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1690. An expedition against Canada unsuccessful.

English settlements of Schenectady, N. Y.; Casco, Me.; and Salmon Falls, N. H., destroyed by the French. 1693. The Salem witchcraft delusion prevailed.

William and Mary's College, the second in the United
States, founded in Virginia.

Episcopacy introduced into New York.

1696. 30 Indian churches in New England.

1697. The Treaty of Ryswick ends King William's war.
1698. Number of Indians in Massachusetts-about 4,000.
1700. Yale College founded at New Haven, Conn.
1702. Queen Anne's war begun.

1704. Capt. Church's expedition against the Indians.

"Boston News Letter "-first American periodical. 1709. First paper-money in New Jersey.

1710 Port Royal captured a second time by the English. First post-office in New York.

1712. 137 people in the vicinity of Roanoke murdered by Tus


1713. The Treaty of Utrecht ended Queen Anne's war.

Acadia (Nova Scotia) ceded to the English by the French. (See Longfellow's "Evangeline.")

1715. Indian War in South Carolina.

The Tuscaroras driven out of North Carolina, after 3 years' war.

1717. The city of New Orleans founded by the French. 1719. First Philadelphia newspaper.

1721. First New York newspaper.

1724. Vermont settled by Massachusetts colonists. Trenton, N. J., founded.

1727. Earthquake in New England.

1729. Carolina separated into North and South Carolina. Massacre of French at Fort Rosalie (Natchez).

Baltimore founded, and named in honor of Lord Balti


1732. Feb. 22.-Geo. Washington born, at Pope's Creek, Virginia.

Franklin's "Poor Richard's Almanac "—Philadelphia— the first of any note in the United States.

1733. Georgia settled by Gen. Oglethorpe, at Savannah. 1734. First lodge of Freemasons in America, at Boston. 1735. Ravages of throat distemper in New Hampshire and Massachusetts.

1738. Nassau Hall College, Princeton, N. J., founded. 1740. Tennessee first explored.

1741. New Hampshire becomes a separate royal province.

1744. King George's war commenced.

1745. Louisburg and Cape Breton taken by the English from

the French.

1747. David Brainard and Benjamin Coleman die.

1748. Treaty of Aix-la-Chapelle ends King George s war. 1753. Georgia becomes a royal province.

Oct. 31.-Washington sent with a letter from Gov. Dinwiddie, of Virginia, to the French.

1754. May 28.-Washington defeats the French at Great Meadows.

July 4.—Washington capitulated at Fort Necessity, with permission to return to Virginia.

The Quakers abolish slavery among themselves.

1755. Moncton expels the French from Nova Scotia.

July 9.-Battle of the Monongahela-Braddock defeated,
and mortally wounded.

Sept. 8.-Dieshau defeats the English near Lake George.
He is afterward defeated, and mortally wounded.
War declared between England and France.

Aug. 14.-The French, under Montcalm, capture Os


Armstrong defeats the Indians at Fort Kittanning.

1757. Aug. 9.-Fort William Henry surrendered by Webb to Montcalm.

1758. July 8.-Abercrombie repulsed by Montcalm at Ticonder


July 26.-The English take Louisburg.

Aug. 27.-English, under Bradstreet, capture Fort Fron


Fort Du Quesne captured by the English.

1759. The English, under Johnson, capture Fort Niagara.
July 31.-Wolfe defeated at the battle of Montmorenci.
Montcalm defeated by Wolfe on the plains of Abraham.
Sept. 13.-Wolfe killed.

Sept. 18.-Quebec surrenders to the English.

1760. All Canada surrendered to the English.

1762. Severest drought ever known in America.

1763. Feb. 10.-Treaty of Paris ends the French and Indian



Pontiac's war with the Indians.

1765. Mar. 8.-Parliament passes the Stamp Act.

Oct. 7.-Colonial Congress met at New York.

1766. March 18.-Stamp Act repealed.

1767. June 29.-Bill passed taxing tea, glass, paper, etc., in the American colonies.

Expulsion of Jesuits from Mexico.

1768. Massachusetts assembly petition the King against the

late tax.

Oct. 1.—A body of British troops land at Boston.

1769. Daniel Boone explores Kentucky.

1770. March 5.-Affray, known as the "Boston Massacre,"


1771. May 16.-Battle of Almansee. North Carolinians defeated by Gov. Tryon.

1773. Dec. 16-The inhabitants of Boston throw 342 chests of the taxed tea into the sea.

1774. March 31.-The Boston Port Bill passed by Parliament. Sept. 5.-The first Continental Congress meets at Philadelphia.




1775. April 19.-The war for American Independence commences with the Battle of Lexington.

May 10.-Allen and Arnold capture Ticonderoga.

May 25.-Reinforcements arrive at Boston, under Howe,
Burgoyne, and Clinton.

June 15.--Washington elected Commander-in-Chief of the
American army.

June 17.-Battle of Bunker Hill-Gen. Warren killed.
Sept. 10.-American forces, under Montgomery, invade

Nov. 13.-Montreal surrendered to Montgomery.

Dec. 31.-Montgomery defeated and slain at Quebec.
1776. March 17.-British troops evacuate Boston.
Boston occupied by Washington.

June 18.-Evacuation of Canada by the Americans.
June 28.—The British repulsed at Ft. Moultrie, Charleston.
July 4.-America is declared "free, sovereign, and inde-
pendent -a declaration which is signed by the fol-
lowing States: New Hampshire, Massachusetts, Rhode
Island, Connecticut, Delaware, Maryland, Virginia,
North Carolina, South Carolina, New York, New Jer
sey, Pennsylvania, and Georgia.

Nov. 16.-Fort Washington captured by the English.
Nov. 28.-Washington crosses the Delaware.

1777. April 26.-Gen. Tryon burns the town of Danbury, Conn.

1777. May 23.-Col. Meigs destroys the British shipping at Sag


June 16.-Gen. Burgoyne invades New York.

July 5.-Ticonderoga captured by Burgoyne.

July 10.-Gen. Prescott, commander at Long Island.

July 31.—The Marquis de La Fayette joins the American


Aug. 3.-Fort Schuyler besieged by St. Leger.

Oct. 17.-Burgoyne surrenders his army to Gates at Saratoga.

Nov. 15.-Congress adopts a Federal Government.

Dec. 11.-American army goes into winter quarters at
Valley Forge.

Dec. 16.-France acknowledges the independence of the
United States.

1778. Feb. 6.-Treaties of Amity and Commerce adopted between the United States and France.

Nov. 11-Massacre at Cherry Valley by Tories and Indians.

Dec. 29.-Campbell captured Savannah.

1779. May 13.-Siege of Charleston, S. C.

Aug. 29.-Gen. Sullivan defeats the Indians.

Sept. 23.—Paul Jones gained a victory off the coast of

1780. May 12.-Lincoln surrendered Charleston to Clinton. Aug. 18.-Arnold plotted to betray West Point to the British.

Oct. 2.-Maj. Andre, a British officer, executed as a spy. 1781. Jan. 1.-Pennsylvania troops revolt.

Jan. 18.-New Jersey troops revolt.

Feb.-Articles of Confederation ratified by the States.
Oct. 19.-Surrender of Cornwallis at Yorktown.

1782. Oct. 8.-Independence of United States acknowledged by Holland.

Nov. 3.-Temporary Treaty of Peace signed at Paris. 1783. July 11.—Savannah evacuated by the British.

Sept. 3.-Treaty of Peace signed at Paris.

Nov. 3.-American army disbanded.

Nov 25.-New York evacuated by the British.

Dec. 19.-Charleston evacuated by the British.

Dec. 23.-Washington resigns his commission to Congress.

1785. June 1.-John Adams, first Minister from U. S. to London. 1786. Nov.-Shay's insurrection broke out in Massachusetts. Major-General Greene died.

1787. July 20.-James Whittaker, first Shaker preacher, died

at Enfield, Conn., aged 36 years. Born at Oldham, Eng.; came to this country with the celebrated Mother Ann Lee, in 1774. Elder Whittaker may be considered the John Wesley of American Shakers.

1787. First Colonial See of the Anglican Church, erected in Nova Scotia.

Sept 17.-Constitution of the United States adopted by all the States, except Rhode Island.

1788. Cotton planted in Georgia.

1789. March 3.-First Congress, under the new Constitution, meets.

April 14.-George Washington declared the first Presi dent of the United States.

Ethan Allen and Gen. Knyphausen died this year.

1790. First census of the United States taken-population, 3,929,326.

Treaty concluded with the Creeks.

The territory South of the Ohio River ceded to the United

Oct. 17, 22.—Indians defeat Gen. Harmer, near Ft. Wayne,

1791. First United States Bank established at Philadelphia. Nov. 4.-St. Clair defeated by the Indians in Western Ohio. United States mint established.

1793. March 3.-Washington again inaugurated President.
Neutrality declared in regard to France.

John Hancock, Roger Sherman, and John Manly, died
this year.

1794. Aug. 20.-Gen. Wayne defeats the Indians on the Maumee. Nov. 19.-Commercial Treaty concluded with Great Britain.

The Whisky Insurrection in Pennsylvania.

Gen. Sullivan, Richard Henry Lee, and Dr. Witherspoon, died.

1795. June 24.-Jay's Treaty with Great Britain ratified.

Gen. Francis Marion and President Ezra Stiles, of Yale
College, died.

1796. Death of Anthony Wayne and David Rittenhouse this year. Washington resigns.

1797. July.-Congress declares the treaties with France an


1798. May.-Congress passes an Act for raising a regular army. June. Washington appointed Lieutenant-General and Commander-in-Chief.

1799. American navy consists of 42 vessels, with 950 guns. Pennsylvania seat of government removed to Lancaster.

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