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Total value, gross productions, at the Censuses of 1850, 1860, and 1870.
1862. [1863. [1864.|1865. |1866.[1867.|1868.|1869.|1870.1871.1872. 1862.1863.1864.1865.|1866.|1867.|1868.]1869.|1870.|1871.1872. 13634 1234 1124 111 172% 16934 234% 144% 140% 144
1091⁄2 159 124
First quarter. Second quarter.
115% 122 1674 141% 14134 1444 115% 113% 11434 1011⁄2 1401⁄2 1664 128% 125 162% 12234|115% 115% 109 154% 145% 140%1⁄2 13134 1144115 1461⁄2 15534 146% 150 160 149
Dist. of Col.....
Montana.... Nebraska... Nevada......... N. Hampshire New Jersey..... New Mexico... New York........
* Increase: 1860 over 1850, 85 per cent.; 1870 over 1860, 128 per cent.; 1870 over 1850, 323 per cent.
DISTRIBUTION OF THE CURRENCY.
The acts of February 25, 1863, and June 3, 1864, and March 3, 1865 authorize the issue of three hundred millions of circulating notes to national banks, one hundred and fifty millions of which were to be “ apportioned to associations in the States, in the District of Columbia, and the Territories, according to representative population, and the remainder among associations formed in the several States, the District of Columbia, and the Territories, having due regard to the existing capital, the resource and business of each State, District, and Territory." The whole amount of currency authorized by these acts was issued to national banks during the four years following.
The following is a statement, prepared by the Comptroller of the Currency, of the apportionment of $354,000,000 national bank circulation, upon the basis of population and wealth, as given in the Census of 1870, together with the amount outstanding July 1, 1874, and the excess and deficiency, to which has added the capital paid in:
The balance of the circulation, $4,048,976, has been assigned to banks organized and in process of organization in States deficient, but the necessary bonds have not yet been deposited.
* Capital paid in (gold banks), $3,200,000.
THE CIVIL RIGHTS
An Act to protect all persons in the United State in their civil rights, and furnish the means of their vindication.
Be it enacted, &c., That all persons born in the United States and not subject to any foreign power, excluding Indians, not taxed, are hereby declared to be citizens of the United States; and such citizens of every race and color, without regard to any previous condition of slavery or involuntary servitude, except as a punishment for crime whereof the party shall have been duly convicted, shall have the same right in every State and Territory in the United States to make and enforce contracts; to sue, be parties, and give evidence; to inherit, purchase, lease, sell, hold, and convey real and personal property; and to full and equal benefit of all laws and proceedings for the security of person and property as is enjoyed by white citizens, and shall be subject to like punishment, pains, and penalties, and to none other, any law, statute ordinance, regulation, or custom, to the contrary notwithstanding.
SEC. 2. That any person who, under color of any law, statute, ordinance, regulation, or custom, shall subject, or cause to be subjected, any inhabitant of any State or Territory to the deprivation of any right secured or protected by this act, or to different punishment, pains, or penalties on account of such person having at any time been held in a condition of slavery or involuntary servitude, except as a punishment for crime whereof the party shall have been duly convicted, or by reason of his color or race, than is prescribed for the punishment of white persons, shall be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor, and, on conviction, shall be punished by fine not exceeding one thousand dollars, or imprisonment not exceeding one year, or both, in the discretion of the court.
SEC. 3. That the district courts of the United States, within their respective districts, shall have, exclusively of the courts of the several States, cognizance of all crimes and offences committed against the provisions of this act, and also, concurrently with the circuit courts of the United States, of all causes, civil and criminal, affecting persons who are denied or cannot enforce in the courts or judicial tribunals of the State or locality where they may be any of the rights secured to them by the first section of this act; and if any suit or prosecution, civil or criminal, has been or
shall be commenced in any State court against any such person, for any cause whatsoever, or against any officer, civil or military, or other person, for any arrest or imprisonment, trespasses, or wrongs done or committed by virtue or under color of authority derived from this act or the act establishing a bureau for the relief of freedmen and refugees, and all acts amendatory thereof, or for refusing to do any act upon the ground that it would be inconsistent with this act, such defendant shall have the right to remove such cause for trial to the proper district or circuit court in the manner prescribed by the "Act relating to habeas corpus and regulating judicial proceedings in certain cases," approved March three, eighteen hundred and sixty-three, and all acts amendatory thereof. The jurisdiction in civil and criminal matters hereby conferred on the district and circuit courts of the United States shall be exercised and enforced in conformity with the laws of the United States, so far as such laws are suitable to carry the same into effect; but in all cases where such laws are not adapted to the object, or are deficient in the provisions necessary to furnish suitable remedies and punish offences against law, the common law, as modified and changed by the constitution and statutes of the State wherein the court having jurisdiction of the cause, civil or criminal, is held, so far as the same is not inconsistent with the Constitution and laws of the United States, shall be extended to and govern said courts in the trial and disposition of such cause, and, if of a criminal nature, in the infliction of punishment on the party found guilty.
SEC. 4. That the district attorneys, marshals, and deputy mar shals of the United States, the commissioners appointed by the circuit court and territorial courts of the United States, with power of arresting, imprisoning, or bailing offenders against the laws of the United States, the officers and agents of the Freedmen's Bureau, and every other officer who may be specially empowered by the President of the United States, shall be, and they are hereby, specially authorized and required, at the expense of the United States, to institute proceedings against all and every person who shall violate the provisions of this act, and cause him or them to be arrested and imprisoned, or bailed, as the case may be, for trial before such court of the United States or territorial court as by this act has cognizance of the offence. And with a view to affording reasonable protection to all persons in their constitutional rights of equality before the law, without distinction of race or color, or previous condition of slavery or involuntary servitude, except as a punishment for crime, whereof the party shall have been duly convicted, and to the prompt discharge of the duties of this act, it shall be the duty of the circuit courts of the United States and the superior courts of the Territories of the United States, from time to time, to increase the number of commissioners, so as to afford a speedy and convenient means for the arrest and examination of