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Entered according to Act of Congress, in the year 1869,

By ELIAS BARR,

In the Clerk's Office of the District Court of the United States,

for the Eastern District of Pennsylvania.

PEARSOL & GEIST, PRINTERS,

LANCASTER, PA.

PREFACE.

The historical part of this work really terminates with the Revolution, the events subsequent to that period being embodied in the later Divisions.

The most diligent search has failed to bring to light the Military Record of the County during the wars with Great Britain in 1812–1814, and with Mexico. In this connection it is also proper to state that in the absence of complete and authentic lists of the sons of Lancaster County in the Regular Service of the United States, it has been thought expedient to leave that part of the Military Record unnoticed. For want of authentic information several of the lists of public officers begin at a comparatively late date. The hope is indulged that after the lapse of several years, when a new edition of this work shall be called for, these and other deficencies may be supplied. Much valuable material, now scattered and inaccessible, might be procured and rendered permanently available by the formation of local historical societies in every section of the County affiliated to a General Historical Society at Lancaster. By far the larger portion of the material is new; it might easily have been doubled,

Y but restricted to prescribed limits, I have been guided by the principle to select documents of the greatest interest to the largest number of people.

As the volume has been greatly enriched and my labors much lightened by valuable contributions from numerous quarters, for which due credit has been attempted to be given in every instance, I beg here thankfully to acknowledge all the favors and facilities extended to me by individual friends named at the proper places, also by the officers of the Historical Society of Pennsylvania, the Hon. Isaac B. Gara, late Assistant Secretary of the Commonwealth, and Professor S. S. Haldeman, who has read the proofs of those sections relating to the Natural History of the County, embraced within pages 528 to 544, and pages 580 to 604.

The labors of Mr. I. D. Rupp have been of great use to me, and I have tried, wherever extracts from his work have been made, to give due credit.

I shall deem it a favor to receive from any quarter well authenticated statements relating to the numerous topics of interest treated in this work which, with becoming diffidence, is now submitted to the public in the hope that it may be kindly received as a humble contribution to the local history of this Great Commonwealth.

J. I. MOMBERT. LANCASTER, PA., May 27, 1869.

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Baptists.........

Mennonites Old...............

Reformed......

Omish. .........

Seventh Day....

Tunkers.....................

Winebrennarians.....

Episcopalians.......

Evangelical Association......

Friends.......

German Reformed.

Jews......

Lutherans

Methodists

Moravians.....

Presbyterians.

Roman Catholics.............

New Jerusalem Church

United Brethren ....

DIVISION VI. EDUCATIONAL AND LITERARY.

Tabular Statement...............

Litiz Schools......

Franklin and Marshall College.....

State Normal School..

Private Schools

Libraries......
Linnæan Society.
Horticultural Society.

Newspapers in Lancaster County......
DIVISION VII. AGRICULTURAL AND INDUSTRIAL..

Statistics of Agriculture.........
Valuation of Real Estate........
Statistics of Manufacture......
Internal Revenue.........
Manufacture of Iron........
Iron Ores......
Paper Mills......
Cotton Mills...

Banks and Insurance. Appendir......
DIVISION VIII. PHILANTHROPIC..............

Orphan Asylum.......
Bishop Bowman Church Home....
Ilome for Friendless Children ......
Masons, Free and Accepted ..........
Odd-Fellows, Independent Order of...
Red Men, Improved Order of.......
United American Mechanics, Order of......

Junior.......
Good Templars, Independent Order of ..........
Roman Catholic Beneficiary Societies.
Good Fellows, Ancient Order of...........
Druids, Independent Order of......
Seven Wise Men, Independent Order of......

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