The Elements of Psychology: A Text-book
Sheldon, 1888 - Počet stran: 419
"The text-book now offered to teachers and students has grown up in the author's class-room during a period of nearly ten years, and has been gradually adapted to the practical needs of those who could devote to the study only a single term of about three months. Great stress has been laid upon the careful definition of words, a progressive analysis, and the emphasis of the central truths of the science. It is intended that the paragraphs printed in the larger type should be learned for topical recitation and that those printed in the smaller type should be read with care without close reproduction in the class-room. The leading paragraphs have been readily comprehended by all the students who have ever attempted to study them. The secondary paragraphs are intended to interest the more active minds in acquiring a wider knowledge of the subject by presenting comments, citations, and theories which may lead to reflection and reading. These paragraphs are not essential to the continuity of the text printed in the larger type. One object in adding them, is, to introduce to the notice of students the names of important thinkers and writers of whom they should have some knowledge. These will lead on to still others whose works are to be found only in foreign languages to which references have been very rarely made because they would be practically useless to the beginner. The dates of the birth and death, of the writers quoted or referred to have been enclosed in parenthetical marks after the first mention of the name, except in the case of contemporaries, when only the date of the birth is given. The book thus serves as an introduction to the history of philosophy as well as to philosophy itself"--Preface. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2005 APA, all rights reserved).
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abstract according acquired action activity animal appetite association attention becomes body brain called cause certain color combinations concept connection consciousness considered constitution continue definite depends desire direction distinction distinguished doctrine Education effect elements emotion evident example excitation existence experience explain expression facts feeling Figure force give human ideal ideas images Imagination impressions individual Intellect involves Judgment kind knowledge known language laws light limits matter means Memory mental mind movements nature necessary nerve nervous objects observation organism original pain particular perception person Phantasy phenomena philosopher physical pleasure possess possible present principles produced psychical Psychology qualities reality reason REFERENCES regard relation representative reproduce requires result says seems seen sensations sense Sense-perception simply sometimes soul sound space theory things thought tion true truth universal whole
Strana 117 - Horatio; a fellow of infinite jest, of most excellent fancy. He hath borne me on his back a thousand times; and now, how abhorred in my imagination it is! my gorge rises at it. Here hung those lips that I have kissed I know not how oft. Where be your gibes now? your gambols? your songs? your flashes of merriment, that were wont to set the table on a roar?
Strana 56 - It was when laying down his book, and passing into this hall, through which the moon was beginning to shine, that the individual of whom I speak saw, right before him, and in a standing posture, the exact representation of his departed friend whose recollection had been so strongly brought to his imagination. He stopped for a single moment, so as to notice the wonderful accuracy with which fancy had impressed upon the bodily eye the peculiarities of dress and posture of the illustrious poet. Sensible,...
Strana 117 - The fancy sees the outside, and is able to give a portrait of the outside, clear, brilliant, and full of detail. The imagination sees the heart and inner nature, and makes them felt, but is often obscure, mysterious, and interrupted, in its giving of outer detail.
Strana 214 - The baby new to earth and sky, What time his tender palm is prest Against the circle of the breast, Has never thought that 'this is I : ' But as he grows he gathers much, And learns the use of ' I,' and ' me,' And finds ' I am not what I see, And other than the things I touch.
Strana 86 - ... 1. Illumination. — Is the image dim or fairly clear? Is its brightness comparable to that of the actual scene? " '2. Definition. — Are all the objects pretty well defined at the same time, or is the place of sharpest definition at any one moment more contracted than it is in a real scene? " '3. Colouring. — Are the colours of the china, of the toast, bread-crust, mustard, meat, parsley, or whatever may have been on the table, quite distinct and natural?
Strana 16 - For my part when I enter most intimately into what I call myself, I always stumble on some particular perception or other, of heat or cold, light or shade, love or hatred, pain or pleasure. I never can catch myself at any time without a perception, and never can observe anything but the perception.
Strana 182 - To say that we cannot know the Absolute, is, by implication, to affirm that there is an Absolute. In the very denial of our power to learn what the Absolute is, there lies hidden the assumption that it is ; and the making of this assumption proves that the Absolute has been present to the mind, not as a nothing, but as a something.
Strana 185 - But when one particular species of event has always, in all instances, been conjoined with another, we make no longer any scruple of foretelling one upon the appearance of the other, and of employing that reasoning, which can alone assure us of any matter of fact or existence. We then call the one object, CAUSE ; the other, EFFECT.
Strana 91 - I took the man and sat him in the chair, where I saw him as distinctly as if he had been before me in his own proper person — I may almost say more vividly. I looked from time to time at the imaginary figure, then worked with my pencil, then referred to the countenance, and so on, just as I should...