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popular government fails in him. Every lawbreaker is

a traitor to his government, and a burden to his fellows. I WILL CHERISH MY HOME: The loyal American, in

everyday living, takes good care of his family; keeps his home clean and healthful; is true to his daily task; lives within his means; pays his bills promptly; has regard

for his own character; and is a good neighbor. As A CITIZEN, I WILL THINK FIRST OF THE PUBLIC GOOD:

I will deal honestly and fairly with my fellow men, and I will not, knowingly, do aught to injure any one. I will hold my right to vote as sacred, and will cast my ballot at each election for those men and measures I deem

best for the city, State and nation. I REVERENCE THE GOD OF MY FATHERS: Faith in God has

ever been the inspiration of the patriot. From Columbus, the discoverer, to the present day, our great American leaders have been men of faith. Every American court instills the prayer, “So help me God!” America stands for religious liberty, and thereby comes a broader, deeper faith; for inevitably, the Brotherhood of man, foundation thought of the Republic, leads to the Fatherhood of God.

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APPENDIX

Nominated by . People as a whole.. Federalists...

Years of service

1789-1797

1797-1801

1801-1809

1809-1817

..Democratic-Republicans
.Democratic Republicans .
.Democratic-Republicans
. National-Republicans..
Democrats..

1817-1825

1825–1829

1829–1837

.Democrats..

1837-1841

1841 (one month)

Whigs . Whigs Democrats..

1841-1845

1845-1849

1849-1850

.Whigs ... . Whigs .

1850-1853

.Democrats..

1853–1857

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125. The Presidents of the United States

President George Washington. John Adams..

Thomas Jefferson ..

James Madison .

James Monroe.

John Quincy Adams .
Andrew Jackson...

Martin Van Buren...

William Henry Harrison..
John Tyler...
James K. Polk.
Zachary Taylor.
Millard Fillmore.

Franklin Pierce ..

James Buchanan.

Abraham Lincoln..

Andrew Johnson..
Ulysses S. Grant..
Rutherford B. Hayes..
James A. Garfield..
Chester A. Arthur..

Grover Cleveland...

njamin Harrison..

Grover Cleveland...

William McKinley..

Theodore Roosevelt...

William H. Taft....

Woodrow Wilson...

1913–

126. The States of the Union

The largest cities of the United States are marked thus *

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Chief City

Portland Manchester Burlington *Boston *Providence New Haven

*New York, *Buffalo

and *Rochester *Philadelphia and

*Pittsburg *Newark and

*Jersey City Wilmington *Baltimore

Richmond
Wheeling
Memphis
Wilmington
Charleston
Atlanta
Jacksonville
Vicksburg
Birmingham

Oklahoma City
Little Rock
*New Orleans
San Antonio

NORTH CENTRAL STATES

Abbreviated

Form

Capital

Wis.
Mich.
Ill.
Ind.
0.

Madison Lansing Springfield Indianapolis Columbus

Ky.

Frankfort

N.Dak.
S.Dak.
Minn.
Neb.
Ia.
Kans.
Mo.

Bismarck Pierre St. Paul Lincoln Des Moines Topeka Jefferson City

ROCKY MOUNTAIN STATES

Mont. Idaho Wyo. Nev. Utah Colo. Ariz. N.Mex.

Helena Boise Cheyenne Carson City Salt Lake City Denver Phoenix Santa Fé

PACIFIC COAST STATES

Wash. Ore. Cal.

Olympia Salem Sacramento

State

Chief City

Eastern Division

Wisconsin
Michigan
Illinois
Indiana
Ohio

*Milwaukee
*Detroit
*Chicago
*Indianapolis
*Cleveland and

*Cincinnati *Louisville

Kentucky

Western Division

North Dakota
South Dakota
Minnesota
Nebraska
Iowa
Kansas
Missouri

Fargo
Sioux Falls
*Minneapolis
Omaha
Des Moines
Kansas City
*St. Louis and

*Kansas City

Montana
Idaho
Wyoming
Nevada
Utah
Colorado
Arizona
New Mexico

Butte
Boise
Cheyenne
Reno
Salt Lake City
Denver
Tucson
Santa Fé and

Albuquerque

Washington

egon California

*Seattle

Portland *San Francisco and

*Los Angeles

District of Columbia

*WASHINGTON, the National Capital

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127. Territories and Insular Possessions of the United States.

District of Columbia. The Federal District in which is located Washington, the capital city of the United States. It is situated on the eastern bank of the Potomac River, between the States of Maryland and Virginia. Its area is 70 square miles. It is governed by three commissioners appointed by the President and confirmed by the Senate.

Alaska. A Territory of the United States, located beyond the northwestern corner of Canada. It was purchased from Russia in 1867, and has valuable fisheries, fur-trade, extensive forests, and rich mineral deposits.

Hawaiian Islands. A group of important islands in the North Pacific Ocean, annexed by the United States in 1898. They are governed as a Territory. The islands produce sugar, rice, fruits, and wool.

Porto Rico. A large island in the Caribbean Sea, ceded by Spain to the United States after the war of 1898. The chief exports are sugar, coffee, and tobacco.

Philippine Islands. A group of islands lying between the China Sea on the west, and the Pacific Ocean on the east. They were ceded by Spain to the United States in 1898. The chief products are tobacco, hemp, coffee, sugar, cocoa, and rice.

Guam. The largest of the Ladrone Islands, situated between the Philippines and the Hawaiian Islands in the Pacific Ocean.

Ceded by Spain to the United States in 1898. It is valuable as a coaling and supply station for naval vessels.

Tutuila. The third in importance of the islands in the Samoan group, in the Southern Pacific Ocean. It was annexed by the United States in 1900, and is an important naval station.

Panama Canal Zone. A strip of territory ten miles in width, through the middle of which runs the Panama Canal built by the United States between 1904 and 1914. The Zone was ceded to the United States by the Republic of Panama in 1904.

Virgin Islands. A group of islands in the Caribbean Sea which form an important defense for the Panama Canal. They were purchased from Denmark by the United States in 1917.

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