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EDITORIAL COMMENT.

The January Journal....

944

The Second Peace Conference of The Hague..

945

The Integrity of China and the “Open Door"

954

The Northeastern Fisheries Question..

963

Secretary Root's Visit to Mexico.....

964

The Regulation of Immigration and the Doctrine of Expatriation.... 967

The Case of Johnson v. Browne.

970

The Meeting of the International Law Association at Portland..

971

Recent Disturbances in Morocco..

975

The San Dominican “ Enabling Act”.

978

The Recent Anglo-Russian Convention..

979

The Dispute between the Argentine Republic and Uruguay as to their

Jurisdiction in the Rio de la Plata..

984

CHRONICLE OF INTERNATIONAL EVENTS. Henry G. Crocker...

989

PUBLIC DOCUMENTS RELATING TO INTERNATIONAL LAW. Philip De Witt

Phair

..1009

JUDICIAL DECISIONS INVOLVING QUESTIONS OF INTERNATIONAL LAW.

Baird v. Walker......

Browne v. United States..

1018

Johnson v. Browne...

.1022
In the Matter of the Probate of the Will of Young John Allen...

. 1029
Von Thodorovich v. Franz Josef Beneficial Association..

. 1039

BOOK REVIEWS: BOOK NOTES.

International Law as Interpreted During the Russo-Japanese War. F. E.

Smith and N. W. Sibley.......

..1044

The International Law and Diplomacy of the Russo-Japanese War. Amos

S. Hershey..

. 1044

La Proprieta Privata Nelle Guerre Marittime Secondo Il Diritto Inter-
nazionale Pubblico. Tullio Giordana.....

. 1052
Commerce in War. L. A. Atherly-Jones (assisted by Hugh H. L. Bellot)..1053
Problems of International Practice and Diplomacy with Special Reference

to The Hague Conferences and Conventions and other General Inter-
national Agreements. Sir Thomas Barclay..

1056
Arbitration in Latin America. Gonzalo de Quesada..

. 1061
Report of the Thirteenth Annual Meeting of the Lake Mohonk Confer-
ence on International Arbitration, 1907.

.1062

PERIODICAL LITERATURE OF INTERNATIONAL LAW.

.. 1065

ANNOUNCEMENT

The first issue of the AMERICAN JOURNAL OF INTERNATIONAL

Law aims to cover the year 1906. Hereafter each number will deal wholly or principally with the quarter immediately preceding the date of issue. It is therefore expected that the size of the JOURNAL will be lessened in proportion, but the space devoted to the leading articles will remain approximately the same.

JAMES BROWN SCOTT,

anaging Editor.

January, 1907

THE NEED OF POPULAR UNDERSTANDING OF

INTERNATIONAL LAW

The increase of popular control over national conduct, which marks the political development of our time, makes it constantly more important that the great body of the people in each country should have a just conception of their international rights and duties.

Governments do not make war nowadays unless assured of general and hearty support among their people; and it sometimes happens that governments are driven into war against their will by the pressure of strong popular feeling. It is not uncommon to see two governments striving in the most conciliatory and patient way to settle some matter of difference peaceably, while a large part of the people in both countries maintain an uncompromising and belligerent attitude, insisting upon the extreme and uttermost view of their own rights in a way which, if it were to control national action, would render peaceable settlement impossible.

One of the chief obstacles to the peaceable adjustment of international controversies is the fact that the negotiator or arbitrator who yields any part of the extreme claims of his own country and concedes the reasonableness of any argument of the other side is quite likely to be violently condemned by great numbers of his own countrymen who have never taken the pains to make themselves familiar with the merits of the controversy or have considered only the arguments on their own side. Sixty-four years have passed since the northeastern boundary between the United States and Canada was settled by the Webster-Ashburton treaty of 1842; yet to this day there are many people on our side of the line who condemn Mr. Webster for sacrificing our rights, and many people on the Canadian side of the line who blame Lord Ashburton for sacrificing their rights, in that treaty. Both sets of objectors cannot be right; it seems a fair inference that neither of them is right; yet both Mr. Webster and Lord Ashburton had to endure reproach and obloquy as the price of agreeing upon a settlement which has been worth to the peace and prosperity of each

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