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PAPER No. VII. Page 39, line 12- younger brother to a baronet. The oldest son always inherited the estate of his father; and the younger sons of the nobility; not supposed to transact business, were dependent for a living upon the generosity of their relatives. (See Tatler, 256.

Page 39, line 20. makes a may-fly. Artificial fly used in fishing.

Page 40, line 2. carries a tulip-root. The mania for tulips, which was carried to so great an extent in the seventeenth century, still existed in a mild form.

Page 41, line 23. quail-pipe. Pipe blown to call or attract quails.

PAPER No. VIII.
Page 43, line 14. hunan. Distinguished from divine.

Page 44, line 7. 'Change. Exchange. Place where business is transacted.

PAPER No. IX. Page 48, line 20. carve her name. (See As You Like It, Act III.)

Page 55, line 11. Martial. A Latin poet, born 43 A.D.

Page 55, line 12. Dum tacet hanc loquitur. While he is silent he is speaking of her.

PAPER No. XI. Johnson says that although this paper was written by Budgell, Addison corrected and rewrote it.

Page 62, line 3. Bastile. A noted prison in Paris. During the French Revolution it was torn down by the infuriated mob. Some time afterward the huge key was presented by Lafayette to George Washington, and it may now be seen at Mt. Vernon. (For further information see Bingham's Bastille. London: Chapman & Hall, 1888.)

Page 67, line 24. Monsieur Pascal. A celebrated French writer of the seventeenth century.

In connection with this paper read Charles Dudley Warner's A-Hunting of the Deer.

PAPER No. XII.

Witchcraft had lost its hold on the minds of educated people, but the belief still prevailed among ignorant ones. The last person tried, found guilty, and condemned to capital punishment was Jane Wenham, and she was finally pardoned. Her trial occurred in 1712.

PAPER No. XIII.

Was there anything in Addison's own experience that would enable him to understand Sir Roger's feeling for the widow ?

PAPER No. XIV.

Page 85, line 9. For description of head-dress see Spectator, No. 98.

PAPER No. XV. Page 86, line 20. within the Game-Act. No person possess« ing less than forty pounds a year was allowed to shoot game.

M

Page 87, line 13. has cast. Defeated in a lawsuit.

Page 87, line 15. going upon the old business of the willow-tree. Tom Touchy was probably going to the county assizes to continue a long-standing lawsuit involving a willow tree.

Page 90, line 14. Saracen's Head. The English took please ure in picturing the Saracens with ugly faces.

PAPER No. XVI.

Page 92, line 23. particular. Individual.

Page 93, line 10. Plutarch. A Greek writer living in first century A.D. His best known work is his Parallel Lives of Greeks and Romans.

Page 93, line 19. great rule. Luke vi. 27–32.

Page 95, line 21. Guelphs and Ghibellines. The Guelphs claimed that the Popes, the spiritual heads, should also be at the head in temporal affairs ; the Ghibellines demanded the supremacy of the emperors; and for three centuries during the Middle Ages the two factions involved Germany and Italy in a disastrous struggle. (See “ House of Hohenstaufen” in any History of the Middle Ages.)

Page 95, line 23. the League. The “Catholic League” (1576) formed " to uphold the Catholic Church; to suppress heresy ; and to maintain the honor, the authority, and prerogatives of the most Christian king and his successors." (See History for Ready Reference, Vol. II., p. 1206.)

PAPER No. XVII.

Page 99, line 2. Cassandra. A prophetess, daughter of Priam. Apollo, angry with her, commanded people not to believe her predictions.

Page 99, line 12. line of life. Line in the hand called the {ife line.

PAPER No. XVIII. Page 104, line 18. “White Witch.” Distinction was usually made between the white and the black witch. The white, or good witch, helped to prevent or cure diseases in men or beasts ; the black, or bad one, caused them.

Page 107, line 7. Commonwealth's men. Addison here means men who are tired of the rule of one person and wish for a government by the people.

PAPER No. XIX.

Page 111, line 19. right we had of taking place. Roads were often so bad that one team must stop before another could pass. The rule was that the one going to London should have right of way, and the one coming from the city must turn aside.

PAPER No. XX. Page 113, line 10. Ramage de la Ville. Warblers of the town. Page 113, line 21. crack. Crank.

Page 114, line 14. Cries of London. The streets were alive with the numerous cries of the venders of food, old clothes, household articles, ranging from “Delicate cowcumbers to pickle” to “Maids, buy a Mopp." (See Ashton's Social Life in the Reign of Queen Anne, Chap. XXXV.)

Page 114, line 16. freeman. One who has the right to sell his goods.

Page 115, line 7. note above ela. Above A.

PAPER No. XXI. Page 120, line 12. Prince Eugenio. A celebrated Austrian general, who distinguished himself during the war of the Spanish succession (1701-1714. (See Gardiner's Student's History of England, Chap. XLIV.)

Page 120, line 14. Scanderbeg. An Albanian commander of the fifteenth century.

Page 123, line 11. securing the Church of England. By requiring all holders of office under the crown to belong to the Church of England.

Page 124, line 1. Procession. To show opposition to the Catholic religion the Pope's head in effigy was carried in the procession.

Page 125, line 2. Supplement. Extra edition.

PAPER No. XXII.

Page 125, line 14. the tombs. (See Spectator, No. 26.)

Page 126, line 19. sickness being at Dantzic. Great plague of 1709.

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