Gods of the Word: Archetypes in the Consonants
Thomas Jefferson University Press, 1999 - Počet stran: 146
In 1993, as part of a computer project I was working on, I found myself reading an English dictionary and dividing all the words into prefixes, suffixes and roots. I had read studies in linguists which suggested that the initial consonants of a word had a set of meanings, and the remaining rhyming part also had a set of meanings. One 'sense' of 'str-' is linearity: string, strip, stripe, street, etc. And one sense of '-ap' is flat: cap, flap, lap, map, etc. If you put them together, you get a flat line: 'strap'. The idea fascinated me, and since I was marking all these words anyway, I decided to keep an eye out for these classes which have similar meaning and pronunciation both. It turns out that it is possible by means of a series of repeatable experiments to show that certain meanings hang out with certain phonemes and others do not. I have been working on a dictionary which outlines this data for English in much more detail rather formally and scientifically. But I also have many thoughts which I seem to express more openly and cheerfully when I voice them in a separate book. My purpose here is therefore not to prove anything, but to summarise my most important findings in plain English and to philosophise freely and naively on their significance.
Summary of Scientific Methods and Results
Language as a Philosophical Tool
Appendix Phoneme Symbols
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actually affect agree appear associated basic becomes body bulging classes classification clustering common concept concerns consonants contain context course defined determine direction distinct dynamic earth element English essence example existence experience express fact feeling-tone followed force function give goal hold human idea implies inherent meaning initial involve John language less letters light limit linear linguistic living look metaphor mind mouth NAME nature never objects once organism perhaps phoneme phonesthemes phonosemantics physical position prong pronounced pronunciation reason reference reflects relationship result Russian seems semantic senses side similar single Socrates sound speak specific stop structure Symbolism talk tell tends Test thing thought thought system tions tree truth turn understand University verbs voiced vowels whole words beginning