The Future Impact of Automation on Workers
While the computer revolution has created hundreds of thousands of new jobs, it has threatened as many other jobs with obsolescence and has often caused the displacement of workers by computer-based machines. Here, Nobel Prize-winning economist Wassily Leontief and Faye Duchin use the input-output approach, a method that has been widely applied in examining structural economic change, to analyze the complex issues surrounding the impact of computer-driven automation on employment. Following a general discussion of the impact of automation on employment, they focus on four specific sectors within the economy--manufacturing, office work, education, and health care. The input-output approach makes it possible to draw conclusions regarding both overall employment and the prospects for individual occupations. Taking account of the increased need for workers in the production of computer-based equipment, the authors conclude that by the year 2000 automation will not cause dramatic unemployment if the economy is able to achieve a smooth transition from the old to new technologies.
Co říkají ostatní - Napsat recenzi
Na obvyklých místech jsme nenalezli žádné recenze.
1 The Future Impact of Automation on Employment
2 The Automation of Manufacturing
3 The Automation of Office Work
4 Technological Change in Education
5 Technological Change in Health Care
Další vydání - Zobrazit všechny
affected assumptions automation average capacity capital coefficients cashiers chapter clerical workers CNC tools Code Sector column computer-based corresponding costs Department of Commerce Department of Labor described Determine Labor Coefficients Drafters economy Electric Industrial Equipment electronic courseware employment Engineers equation 3-2 estimates Fabricated Metal final deliveries final demand Frost and Sullivan future growth health-care Hospitals households Impact included increase industrial robots input structure input-output model International Data Corporation investment Kindred Products labor force labor requirements machine tools Machinery and Equipment mainframe computers managers Manufacturing matrix ment Metal million Miscellaneous office equipment office technology operations Products professionals projections Proportion purchases replacement requirements per unit S2 Scenario S3 S3 we assume sales workers Scenario S2 Scenario secretaries sector IEA sectoral output shown in Table tion typists U.S. Congress U.S. Department unit of output white-collar workers word processing
Všechny výsledky Vyhledávání knih »
Technology and Innovation in the International Economy
Úplné zobrazení - 1994