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regions, have been rewarded by many important discoveries. Such efforts lead not only to national greatness and the advancement of science, but are likely to confer still more important blessings on mankind at large. The English language is now spoken, and the English laws are established, over a great portion of the globe; and we cannot but believe that the design of Divine Providence in giving to England its vast colonial empire, has been to afford this country the opportunity of extending the religion of our Lord and Saviour all over the world. In some degree this paramount duty has been acknowledged, as we have already seen, by the establishment of colonial bishoprics, and the sending forth of colonial clergy. The last ten years have witnessed mighty and self-denying efforts on the part of the Church in the work of evangelizing the heathen.
And the Church has not been inactive at home. A new English bishopric, the first since the reign of Henry VIII., has been founded; measures have been taken to make the pastoral influence of the clergy felt in men's hearts and homes by reducing the size of dioceses and parishes; a vast number of new churches have been built; schools have been multiplied; and endeavours made to educate persons of every class in 'His statutes and His judgments, which, if a man do, he shall even live in them."
It cannot be concealed that there have been objectionable circumstances in the manner in which even the best things have been brought about; that distrust has prevailed sometimes even among brethren labouring for the same good end; and that sound principles appear occasionally to have been in peril, and this remark is applicable to ecclesiastical as well as to civil affairs,-but, on the whole, the events of our history, and the conflicting passions and interests of men, have been so overruled hitherto as to issue in the establishment of the happiest government, which the world has ever seen. No country possesses in an equal degree the blessing of a rational and manly freedom; nor has any been more favoured with an intelligent and industrious population, and a succession of distinguished men in every branch of mental and practical excellence. Above all, God has wonderfully preserved, through all these generations,
2 See pp. 165, 166.
and all the trials to which it has been exposed, that branch of Christ's Holy Catholic Church, which we believe to be the purest that can be found in Christendom.
May we show our thankfulness for these blessings by using them rightly! May we value them duly in our own generation, and earnestly endeavour to hand them down unimpaired to those that shall come after us; and ever preserve a lively recollection of the duty incumbent on us, to labour diligently in the great work of making known God's way to all the earth, His saving health unto all nations.
THE END OF THE HISTORY.
HISTORY OF ENGLAND,
ILLUSTRATED FROM HER POETS.
THE BRITONS BEFORE AND UNDER THE
BOLD were those Britons, who, the careless sons
Who saw'st thy Cæsar, from the naked land,
The North remain'd untouch'd, where those who scorn'd
From sea to sea desponding legions raised
The wall immense; and yet, on Summer's eve,
While sport his lambkins round, the shepherd's gaze,
As often, check'd, receded; threatening hoarse
1 The Druids, Bards, and other authorities of the Celtic nations taught that death in war was succeeded by life in another body.
2 The Caledonians, afterwards called Picts, and the Scots, pouring from the north like a storm on the southern part of the island, despite of the Roman fortifications.
The sword behind him flash'd; before him roar'd,
Silurian swains, and Boadicea taught
BRITAIN FROM THE SAXON INVASION TO THE
THEN, (sad relief!) from the bleak coast that hears
They brought an happy government along,
And which of old through the whole Scythian mass
Prevail'd their general-king, and chieftain-thanes.
3. The Saxons, a Gothic tribe, believed that men killed in war were carried to Odin's Hall, there to banquet for ever.
1. The poet supposes the Genius of Liberty to be relating the progress of liberty in Britain,
In many a field, by civil fury stain'd,
No sooner dawn'd the fair disclosing calm
The Danish raven 5, lured by annual prey,
Of barbarous pirates unremitting tore
The miserable coast. Before them stalk'd,
Rapine, and murder, all with blood besmear'd,
While close behind them march'd the sallow power
In grass-grown cities, and in desert fields;
Ev'n friendship scared, in sickening horrour sinks
Spread, from the Humber's loud-resounding shore,
His edge of courage, and depress'd the soul
THE NORMAN CONQUEST.
THE Woman-hearted Confessor prepares
Hark! 'tis the tolling Curfew!-the stars shine;
5 The ancient Danish standard was a figure of a raven.