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for this work. General divisions with regular faculty are formed at the university, notably in engineering, mathematics, drawing, business administration, and to some degree in languages. This is nothing new; private enterprise has been doing this for some time but it is obvious that the state can do more than any private enterprise.
Some idea of how extensive and diverse the work of the University Extension division is can be obtained from the following statistics :
There are now about 5000 active students taking the correspondence work; ninety-eight professors and instructors are supervising this work. Besides this, there are fifty-seven local classes in organized districts which the professors visit.
In the department of debating and public discussion about 80,000 articles are lent out annually throughout the state.
In the department of general information and welfare many institutes are held and much diverse work is done. Under its auspices were conducted the Milwaukee baker's institutes, the institute of municipal and social service of the same city, which ran twenty-one weeks last year and 140 conferences and lectures. The Wisconsin conference of criminal law works in connection with this department, as does also the Wisconsin conference of charities and corrections. An anti-tuberculosis exhibit, in cooperation with the Anti-Tuberculosis association, was carried on by this department, which reached some 112,000 people in this state. In all, nearly 500 lectures were given under this department. This same department maintains the municipal reference bureau which answers 1500 questions a year from many villages and cities throughout the state and which does much to organize the civic interest of these places.
The bureau of civic and social center development is also under this division. A national conference was held at Madison, under the auspices of this bureau, and some sixty-four communities or districts were assisted in bettering social center facilities. A lecture bureau sent out lecturers last year to some ninety communities in the state, with a total of 153 lectures.- Charles McCarthy, “The Wisconsin Idea,” p. 131-134.
QUESTIONS FOR REVIEW. PART IV
1. What can you say of the importance of state government? Explain in what ways the colonial governments served as models for the state governments. How are constitutions adopted? What do they contain? What is the “Bill of Rights”? In what ways may state constitutions be amended? What is the relation of the constitution to the government of the state? To statute law? To the courts? To what rights are the states entitled as members of the Union? What obligations do they incur? Discuss the powers of the state. How are new states admitted?
2. What powers of government are given to the governor? Is the office becoming more or less important? Explain. Describe the organization of the state legislature. Describe the work of committees. Explain the procedure by which a bill is introduced and becomes a law. Explain and give the purpose of the lobby. What limitations are imposed on the powers of the legislature by the national constitution? The state constitution? Describe the organization of the state courts.
3. Explain the relation between the governor and the administrative system of the state. What is the importance of his appointive power? Of his military
power? What are the duties of the lieutenant-governor? The secretary of state? The attorney-general? The superintendent of public instruction? What are the advantages of administrative commissions? Why are they criticised? Describe the steps taken in the trying of a criminal case. What are the duties of a grand jury?
4. What functions does the state perform in the promotion of public health? In the protection of public morals? What is the purpose of the state reformatory? Of the industrial school for girls? Why should criminals be made to work? Mention some systems of convict labor. What functions does the state perform with reference to defective classes? Describe some of the economic functions which the state performs.
SUBJECTS FOR SPECIAL STUDY 1. The Growth of Administrative Commissions. 2. The Conservation of State Resources.
3. The Short Ballot in connection with State Administration.
4. Industrial Education. 5. Workingmen's Compensation Legislation. 6. Prison Reform Movements. 7. The Regulation of Public Utilities. 8. Income, Inheritance, and Single Tax proposals