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12. When a vacancy occurs in the office of register or receiver of the land office, or of pension agent, applications in writing from residents in the district in which the vacancy occurs may be addressed to the Secretary of the Interior, inclosing proper certificates of character, responsibility, and capacity; and if any of the applicants shall be found suitable and qualified, the name or names, not exceeding three, of the best qualified, shall be certified by the board of examiners to the Secretary, and from this list the nomination will be made. If, however, no applicants under this regulation shall be found suitable and qualified, the nomination will be made at discretion.
13. When a vacancy occurs in the office of United States marshal, applications in writing from residents in the district in which the vacancy occurs may be addressed to the Attorney General of the United States, inclosing proper certificates of character, responsibility, and capacity; and if any of the applicants shall be found suitable and qualified, the name or names, not exceeding three, of the best qualified, shall be certified by the board of examiners to the Attorney General, and from this list the nomination. will be made. If, however, no applicants under this regulation shall be found suitable and qualified, the nomination will be made at discretion.
14. Appointments to fill vacancies occurring in offices in the several Territories, excepting those of judges of the United States courts, Indian agents and superintendents, will be made from suitable and qualified persons domiciled in the Territory in which the vacancy occurs, if any such are found.
15. It shall be the duty of the examining board in each of the departments to report to the advisory board such modifications in the rules and regulations as, in the judgment of such examining board, are required for appointments to certain positions, to which, by reason of distance, or of difficult access, or of other sufficient cause, the rules and régulations can not be applied with advantage; and if the reason for such modifications shall be satisfactory to the advisory board, said board will recommend them for approval.
16. Nothing in these rules and regulations shall prevent the reappointment at discretion of the incumbents of any office the term of which is fixed by law; and when such reappointment is made no vacancy within the meaning of the rules shall be deemed to have occurred.
17. Appointments to all positions in the civil service, not included in the subjoined classifications, nor otherwise specially provided for by the rules and regulations, may, until otherwise ordered, be excepted from the operation of the rules. [The Civil Service Regulations are practically discontinued in many departments, in consequence of a failure on the part of Congress to make appropriations for continuing them, though they are yet adhered to in some.]
RELATIONS OF THE UNITED STATES
AND GREAT BRITAIN.
TREATY BETWEEN THE UNITED STATES AND GREAT BRITAIN CLAIMS, FISHERIES, NAVIGATION OF THE ST. LAWRENCE, ETC., AMERICAN LUMBER ON THE RIVER ST. JOHN, BOUNDARY CONCLUDED MAY 8, 1871; RATIFICATIONS EXCHANGED JUNE 17, 1871; PROCLAIMED JULY 4, 1871,
By the President of the United States of America.
Whereas a treaty between the United States of America and her Majesty the Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, concerning the settlement of all causes of difference between the two countries, was concluded and signed at Washington by the high commissioners and plenipotentiaries of the respective Governments on the 8th day of May last; which treaty is, word for word, as follows:
The United States of America and her Britannic Majesty, being desirous to provide for an amicable settlement of all causes of difference between the two countries, have for that purpose appointed their respective plenipotentiaries, that is to say: the President of the United States has appointed, on the part of the United States, as commissioners in a joint high commission and plenipotentiaries, Hamilton Fish, Secretary of State; Robert Cumming Schenck, envoy extraordinary and minister plenipotentiary to Great Britain; Samuel Nelson, an associate justice of the Supreme Court of the United States; Ebenezer Rock
wood Hoar, of Massachusetts; and George Henry Wil liams, of Oregon; and her Britanic Majesty, on her part, has appointed as her high commissioners and plenipotentiaries the right honorable George Frederick Samuel, Earl de Grey and Earl of Ripon, Viscount Goderich, Baron Grantham, a baronet, a peer of the United Kingdom, lord president of her Majesty's most honorable Privy Council, knight of the most noble order of the Garter, etc.; the right honorable Sir Stafford Henry Northcote, baronet, one of her Majesty's most honorable Privy Council, a member of Parliament, a companion of the most honorable order of the Bath, etc.; Sir Edward Thornton, knight commander of the most honorable order of the Bath, her Majesty's envoy extraordinary and minister plenipotentiary to the United States of America; Sır John Alexander Macdonald, knight commander of the most honorable order of the Bath, a member of her Majesty's Privy Council for Canada, and minister of justice and attorneygeneral of her Majesty's Dominion of Canada; and Montague Bernard, Esq., Chichele professor of international law in the University of Oxford.
And the said plenipotentiaries, after having exchanged their full powers, which were found to be in due and proper form, have agreed to and concluded the following articles:
Whereas differences have arisen between the Government of the United States and the Government of her Britannic Majesty, and still exist, growing out of the acts committed by the several vessels which have given rise to the claims generically known as the "Alabama claims;
And whereas her Britannic Majesty has authorized her high commissioners and plenipotentiaries to express, in a friendly spirit, the regret felt by her Majesty's Government for the escape, under whatever circumstances, of the Alabama and other vessels from British ports, and for the depredations committed by those vessels:
Now, in order to remove and adjust all complaints and claims on the part of the United States, and to provide
for the speedy settlement of such claims which are not admitted by her Britannic Majesty's Government, the high contracting parties agree that all the said claims, growing out of acts committed by the aforesaid vessels and generically known as the " Alabama claims," shall be referred to a tribunal of arbitration, to be composed of five arbitrators, to be, appointed in the following manner, that is to say one shall be named by the President of the United States; one shall be named by her Britannic Majesty; his Majesty the King of Italy shall be requested to name one; the President of the Swiss Confederation shall be requested to name one; and his Majesty the Emperor of Brazil shall be requested to name one.
In case of the death, absence, or incapacity to serve of any or either of the said arbitrators, or, in the event of either of the said arbitrators omitting or declining or ceasing to act as such, the President of the United States, or her Britannic Majesty, or his Majesty the King of Italy, or the President of the Swiss Confederation, or his Majesty the Emperor of Brazil, as the case may be, may forthwith name another person to act as arbitrator in the place and stead of the arbitrator originally named by such head of a State.
And in the event of the refusal or omission for two months after receipt of the request from either of the high contracting parties of his Majesty the King of Italy, or the President of the Swiss Confederation, or his Majesty the Emperor of Brazil, to name an arbitrator either to fill the original appointment or in the place of one who may have died, be absent, or incapacitated, or who may omit, decline, or from any cause cease to act as such arbitrator, his Majesty the King of Sweden and Norway shall be requested to name one or more persons, as the case may be, to act as such arbitrator or arbitrators.
The arbitrators shall meet at Geneva, in Switzerland, at the earliest convenient day after they shall have been named, and shall proceed impartially and carefully to