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Dediration

To My

ALMA MATER,

UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN
This book, "Abraham Lincoln and New Constitutional

Governments," is lovingly dedicated.

To her I owe the unalloyed inspiration of loyalty and devotion to the land of my birth, the United States of America, the brightest star in the constellation of nations, where rational, enlightened and Christian liberty controls.

I wish that all native-born sons of foreigners, as well as sons of citizens, and those from abroad making this their home, could have the same spirit of intelligent patriotism instilled into their minds by studying in this, or some similar institution of learning in the United States of America. It would be a sure preventative of disloyalty and antagonism to the best system of government known so far to history.

Bartow Areich

Law Class, 1864.

V.

493788

Copyright, 1920

By

BARTOW A. ULRICH

This book is a continuation of my former book, "Abrahamu Lincoln and Constitutional Government,” a volume of four hundred pages published in 1916, during the World War, though commenced prior to 1914. The last nation that had adopted a republican form of government was Portugal, and I had its constitution translated and used with other modern constitutions.

Now there have been formed a number of other constitutions which have been collected and included in this third part. As others are obtainable they will be sent if desired to the purchasers of this book at a slight additional cost to cover their publication,

The object of both books is to demonstrate the advantages which should obtain, if properly administered, of a strictly representative form of government as definitely set forth in our constitution, in place of a personal or monarchical form of government like those recently overthrown in Central Europe.

The further purpose is to instil into the minds of those needing reliable information on this matter, now living in this country, and those coming from other lands who expect to remain here, a proper understanding of the fundamental principles incorporated in the Constitution, and how they should be applied and adhered to by great corporations and labor classes, as well as the general public.

If citizens abuse the privileges extended to those employed in commercial enterprises of all classes, under our liberal form of government, which lacks the autocratic and iron fist method of imptrialistic governments it is no fault of the form of government. Officials who administer the affairs of government periodically are elected by the people, who have the right to exercise universal suffrage.

An outline of the characters of two of our greatest statesmen is included in this book as models to pattern after in future, Washington and Lincoln.

No nation has achieved more in the same length of time and produced a larger amount of universal prosperity than the United States of America under its present republican institutions. It is for those now citizens, and those who willingly become citizens, as we do not make citizens by force, to preserve our constitution in its integrity and carry out honestly its fundamental principles, as well as to guard it with all our ability, against all enemies from within, as well as from without.

If the author has been able to ward off, or counteract, some of the baneful influences which threaten the existence of our institutions in various ways, he will have accomplished something for the benefit of the citizenship of the nation.

The first and second part, as well as the third part, of my work on government, should be studied and references examined, to obtain a comprehensive view of the subject.

BARTOW A. ULRICH.

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

It has been extremely difficult to obtain new and reliable material for this book, covering the governments of the old world and incidents relating to present conditions in Europe. The author has had to rely upon “The Associated Press" reports more than to any other source, for which he wishes to express his obligations as well as thanks. Through the tireless labor of this efficient association, he has kept in touch with events transpiring daily in all parts of the world, and has been compelled to use this information freely in order to facilitate his work.

"The Empire Press Bureau of Great Britain” has also been a source of information, and I wish to extend my thanks to it, as well as the “Review of Reviews," "The Nation," "The Literary Digest," the “Hearst” papers, the "Chicago Daily Tribune," which I have taken and read for fifty-five years; the "Chicago Evening Journal,” the "Chicago Evening Post,” the “Chicago Daily News," also the “New York Times," and "Louisville Courier-Journal.” I am also indebted to Prof. J. J. Zmrhal, who recently returned from a visit to the Czecho-Slovak republic, and is at present writing a series of articles of great interest for the “Chicago Evening Journal," which are used in part by consent of the writer.

BARTOW A. ULRICH.

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