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128. Books about citizenship I am an American. By Sara Cone Bryant. (Houghton Mifflin Com

pany.) Civics for New Americans. By Mabel Hill and Philip Davis. (Houghton

Mifflin Company.) The Community and the Citizen. By A. W. Dunn. (D. C. Heath &

Company.) Preparing for Citizenship. By W. B. Guitteau. (Houghton Miffin

Company.) Government and Politics in the United States. By W. B. Guitteau.

(Houghton Mifflin Company.) Civil Government in the United States. By John Fiske. (Houghton

Mifflin Company.)

129. American Ideals The Spirit of Democracy. Edited by L. P. and G. W. Powell. (Rand

McNally Company.) The American Spirit. Edited by Paul Monroe and I. E. Irving. (World

Book Company.) Liberty, Peace, and Justice : Documents and Addresses setting forth the

democratic ideals of the United States. Compiled by H. H. Webster.

(Houghton Mifflin Company.) American Ideals. Edited by Norman Foerster and W. W. Pierson, Jr.

(Houghton Mifflin Company.)

130. Lives of Great Americans George Washington. By Horace E. Scudder. (Houghton Mifflin Company.) Benjamin Franklin. By Paul Elmer More. (Houghton Miffin Com

pany.) Life of Abraham Lincoln. By Charles W. Moores. (Houghton Mifflin

The Riverside Biographical Series. (Houghton Mifflin Company.)

131. The History of the United States Our European Ancestors. By Eva March Tappan. (Houghton Mifflin

Company.) American Hero Stories. By Eva March Tappan. (Houghton Mifflin


An Elementary History of our Country. By Eva March Tappan. (Hough

ton Mifflin Company.) A History of the United States. By R. G. Thwaites and C. N. Kendall.

(Houghton Mifflin Company.) A History of the United States. By John Fiske. (Houghton Mifflin

Company.) School History of the United States. By Albert Bushnell Hart. (Ameri

can Book Company.)

132. Patriotic Prose and Poems Stories of Patriotism. Edited by N. H. Deming and K. I. Bemis. (Hough

ton Mifflin Company.) Patriotic Reader. Edited by K. I. Bemis, M. E. Holtz, H. L. Smith.

(Houghton Mifflin Company.) American History in Literature. By M. A. L. Lane and Mabel Hill.

(Ginn & Company.) Our Country in Poem and Prose. Edited by E. A. Parsons. (American

Book Company.) American Patriotic Prose and Verse. Edited by R. D. and D. H. Stevens.

(A. C. McClurg & Company.) Bugle Calls of Liberty. By G. V. Southworth and P. M. Paine. (Iro

quois Publishing Company.) Ballads of American Bravery. By Clinton Scollard. (Silver, Burdett &

Company.) American Patriotic Prose. Edited by A. W. Long. (D. C. Heath &

Company.) Poems of American History. Edited by B. E. Stevenson. (Houghton

Mifflin Company.)

133. Books about Holidays The Little Book of the Flag. By Eva March Tappan. (Houghton Mifflin

Company.) Our Flag in Verse and Prose. Edited by R. H. Schauffler. (Moffatt,

Yard & Company.) Good Stories for the Great Holidays. Edited by F. J. Olcott. (Houghton

Mifflin Company.) Days and Deeds. Edited by B. E. and E. B. Stevenson. (Doubleday,

Page & Company.)

134. Books about the Great War The Little Book of the War. By Eva March Tappan. (Houghton Mifflin


A Treasury of War Poetry. Edited by G. H. Clarke. (Houghton Mifflin

Company.) Patriotic Pieces from the Great War. Edited by E. D. Jones. (Penn Pub

lishing Company.) Lest We Forget : World War Stories. Edited by G. H. Thompson and

I. Bigwood. (Silver, Burdett & Company.) The Liberty Reader. Edited by B. M. Sheridan. (B. H. Sanborn Com


135. Books for Teachers First Steps in Americanization. By J. J. Mahoney and C. M. Herlihy,

(Houghton Mifflin Company.) Teaching American Ideals through Literature. By H. Neumann. (U.S.

Department of the Interior.) The Teaching of Civics. By Mabel Hill. (Houghton Mifflin Company.) Lessons in Community and National Life. Edited by C. H. Judd and L.

C. Marshall. (U.S. Department of the Interior.) A Course in Citizenship and Patriotism. By Ella Lyman Cabot, Fannie

Fern Andrews, Fanny E. Coe, Mabel Hill, and Mary McSkimmon.

(Houghton Mifflin Company.) On Becoming an American. By H. J. Bridges. (Marshall Jones Com

pany.) Racial Factors in Democracy. By P. A. Means. (Marshall Jones Com

pany.) Immigrant Races in North America. By Peter Roberts. (Association

The Immigrant and the Community. (Association Press.)



By Franklin K. Lane, Secretary of the Interior

The first step. To meet men from Armenia and Italy, from Greece and from Persia, from Russia and from all the nations of Europe, to learn their conception of America, to hear what they believe America offers them, to help them to an understanding, to spread before them our ideals, our traditions, our opportunities; this is the very first step in the process of Americanization.

What is Americanization? It has never seemed to me that it was difficult to define Americanization or Americanism: “I appreciate something, I admire something, I love something. I want you, my friends, my neighbors, to appreciate and admire and love that thing, too. That something is America.”

The inspiration of ideals. The process is not one of science; the process is one of humanity. But just as there is no way by which the breath of life can be put into a man's body, once it has gone out, so there is no manner by which, with all our wills, we can make an American out of a man who is not inspired by our ideals; and there is no way by which we can make any one feel that it is a blessed and splendid thing to be an American, unless we are ourselves aglow with the sacred fire, unless we interpret Americanism by our tolerance, our fairness, our thoroughbred qualities, our liberality, our valor, and our kindness. We have made stintless sacrifices during this war; sacrifices of

money and blood sacrifices; sacrifices in our industries; sacrifices of time and effort and preferment and prejudice. Much of that sacrifice will be found vain if we do not prepare to draw to ourselves those later comers who are at once our opportunity and our responsibility; and such responsibilities invoke and fortify the noblest qualities of national character.

Americanism is entirely an attitude of mind; it is the way we look at things that makes us Americans. What is America? There is a physical America and there is a spiritual

1 Extracts from an address at New York, January 11, 1919.

America. They are so interwoven that you cannot tell where the one ends and the other begins.

Seeing America. If I could have my way I would say to the man in New York, “ Come with me and I will show you America,” and I would say to the man in San Francisco, “ Come with me and' I will show you America."

I would give to the man whom I wished to Americanize (after he had learned the language of this land) a knowledge of the physical America, so as to get an admiration, not only of its strength, of its resources, of what it could do against the world, but that he might have pride in this as a land of hope and a land in which men had won out. I would take him across the continent. I would show him the eight million farms which went to feed Europe in her hour of need. I would take him out into Utah and show him that mountain of copper they are tearing down at the rate of thirty-eight thousand tons per day. I would take him to the highest dam in the world, in Idaho. And I would let him see the water come tumbling down and being transformed into power, and that power being used to pump water again that spread over the fields and made great gardens out of what ten years ago was the driest of deserts. ...

America an unfinished land. I would tell him, not that America is perfect, that America is a finished country, but I would say to him: America is an unfinished land. Its possibilities will never end, and your chance here and the chances of your children will always be in ratio to your zeal and ambition.”

It is beyond estimate when we shall reclaim all our lands or find all our minerals, or make all our people as happy as they might be. But out of our beneficent political institutions, out of the warmth of our hearts, out of our yearning for higher intellectual accomplishment there will be ample space and means for the fulfillment of dreams, for further growth, for constant improvement. That conviction is at once our inspiration and our aspiration.

I would have that man see America from the reindeer ranges of Alaska to the Everglades of Florida. I would make him realize that we have within our soil every raw product essential to the conduct of any industry. I would take him three thousand miles from New York, where stands one of the greatest universities in the world, to another great university, where, seventy years ago, there was nothing but a deer pasture. I would try to show to him the tremendous things that have been accomplished

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