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or cause to be done, any act in furtherance of the object of such conspiracy, whereby any person shall be injured in his person or property, or deprived of having and exercising any right or privilege of a citizen of the United States, the person so injured or deprived of such rights and privileges may have and maintain an action for the recovery of damages occasioned by such injury or deprivation of rights and privileges against any one or more of the persons engaged in such conspiracy, such action to be prosecuted in the proper district or circuit court of the United States, with and subject to the same rights of appeal, review upon error, and other remedies provided in like cases in such courts under the provisions of the act of April 9, 1866, entitled "An act to protect all persons in the United States in their civil rights, and to furnish the means of their vindication."
SEC. 3. That in all cases where insurrection, domestic violence, unlawful combinations, or conspiracies in any State shall so obstruct or hinder the execution of the laws thereof, and of the United States, as to deprive any portion or class of the people of such State of any of the rights, privileges, or immunities, or protection named in the Constitution and secured by this act, and the constituted authorities of such State shall either be unable to protect, or shall, from any cause, fail in or refuse protection of the people in such rights, such facts shall be deemed a denial by such State of equal protection of the laws to which they are entitled under the Constitution of the United States; and in all such cases, or whenever any such insurrection, violence, unlawful combination, or conspiracy shall oppose or obstruct the laws of the United States, or the due execution thereof, or impede or obstruct the due course of justice under the same, it shall be lawful for the President, and it shall be his duty, to take such measures, by the employment of the militia or the land and naval forces of the United States, or of either, or by other means as he may deem necessary for the suppression of such insurrection, domestic violence, or combinations; and any person who shall be arrested under the provisions of this and the preceding section shall be delivered to the marshal of the proper district to be dealt with according to law.
SEC. 4. That whenever in any State or part of a State the unlawful combinations named in the preceding section of this act shall be organized and armed, and so numerous and powerful as to be able by violence to either overthrow or set at defiance the constituted authorities of such State, and of the United States within such State; or when the constituted authorities are in complicity with or shall connive at the unlawful pur poses of such powerful and armed combinations; and when
ever, by reason of either or all of the causes aforesaid, the conviction of such offenders and the preservation of the public safety shall become in such district impracticable, in every such case such combinations shall be deemed a rebellion against the Government of the United States, and during the continuance of such rebellion, and within the limits of the district which shall be so under the sway thereof, such limits to be prescribed by proclamation, it shall be lawful for the President of the United States, when in his judgment the public safety shall require it, to suspend the privileges of the writ of habeas corpus, to the end that such rebellion may be overthrown: Provided, That all the provisions of the second section of an act entitled "An act relating to habeas corpus, and regulating judicial proceedings in certain cases,” approved March 3, 1863, which relate to the discharge of prisoners other than prisoners of war, and to the penalty for refusing to obey the order of the court, shall be in full force so far as the same are applicable to the provisions of this section: Provided further, That the President shall first have made proclamation, as now provided by law, commanding such insurgents to disperse: And provided also, That the provisions of this section shall not be in force after the end of the next regular session of Congress.
SEC. 5. That no person shall be a grand or petit juror in any court of the United States upon any inquiry, hearing, or trial of any suit, proceeding, or posecution based upon or arising under the provisions of this act who shall, in the judgment of the court, be in complicity with any such combination or conspiracy; and every such juror shall, before entering upon any such inquiry, hearing, or trial, take and subscribe an oath in open court that he has never, directly or indirectly, counseled, advised, or voluntarily aided any such combination or conspiracy; and each and every person who shall take this oath, and shall therein swear falsely, shall be guilty of perjury, and shall be subject to the pains and penalties declared against that crime; and the first section of the act entitled "An act defining additional causes of challenge and prescribing an additional oath for grand and petit jurors in the United States courts,' approved June 17, 1862, be, and the same is hereby, repealed.
SEO. 6. That any person or persons, having knowledge that any of the wrongs conspired to be done and mentioned in the second section of this act are about to be committed, and having power to prevent or aid in preventing the same, shall neglect or refuse so to do, and such wrongful act shall be committed, such person or persons shall be liable to the person injured, or his legal representatives, for all damages caused by any such wrongful act which such first named person or per
sons by reasonable diligence could have prevented; and such damages may be recovered in an action on the case in the proper circuit court of the United States; and any number of persons guilty of such wrongful neglect or refusal may be joined as defendants in such action: Provided, That such action shall be commenced within one year after such cause of action shall have accrued; and if the death of any person shall be caused by any such wrongful act and neglect, the legal representatives of such deceased person shall have such action therefor, and may recover not exceeding five thousand dollars damages therein for the benefit of the widow of such deceased person, if any there be, or if there be no widow, for the benefit of the next of kin of such deceased person.
SEC. 7. That nothing herein contained shall be construed to supersede or repeal any former act or law except so far as the same may be repugnant thereto; and any offenses heretofore committed against the tenor of any former act shall be prosecuted, and any proceeding already commenced for the prosecution thereof shall be continued and completed the same as if this act had not been passed, except so far as the provisions of this act may go to sustain and validate such proceedings. Approved April 20, 1871.
SALARY ACT OF 1873.
Be it enacted, etc., That, on and after the 4th day of March, A. D. 1873, the President of the United States shall receive in full for his services during the term for which he shall have been elected the sum of $50,000 per annum, to be paid monthly; the Vice-President of the United States shall receive in full for his services during the term for which he shall have been elected the sum of $10,000 per annum, to be paid monthly; and the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States shall receive the sum of $10,500 per annum, and the justices of the Supreme Court of the United States shall receive the sum of $10,000 per annum each, to be paid monthly; the Secretary of State, the Secretary of the Treasury, the Secretary of War, the Secretary of the Navy, the Secretary of the Interior, the Attorney-General, and the Postmaster-General shall receive $10,000 per annum each for their services, to be paid monthly; and each Assistant Secretary of the Treasury, State, and Interior Departments shall receive as annual compensation, to be paid monthly, $6,000; and the Speaker of the House of Represntatives shall, after the present Congress, receive in full for all his services compensation at the rate of $10,000 per annum; and Senators, Representatives, and Delegates in Congress, including Senators, Representatives, and Delegates in the Forty-second Congress, shall receive $7,500 per annum each, and this shall be in lieu of all pay and allowances; and all those holding such office at the passage of this act, and whose claim to a seat has not been adversely decided, shall receive $7,500 per annum each, and this shall be in lieu of all pay and allowances, except the actual individual traveling expenses from their homes to the seat of Government and return by the most direct route of usual travel, once for each session of the House to which such Senator, member, or Delegate belongs, to be certified to under his hand to the disbursing officer, and filed as a voucher: Provided, That, in settling the pay and allowances of Senators, members, and Delegates in the Forty-second Congress, all mileage shall be deducted, and no allowance made for expenses of travel. And there is hereby appropriated a sum sufficient to
make the annual salaries of such of the clerks in the office of the Clerk of the House of Representatives as receive $2,500 and upward, and less than $3,000 (including the petition clerk and printing clerk), $3,000 each; and of such as receive $2,000 and upward, and less than $2,500, the sum of $2,500 each; and of such as receive $1,800 and upward, and less than $2,000, the sum of $2,000 each; and of the Secretary of the Senate and Clerk of the House of Representatives $5,000 each; and of the chief clerk and journal clerk of the House, while such positions are held by the present incumbents, and no longer, $3,600 each; and of the doorkeeper of the House and the assistant doorkeeper of the Senate, while the position is held by the present incumbents, and no longer, $3,000; and of the postmaster of the Senate, $2,592; assistant postmaster, $2,000; and of two mail carriers, $1,700; and of the superintendent and first assistant of the Senate document room, $2,500 each; and second assistant in said document room, $1,800; and of the additional compensation to the reporters of the House and Senate for the Congressional Globe, $1,500 each; and additional pay to the chief engineer of the House, $360 (so as to equalize his pay with that of the chief engineer of the Senate). And it is hereby provided that the increase of compensation to the of ficers, clerks, and others in the employ of the Senate and House of Representatives provided for in this act shall begin with the present Congress; and the pay of all the present employees of the Senate and House of Representatives, including the employees in the Library of Congress and those under the Committee on Public Buildings and Grounds, now employed in the Capitol building, and also the House reporters whose pay has not been specifically increased by this act, holding their places by appointment under the respective officers thereof, or by the authority of the Committee of Contingent Expenses of the Senate, or the Committee of Accounts of the House, be increased fifteen per cent. of their present compensation on the amount actually received and payable to them respectively from the beginning of the present Congress, or from the date of their appointment during the present Congress, and who shall be actually employed at the passage of this act. And the amounts of money necessary to carry the foregoing provisions into effect are hereby appropriated out of any monies in the Treasury not otherwise appropriated.