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the Republican. Foremost amongst those whose literary gifts and attainments have contributed to enrich the periodical literature of Washington, is John Savage, Esq., whose productions, in poetry, prose, and dramatic writing, have given him a wide and well-earned fame.
Washington Library.—The Washington Library Association was formed in the year 1811. On the 18th of April, 1814, Congress passed an act incorporating the society, under the name of “The Washington Library Company;" and, by a joint resolution, passed March 3, 1823, granted to the company a copy of the Laws of the United States, the Journals of Congress, documents, and State
papers then published, and such as should be published thereafter by Congress. The charter intrusts the management of the library to seven directors, elected annually, by shareholders, on the first Monday of April. The shares are six dollars each, and the use of the library is granted to persons not holding shares for three dollars per annum. The library received a donation, from Dr. J. C. Hall, of the collection of Dr. Laurie, numbering about 1,000 volumes. The present extent of the library is about 15,000 volumes.
The company owns a building and lot of ground on Eleventh street, south of Pennsylvania avenue
The library is kept open every day and evening, exeepting Sunday.
Library of Peter Force, Esq.—This private collection of books forms the most complete library upon American history in the world. The able and devoted collector has spent a life in gathering up the records of American
history, in all their minutiæ; and this invaluable mine of treasures contains over 50,000 books, pamphlets, newspapers, and manuscripts. The library is situated on the corner of Tenth and D streets, and every student in history is made welcome to its resources by the politeness of its owner.
Collections of Paintings.—Mr. W. W. Corcoran, a munificent patron of art, possesses an invaluable collection of paintings and statuary, a view of which may be obtained on Tuesday and Friday of every week. Here may be seen Powers’ “Greek Slave;" “ Milton at the Organ,” painted by Leutze ; “ Attack of the Huguenots,” by W. D. Washington; “Autumn Scene,” by Doughty ; and some of the finest productions, principally of American artists, whom Mr. Corcoran has generously patronized and aided.
Nothing can afford better evidence of this gentleman's love for art, whose gallery we have thus hastily noticed, than the fact he has recorded in stone and brick, in the form of a magnificent structure on the corner of Pennsylvania avenue and Seventeenth street. This edifice,which is one of the best specimens of architecture in the city, and has been erected and dedicated to art,
,—as long as its grand proportions endure, will testify to the true public spirit of the donor. Another
generous patron of the fine arts, and a connoisseur who deserves the wealth dispensed by him so lavishly upon things of beauty, which, when possessed, are not churlishly hidden from those who have not the same means, is Mr.J.C. Maguire, in whose collection of paintings, to say nothing of the innumerable articles of vertu and literary curiosity, are some very rare gems. Unfor
tunately for us, the publishers, who have an inalienable right to literary despotism, and, if not the foes of authors, are the censors of literary limits, have so hedged us in that we can give only a hasty glance at the numerous art treasures in the possession of Mr. Maguire, whose hospitable doors are always open to artists and lovers of art. In view of our amenability to the chancery of art, however, we dare not omit a reference to a landscape by Paul Weber, which we venture to pronounce equal in drawing and color to any American picture ever painted. It is so full of delicate touches that, after looking at it for a few moments, you expect to see the cattle step out of the canvas and frame. The rivulet winding down the mountain was never done by any but a master's hand. And right here we must take the liberty to introduce into our theme an artistic suggestion. We hear a great deal said, amongst artists and connoisseurs of art, about “old masters,” and it is suggested that an old master is no better than a new master. But it ought to be borne in mind that what are technically described as “old masters,” are those whose industry and excellence were so great that their works have outlived those of their cotemporaries. No doubt there were many artists who executed paintings and sculpture at the date of those works we now seek so anxiously as the productions of “old masters,” but we are eager to obtain the works of old masters of excellence; we seek for their works not because of their date, but for their beauty. Thus, there are many men and women who can now paint tolerable horses and dogs, but three centuries hence these may be forgotten, and Rosa Bonheur and Landseer counted more valuable than gold or diamonds. In the collection of Mr. Maguire
there is a rare masterpiece, which, from its attribute, only to be discovered after long examination, proves to be a head of St. Paul, by an old master. It is probably by Rubens, but it may be a Veronese. Nothing can be finer than the “Study of Cattle,” by Delatrie, the Madonna de la Peche, or the “Head of Danae,” by Wertmuller. Many other pictures in this collection would enable us to fill many pages of description, which we regret we are compelled to abandon.
Mr. Janvier's collection is very rich, and was obtained by its possessor during several years' residence in Italy. Like every lover and friend of art, Mr. Janvier opens his hospitable door to painter, poet, or lover of art. Among the most valuable paintings in this collection are,
portrait of Pope Paul III., attributed to Titian; a portrait of King William III. when a child, in which the artist, Van der Dom, has gratified his love of allegory by representing the youthful prince as blowing bladders, while before him are the fleeting treasures of money and jewels, and the more reliable wealth indicated by an open missal; a portrait of the Duchess de la Valliere, by Mignard, in which the lips seem about to part, the eyes to move, and the bosom, of which there is a liberal display, to heave; and a work of Andrea Vaccaro, the subject of which is described in the " Leggende delle Vergine.” There are several other pictures the coloring and drawing of which seem to establish their title to the rank of originals by old masters.
Mr. King, a veteran artist, has a large collection, principally of portraits, in his studio on Twelfth street.
The Washington artists, with whom some fine productions have originated, frequently exhibit their works in
the gallery belonging to Philp & Solomons, the room having been constructed with an especial view to their accommodation, and is admirably suited for its purpose.
FRATERNITIES AND BENEVOLENT SOCIETIES.
There are in Washington the usual quantity of charitable organizations, but we are obliged to content ourselves with the simple mention of the Young Men's Christian Association, Columbia Typographical Society, Ladies' Union Benevolent Society, Washington Orphan Asylum (Protestant), St. Joseph's Male Orphan Asylum (R. C.), and St. Vincent's Female Orphan Asylum.
Free and Accepted Masons.—This old and wide-spread fraternity was early established in the District, Washington having served as Master of lodge No. 22, in Alexandria, at one time within the limits of the District. A convention of lodges met in the District, on December 11th, 1810, in which there were representatives of the following lodges :-Brooke Lodge, No. 42, of Virginia, and the following Lodges chartered by the Grand Lodge of Maryland : Federal Lodge, No. 15; Columbia Lodge, No. 35; Washington Naval Lodge, No. 41; and Potomac Lodge, No. 37. From these lodges the Grand Lodge of the District of Columbia was formed, and new charters were issued. Washington Lodge, of Alexandria, was allowed to remain under the jurisdiction of Virginia, owing to the peculiar fact that its charter was granted to George Washington, and the craft were unwilling to cancel the record of the masonic standing of so illustrious à brother. The first lodge established in California was chartered by this Grand Lodge. At present, there are in existence, within the jurisdiction of the Grand Lodge