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Universalist.—Location of church edifice not yet de
New Jerusalem.—North Capitol street, near B street south.
Synagogue of Israelites.—Location of building not yet decided upon.
Churches of colored congregations.--Asbury, Methodist Episcopal, 11th street west and 3d streeth north. Little Ebenezer, Methodist Episcopal, C street south, near 5th street east. Israel Bethel, African Methodist Episcopal, Capitol street south. Union Bethel, African Methodist Episcopal, 15th street west and M street north. Zion Wesley, (Island), D street, near 3d. First Colored Baptist, 19th street west and I street north. Second Colored, Missouri avenue, near 7th street. Colored Presbyterian, 15th street west, near J street north.
Near the northern boundary of the city, on Fourteenth street, is situated one of the most influential and respectable colleges in the country. From Columbia College have graduated some of the brightest lights in the law, theology, and science; and we should do great injustice to its accomplished faculty if we contented ourselves with a description of the inappropriate building in which so much intellectual service is performed. The location is one of the most beautiful and healthful in the District of Columbia, and the view from the college, to the southeast, such as only the pencil of a master could delineate. The college was incorporated in February, 1821, the land having been purchased in 1819, the building commenced in 1820, and the first President elected in 1821. Connected with the college are two literary societies, one of which possesses a library of two thousand volumes. The col. lege library contains five thousand volumes.
National Medical College.—This medical school is a department of Columbia College, and possesses facilities for medical instruction equal to those of any similar institution in any city of the Union. Being under the same roof with the Washington Infirmary, the opportunities for thorough clinical illustration are very great. The location of the college, at the seat of the national government, affords extraordinary advantages to the student who wishes to prosecute any of the collateral branches of science; for here the most numerous sources of scientific improvement are gratuitously open to the student. The libraries of Congress, the Smithsonian Institution, and the Patent Office, enriched with rare and costly works in medicine, as well as the best volumes in all the departments of science and literature, afford opportunities for the profitable employment of hours of leisure from professional study. Added to these advantages, lectures are delivered during the winter upon various branches of science, and the student can listen to them without charge, and without interfering with his legitimate studies. Even in a local point of view, medical instruction is of some consequence, as will be seen by the fact that there are enrolled, in the membership of the medical practitioners recognized by the Medical Society, 81 physicians in Washington, and 10 in Georgetown.
Gonzaga College, under the direction of the Roman Catholic Church, is situated on F street north, near Tenth street west, and has earned a good reputation in consequence of the faithfulness of its large corps of instruct
From various causes, but principally because of the telegraphic connection between the seat of government and the city of New York, the local support of newspapers published in Washington is generally of less value to them than official and congressional patronage. Because of this, there is a risk in recording titles, with the exception of the National Intelligencer,— which, having lived so long, seems likely to endure forever,—and the Globe, which, as the record of the debates in Congress, must always continue, under that or
or some other designation. The former was established, as a tri-weekly sheet, by S. H. Smith and Joseph Gales, the latter of whom for some time discharged the duty of reporter to Congress, in the performance of which labor twenty persons are now employed by one newspaper. Mr. Gales died in 1860, and the entire management of the conservative and conscientious journal devolved upon Mr. W. W. Seaton, who, for more than half a century, has labored regularly and incessantly to sustain the unblemished character of the Intelligencer. It is a fine specimen of a journal, which, dispensing with the anticipation of news, records, after investigation and deliberation, the "very age and body of the times;" the history of the United States, during the existence of the National Intelligencer, could easily be compiled from its columns. The Globe, as intimated above, is the official organ for reporting the debates in Congress, and is almost entirely devoted to that object. There are other newspapers, as the Star, the States, and the Republican. Foremost amongst those whose literary gifts and attainments have contributed to enrich the periodical literature of Washington, is John Savage, Esq., whose productions, in poetry, prose, and dramatic writing, have given him a wide and well-earned fame.
Washington Library.—The Washington Library Association was formed in the year 1811. On the 18th of April, 1814, Congress passed an act incorporating the society, under the name of “The Washington Library Company;" and, by a joint resolution, passed March 3, 1823, granted to the company a copy of the Laws of the United States, the Journals of Congress, documents, and State papers then published, and such as should be published thereafter by Congress. The charter intrusts the management of the library to seven directors, elected annually, by shareholders, on the first Monday of April. The shares are six dollars each, and the use of the library is granted to persons not holding shares for three dollars per annum.
The library received a donation, from Dr. J.C. Hall, of the collection of Dr. Laurie, numbering about 1,000 volumes. The present extent of the library is about 15,000 volumes.
The company owns a building and lot of ground on Eleventh street, south of Pennsylvania avenue
The library is kept open every day and evening, exeepting Sunday.
Library of Peter Force, Esq.—This private collection of books forms the most complete library upon American history in the world. The able and devoted collector has spent a life in gathering up the records of American
history, in all their minutiæ; and this invaluable mine of treasures contains over 50,000 books, pamphlets, newspapers, and manuscripts. The library is situated on the corner of Tenth and D streets, and every student in history is made welcome to its resources by the politeness of its owner.
Collections of Paintings.—Mr. W. W. Corcoran, a munificent patron of art, possesses an invaluable collection of paintings and statuary, a view of which may be obtained on Tuesday and Friday of every week. Here may be seen Powers' “Greek Slave;" “ Milton at the Organ,” painted by Leutze; “ Attack of the Huguenots,” by W. D. Washington; “Autumn Scene," by Doughty; and some of the finest productions, principally of American artists, whom Mr. Corcoran has generously patronized and aided.
Nothing can afford better evidence of this gentleman's love for art, whose gallery we have thus hastily noticed, than the fact he has recorded in stone and brick, in the form of a magnificent structure on the corner of Pennsylvania avenue and Seventeenth street. This edifice, which is one of the best specimens of architecture in the city, and has been erected and dedicated to art,
-as long as its grand proportions endure, will testify to the true public spirit of the donor.
Another generous patron of the fine arts, and a connoisseur who deserves the wealth dispensed by him so lavishly upon things of beauty, which, when possessed, are not churlishly hidden from those who have not the same means, is Mr. J. C. Maguire, in whose collection of paintings, to say nothing of the innumerable articles of vertu and literary curiosity, are some very rare gems. Unfor