The

XYZ Dispatches—The Result of our Extraordinary Embassy to France-Popular

Excitement-Republicans suddenly reduced to a feeble Minority-War Measures

rapidly pass Congress-Character of Gallatin, the Republican Leader of the House-

Addresses and Answers Jefferson against War, but declares if it takes place, "we

must defend ourselves"—Hamilton complains of Unfortunateness of English Depra-

dations at such a time-He urges on War Measures against France-Proposes a

Political Tour to Washington under “pretence of Health "'--Marshall's Return from

France -- President's Message - War Spirit bursts out anew--- Legislation against

“ Interior Foes”—Time for Naturalization extended- The first Alien Law“-Army

raised-French Treaties annulled--Other War Measures-Second Alien Law- The

Sedition Law-Lloyd's Bill-Hamilton's Views on these Bills--The Black Cockade

Who were the Foreigners against whom the Alien Laws were directed ?-The number

of French, English and Irish Alien Residents—The Circumstances which drove the

latter to our Country---Attempt of the American Minister in England to prevent their

Emigration Society of “United Irishmen” in Philadelphia-Rights of Naturalized

Citizens and Alien Residents-Political and Moral Character of the Irish Refugees--Mr.

Jefferson's Letters to his Daughters--His Domestic Affairs, etc.---His Anticipation of an

Attempt against him per ally-His imputed Connection with Logan's Mission the

pretext-His Letter to Archibald Hamilton Rowan-Invites him to Virginia, and

promises him Protection against the Alien Laws, President Adams's Inconsistent

Course in regard to those Laws-Doubts their Constitutionality, yet authorizes their

enforcement-Pickering looking up Subjects The Number of dangerous French and

Irish Aliens discovered— The Sedition Law more effective-Lyon, a Member of Con.

gress, fined and imprisoned—Petitioners for his Release found Guilty of Sedition,

fined and imprisoned-Holt, Publisher of New London Bee, Thomas Cooper, and

James T. Callendar, fined and imprisoned-Baldwin fined for “ wishing"-Judge

Peck arrested-Number of the Victims—The aim of the Law as disclosed by the

Decisions under it-The President appoints Officers of the New Army-Intrigue of

Cabinet to place Hamilton over Knox and Pinckney-Pickering reveals one of the

President's proposed Nominations to secure its Rejection-Turpitude of the Transac-

tion-Proceedings of French Government after sending away Marshall and Pinckney-

Talleyrand's Pacific Overtures As he advances Gerry recedes—Their Correspondence-

Gerry's Departure-Directory pass Decrees more favorable to the United States,

Logan's Reception-Assurances sent to Mr. Adams by him--Lafayette's Assurances of

Pacific Intentions of France--American Consuls and Private Residents in France send

home similar Assurances—Talleyrand communicates such Assurances to American

Minister at the Hague,

378

impolicy of the French Measures Views of the American Parties—The President

receives the French Overtures to Pacification, His Opinions e them-Questions to his

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Cabinet-Their Action thereon-The President's Conviction that France did not

meditate War-Hamilton apprised of all the Facts---He urges on War Preparations

however-Why this Change in his Views since 1797 ?--Don Francisco de Miranda

His Proposals to England and the United States to revolutionize Mexico and South

America—British Cabinet accede to his Plans Hamilton consulted through King-

Miranda's Letter to Hamilton of April 6th, 1798-— Hamilton engages in the Scheme,

and asks the Command of the Land Forces His Letters to King and Miranda-He

engaged in this before hearing Result of the new French Mission he had urged-He

knew the Miranda Scheme involved a War with France-British Cabinet accede to

Hamilton's Proposals-King's Letters to Pickering—The British part of the Expedition

ready-Miranda's Letter to the President-Offensive War against France meditated--

Necessary as an Excuse to attack Spain-Views of the Republicans in the Summer of

1798–Their Apprehensions in regard to the Army—Their Suspicions of Hamilton-Jef.

ferson to Taylor, of Caroline, on dissolving the Union-His Letter to Mason—The Nicho-

lases at Monticello—The Kentucky Resolutions as drafted by Jefferson-Mr. Madison's

View of their Import-Modified, and passed by Kentucky Legislature—Reasons for

supposing Jefferson assented to or made the Modifications-Letter to Taylor, of

Caroline-Passage of the Virginia Resolutions—Third Session of Fifth Congress The

President's Speech-An Error of Jefferson--The Senate “hint Logan" to Mr. Adams-

His unfortunate Reply--Hamilton's Programme for Congress-It contemplated a sub-

version of the existing Government–Hamilton hints the Miranda Scheme to his Instru-

ments in Congress-Proposes Preparations to carry out that Scheme-Letters to Gann

and Otis on the Subject-Origin of the “Logan Law"—Harper's Misstatements and

Logan's Corrections—Passage and Character of this Law-Jefferson to Gerry-Objects

of the Letter-Jefferson to Pendleton-Pendleton's Patriarchal Address—The Union

of the Patriotic Extremes of the Revolution, What it proved and what it foreshadowed

-Great War Preparations in Congress-Debts to be incurred in proportion–Jefferson

urges the Republicans to avoid every Act and Threat against the Peace of the Union-

Bills to continue Non-Intercourse with France, and to augment the Navy, passed Jef-

ferson raises Money to print Political Documents-Letters to Monroe and Stewart-

Capture of the Retaliation-British impress Seamen from the United States Sloop of

War Baltimore-Jefferson complains of the President's withholding the French Over-

tires-President nominates Murray Minister Plenipotentiary to France–The Federal

leaders “Gravelled "--Sedgwick and Pickering to Hamilton on the Subject-Senate

drive President to substitute a Commission-Ellsworth, Henry and Murray nominated

and approved-Jefferson to Kosciusko-To Madison-A scandalous Scene in the House

of Representatives-Means sought to be employed by the Federal and Republican

Chiefs to prepare for the decisiva Contest—Jefferson's Letters to his Daughters, · 429

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lating- His miserable Excuse to save Priestley-Insurrection in Pennsylvania State

Prisoners—Convictions for Treason-President pardons contrary to Advice of his

whole Cabinet-Enormities charged on the Troops-Editors whipped-Pennsylvania

State Elections—The Candidates and the Result-Jefferson's Letters to Mrs. Eppes-

His Domestic Affairs in Summer of 1799— Political Letters–Virginia and Kentucky

Resolutions of 1799-Congress meet-President's Third Annual Speech-Wolcott

describes to Ames the Situation of Parties in Congress--His “Engine of Government"

--Ames's Reply and his "Engine of Government”-Wolcott in Private Correspondence

with Mr. Pitt-Hamilton to Washington and to King-Spirit and Designs of the Fede-

ralists at this Period-Hamiltonians preparing to bring forward Washington for the

Presidency–His Death-Public Demonstrations thereon-Demonstrations in France

and England-Cabot's Hint to Ames to weave Politics into Eulogy of Washington-

That Hint generally followed up-His Views and Principles were unlike those of

Ames-His Principles and Designs equally at variance with Hamilton's His Party

Connection incidental-He was systematically deceived-A fresh and striking Instance

of this--He belonged to no Party--His Fame is National - Jefferson's Political Corres-

pondence during the Session --Letters to Priestley—“Our Bonaparte"-Congress Pro-

ceedings sketched to Madison-Party Arithmetic—Polítical Letters—The Election Law

in Congress—The state of things in Pennsylvania it was intended for John Randolph

denounces "Ragamuffing” and “Mercenaries”-Jostled in the Theatre-His Communi-

cation to the President-Action in the House-Bills passed–The Robbins affair-

** Truxton's Aggression "_"Overhauling Editor of Aurora"-Macon's Resolution to

Repeal the Law in regard to Seditious Libels-His Reliance on Federal Pledges—The

Pledges kept to the Letter but broken to the Spirit-The Presidential Caucuses-

Adjournment–Jefferson's Letters to his Daughters-Character of the late Session-

Hamilton's Quietness--His Plans and his Despondency-Reasons of that Despon-

dency,

483

Hemoval of Seat of Government to Washington-Wolcott's, Morris's and Mrs. Adams's

Descriptions of the New Capital-Presidential Canvass in 1800--Hamilton's Plan to

defeat Mr. Adams-Result of New York Election-Adams removes McHenry and

Pickering—Wolcott's Retention, and the Vacancies filled-Effect of the Change-The

Legislative Election in New York decides the choice of Electors in that State-Hamilton

solicits Governor Jay to practically set aside that Decision-Jay's marked Condemna-

tion of the Proposal—That Proposal a part of a larger Scheme to prevent a fair

Election-Some of Hamilton's Assertions to Jay considered–The adoption of his Plans

would have led to Civil War-Did he contemplate that Result?–His Tour through New

England-Calls on Wolcott for Materials for a Secret Attack on the President--Wolcott

promises his Aid–The ex-Secretaries join in this–Other Confederates-Posture of

these men as described by themselves-Hamilton's Attack printed for private circula-

tion-Obtained by Burr and published-Some of Hamilton's remarkable Statements

in it examined—The Effect of the Paper-Comments of Carroll and Cabot-Comments

of Republican Press Hamilton meditates a Reply--Wisely desists-Jefferson in the

Summer of 1800-His Journeyings-Family Census-Farm Matters Election Expenses

-His Correspondence-Attack on him by New England and New York Clergy_Rev.

Dr. John M. Mason's Pamphlet-Causes to which Jefferson imputed these Attacks

Result of Legislative Election in Pennsylvania--Result in Maryland-Second Session of

Sixth Congress-President's Speech-Wolcott's Retirement Jefferson to R. R. Living

ston and to Burr-How far Borr contributed to the Republican Success in New York-

Burr suspected of Intriguing in New York for the Presidency-Accused of it on strong

Evidence in New Jersey-His Instruments approach a Member of Congress,Jeper-

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