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tion: he heartily loves Sir Roger, and knows that he is very much in the old Knight's esteem, so that he lives in the family rather as a relation than a depend

ent. 5 I have observed in several of my papers that my

friend Sir Roger, amidst all his good qualities, is something of an humorist; and that his virtues as well as imperfections are, as it were, tinged by a cer

tain extravagance, which makes them particularly 10 his, and distinguishes them from those of other men.

This cast of mind, as it is generally very innocent in itself, so it renders his conversation highly agreeable, and more delightful than the same degree of sense

and virtue would appear in their common and ordi15 nary colors. As I was walking with him last night,

he asked me how I liked the good man whom I have just now mentioned, and without staying for my answer told me that he was afraid of being insulted

with Latin and Greek at his own table, for which 20 reason he desired a particular friend of his at the

University to find him out a clergyman rather of plain sense than much learning, of good aspect, a clear voice, a sociable temper, and, if possible, a man that

understood a little of backgammon. My friend, says 25 Sir Roger, found me out this gentleman, who, besides

the endowments required of him, is, they tell me, a good scholar, though he does not show it: I have given him the parsonage of the parish; and, because I know his value, have settled upon him a good annuity for life. If he outlives me, he shall find that he was higher in my esteem than perhaps he thinks he is. He has now been with me thirty years, and, though he does not know I have taken notice of it, has never in all that time asked anything of me for himself, though he is every day soliciting me for something in ta behalf of one or other of my tenants, his parishioners. There has not been a lawsuit in the parish since he has lived among them; if any dispute arises they apply themselves to him for the decision; if they do not acquiesce in his judgment, which I think never 15 happened above once or twice at most, they appeal to me.

At his first settling with me I made him a present of all the good sermonso which have been printed in English, and only begged of him that every Sunday he would pronounce one of them in the pulpit. 20 Accordingly he has digested them into such a series, that they follow one another naturally, and make a continued system of practical divinity.

As Sir Roger was going on in his story, the gentleman we were talking of came up and


to us;

the 24

Knight's asking him who preached to-morrow (for it was Saturday night) told us the Bishop of St. Asaph in the morning, and Dr. South in the afternoon. He

then slowed us his list of preachers for the whole ; year, wzere I saw with a great deal of pleasure Arch

bishop Tillotson, Bishop Saunderson, Dr. Barrow, Dr. Calamy, with several living authors who have published discourses of practical divinity. I no sooner

saw this venerable man in the pulpit, but I very much 10 approved of my friend's insisting upon the qualifica

tions of a good aspect and a clear voice ; for I was so charmed with the gracefulness of his figure and delivery, as well as with the discourses he pronounced,

that I think I never passed any time more to my 15 satisfaction. A sermon repeated after this manner is

like the composition of a poet in the mouth of a graceful actor.

I could heartily wish that more of our country clergy would follow this example; and, instead of 20 wasting their spirits in laborious compositions of their

own, would endeavor after a handsome elocution, and all those other talents that are proper to enforce what has been penned by greater masters. This would not only be more easy to themselves, but more edifying to the people.

VI. THE COVERLEY HOUSEHOLD. The reception, manner of attendance, undisturbed freedom, and quiet, which I meet with here in the country, has confirmed me in the opinion I always had, that the general corruption of manners in servants is owing to the conduct of masters.

The aspect of every one in the family carries so much satisfaction that it appears he knows the happy lot which has befallen him in being a member of it. There is one particular which I have seldom seen but at Sir Roger's; it is usual in all other places, that servants 10 fly from the parts of the house through which their master is passing: on the contrary, here they industriously place themselves in his way; and it is on both sides, as it were, understood as a visit, when the servants appear without calling. This proceeds from 15 the humane and equal temper of the man of the house, who also perfectly well knows how to enjoy a great estate with such economy as ever to be much beforehand. This makes his own mind untroubled, and consequently unapt to vent peevish expressions, 20 or give passionate or inconsistent orders to those about him. Thus respect and love go together, and a certain cheerfulness in performance of their duty is


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the particular distinction of the lower part of this family. When a servant is called before his master, he does not come with an expectation to hear himself

rated for some trivial fault, threatened to be stripped, 5 or used with any other unbecoming language, which

mean masters often give to worthy servants; but it is often to know what road he took that he came so readily back according to order; whether he passed

by such a ground; if the old man who rents it is in 10 good health ; or whether he gave Sir Roger's love to him, or the like.

A man who preserves a respect founded on his benevolence to his dependents lives rather like a

prince than a master in his family; his orders are 15 received as favors, rather than duties; and the dis

tinction of approaching him is part of the reward for executing what is commanded by him.

There is another circumstance in which my friend excels in his management, which is the manner of rewarding his servants: he has ever been of opinion that giving his cast clothes to be worn by valets has a very ill effect upon little minds, and creates a silly sense of equality between the parties, in persons

affected only with outward things. I have heard him 25 often pleasant on this occasion, and describe a young


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