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this to the opposite extreme was very abrupt and sudden (Ferguson). The fontange was a streaming riband on the top of a high head-dress introduced into fashion by the Duchesse de Fontanges, one of the mistresses of Louis the Fourteenth.

11. 8, 9. we appeared ... them, “And there we saw the giants, the sons of Anak, which come of the giants ; and we were in our own sight as grasshoppers, and so we were in their sight,” Numbers, xiii. 33.

11. 12, 3. want ... five, are less than five feet high. curtailed, cut down, shortened ; the verb is from the adjective curtal, having a docked tail.

l. 19.. sizeable, of a fair size. 1. 23. insulted by women, i.e. by their superior height. 1. 28. for adding, in favour of adding. 1. 30. her plans, sc. of nature. So, speaking of a skeleton, Tennyson, The Vision of Sin, 187, 8, “Lo! God's likeness—the ground-plan, Neither modell’d, glazed, or framed.”

P. 47, 1. 1. coiffure, style of head-dress ; from coif, a cap.
1. 3. valuable, sc. for their good sense.
1. 5. admire, wonder; the older and more literal sense.

1. 9. orders, styles ; a word applied to architectural styles, e.g. the Corinthian order, the Gothic order.

1. 12. Juvenal, Decimus Junius, the great Roman satirist who flourished towards the close of the first century.

1. 13. orders and stories, tiers and flights; story, the height of one floor in a building, often spelt storey, to distinguish it from story, a narrative; froin 0.F. estorée, a thing built.

1. 25. Pigmy, a very diminutive person ; more properly spelt. Pygmy, om Gk. IIuyuaiol, the race of Pygmies, fabulous dwarfs of the length of a truyuń, i.e. the length from the elbow to the fist, about thirteen inches. Cp. Milton, P. L. i. 575, 6, “that small infantry Warred on by cranes.

1. 26. Colossus, a gigantic statue ; particularly the celebrated Colossus at Rhodes, dedicated to the sun, seventy ells high ; hence used of any one of a gigantic size.

1. 27. fontanges, see note on ll. 5-7, above.

1. 32. this Gothic building, an allusion to the Gothic order of architecture and also to the word "Gothic' as a synonym for barbarous, rude. The Goths were a powerful German people who played an important part in the overthrow of the Roman empire, whence.'Gothic' came to mean anything that was hostile to civilization.

P. 48, 1. 1. commode, see note, p. 46, 11. 5-7 ; commode is a

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French substantive = arrangement, formed from the adjective of the same spelling in the sense of convenient,''suitable.'

1. 1-3. as the magicians ... apostle, “Many of them also that used curious arts brought their books together and burned them before all men,” Acts, xix. 19.

1. 13. it lay ... persecution, it was so abhorred that those per. sisting in it were subject to a kind of persecution.

11. 19, 20. like ... horns, snails, when disturbed, rapidly withdrawing themselves into their shells from which they had protruded their heads.

1. 26. exorbitance, extravagance; literally a going beyond the proper orbit, as “eccentricity' is a departing from the centre.

1. 28. the fashion, i.e. of the time. P. 49, 1. 1. double row of ivory, the upper and lower teeth. 1. 3. curious ... sense, the ears.

1. 7. cupola, crowning glory ; a cupola is a sort of dome, or cup-shaped roof of a building ; Lat. cupa, a cup.

1. 11. gew-gaws, toys, playthings, trifles. bone-lace, lace in setting out the pattern of which the lace-makers formerly used bones instead of pins ; cp. T.N. ii. 4. 45, “the free maids that weave their thread with bones," and Fletcher's Scornful Lady, v. 2, “she cuts cambric at a thread, weaves bone-lace, and quilts balls.”


1. 17. coquettes, see note on p. 43, 11. 1.3. 1. 24. do more execution, cause more slaughter (figuratively).

1. 25. entire ... weapon, as perfectly skilled in the use of their weapon, the fan, as men are taught to be in the use of the sword. Here the academy is in imitation of the fencing-schools in which the art of defence was taught, and degrees of Scholar, Master, Provost, conferred.

P. 50, 1. 5. Handle ... Fans, in imitation of the words of command used in the sword and musket exercises.

1. 15. modish, fashionable, 'the mode' meaning the proper mode, the mode or method in vogue among fashionable women.

11. 21-3. then gives fan, gestures common with ladies in society.

1. 25. close, closed, not unfurled.

1. 28. flirts, shakes ; from A.S. fleard, a piece of folly, a giddy action.

11. 29, 30. many ... Itself, many loosenings of the folds of the fan that from the easy grace with which it is handled seems to

open of itself.


1. 32. discovers, reveals. Cp. p. 22, 1. 23.

11. 32-4. an infinite number ... figures, the fans being painted in a variety of designs.

P. 51, 1. 2. one general crack, a report, like that of a feu de joie with muskets, caused by all the fans being sharply closed at the same instant; the word Discharge keeping up the metaphor of the discharge of a fire-arm.

1. 5. their first entrance, their first admission to the academy. give a pop, produce a report.

1. 9. letting off, discharging ; again keeping up the same metaphor.

1. 11. may come in properly, may be used with propriety and to advantage.

1. 17. in course, in the regular order. of things ; as in musketry exercise the grounding of the musket follows upon discharging it.

1. 22. with an air, with a fashionable, graceful, gesture.

11. 27, 8. like ladies ... visit, as ladies are wont to do, after paying a long visit, as an excuse for leaving.

1. 30. Recover, another military term, used when, after standing at ease,' the troops being drilled again bring their muskets to the proper position for using them.

1. 35. lay aside, reserve as the proper season for their exercise. dog-days, in the middle of summer, so called because the dog-star, canicula, is then overhead, and is supposed to cause extreme heat.

P. 52, 1. 12. a disciplined lady, a lady who has been well drilled in the exercise of the fan.

1. 15. come within the wind of it, ventured within range of the fierce blast caused by its being waved with such anger.

11. 16-8. that I have been glad ... from it, as otherwise the lover would have been likely to take an undue advantage of the encouragement to his hopes which the languishing air of the fan seemed to imply. à prude, one who affects an excess of modesty.

11. 27, 8. of gallanting a fan, of carrying, fetching, handing, the fan in the way that a gallant, graceful-mannered, admirer of a lady should do.

1. 29. plain fans, fans that are not decorated like those used by ladies, and that can be handled by untrained youths without damage from their awkwardness.


P. 53, 11. 14, 5. without merry, without worrying me by efforts to make me seem more cheerful ; letting me alone when not inclined to mirth.

1. 16. only shows ... distance, knowing my natural shyness. 1. 17, 8. stealing a sight, furtively trying to get a glimpse of me.

1. 22. staid, sedate. 1. 25. are all in years, are all getting old. 11. 26, 7. valet de chambre, personal servant, one who attends him in his bed-room, helping to dress and undress him, etc.

1. 29. a privy-councillor, a member of the sovereign's Privy Council, and therefore presumed to be a man of wisdom and discretion.

1. 30. even ... house-dog, even in the ways of the old house-dog, who shows in his behaviour the affectionate treatment to which he has been used.

1. 31. pad, horse ridden on a pad, or stuffed saddle. So we speak of a 'pad' elephant as opposed to one carrying a hauda.

P. 54, 1. 10. tempered, mixed.

1.-12. humanity, kindness of manner. engages, binds with affection.

1. 13. is pleasant ... them, makes jokes in a pleasant way at

their expense.

l. 14. family, household.
1. 17. concern, anxiety. Cp. p. 15, 1. 23.

11. 26, 7. in the nature of a chaplain, as a sort of domestic priest. In those days gentlemen of means, especially those living in the country, generally had a private chaplain attached to the household.

1. 35. extravagance, wildness, exuberance. P. 55, 1. 1. cast, see note on p. 17, 1. 18.

1. 8. insulted ... Greek, humiliated by a display of learning which his own education had neglected.

1. 11. aspect, personal appearance.

1. 12. backgammon, a game played with moveable pieces, as in draughts, upon a board marked with 'points' or divisions, the moves of the pieces being regulated by the numbers thrown by a pair of dice, and the object being with each player to move his pieces from his own 'table,' or division of the board, to that of

his opponent and then to be the first to get them off the board altogether, a result in the main due to luck in throwing the dice, though considerable skill is required in moving the pieces. The game, though still played, is not so much in vogue as in Addison's day; the origin of the word is uncertain.

1. 18. he shall find, the shall indicates determination, not mere futurity.

1. 31. pronounce, deliver. 1. 32. digested, arranged.

P. 56, 1. 1. preached, was to preach, i.e. whose sermon was to be read.

1. 2. the Bishop of St. Asaph, at that time Dr. William Fleetwood.

11. 3-6. South, Tillotson, Saunderson, Barrow, Calamy, all famous divines of the period.

1. 18. endeavour after, aim at.

11. 18, 9. a handsome elocution, an agreeable manner of delivery, due to the words being clearly and accurately pronounced, the sentences well marked, the emphasis placed where it should be, etc.

1. 20. proper to enforce, suited to impress, calculated to lay due stress upon.

1. 22. edifying, instructive; originally used in the literal sense of building up'; now confined to figurative building up.


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1. 27. Mr. William Wimble, “A Yorkshire gentleman, whose name was Mr. Thomas Morecraft”.(Ferguson).

1. 28. with his service, with an expression of his good-will; with his compliments, as we now say.

P. 57, 1. 4. a jack, a pike, a river fish of a very voracious character and one affording considerable sport to the fisherman ; in some parts of the country the name ‘jack’ is used only of young pike.

1. 8. the bowling-green, in former days the game of bowls was a very favourite pastime, and few country seats were without their bowling green; nowadays these greens are rarely to be seen except in the Fellows' Gardens at the Universities.

11. 11, 2. I have not ... past, i.e. have been constantly on horseback for the last six days, riding about the country round Eaton.

1. 13. hugely, with the keenest appetite; a. word that in a figurative sense seems to be growing obsolete.

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