English Prosodic Morphology
Springer Science & Business Media, 17. 2. 2008 - Počet stran: 316
In the past years I have spent much of my time writing what in the end has become a very long book about very short words. What has emerged is a complex, but also a clear and empirically founded picture of the structural properties of English tr- cated words as well as an optimality-theoretic model of these properties in the research tradition of Prosodic Morphology. These will be of use to linguists int- ested in the structure of English as well as to those interested in phonological and / or morphological theory. I have deliberately kept separate the empirical analysis and the theoretical account of the data, so that the book can be used by scholars working within OT as well as by those who do not. Finally, the style as well as the structure of the text are such that the book may not only have an academic readership, but may also be recommended as supplementary reading in pertinent university courses at both undergraduate and graduate levels. The project had its origins in a small analysis of a few structural aspects of English truncated names that I did as part of the requirements for a graduate se- nar on Prosodic Morphology at the University of Marburg, taught by Ingo Plag and Birgit Alber.
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analysis assume attested Australian English base form base name base word behaviour bimoraic candidate categorically CHAID chapter clipped words cluster is retained cluster preservation coda COINCIDE-stress consonant clusters CONTIGUITY contrast corpus correspondence Crucially database disyllabic truncated effect English truncated example expletive infixation extrametrical extrasyllabic faithfulness constraints final syllable fricative Furthermore generalisation homorganic initial syllable intervocalic laxing main-stressed syllable markedness constraints McCarthy & Prince minimal word mixed clusters monosyll monosyllabic clippings monosyllabic truncated forms monosyllabic truncated names name truncation nasal-initial clusters nasal-stop clusters nonhomorganic o-suffixed clippings obstruent clusters optimality-theoretic output pertinent phonological phonotactics Piñeros postvocalic Prosodic Morphology r]-initial clusters ranking relevant restrictions retention secondary stress segmental segmental stability sonority stressed syllable suffixed syllable coda syllable structure syllable weight templatic tense vowel trun truncatory patterns truncatory processes unsuffixed disyllabic clippings variable violated Weeda whereas Wiese word clipping word structure word-final consonant y-hypocoristics y-suffixed