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ENTERED according to Act of Congress, in the year 1832.
By CHARLES BOWEN, in the Clerk's office of the District Court of Massachusetta.
UNITED STATES,Policy of the Administration.-Sectional Parties.-
Policy of the Southern States of the Northern.—Periodical Press.-
Political Machinery.--Political Course of the President.—Quarrels with
the Vice President.-Change of Cabinet.-Causes of Resignations.-
Character of New Cabinet opposition.--Anti-Masonic Party - Origin of
same.--Principles of Anti-Masonic Party.—Effect upon the Politics of
Indian Affairs.Conduct of Georgia. --Case of George_ Tassel.
Resolutions of State Legislature.-Survey of the Cherokee Territory:
Proceedings of State Legislature.-Co-operation of the Federal Govern-
ment.-Occupation of the Cherokee Country.- Arrest of Missionaries.-
Condemnation and Imprisonment of.- Process in Supreme Court of the
United States. Judgment of Court.-Change in mode of Paying Indian
Annuities.-Treaty with the Cherokees.-Proceedings of Senate.--Motion
in House on the Indian Relations.-To reform mode of distributing An.
Foreign Relations.-Claims on France.-Conduct of France.- Meas.
ures of Administration.-Objections to Claims.-Louisiana Treaty:-
Beaumarchais. — Treaty with France.--Intercourse with British West In-
dies.-North East Boundary.--Origin of Controversy.-Treaty of 1783.-
Of 1794--of 1814-of 1827.-Umpire appointed.-Award. - Protest on
the part of the United States.
Opening of Congress - President's Message.- Impeachment of Judge
Peck.Trial. Acquittal.- Act declaring Law of Contempts.--Bill
to Repeal the 25th Section of Judiciary Act.-Judicial System of United
States.-Mode of executing Resolutions of Continental Congress.-Mode
Provided by Federal Constitution.—Chisholm vs. Georgia.- Amendments
to Constitution.-Twenty-fifth Section.-Cohens vs. Virginia.—Decision
of Court.-Discontent.-Rejection of Bill to Repeal.
Distinction between Federal and State Governments.-Prospects of
Manufactures.- Internal Improvements.-
Policy of Federal Government.--History of Policy.--Madison's
Veto. --Course of Congress.-Monroe's Veto.-Act of April, 1824.-
Object of Act.-Policy of Adams' Administration.—Progress of In-
ternal Improvement.- Course of Jackson's Administration.- Veto.- Bills
Retained. -- Grounds of objection.- Report of Committee on Internal Im-
Treasury Report for 1830.—Appropriations for Pensions.-For Support
of Government.--Debate on Survey of Public Lands.--Debate
on Mission to Russia.—Debate on Turkish Treaty.--Appropriations for
Navy-for Fortifications—for Army-for the Indian Department-for
COLOMBIA.- Geography - Physical Aspect.-- Productions.-Govern-
ment under Spain. - Religion. -Character of the people.—Causes of the
Rovolution.-Revolutionary Movements.—Miranda.-Events of Bayonne.
GERMANY.--Importance of.—Fall of the Western Empire, and its revival
under Charlemagne.-Electors.—Constitution of the Holy Roman Em-
pire.—Diet of the Empire.-French Revolution.-Dissolution of the
German Empire.-Confederation of the Rhine.--Its dissolution.-Con-
gress of Vienna.-Mediatised Princes.-Deliberations respecting the re-
construction of the German Empire.--As to Saxony.-New confederacy.
--Its objects.-- Provisions of the Act of Confederacy:-Diet at Frank-
fort.-General and Ordinary Assembly:-Powers of the members of the
Diet.—Deliberations of the Diet.-Federal Army.- Internal Navigation.
Liberty of the Press.—Patriotic Associations.-Central Commission at
Mentz.—Constitutions of Saxe Weimar.- Bavaria.-Wertemburgh, Han.
over, Baden, Nassau, Prussia, Austria, &c.-Quarrel of the Duke of
Brunswick with George IV.-Decision of the Diet.-Revolution in
Brunswick.-Commotions in Saxony, Hesse Cassel, &c.
THE PENINSULA.-Portugal.- Emigrants.—Negotiation.-Distress of
the country.-Operations at Terceira.—Conduct of England.—Don Pe-
dro.—Effect of the French Revolution.-Collision with England. - And
with France.-Regency at Terceira.-Spain.-Attempt of the Exiles.-
Mina.-Disputes.-Attack from Bayonne.-From Pespignan.-Torrijos. 151
GREECE AND TURKEY.—Effect of the Treaty of Adrianople.—Proto-
col of February -Choice of Leopold.-He declines.-State of Greece.-
Destruction of the Fleet.-Assassination of Capo d'Istrias. — Turkey.-
Mahmoud's reform.-Revolts.—The Viceroy of Egypt.
POLAND.-Frequency of revolutions.--Partition of Poland. Its effects.
-Policy of Napoleon.—The Polish legion.—The Dutchy of Warsaw.-
Congress of Vienna.-Poland subjected to Russia.-Alexander's char:
ter.-Tyranny of the Russians.- Conspiracy of 1825.- Oppression of Ni-
cholas.--New conspiracy.—Effect of the French Revolution.-Designs of
Nicholas. Commencement of the revolution.
POLAND CONTINUED.-Provincial Government. The Grand Duke.-Depu-
tation to St. Petersburgh.-Russian proclamation.-State of Warsaw.-
Chlopicki Dictator.— Military preparation.-Radzivil succeeds Chlopicki.
-The Polish forces.--Diebítsch enters Poland.-Military Operations.-
Various engagements.-Negotiations.--Battle of Crokow.-Appointment
of Skrzynecki.—Efforts of the Poles.-Operations of Dwernicki.-Propo-
sitions. -Skrzynecki's operations.—Insurrection in Lithuania --Battle of
POLAND CONCLUDED.-Position and Strength of the Armies.-Skrzynecki's
Plans.—Defeat of Licrăwski.-Dwernicki's operations.-The Cholera
Morbus.- Battles of Kuflew and Minsk.-Advance of the Poles. - Battle
of Ostrolenka.-Death of Diebitsch.-Operations in Lithuania.-Bettle of
Wilna.–Jankowski's expeditions.-Excitement in Warsaw.-Disasters
in Lithuania.—Retreat of the Poles.-Chlapowski and Rohland enter
Prussia.—Paskewicz passes the Vistula.–Council of Wor.--Dembinski's
operations.-Fall of Warsaw.—Dispersion of the Polish army.Reflec.
THE NETHERLANDS.-State of things in October
ment of Antwerp.-National Congress. -De Potter's resignation.-Decla-
ration of Independence.-Adoption of monarchy:--Exclusion of the
House of Orange.--Designs of Russia.--The Constitution.-Offer of the
Crown to the Duc de Nemours.-Regency of Lurlet de Chokier.-Confer-
ences of London.—Question of Luxembourg.-Election of Prince Leo-
pold.—Hostilities commenced by Holland.—Opening of the Belgic Cham-
SWITZERLAND.-Forination of the Confederacy:-Constitution of the
Old Republic.-Ils Evil and Abuses.-The French Revolution.-Act of
Mediation.-Compact of 1814.-Its Public Law.-Example of Berne.-
Other Cantons.—Foreign Interference.—Movement in Tessino.-In other
Cantons.-Hostilities in Bale.--Constitution of Berne.-Of other Cantons.
State of Schwytz.-Proceedings of the Diet.-Neufchatel.-Reflections. 225
ENGLAND.-State of public feeling.--Condition of England. -Aristocratic
Character of Government.-House of Commons.-Elective franchise in
England.—Scotland and Ireland.-East India Company.-West India
Company. -Corruption of Government.--Catholic Emancipation.-Re-
signation of Duke of Wellington - Whig Administration. ---Situation of
Country:-Poland.-Portugal.-West India Colonies.-East India Char.
ty the Associations.-England.-Church property.--Meetings of Parlia-
ment.--Civil List.-Retrenchment.—Budget.-Reform Bill.-Charter of
Reform.-Discussion.—Timber Duty.--Defeat of Minister.-Second read-
ing of Reform Bill.—General Gascoyne's Motion.-Parliament dissolved.
-New Parliament.Reform Bill again brought forward.-Committed.
Course of Tories.-Passed House of Commons.—Rejected by House of
Lords.-Public Excitement.--Lord Ebrington's resolution.-Riots at Bris-
FRANCE.—Impeachment of the Ex-Ministers.—Riots of October.-Change
of Ministers.--Trial of the Ex-Ministers.-State of Paris.—The Students.
-La Fayette.-Riots of February.—New Ministry:-Finances.--Proro-
gation of the Chambers.-The Heroes of July:-King's tour --Dissolu-
tion of the Chambers.-Election.--New Chambers. Celebration of the
three days.-Resignation of Ministers.-Belgian expedition.-State of
Census of the United States,
Executive Oficers of the United States,
Members of the 21st Congress,
Officers of Congress,
Governors of States and Territories,
Public Debt of the United States,