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“ use his best Endeavours to cause his Towns to fall “ into the Emperor's Hands. That he should pay the “ King of England 500,000 Crowns which the Em

peror owed him.—That, when the Emperor should

go to Italy, to receive the Imperial Crown, he “ Thould send him 12 Gallies, four large Ships, and

Land Army, or 200,000 Crowns instead of the “ Army. Lastly, he promised, upon the Word and “ Honour of a Prince, to execute all these Articles, or to return Prisoner into Spain within six Months."



The SECRET History of the CARDINAL, by George CAVENDISH, Esq; his GentlemanUsher.


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Of the King's Discovery of his Love to Mistress Anne Bulloigne to the Cardinal, with the Cardinal's Dislike, and also the Opinion of all learned Bishops in England, and foreign Universities.

FTER this be • ment in so weighty a Matter, gan new Matters

« but desired Leave of the King A which troubled to as Counsel of Men of an

the Heads and tient and famous Learning both

Imaginations of . in divine and civil Laws. . all the Court, wherewith all • Now this being obtained, he • their Stomachs were full, but by his Legatine Authority fent • little Digestion, viz. the long- out his Commissions for the • concealed Affection of the • Bishops of this Realm, who • King to Mistress Anne Bul. not long after assembled all at loigne now break out, which his Westminster before my Lord

Majesty disclosed to the Cardi Cardinal. And not only these

nal, whose often Persuasions on « Prelates, but also the most « his Knees took no Effect. « learned Men of both Univer.

My Lord thereupon being fities, and some from divers Ca• compelled to declare to his "thedral Colleges in this Realm,

Majesty his Opinion and Wif • who were thought sufficiently • dom in the Advancement of able to resolve this doubtful

the King's Desires, thought it « Question.

not safe for him to wade too • At this learned Assembly • far alone, or to give rash Judg- was the King's Case consulted


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To confirm this Treaty, Francis and his Ambassadors swore, by the Sacraments and the Holy Evangelifts, to keep it all Days of his Life, and not to give Counsel to, or favour any one that should break it.

At this Time Charles was under great Perplexities, besides those already mentioned : He knew, that the Princes and Hans Towns of Germany, that had embraced Luther's Doctrine, began to take Measures to secure themselves from the Calamities they were daily threatened wịth. To this was added the Dread of


The Secret History of the CARDINAL, of, debated, argued, and judg And thereupon divers Comed from Day to Day. But in

« mifsioners were presently ap• conclusion, when these ancient pointed for this Design: So • Fathers of Law and Divinity • fome were sent to Cambridge,

parted, they were all of one some to Oxford, fome to LoJudgment, and that contrary Orain, others to Paris, fome to

to the Expectation of moit Orleans, others to Padua, all • Men. And I heard some of • at the proper Costs and Char☆ the most famous and learned ges of the King, which in the ? amongst them fay, the King's ' whole amounted to a great • Case was too obscure for any Sum of Money And all went

Man, and the Points therein out of this Realm, besides the s were doubtful to have any Re-Charge of the Ambassage to

solution therein, and so at that 6 those famous and notable Per• time with a general Consent fons of all the Universities, $ departed, without any Resolu especially such as bear the Rule, tion or Judgment.

or had the Custody of the U: • In this Affembly of Bishops 'niversity Seals, were fed by and divers other learned Men, the Commissioners with such s it was thought very expedient 'great Sums of Money, tha

that the King should send out they did easily condescend to s his Commiffioners into all U • their Requests, and grant their « niversities in Christendom, as

! Desires. well here in England, as fo By reason whereof all the reign Regions, there to have Commissioners returned with

this Case argued fubftantially, their Purpose, furnished ac• and to bring with them from ! cording to their Commissions ị thence every Definition of their « under the Seal of every seve& Opinions of the fame, under • ral University, whereat there $ the Seal of every University, was no small Joy conceived of 6 and thus for this Time were • the principal Parties. Infotheir Determinations.

( much that ever after the Com


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a Turkish Invasion in Hungary, the Turks becoming every Day more powerful : So that, in all likelihood, if Francis had not been so very hasty, the Emperor would have rather defifted from Burgundy, than have been exposed to so many Enemies at once. And these were the real Motives that prevailed on Charles to hasten the Conclusion of the Treaty of Madrid, contrary to the Instances and Opposition of many of his Counsellors.

But it seems what Francis did at the High Altar


By George CAVENDISH, Esq; missioners were had in great • the Pope, comprized in an In* Estimation, and highly advan • ftrument which was not long * ced, and liberally rewarded far • time in finishing. • beyond their worthy Deserts. • Nor was it long after that • Notwithstanding they prosper. ! the Ambassadors were assigned

ed, and the Matter went #ill! for this Design, who took their • forward, having now, as they ! Journey accordingly, having • thought, a sure Staff to lean certain Instruments, that if the upon.

• Pope would not thereupon • These Proceedings being de • consent to give Judgment de• clared unto my Lord Cardinal, finitively in the King's Case, • he sent again for the Bishops, then to require another Com

to whom he declared the Effect 6 million from his Holiness to be s of these Commissioners Pains * granted to his Legate, to esta! and, for Assurance thereof, • Blish a Court here in England, • shewed them the Instruments • for that Purpose only, to be

of each University under their • directed to my Lord Cardinal « feveral Seals; and the Business • Legate of England, and to

being thus handled, they went Cardinal Campian, Bishop of again to Consultation how Bath, which the King gave things should be ordered. • him at a certain Time, when • At last it was concluded, • he was sent Ambassador hither

that it was very mete the King • from the Pope his Holiness, to • should send unto the Pope his • determine and rightly judge

Holiness, the Opinions of both according to their Consciences. • Universities of England, and • To the which, after long Suit

also foreign Universities, which made, and for the Good-will

were manifestly authorized by of the said Cardinal, the Pope • their common Seals. And it granted their Suit. . was also thought fit the Opi Then they returned into Eng. ( nions of the worthy Prelates land, relating unto the King, of England should be sent to " that his Grace's Pleasure should



was only a Farce ; for, before he signed the Treaty, he made a formal, though secret, Protestation against it, in the Presence of a few trusty Witnesses and Notaries.

The Peace being proclaimed, King Francis and Queen Eleanor met, and were immediately married, þut did not bed together ; for, in less than two Hours after the Marriage, they parted. This looks as if there was more Compulsion than Good-liking in this Conjunction ; otherwise they would in all Likelihood, have proceeded to a Consummation.

The Emperor and the King for some Days after the Marriage remained together, and then set out


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The SECRET HISTORY of the CARDINAL. • be now brought to pass sub • which being read, it was des

ftantially, being never more • termined, that the King and the likely, considering the State 'good Queen, his lawful Wife, of the Judges.

• Thould be judged at Bridewell • Long was the Expectation, • and in Black-friars, and some on both sides for the coming • Place thereabouts the Court, to

over of the Legate from Rome, • be kept for the Disputation and • who at last arrived in England 1. Determination of the Causes and • with his Commiffion, and, be • Differences between the King ing much troubled with the 6 and the Queen, where they • Gout, his Journey was long were to repair before these two 4 and tedious e'er he could get 'Legates, who fat as Judges; • to London, who should have before whom the King and • been moft solemnly received Queen were cited and sum

at Black-heath; but he desired • moned to appear; which was

not to be so entertained with a ftrange Sight, and the newest • Pomp and Vain-glory ; and « Device that ever was heard , therefore he came very pri or read of in any Story or

vately on his own Horse with • Chronicle: A King and a • out Temple-bar, called Bath Queen to be compelled to ap

place, where he lay, the House • pear in a Court as common

being furnished of all manner Persons within their of Provision of my Lord's. So, « Realm and Dominions, and • after fome Deliberation and to abide the Judgments and Consultation, in the ordering

Decrees of their Subjects, being • of the King's Business, now in a Prerogative belonging to the • hand by his Commission, and Royal Diadem. [The Divorce • Articles of the Ambassage, too, we think, was very new.]


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from Torrejon de Valasco, and coming to a Cross where the Road parts, they took off their Hats, faying to each other, God keep you, Brother; and the Emperor took the Way to Toledo, and the King the other to Madrid, whence he continued his Journey to Fuenterabia, and so into France.

The Time drawing near when the Emperor was to marry Elizabeth, Princess of Portugal, she was conducted to the Frontiers of that Kingdom by the Princes, her Brothers, and the prime Nobility, where she




CH A P. XVI. A new Court erected to determine the King's Cafe, tro Cardinals

being Judges, having Power to convent the King and Queen ; the Ijue thereof. It is a wonderful Thing to • tions of good antient Laws,

consider the Strength of • Customs, and charitable Foun• Princes Wills, when they are dations were turned from the « bent to have their Pleasure ful • Relief of the Poor, to the ut• filled, wherein no reasonable • ter Deltruction and Desolation, • Persuasions will serve the Turn; • almost to the Subversion, of • how little do they regard the this noble Realm. • dangerous Sequels that may • It is a thousand Pities to un• ensue as well to themselves as • derstand the Things that since • to their Subjects ? And amongit • have happened to this Land,

all Things there is nothing • the Proof whereof hath taught • that makes them more wilful all us Englishmen lamentable • than carnal Love, and various • Experience. If Men's Eyes be affecting of voluptuous De not blind they may fee, and if • fires, wherein nothing could • their Ears be not stopped they • be of greater Experience than may hear, and if Pity be not

to see what Inventions were « exiled their Hearts may re• furnished, what Laws were en ·lent and lament at the Sequel • acted, what costly Edifices of • of this inordinate Love, altho' • noble and antient Monasteries ! it lasted but a while. O Lord

were overthrown, what Diver God with-hold thine Indignation • fities of Opinion then arose, from us ! " what Extortions

were then

• You shall understand, as I committed, how many learned • said before, that there was a • and good Men were then put • Court erected at Black-friars, ! to Death, and what Altera. London, where these two Car

• dinals

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