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Ber. My lord, I neither can nor will deny Dia. I did, my lord, but loath am to produce But that I know them: do they charge me fur- So bad an instrument: his name 's Parolles. ther?
Laf. I saw the man to-day, if man he be. Dia. Why do you look so strange upon your King. Find him, and bring him hither. wife?
Ber. What of him? Ber. She's none of mine, my lord.
He's quoted for a most perfidious slave, Dia. If you shall marry,
With all the spots o' the world taxed and deboshed; You give away this hand, and that is mine; Whose nature sickens but to speak a truth : You give away Heaven's vows, and those are Am I or that or this for what he 'll utter, mine;
That will speak anything? You give away myself, which is known mine: King.
She hath that ring of yours. For I by vow am so embodied yours,
Ber. I think she has : certain it is I liked her, That she which marries you must marry me;
And boarded her i’ the wanton way of youth : Either both or none.
She knew her distance, and did angle for me, Laf. Your reputation [to BERTRAM] comes too Madding my eagerness with her restraint, short for my daughter; you are no husband for As all impediments in fancy's course her.
Are motives of more fancy; and, in fine, Ber. My lord, this is a fond and desperate Her insuit coming with her modern grace, creature,
Subdued me to her rate. She got the ring; Whom sometime I have laughed with : let your And I had that which any inferior might highness
At market-price have bought.
Dia. I must be patient:
(Since you lack virtue I will lose a husband), Till your deeds gain them. Fairer prove your Send for your ring; I will return it home; honor
And give me mine again. Than in my thought it lies !
Ber. I have it not. Dia. Good my lord,
King. What ring was yours, I pray you? Ask him upon his oath, if he does think
Dia. Sir, much like the same upon your finger. He had not my virginity.
King. Know you this ring? this ring was his King. What sayst thou to her ?
of late. Ber. She's impudent, my lord :
Dia. And this was it I gave him, being abed. And was a common gamester to the camp.
King. The story then goes false, you threw it Dia. He does me wrong, my lord : if I were so,
him He might have bought me at a common price : Out of a casement. Do not helieve him. O, behold this ring,
Dia. I have spoke the truth. Whose high respect and rich validity
Ber. My lord, I do confess the ring was hers.
King. You boggle shrewdly; every feather
Ay, my lord. That ring 's a thousand proofs.
King. Tell me, sirrah, but tell me true, I charge King. Methought you said
you, You saw one here in court could witness it. Not fearing the displeasure of your master
(Which on your just proceeding I'll keep off), Laf. This woman 's an easy glove, my lord; she By him and by this woman here what know you? goes off and on at pleasure. Par. So please your majesty, my master hath King. This ring was mine; I gave it his first
Ι been an honorable gentleman : tricks he hath had
wife. in him, which gentlemen have.
Dia. It might be yours or hers for aught I know. King. Come, come, to the purpose: did he love King. Take her away, I do not like her now; this woman?
To prison with her: and away with him.Par. 'Faith, sir, he did love her: but how? Unless thou tell’st me where thou hadst this ring, King. How, I pray you?
Thou diest within this hour. Par. He did love her, sir, as a gentleman loves Dia. I'll never tell you. a woman.
King. Take her away. King. How is that?
Dia. I'll put in bail, my liege. Par. He loved her, sir, and loved her not. King. I think thee now some common customer.
King. As thou art a knave and no knave.- Dia. By Jove, if ever I knew man, 't was you. What an equivocal companion is this !
King. Wherefore hast thou accused him all this Par. I am a poor man, and at your majesty's
while ? command.
Dia. Because he's guilty, and he is not guilty : Laf. He's a good drum, my lord, but a naughty He knows I am no maid, and he'll swear to 't: orator.
I'll swear I am a maid, and he knows not. Dia. Do you know he promised me marriage? Great King, I am no strumpet, by my life;
? Par. ’Faith, I know more than I 'll speak. I am either maid, or else this old man 's wife. King. But wilt thou not speak all thou knowest?
[Pointing to LAFEU. Par. Yes, so please your majesty: I did go be- King. She does abuse our ears; to prison with tween them, as I said ; but more than that, he 1
her. loved her,— for indeed he was mad for her, and Dia. Good mother, fetch my bail. - Stay, royal talked of Satan, and of limbo, and of furies, and I
[Exit Widow. know not what: yet I was in that credit with them The jeweler that owes the ring is sent for, at that time that I knew of their going to bed; And he shall surety me. But for this lord, and of other motions, as promising her marriage, Who hath abused me, as he knows himself, and things that would derive me ill-will to speak Though yet he never harmed me, here I quit him : of; therefore I will not speak what I know. He knows himself my bed he hath defiled;
King. Thou hast spoken all already, unless thou And at that time he got his wife with child: canst say they are married. But thou art too fine Dead though she be, she feels her young one kick; in thy evidence; therefore stand aside.-- This ring, So there 's my riddle, - one that's dead is quick: you say, was yours?
And now behold the meaning.
Ay, my good lord.
Re-enter Widow, with HELENA.
King. Is there no exorcist Dia. It was not given me, nor I did not buy Beguiles the truer office of mine eyes ? it.
Is 't real that I see? King. Who lent it you?
Hel. No, my good lord :
'Tis but the shadow of a wife you see; King. Where did you find it then?
The name, and not the thing. Dia. I found it not.
Ber. Both, both, O pardon ! King. If it were yours by none of all these Hel. O, my good lord, when I was like this maid, ways,
I found you wondrous kind. There is your ring. How could you give it him?
And look you, here's your letter: this it says: Dia. I never gave it him.
“When from my finger you can get this riog,
And are by me with child,” &c.— This is done : Choose thou thy husband, and I'll pay thy dower;
Of that, and all the progress, more and less,
Resolvédly more leisure shall express :
[Fourish. Laf. Mine eyes smell onions, I shall weep anon:
Advancing. - Good Tom Drum [to PAROLLES], lend me a handkerchief: so, I thank thee; wait on me home, The King's a beggar, now the play is done : I'll make sport with thee. Let thy courtesies All is well ended, if the suit be won, alone, they are scurvy ones.
That you express content: which we will
pay King. Let us from point to point this story with strife to please you, day exceeding day.
Ours be your patience, then, and yours our parts : To make the even truth in pleasure flow.- Your gentle hands lend us, and take our hearts. If thou beest yet a fresh uncropped flower,
[Exeunt. [TO DIANA.
" O, that had l'how sail a passage 't is!”- Act I., Scene 1. “Not my virginity yet.” A similar phrase occurs in “ TWELFTI Passage is anything that passes; as we now say, a passage in an
Night:"_“You 'll nothing, madam, to my lord by me?”
With reference to the thousand loves" that Bertram is to find at author; and, as was said formerly, the passage of a reign. When the
court, Mr. Heath remarks, “I believe it would not be difficult to find Countess mentions Helena's loss of a father, sbe recollects her own loss of a husband, and stops to observe how heavily that word " had”
in the love-poetry of those times, an authority for most, if not for passes through her mind.
every one, of those whimsical titles. At least, I can affirm it from
knowledge, that far the greater part of them are to be found in the “Where an unclean mind carries virtuous qualilies, their commenda
Italian lyric poetry, which was the model from which our poets chiefly tions go wilh pily; they are virtues and traitors too." -- Act I., Scene 1.
“What power is it which mounts my Ime so high ; The meaning probably is, that estimable and useful qualities,
That makes me sce, and cannot feed mine eye !" joined with an evil disposition, give that evil disposition power over
Act I., Scene 1.
them are men of such elegance and knowledge, that a young man above me? Why am I made to discern excellence, and left to long
“ The mightiest space in fortune, nature brings "If the living be enemy to the grief, the excess makes it soon mortal.”
70 join like likes, and kiss like natire things." Act I., Scene 1.
Act I., Scene 1. That is, if the living do not indulge grief, grief destroys itself by its The meaning appears to be, that the affections given us by nature own excess. As in the “ WINTER'S TALE:"
often unite persons between whom fortune or accident has placel the .“ Scarce any joy
greatest distance or disparity; and cause them to join like likes,"
- like persons in the same station or rank of life. A corresponding Did ever live so long; no sorrow
phrase occurs in “Timon OF ATHENS:” But killed itself much sooner."
“ Thou solderest close impossibilities,
And mak'st them kiss."
“ The Florentines and Senoys are by the ears." Act I., Scene 2. Helena's meaning appears to be, that the great tears which were then The " Senois," as the term is translated by Painter, are called by falling from her eyes, appear to do more honor to her father's mem
Boccaccio the “Sanesi.” They formed a small republic, of which Siory, than those less copious ones which she actually shed for him on
enna was the capital. his death,
“ He had the wit which I can well obserre
Today in our young lords ; but they may jest
Til their oron scorn return to them unnoted,
Act I., Scene 2
Honor does not here signify dignity of birth or rank, but acquired
reputation. “Your father, says the King,“ had the same airy fights all sides from him.
of satirical wit with the young lords of the present time; but they do
not what he did, - hide their unnoted levity in honor; cover petty * He that hangs himself is a virgin : virginity murders itself.".
faults with great merit.”- This is an excellent observation. Jocose Act I., Scene 1.
follies and slight offenses are only allowed by mankind in him that A virgin, and he that hangs himself, are in this circumstance alike
overpowers them by great qualities.- Johnson. - they are both self-destroyers.
" What's the matter,
That this distempered messenger of wet,
The many-colored Iris, rounds thine eye!"
Act I., Scene 3.
There is something exquisitely beautiful in this representation of
that suffusion of colors which glimmers around the sight, when the Something is plainly wanting here, to connect Helena's reply with eyelashes are wet with tears. The poet has described the same apthe question of Parolles. Mr. Tyrwhitt plausibly proposes to read:
pearance in his “ RAPE OF LUCRECE:”“Will you anything with us !” that is, “Will you send anything with “And round abut her tear distained eye us to court?” to which Helena's answer would be proper enough:
Blue circles streamed, like rainbows in the sky."- HENLEY
Perhaps this is the same thought, though more solemnly expressed, that we meet with in "King HENRY IV.," Part I.:
-"Or were you both our mothers, I care no more for than I do for Heaven,
So I were not his sister." — Act I., Scene 3. “I care no more for,” here signifies, “I care as much for; I wish it equally."
“ He's as tedious As a tired horse, a railing wife; Worse than a smoky house."
“ You have made shift to run into', boots and spurs and all, like him “Let higher Italy
that leaped into the custard." — Act II., Scene 5. (Those 'baled, that inherit but the fall
Our old dramatists abound with pleasant allusions to the enormous of the last monarchy) see that you come Nol to woo honor, but to wed it." - Act II., Scene 1.
size of their * quaking custards," which were served up at the city
feasts, and with which such gross fooleries were played. Thus GlapThis passage is confersedly obscure, and probably corrupt. The thorne: meaning, according to Dr. Johnson, is this:-"Let Upper Italy,
"I'll write the city annals, where you are to exercise your valor, see that you come to gain honor,
In mcter which shall far surpass Sir Guy to the abatement that is, to the disgrace and depression) of those that have now lost their ancient military fame, and inherit but the
Of Warwick's Iristory, or John Stow's, upon fall of the last monarchy.” Hanmer proposed to read “ bastards” for
The custard with the four-and-twenty nooks,
At my lord-mayor's feast.” – WIT IN A CONSTABLE. ci 'bated;" and the whole tenor of the passage makes the suggestion highly probable.
Indeed, po common supply was required; for, besides what the cor“I have spoke
poration (great devourers of custards) consumed on the spot, it ap
pears that it was thought no breach of city manners to send or take With one that, in her sex, her years, profession,
some of it home with them, for the use of their ladies.- GIFFORD. Wisdom, and constancy, halh amazed me more
Than I dare blame my weakness.” — Act II., Sceno 1. Lafeu, perhaps, means that the amazement Helena excited in him, was so great, that he could not impute it merely to bis own weakness, but to the wonderful qualities of the object that occasioned it.
“ Why, he will look upon his boot, and sing ; mend the ruf], and
sing."- Act III., Scene 2. “ I am not an impozler, that proclaim
The tops of the boots, in Shakspeare's time, turned down, and hung Myself against the level of mine aim."- Act II., Scene 1.
loosely over the leg. The folding part, or top, was the ruff; it was of That is, I am not an imposter that proclaim one thing and design softer leather than the boot, and often fringed. Ben Jonson calls it another; that proclaim a cure, and aim at a fraud: I think what I the ruffle:-“Not having leisure to put off my silver spurs, one of speak.
the rowels catched hold of the ruffle of my boot." — EVERY MAN OCT
OF HIS HUMOR. To this fashion, also, Bishop Earle alludes in his Youth, beauty, wisdom, cmirage, all
“CHARACTERS " (1638) :-“IIe has learned to rufllo his face from bis That happiness and prime can happy call." — Act II., Scene 1.
boot, and takes great delight in his walk to hear his spurs jingle.” Prime is here used as a substantive, and means that sprightly vigor which usually accompanies the prime of life. So in Montaigne's
" Come thou home, Rousillon, “ Essays,” translated by Florio:-“Many things seem greater by
Whence honor but of danger wins a scar; imagination than by effect. I have passed over a good part of my age
As oft it loses all." — Act III., Scene 2. in sound and perfect health : I say, not only sound, but blithe and wantonly lustful. That state, full of lust, of prime, and mirth, made
The sense is -- Come from that place where all the advantage that me deem the consideration of sickness so irksome, that, when I came
honor usually reaps from the danger it rushes upon, is only a scar in to the experience of them, I have found their fits but weak."
testimony of its bravery; as, on the other hand, it often is the cause
of losing all, even life itself.
“ Where do the palmers lodge, I do beseech you."
Act III., Scene 5. The meaning is -Good is good, independent of any worldly distinction or title: 80, vileness is vile, in whatever state it may appear. Palmers were so called from a staff or bough of palm they were The same phraseology is found in “Macbeth:”
wont to carry, especially such as had visited the holy places at Jerusa“Though all things foul would wear the brow of grace,
lem. A pilgrim and a palmer are said to have differed thus: a pilYet grace must still look so:”
grim had some dwelling-place, a palmer bad none; the pilgrim trav
eled to some certain place, the palmer to all, and not to any one in that is, must still look like grace; like itself.
particular; the pilgrim must go at his own charge, the palmer must
profess willful poverty; the pilgrim might give over his profession, “ Well, thou hast a son shall take this disgrace off me."
the palmer must be constant.
Act II., Scene 3. This the poet makes Parolles speak alone; and this is nature. A “ If you give him not John Drum's entertainment, your inclining coward should try to hide his poltroonery, even from himself. An cannot be removed.” - Act III., Scene 6. ordinary writer would have been glad of such an opportunity to bring him to confession.- WARBURTON.
6 John Drum's entertainment" (the Christian name varying) ap
pears to have been a common phrase to signify ill-treatment. There - War is no strife
is an old motley interlude (printed in 1601), called “ JACK DROM'S To the dark house and the delested wife."
ENTERTAINMENT," in which Jack Drum is a servant of intrigue, who Act II., Scene 3. is ever aiming at projects, and always foiled. Holinshead, in his des
cription of Ireland, speaking of the hospitality of Patrick Sarsfield The dark house is a bouse made gloomy by discontent. Milton (mayor of Dublin in 1551), says,—"No porter, or any other officer, says of Death and the King of Hell, preparing to combat:
durst not, for both his ears, give the simplest man that resorted to his “ So frowned the mighty combatants, that hell
house, Tom Drum his entertainment; which is, to hale & man in by Grew darker at their frown." the head, and thrust him out by both the shoulders."