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It is also agreed that Chinese laborers shall continue to enjoy the privilege of transit across the Transit of Chiterritory of the United States in the course across the terof their journey to or from other countries, United States. subject to such regulations by the government of the United States as may be necessary to prevent said privilege of transit from being abused.

Art. 4. In pursuance of article 3 of the immigration treaty between the United States and China, signed at Peking on the 17th day of November, 1880 (the 15th day of the tenth month of Kwanghsü, sixth year), it is hereby understood and agreed that Chinese laborers or Chinese of any other class, either permanently or temporarily residing in the United States, shall have for the protection of their persons Protection of and property all rights that are given by the property of laws of the United States to citizens of the United States. most favored nation, excepting the right to become naturalized citizens. And the government of the United States reaffirms its obligation, as stated in said article 3, to exert all its power to secure protection to the persons and property of all Chinese subjects in the United States.

Art. 5. The government of the United States, having by an act of the Congress, approved May 5, 1892, as amended by an act approved Chinese lahorNovember 3, 1893, required all Chinese la- States der borers lawfully within the limits of the vember 3, 1893, United States before the passage of the first named act to be registered as in said acts provided, with a view of affording them better protection, the Chinese government will not object to the enforcement of such acts, and reciprocally the government of the United States recognizes the right of the govern

Registry of

5, 1892, and No


Citizens of United States in China may also be registered by Chinese government.

Government of the United States to furnish govern

residing in China.

ment of China to enact and enforce similar laws or regulations for the registration, free of charge, of all

laborers, skilled or unskilled (not merchants as defined by said acts of Congress), citizens of the United States in China, whether resid

ing within or without the treaty ports. And the government of the United States agrees

that within twelve months from the date of

the exchange of the ratifications of this conmuually with vention, and annually thereafter, it will furStates citizens nish to the government of China registers or

reports showing the full name, age, occupation, and number or place of residence of all other citizens of the United States, including missionaries, residing both within and without the treaty ports of China, not including, however, diplomatic and other officers of the United States residing or traveling in China upon official business, together with their body and household servants. ART. 6. This convention shall remain in force for

a period of ten years beginning with the date ten years from of the exchange of ratifications, and if, six tion unless the months before the expiration of the said of termination period of ten years, neither government shall

have formally given notice of its final termination to the other, it shall remain in full force for another like period of ten years.

In faith whereof, we, the respective plenipotentiaries, have signed this convention and have hereunto affixed

Treaty to remain in force

to continue ten years longer.

our seals.

Done, in duplicate, at Washington, the 17th day of March, A. D. 1894.

WALTER Q. GRESHAM [SEAL). (Chinese Signature) [SEAL].

AND WHEREAS, the said convention has been duly ratified on both parts, and the ratifications of the two governments were exchanged in the city of Washington on the 7th day of December, one thousand eight hundred and ninety-four;

Now, therefore, be it known that I, GROVER CLEVELAND, President of the United States of America, have caused the said convention to be made public, to the end that the same and every article and clause thereof may

be observed and fulfilled with good faith by the United States and the citizens thereof.

In witness whereof I have hereunto set my hand and caused the seal of the United States to be affixed.

Done at the city of Washington this 8th day

of December, in the year of our Lord one (SEAL] thousand eight hundred and ninety-four,

and of the Independence of the United States the one hundred and nineteenth.

GROVER CLEVELAND. By the President:

W.Q. GRESHAM, Secretary of State.



Act October 1, 1890 — The McKinley Bill."



36. Tax of $10 per pound on domestic 39. Certain provisions of existing laws smoking-opium.

relative to tobacco and snuff 37. Requirements of manufacturer. made applicable. Bond to be given.

40. Penalty for violation of act. 38. Imported and domestic smoking- Forfeiture of unstamped smokingopium must be stamped.

opium wherever found.

Act Oct. 1, 1890, imposper pound on domestic smokingopium. Manufacturer must be a citizen.

Act Oct. 1, 1890.

SEC. 36. That an internal revenue tax of ten dol

lars per pound shall be levied and collected jing taun 10 upon all opium manufactured in the United

States for smoking purposes; and no person shall engage in such manufacture who is not

a citizen of the United States, and who has not given the bond required by the Commissioner of Internal Revenue. Sec. 37. That every manufacturer of such opium

shall file with the collector of internal revenue Manufacturer, of the district in which his manufactory is lo

cated such notices, inventories, and bonds, shall keep such books and render such returns of material and products, shall put up such signs and affix such number to his factory, and conduct his business under such surveillance of officers and agents, as the Commissioner of Internal Revenue, with the approval of the Secretary of the Treasury may by regulation require. But

the bond required of such manufacturer shall

be with sureties satisfactory to the collector of internal revenue, and in a penal sum of not less than five

requirements of.


Act Oct. 1, 1890.

thousand dollars; and the sum of said bond


be increased from time to time and additional sureties required, at the discretion of the collector or under instructions of the Commissioner of Internal Revenue.

Sec. 38. That all prepared smoking-opium imported into the United States shall, before removal from the custom-house, be duly stamped in Imported and such manner as to denote that the duty smoking-opium thereon has been paid; and that all opium stamped. manufactured in the United States for smoking purposes, before being removed from the place of manufacture, whether for consumption or storage, shall be duly stamped in such permanent manner as to denote the payment of the internal revenue tax thereon.

Sec. 39. That the provisions of existing laws gov. erning the engraving, issue, sale, accountability, effacement, cancellation, and destruction of stamps Act Oct. 1, relating to tobacco and snuff, as far as appli- certain provicable, are hereby made to apply to stamps outfl stampa provided for by the preceding section.

Sec. 40. That a penalty of not more than one thousand dollars, or imprisonment not more Act Oct. 1, than one year, or both, in the discretion of Penalty. the court, shall be imposed for each and

every violation of the preceding sections of this act relating to opium by any person or persons; and all prepared smoking-opium, wherever found within the United States without stamps required by this act, shall be forfeited.

made applicable.


This portion of the act of October 1, 1890, has been an utter failure, whether it be considered as a measure for raising revenue or a measure for the suppression of the manufacture of smoking-opium. If the former was intended, the tax placed on the domestic article — ten dollars a pound

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