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ANALYSIS OF FOOD AND DRUGS IN THE DISTRICT OF
Sec. 1. Adulterating foods or drugs in the 11. Analysis to be under control of District of Columbia; penalty.
Commissioner of Internal Reve2. Adulteration and sale of drugs. 3. Sale by innocent parties.
12. Purchaser may have article ana4. Food and drugs to be of nature lyzed. and quality demanded by pur
Health officer to submit articles chaser.
for analysis. 5. Sale of compounds to be as de- 13. Refusal to sell to health officer; manded by purchaser.
penalty. 6. Altering articles of food injuri- 14. Definitions of words "food" and ously.
drug." 7. Burden of proof.
15. Oleomargarine act of August 2, 8. Purchase of articles with written 1886, not affected. warranty.
16. Commissioner of Internal Revenue 9. Forging warranty.
may declare certain articles ex10. Applying false warranty or label empt from provisions of this to article.
An act to prevent the manufacture or sale of adulterated food or drugs in the District of Columbia, approved October 12, 1888. SEC. 1. That no person within the District of
Columbia shall mix, color, stain, or powder, foods or drugs or order or permit any other person to mix, turing for de color, stain, or powder, any article of food or
drugs with any ingredient or material so as to
render the article injurious to health, or manufacture any article of food which shall be composed in whole or in part of diseased, decomposed, offensive, or unclean animal or vegetable substance, with the intent that the same may be sold in the said District, and no person shall sell in the District of Columbia any such
stances, in District of Columbia.
article so mixed, colored, stained, powdered, or manufactured. Any person violating this section shall be guilty of a misdemeanor, and for each offense be fined not exceeding two hundred dollars for the first offense, and for each subsequent offense not exceeding three hundred dollars, or imprisonment not exceeding one year, or both, in the discretion of the court.
Sec. 2. That no person shall, within the District of Columbia, except for the purpose of compounding as hereinafter described, mix, color, drugs affecting stain, or powder, or order or permit any other quality properson to mix, color, stain, or powder, any drug with any ingredient or material so as to affect injuriously the quality or potency of such drug, with intent that the same may be sold in the said District of Columbia, and no person shall sell any such drug so mixed, colored, stained, or powdered, under the same penalty in each case respectively as in the preceding section for a first and subsequent offense.
Sec. 3. That no person shall be liable to be convicted under either of the two last foregoing Sale by innosections of this act in respect of the sale of any article of food, or of any drug, if he shows to the satisfaction of the court before whom he is charged that he did not know of the article of food or drug sold by him being so mixed, colored, stained, or powdered, as in either of those sections mentioned, and that he could not, with reasonable diligence, have obtained that knowledge.
SEC. 4. That no person shall sell in the District of Columbia any article of food or drug which is Food and drugs not of the nature, substance, and quality of and quality dethe article demanded by any purchaser ; and purchaser.
No offense where non-injurious necessary ingredi
any person violating this section shall be guilty of a
misdemeanor, and for the first offense be fined
not exceeding fifty dollars, and for each subsequent offense not exceeding one hundred dollars, or imprisonment not exceeding six months, or both, in the discretion of the court: Provided, That an offense shall not be deemed to be committed under this section in the following cases, that is to say: First. Where any matter or ingredient not injurious
to health has been added to the food or drug
because the same is required for the producents are used. tion or preparation thereof as an article of commerce, in a state fit for carriage or consumption, and not fraudulently to increase the bulk, weight, or measure of the food or drug, or conceal the inferior quality thereof.
Second. Where the drug or food is a proprietary medicine.
Third. Where the food or drug is com
pounded as authorized by this act. Fourth. Where the food or drug is unavoidably
mixed with some extraneous matter in the
process of collection or preparation. Sec. 5. That no person shall sell in the District of
Columbia any compound article of food or o delamodel compounded drug which is not composed of
ingredients in accordance with the demand of the purchaser. Any person violating this section
shall be guilty of a misdemeanor and fined
not exceeding fifty dollars : Provided, That no person shall be guilty of any such offense as aforesaid in respect of the sale of an article of food or a drug mixed with any matter or ingredient not injurious to health, and not intended fraudulently to increase its
Where authorized compound.
Where unavoidably mixed.
Sale of com
pounds to be
constitute an offense.
bulk, weight, or measure, or conceal its inferior quality, if at the time of delivering such article or when not to drug he shall supply to the person receiving the same a notice, by a label, distinctly and legibly written or printed on or with the article or drug, to the effect that the same is mixed.
Sec. 6. That no person shall, in the District of Columbia, with the intent that the same may Altering artibe sold in its altered state without notice, injuriously. subtract from any article of food any part of it so as to affect injuriously its quality, substance, or nature, and no person shall sell any article so altered without making disclosure of the alteration, and any person violating the provisions of this section shall be guilty of a misdemeanor and fined not exceeding one hundred dollars.
SEC. 7. That in any prosecution under this act, where the fact of an article having been sold in a mixed state has been proved, if the de- of prgof. fendant shall desire to rely upon proviso contained in this act, it shall be incumbent upon him to prove the same.
Sec. 8. That if the defendant in any prosecution under this act prove to the satisfaction of the court that he had purchased the article in articles with question as the same in nature, substance, ranty. and quality as that demanded of him by the purchaser, and with a written warranty to that effect; that he had no reason to believe at the time when he sold it that the article was otherwise ; and that he sold it in the same state as when he purchased it, he shall be discharged from the prosecution.
Sec. 9. That any person who shall forge, or shall alter knowing it to be forged, any certificate or any writing purporting to contain a war
ranty, as provided in section eight of this act, shall be guilty of a misdemeanor, and be punishable, on conviction, by imprisonment for a term not exceeding one year with hard labor.
Sec. 10. That every person who shall willfully apApplying false ply to any article of food or a drug a cerwarranty or la: tificate or warranty given in relation to any
other article or drug, or who shall give a false warranty in writing to any purchaser in respect of an article of food or a drug sold by him as principal or agent, or who shall willfully give a label with
articles sold by him which shall falsely describe the article sold, shall be guilty of a misdemeanor, and on conviction be fined not to exceed one hundred dollars.
Sec. 11. That the analysis provided for in this act Analysis to be shall be under the control of the Commis
sioner of Internal Revenue, under such rules
and regulations as may be prescribed by the Secretary of the Treasury.
Sec. 12. That any purchaser of an article of food Purchaser may or of a drug in the said District shall be en
titled to have such article analyzed by such analyst, and to receive from him a certificate of the re
sult of his analysis, and any health officer, inspector of nuisances, or any food inspector
may procure any sample of food or drug, and if he suspects the same to have been sold to him contrary to any provision of this act he shall submit the same to the Commissioner of Internal Revenue to be analyzed, who shall with all convenient speed cause such analysis to be made, and give a certificate to such officer wherein he shall specify the result of the analysis.
Sec. 13. That if any officer mentioned in section
under control of Conimissioner of Internal Revenue.
have article analyzed.
Health officer to submit articles for analysis.