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number of dead and wounded, there might have been 20 or 25. Steerage and second-class passengers had rushed to upper deck to get in boats and had been injured there. I saw no shots strike vessel but heard them strike and I saw débris. I also saw wounded persons fall from bridge, among which was Signore Spinnachi, a first-class passenger, who is still missing. I believe a number of guns were fired on submarine as I saw people fall on different parts of upper deck. Then I went down to purser's cabin to get money which I had deposited the day before. I found purser's cabin wrecked and purser İying unconscious on floor before his desk. When I returned to upper deck I found the staircase by which I had descended had been shot away. I then went through second cabin and went up another staircase. I saw dead and wounded in second cabin. I entered my stateroom intending to get my passport. My passport was in a trunk under my bed and while I was stooping to draw out my trunk a shot passed through port hole window shattering glass and I heard missile pass over my head. My chamber maid, panic stricken, was standing before my door and the missile struck the upper part of her head,

she fell dead before my door. I then decided to leave ship at once, I put on my life belt, cap, and sweater and went on deck. Boats were being lowered. The first two were full and would not take me. I then crossed to other side of deck to look for boat and saw one in the water close to ship in which I recognized chief machinist and two ship doctors. I called to them to take me and they called jump. I jumped about 50 feet and landed uninjured in boat. I saw missiles strike people in boats besides the Ancona and people fall in water from boats. After boats pulled away from vessel they were not fired on and I believe the killing of persons in boats was unintentional. had on my wrist watch and noted time when boat in which I was pulled away from vessel, it was 12.30 and bombardment of vessel lasted 20 minutes longer. As bombardment commenced at a few minutes after 12 it must have lasted about 45 minutes. About 15 minutes after the cessation of bombardment the submarine which was circling around vessel fired a torpedo which struck the Ancona. I saw a cometlike form going through the water, saw it strike vessel causing violent explosion and throwing huge jet of water in air. The Ancona listed to one side and sank at 1.32 by my watch. My watch was correct as I compared it with watch of chief engineer and found it correct. Six other boats of the Ancona were in sight all the afternoon. The boat which I was in was picked up by the French naval vessel Pluton at about 7 o'clock p. m. and the survivors of Ancona were disembarked at Bizerta at about 11 p. m., but being a physician I remained on board all night attending to wounded. Everything possible for the comfort and care of the survivors was done by the officers of the Pluton and the French authorities. Special courtesy was shown to myself as a woman and an American citizen.

14th Interrogatory. Can you testify as to whether any notification was given to Ancona before attack was commenced ?


15th Interrogatory. Can you testify as to whether any attempt to escape was made by Ancona?

The vessel commenced to slow down almost simultaneously with the rush of sailors on deck and before I had heard the first shot. The vessel vibrated and the engine must have stopped or greatly reduced its speed, my impression is that the engine was stopped. The first shot I heard struck the fore part of vessel. I can give no other testimony as to whether there was any attempt to escape.

16th Interrogatory. Was firing rapid and continuous while bombardment lasted, have you an approximate idea of number of shots fired?

Firing was rapid for approximately twenty minutes; then firing was at longer intervals. I can give no information as to number of shots fired.

17th Interrogatory. Were over fifty shots fired? Yes, I feel confident that over fifty shots were fired at Ancona.

18th Interrogatory. Was loss of life chiefly due to method of attack, to panic of passengers or to any lack of control or efficiency on part of officers or crew of Ancona?

A number of persons were killed or wounded by bombardment, there was considerable loss of life due to panic of passengers, and there was lack of control on the part of officers of ship. Of course, effective control was difficult under the circumstances. I saw one lifeboat capsized because a pulley stuck.

19th Interrogatory. Did you meet or have any knowledge of other Americans on board ?

No, I know there were no Americans in first or second cabins, and there were none among survivors as far as I know. I inquired if there were any.

20th Interrogatory. Were there any citizens or subjects of neutral states whose testimony would in your opinion be of value on the Ancona?

There are none that I know of.

21st Interrogatory. Did you see a flag on submarine and, if so, describe the flag.

I could see a red and white flag on submarine but can not describe the flag.

22d Interrogatory. Is there anything else relating to the destruction of the Ancona you wish to state ?

No, I believe my statement as to what I saw is complete. Sworn to and signed before me at Tunis on November 18, 1915.

(Signed) DEAN M. MASON,

American Consul, Algiers.

[Inclosure 6.]

Affidavit of Irlando Potalivo.


Naples, November 30, 1915. Be it known that on this thirtieth day of November before me, Jay White, consul of the United States of America in and for the city and District of Naples, Italy, residing in the city of Naples, duly commissioned and sworn and by law authorized to administer oaths and affirmations, personally appeared Irlando Potalivo (or Potativo) now residing at Sailor's Rest, Naples, Province of Naples, Kingdom of Italy, whose home address is Montenero di Bisaccia, Prav. di Campobasso, Italy, and Philadelphia, United States of America, and being by me duly sworn did depose and say:

I was born at Montenero di Bisaccia, date, June 16, 1898, that my father's name is Alessandro Potalivo, that he was born and that I am a native (or naturalized) Naturalized.

I embarked on the S. S. Ancona at Naples, Italy, on the 5th day of November, 1915.


Sworn and subscribed to before me the 30th day of November, 1915.

JAY WHITE, American Consul.

Question No. 1. Where were you when you first were conscious that something unusual was occurring on board the S. S. Ancona?

I was in the toilet room.

Question No. 2. What, at first, attracted your attention to the disturbances ?

The firing of guns.
Question No. 3. Were you on deck or below!
On deck.

Question No. 4. If you were on deck, did you have a clear vision of the submarine?

I saw the submarine very distinctly.

Question No.5. How did the submarine announce her presence to the S. S. Ancona?

Question No. 6. Was any warning given to the master of the S. S. Ancona that he should stop?

Question No. 7. If a warning was given by the submarine to the master of the S. S. Ancona, how promptly was that warning obeyed by the master of the S. S. Ancona?

I do not know if any warning was given.

Question No. 8. If you have any well-founded belief as to the nationality of the submarine, state upon what facts that well-founded belief is based.

I feel sure the submarine was of German nationality; it was one of the latest models and very large, about 90 meters.

Question No. 9. Did the submarine display a flag?

Question No. 10. If so, what was the nationality of the flag displayed by the submarine ?

I could not distinguish.

Question No. 11. Was the flag displayed by the submarine when her presence was first known to the S. S. Ancona; if not, at what period of the attack was the flag of the submarine first displayed!

A flag was displayed by the submarine just after the Italian flag was hoisted on the S. S. Ancona. This took place some time after the submarine had commenced to fire.

Question No. 12. Are you conversant with European languages and customs; if so, was there anything that came within your observation or hearing that caused you to form an opinion that the submarine or the crew of the submarine were of another nationality than that of the flag displayed ?

I am not competent to answer.

Question No. 13. Did the master of the S. S. Ancona, in your judgment, stop the steamer within a reasonable length time after the submarine had given warning, if warning was given?

I can not state.

Question No. 14. Did the submarine fire upon the S. S. Ancona after the Ancona had hove to?

I do not remember that the submarine fired on the Ancona when she had hove to.

Question No. 15. Had the passengers remained on board the S. S. Ancona after the attack of the submarine, what, in your judgment, would have been their fate?

They would have been sunk together with the Ancona.

Question No. 16. What was the fate of those who remained on board the S. S. Ancona?

They disappeared with the Ancona.
Question No. 17. Did you, personally, seek safety in a lifeboat ?

Question No. 18. What would have been your fate had you not sought refuge in a lifeboat?

I would have sunk with the ship.

Question No. 19. How long a time was allowed after the warning signal for the passengers to take to the lifeboats before the ship was torpedoed?

About one hour and a quarter.

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Question No. 20. Did the submarine cease firing while the passengers were being embarked in the lifeboats ?

No, it did not.

Question No. 21. Did the submarine give any assistance or make any effort to rescue the passengers and crew after the ship had been torpedoed?


Question No. 22. Did the submarine fire upon the lifeboats after they had left the ship!

Question No. 23. What flag was flown by the submarine ?
I do not know.
Question No. 24. What warning shots were given ?
None that I know of.

Question No. 25. Whether vessel was fired on while passengers were being taken off ?

Question No. 26. Time allowed for such taking off ?
I do not know.

Question No. 27. Whether vessel sank before all the passengers were taken off ?

I do not know as I was too far to be able to distinguish if other persons were aboard.

Question No. 28. Whether other vessels were in the neighborhood? No other vessels were in the neighborhood.

Question No. 29. What was the conduct of the crew during the taking off of the passengers ?

They each cared for themselves.

Last question unnumbered. Do you know of any of the survivors of the Ancona who can corroborate your statements ?

In the lifeboat in which I was there were several countrymen of mine, but I do not now remember their names.


Sworn and subscribed to before me this twenty-sixth of November, 1915.

JAY WHITE, Consul of the United States of America.

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