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EXPLANATION OF PLATE II.
The figures are obtained by a combined photographic process. numbered according to the system Redtenbacher-Comstock. media, v = cubitus.
iii radius, iv
The veins are
Fig. 8. Eurymus edusa. Attention is called to the slipping forward of iii,. If a comparison is made with my figure of Eurymus hyale (l. c., Fig. 7) it will be found that in this type of the genus the distance traversed by this vein along radius is slightly greater than in edusa, which is so far the more generalized form. A specialized type.
Fig. 9. Meganostoma cæsonia. Type of genus. Attention is called to the
remains of i on secondary wings. On primary wing vein iii, halts opposite cross-vein. A subspecialized type on the direct line to Eurymus. Mr. Scudder prefers zerene for this genus.
Fig. 10. Callidryas eubule. Type of genus. A generalized four-branched type. Vein ii, in original position.
Fig. 11. Nymphalis lucilla. Type of family, subfamily and genus. Vein iii given off upon external margin. Attention is called to the generalized state of the radius, common to all brush-footed butterflies. Also to the specialized condition of the median branches, which have joined the radial and cubital systems respectively. The cross-vein has vanished and the media, as a system, has virtually disappeared from the wing. Veins ii and iit on hind wings absorbed to point of issue of i.
Fig. 12. Pararge ageria. Type of genus and subfamily. Attention is called to position of cross-vein on hind wings and to the fact that iv, has joined cubitus. Compare with the following figure in this respect.
Fig. 13. Agapetes galathea Q. Type of genus, subfamily and family. A more
generalized type than the preceding. The lower branch of media, vein iv, arises from cross-vein and is not permanently joined to the cubital system.
EXPLANATION OF PLATE III.
The figures are obtained by combined photographic process. The veins are numbered according to the system Redtenbacher-Comstock.
iii = radius, iv
media, v = cubitus.
Fig. 14. Oeneis norna. Type of genus. Attention is directed to the fact that this is a more generalized form, belonging to the Agapetine with iv, from cross-vein, by the strongly closed cell and equidistance of the branches. The position assigned by Mr. Scudder, "at the head" of the brush-footed butterflies, cannot be a proper one. The genus
seems related to Erebia (1. c., Fig. 23).
Fig. 15. Heliconius antiochus. Type of genus and family. From its total
characters a more generalized type than that of the Agapetidæ. Fig. 16. Limnas chrysippus. Type of genus and family. Still more generalized. Attention is drawn to the strong condition of vein viii on fore wings.
Fig. 17. Libythea celtis. Type of genus and family. Outline of wings resembling Polygonia. Vein viii of primaries strong and position of iv2 nearly central. In other characters specialized. ii and iii on hind wings fused to issue of i.
Fig. 18. Euschatzia morvus. Type of genus. The radial branches have intersected with subcosta. A long fork; furcation of iii, and iii, long, but shorter than in Charaxes. Compare text.
AN OLD BROADSIDE, WITH A REFERENCE TO THE THRONE OF CONGRESS.
BY JULIUS F. SACHSE.
(Read January 21, 1898.)
A short time ago our efficient Librarian, Dr. I. Minis Hays, during his investigations among the miscellaneous property of the Society, discovered a bundle of old papers which bore the legend, "Of not much value." Upon opening the parcel almost the first paper examined proved to be a small German broadside over a century old. It was printed upon what is known as a quarto sheet, measuring seven by nine inches; it was without date or imprint, and the title simply told that it was a description of a silk serviette or handkerchief. Certainly not one to attract any special attention. Closer examination, however, showed that this advertisement or broadside was really the description of a fine specimen of the weaver's art, executed in silk damask or brocade, which had been made and distributed either in France or Germany, or perhaps in both countries, during the darkest days of the American struggle for freedom, with the express purpose of furthering America's interests in her battle for liberty.
The whole design appears to have been elaborate and symbolical, in which the portrait of Benjamin Franklin, Minister to the Court. of France and President of the American Philosophical Society, occupied the most prominent position.
Diligent inquiry among scholars well versed in Revolutionary matters, both historical and pictorial, has failed in bringing to light any other notice of either the broadside or the allegorical handkerchief which was the basis for its publication; and it is but fair to assume that the printed sheet now brought to your notice, to say the least, is unique. The date of the making of our serviette, as it appears from the incidents and inscriptions woven in the fabric, must have been during the summer of 1778, evidently but a short time after the news of the British evacuation of Philadelphia reached the continent.
Another peculiarity of it is that it is couched in that peculiar kind of German, largely interspersed with French words and sentences,